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DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE 



OP 



THE CHARTERS, MIN 



mn 



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BOOKS 



AND 



OTHER DOCUMENTS 



OF THE 



BOROUGH OF WEYMOUTH AND MELCOMBE REGIS. 



A.D. 1252 TO 1800. 



WITH EXTRACTS AND SOME NOTES. 



Published by direction of tke Mayor (R. N. Howard, Esq., J.P.) 

AND Corporation. 



^^ 



t^ 



i «. a*- I 



By H^ J. MOULE, M.A 

Of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. 



t • » 



WEYMOUTH : 
sherren ft -son, 8T. mart street. 

1883. 



Tf^Ii' KKW VOrvK 



AST OH. Lf.NCX AND 

H • 1 y 1 L 



MAYOR : 
RICHARD NICHOLAS HOWARD, Esq., J. P. 

TOWN CLERK: 
Pbllt Hoofer, Esq. 

WARD ALDERMEN: 
Rowland Tbohas, Esq. | James Millbdob, Esq., J. P. 

ALDERMEN: 
Urobob Edvabd Eliot, Esq., J. ?■ I John Ldkpib, Esq., J. P. 

Jahbb Robertsoh, Esq., J. P. I Jobn Groves, Esq. 



COUNCILLORS: 



Mr. Jambs Francis Brovk. 
Ma. Thomas Snook. 

Mr. StDNX S. MlLLBDOE. 

Ma Thomas Richard Charles. 
Dr. Joseph Drew, J. P. 
Mb. Robbbt- Andbbws Atlbs. 
Mr. Thomas Samuel Walus. 
Mr. Alfred Dennis. 
Mr. Andrew Graham. 



Mr. Hbnrt Nanglb. 

Mb. Samurl Wbb& 

Ma Andrew Richard CnRTis. 

Mr Cbarlbs Williams Lovbll, 

Mb. Gborob Boulter Weuford. 

Mr. Jambs Eaton Robehs, J. P. 

Mr. Gborob Sbauan. 

Ma William Charles TidbtHodnsell. 



The following Members of the Corporation were appointed a Sub-Committee, in oonjunotioii 
nith Ma T. B. Groves, to assist Mb. Henut J. Modlb in his labours of compiling and editing the 
various Municipal Documents contained in this Book. They feel themselves fortunate in having - 
secured the servioes of Ma Moule, who has so ably and with such careful diligence carried out the 
wishes of the Committee -. — R. N. Howard, Esq., Mator ; Ma Alderman Millbdob, Ma 
Alderman G. E. Euot, Ma Alderman Thomas; Ma Cooncillor Dennis, Ma Councillor Dbbw, 
Mr. Councillor Robbks, Ma Councillor Curtis, and Mr. Councillor Wallis. 



PREFACE. 







[ucH is expected of a Preface. Not that men read it ; but from the 
shallowest dip into it they count on learning in a moment all about 
the book that follows. 

To meet this view is always hard ; but in the present writing 
worse than hard. For who can epitomize a crowd of epitomes ? 
And of such a crowd this book consists. It is a descriptive Catalogue of the 
Records, etc., down to 1800, belonging to the Mayor and Corporation of 
Weymouth and Melcombe Regis ; and it has been brought within as narrow 
a compass as its title well allows. One can hardly outline so slight a view. 

With great diflBculty all the separate documents, and with them, a choice 
of entries in the great Minute Books, have been classified. Each class has 
been calendered, with short descriptions, extracts, and notes. The interest of 
the whole will be hereby increased, most likely. 

Class i. can hardly fail to catch the attention, as it gives some idea of 
the Borough Charters and kindred documents, with a translation of the oldest 
one remaining. It also mentions the Seals and Maces. 

Class ii. contains all papers and extracts bearing specially on the bitter 
strife between Weymouth and Melcombe. Perhaps many readers will be 
surprised at the fierceness and persistence of this. Of course it was wrong. 
But the Weymouth resolution in resisting the union of the Boroughs, and 
ignoring it when eflfected — or attempted — was not wholly bad. A young 
Brooke or Ledoze was not, one may think, unlikely to ship in the Revenge. 

Class iii., of Law Minutes, affords some curious reading and some quaint 
Latin. Indeed Migne's Ducange fails to give some of the words at all. 



VI PREFACE. 

Class iv., general Borough Business, comprises a mass of papers and 
extracts which do not range themselves under the divisions before or after it. 
A number of Dorset names — of People and Places — in Borough and County 
— appear here, as indeed in other Classes also. Separate Indices of these 
are given. 

Class v., Finance, is made up, of course, of all that specially speaks of 
paying or receiving money. There are several accounts of Mayors and Town 
Clerks which are full of curious items. 

Class vi., speaking of Harbour, ^Shipping and Commerce, has no little 
interest, marred by great disappointment. There is absolutely not a word 
extant in this Class about the Armada year I In 1587 there were many 
letters of various people, from Lord C. Howard downwards ; in 1588 not one 
appears. 

Class vii. gives a notice of what papers and passages there are about the 
Church and Church affairs. 

Lastly there is an Appendix, noticing a collection of Miscellaneous 
Parchments and Papers the existence, or at least interest, of which was 
not known till very lately. References will be found to notes on some of 
the chief of these documents. 

If the long-suffering reader plods to any distance through the Catalogue 
thus noticed, he will perhaps demonstrate to his own conviction two pro- 
positions which we are often expected to accept as axioms. The histories 
written without digging facts out of the deep mines of ancient record chests 
are no good ; and, secondly, nothing (except figures) is nevertheless so 
misleading as facts. To read the writings of some people we should think 
that a just abhorrence of drunkenness was, as regards England, an invention 
of the glorious nineteenth century. Those who accept this idea will be a 
little startled to find that, absolutely, the punishment for that crime was the 
same in King James the First's time as now. And, relatively to the then 
value of money, five shillings was the price of half a hogshead of strong beer. 
And the fine was often inflicted too. 

Men are " presented " for " beareing of burthens on the Saboath Day," 
and a Constable for signalizing a Fast Day by getting so tipsy that " hee 
could nether goe nor stand." It is only needful to say that these two 



PREFACE, Vll 

delinquencies happened at a few years' interval in the seventeenth century, and 
the historian asks no more. They date themselves. In one we see proof of that 
energetic resolve to make all, if not religious, at least decorous, by Act of 
Parliament. The other is a fair sample of the frightful result of the 
loosening of the pressure when the nation went mad in the hey-day of the 
Bestoration. And a fine breeze of rhetoric would bear the historian along as 
he enlarged on these two points. But his sails would shake a little when 
he found out that the tipsiness was in 1647, with the town in the hands of the 
Puritans, and the presentments for Sunday work in 1660. He has preached 
rightly, but on a wrong text. 

We sketchers are addicted to abusing the dreary colour of slates as 
a modern innovation in this part of the kingdom. But it is rather a surprise 
to find slates in use in the Borough — notably on Melcombe Chapel — 200 years 
ago and more. 

To speak of mechanical things, there is a remarkable mention of a 
Dutch loom, " working with a wheale," wherewith one man could weave 
twelve times as much '' Inkell " as with a hand loom. This was in 1 624. 

The Government of Queen Elizabeth was strong. Doubtless Simancas 
and many another foreign Hecord-house bear witness to the weighty wisdom 
of Burleigh and the acuteness of Walsingham. But these sages and all my 
other Lords of the Council were nowhere with Brooke the baker and Dotherell 
the mercer. Quell the Weymouth spirit the Government could not. My 
Lords were fairly worn out. Indeed — another caution against rash generalizing 
from few facts — if the Weymouth Records were the only fountainhead of 
knowledge of Her Grace's reign, we should set it down as a culpably weak 
one. 

The perils by sea from Flushing on the one side and Sallee on the 
other were inconceivable. But it is puzzling to find land travelling so safe 
as it seemingly was of old. It is almost within the memory of man that 
when any daring adventurer in Stoke Newington resolved to go to London, 
he sent round the crier to give notice and muster comrades for mutual 
protection. Yet three hundred years ago Master Town Clerk Keate seems to 
have thought nothing of riding up to Town, all alone, term after term, to 
" sollicit the Towne's busynes." And he took such a substantial sum of money 



VIU PREFACE. 

with him in cash that it wore out his pocket during the four days' trot. Yet 
no robbery, or danger of robbery, is recorded. 

It is curious that 1588, as before said, furnishes here nothing of shipping 
affairs. But that subject is not otherwise barren. The Mayflower has been 
here — the Revenge has been here. The Mayflower — the Revenge — is there 
any reader who does not " rouse him " at these names ? Then should he 
read in Neale how Puritans migrated in the first ; and in Hakluyt, or 
where not, how Sir R. Grenville, the sea Leonidas, with the Revenge, the 
little Revenge alone, fought the whole Spanish fleet for almost a day and a 
night. 

Such are a few points — a few taken almost at hazard — which have been 
brought out in plodding through these Records. And what is the history of 
these Records ? some will ask. The Charters, with a quantity of FeoflBnents, 
etc., and the three chief Minute Books, have been ever in the hands of the 
Mayor and Corporation. As to the mass of documents known as the Sherren 
Papers — well, the early part of this century was in antiquarian matters a 
dark time in many a place besides Weymouth. De mortuis nil nisi bonum 
dicemus ; and good and true it is to rejoice in the rare discernment and spirit 
of the late Mr. Sherren in rescuing those papers. 

The long labour of compiling this Catalogue has been lightened by the 
kindly courtesy of all and every one officially concerned, and helped forward 
by the very material aid of two well-known Weymouth Antiquaries, 
W. Bowles Barrett and T. B. Groves, Esqrs. 

H. J. MOULE. 

Dorchester, 

August 1st, 1883. 



> 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Prefacb ---. V 

Errata x 

Table of Abbreviations x 

Introduction xr 

Class I. Chartbrs, btc. 1 

Class II. Borough Controversies 22 

Class III. Minutes of Borough Courts, with other Law Business - - 43 

Class IV. General Affairs of the Borough 91 

Class V, Borough Finance 128 

Class VI. Harbour, Shipping, and Commerce 149 

Class VII. Church Affairs 191 

Appendix 205 

Gbnbral Index 209 

Index of Dorset People 215 

Index of Dorset Places 219 

Table showing where Notices of the ^'Shebrbn Papers" abb to be found- - 222 

Subscribers' Names 224 



ERRATA. 



p. 15. i. 38. Bead at foot S. 241. 

II 15. Note 2. Mr. B. Maior could not be meant. 

See vii. 7. 
II 47. iii. 14. For ii. 28, etc., read ii. 36. 

If Unlawful acts u Unlawful nets. 

11 magno n magno. 

M 1820 .. 1620. 

II iv. 1 II iii. 1. 

II eins It eius. 



II 55. iii. 39. 

•I 57. iii. 48. 

...64. iii. 66. 

.1 72. iu. d4. 

M 72. iii. 96. 



P. 74. iii. 103. Perhaps the Compiler libels the 
Town Clerk in holding him to mean "ignos- 
cantur," to be rendered "are ignorant of." 
II 79. iii. 115. For itmeraP read itineraP. 



H 91. N.B. 

•• 91. iv. 1. 

I. 91. H 

.. 152. Note 1. 

n 155. vi. 21. 

n 172. Note 3. 



11 vi. 10^ 

M iv. 37^ 

11 vi. 10* 

M ui. 110 



II 
II 



ii. 51 
vi. 8 



n vi. 9^ 

u iv. 38»>. 

II vi. 9*. 

M vi. 110. 

II ii. 52. 

I. vi. 80. 



N.B. It should be noted that after Class i. was printed, the damage to the older Charters 
was admirably repaired under the superintendence of G. F. Warner, Esq., M.A., of the MSS. 
Department, British Museum. 



PRINCIPAL ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS CATALOGUE. 



W. 
M. R. 

B. 
C. 
D. 

S. 
M. 



Weymouth. 

Melcombe Regis. 

Minute Book. See N.R before iii. 35. 

II n iv. 41. 

II M iii. 144. 

" Sherren Papers." See p. 222. 
Miscellaneous Do6ument& See Appendix and iv. 



II 



II 



1. 



INTRODUCTION. 




JoME sort of sketch of the History of Weymouth in old times seems to be called for, as an 
Introduction to this Volume. But a very slight sketch it must be — in barest outline. . 
It is not easy to know where to begin — whether in Roman or in Saxon times. On one 
hand in Warne and Smart's '' Ancient Dorset/' we find it laid down as a certainty that the 
Roman " via vicinalis," leaving the " via Iceniana " at Dorchester, led, not to Melcombe 
or Weymouth, but to Radipole. Also a branch from it went to Jordan HilL At both 
these spots the Romans had landing places, it is thought Jordan Hill seems to have been the more 
important place of the two, judging from the extensive Cemetery, and considerable Temple and 
Villas, of which traces have been found at or near that spot. Mr. Warne and Dr. Smart believe 
this settlement to have been "Clavinio" of the Ravenna Itinerary. Roman remains, although of less 
consequence, have been found at Radipole. Here also the name " Cold Harbour " exists. This is 
held by Mr. Wright and other savants to imply the former existence of Roman habitations. All 
this is against any occupation of the site of the present Borough by the Romans. For they were 
hardly likely to have had three sea-stations, of even slight importance, connected with Dorchester. 
This probably holds good even if Clavinio was chiefly or wholly a health resort (rather than a port) 
as Warne thinks. And, further, it is a strong point against the very early existence of Weymouth 
or Melcombe that their original Parish Churches are at a distance, viz., at Wyke and Radipole 
respectively. On the other hand, while Melcombe seems destitute of any Roman remains, some 
have been found within the borough, on Weymouth side ; especially a burying place, which is cut 
through by the Portland Railway. This implies, necessarily, some considerable Roman population 
thereabouts ; and, probably, a quay or landing place of some sort on the South side of the present 
harbour. But at the best the question of the use of that harbour by the Romans can be answered 
merely by conjectures. 

It is otherwise when we come down to Saxon times. King Athelstan granted to Milton 
Abbey ^the w^r within the shore at Weymouth and half the stream of that Waymouth out at 
sea. King Ethelred grants the harbour of Way to Atsere. Nothing points to a continued use of 
the upper Weymouth — the outlet of the Wey into the Backwater at Radipole. 

' Dr. Soutrt thinks that possiblj this strange name Jordan = Dwrdun = Water-hill = the Hill by the Water^. 

viz., Sntton brook. 
* That is, probably, the Backwater and half the present Harbour. 



I 



Xll INTRODUCTION. 

And so onwards. ^King Henry L, probably in 1110, grants to the Prior and Monks of St. 
Swythun, Winton, the ports of Waimuth and Melecum. ^xhe Prior, in 1252, describes the bounds 
of the Borough of Weymouth, and speaks of the Port. King Edward I., apparently a little oblivious 
of King Henry's Charter to Weymouth, grants half the Port to Melcombe. So that we are quite 
clear about the two towns — ^for towns they were, as towns went then — existing as shipping stations 
for a goodly number of centuries. 

^Silting up had doubtless stopped all convenient use of Radipole landing place, and nothing 
is heard of that at Jordan Hill settlement. ^The late Mr. Medhurst thought it possible that the 
haven there was within the precincts of Lodmoor, where he found piles which looked to him like 
the frontage of a wharf. This of course implies an opening in the beach ; to keep which free would 
be hard, to say the least of it So that in the troublous times after the Roman domination this 
haven, if it ever really existed, doubtless fell into destruction. 

From the first settlement of men at the foot of the Nothe hill, and on the raised bench I 
opposite, across the haven, down to the last few years of the eighteenth century, the history of that 
haven was the history of the Boroughs or Borough. This small and shallow, but safe harbour was 
during all that time the sole " raison dH etre" of the town. And smallness and shallowness did not 
matter so much in old times, when a ** ship " of fifty tons or less was thought large enough to go 
any voyage, and fight any foe. The trade of the port changed very greatly indeed. One proof of 
this remains in not a few records of the letting of the " Petty Customs ;" which varied from 
£167, down to one peppercorn, per annum. Indeed at one time, in the fifteenth century, utter 
desertion of the town was feared, and again in the seventeenth. These changes were caused m 
various ways. " Our foes of France and Normandye " made incursions, landing on one occasion in 
1377 when every one was at Mass at Radipole. Lyme probably was a formidable rival. Poole 
certainly was. This latter Borough actually procured an Act of Parliament, reducing Melcombe 
for a time from a Port to a " Creek," and erecting Poole into a Port. Yet in 1347 Weymouth was 
far ahead of both Poole and Lyme ; for Hackluyt says that in that year she sent fifteen vessels to 
the siege of Calais, while the other two ports sent only four each. Another cause of variation of 
trade was that at different periods, but above all in the first half of the seventeenth century, 
pirates were an incredible hindrance to navigation. Lastly the Merchants of Dorchester did not 
always see their way to give Weymouth a monopoly of their commerce. On one occasion, at least, 
there is a loud complaint of these Merchants trading through Poole. Most of this comes out in 
some detail in Class vi. of the Catalogue. 

* Ellis's "History of Weymouth," p. 8. 

* Glass i. 1 and 40. ^ 
^ Both of them sent two Burgesses to Parliament from King Ekiward II. 's reign. 

* Perhaps the Romans silted up their own harbour. Coote in his '* Romans in Britain " seems to make it clear 

that their Colonists enormously increased the agriculture of the Island. Now increase of culture meaos 
increase of silting. The alluvium from a down or a heath is almost nothing compared to that from the 
same land when broken up. 

* This information, and not this only, is from Mr. Smith, East Street, Weymouth. 



INTRODUCTION. XIU 

Judging by the Petition from Poole against Melcombe, above referred to, fortifications of 
tiome sort were a necessary feature of a port in mediseval times. And probably Weymouth was not 
wholly and altogether an exception to the rule, although in the fifteenth century it is spoken of as 
unfortified. It is, however, impossible to be sure of our ground about this question. On the site 
of Lower Bond Street there was the Town Ditch, or Coneygar Ditch ; opening, we may take it, into 
the Backwater. It was perhaps a tolerable defence against an enemy as far as it reached. There 
is mention of a road passing through '* the bulwark " near the same locality. It is possible that 
this bulwark, whether earthwork or whatever it was, continued the defences from the East end of 
the ditch to the shore. Along the shore there was no defence of any continuous kind. For the 
Rev. James Marwell, about 1604, objects to a proposed Parsonage in East Street that, when the 
wind is '' at sea," the house is beaten by every storm. Now this could not have been alleged if 
any kind of wall or vallum had intervened. On Weymouth side the town '' walls " are mentioned ; 
meaning, we may think, earthworks. For under-tenants' cattle might not graze on *' the walla.*' 
H)u the whole the Boroughs seem to have been anything but a well *' fencM city." But the 
harbour was perhaps protected, however imperfectly, by detached batteries ; for instance the 
Blockhouse in M. K., and a "platforme" on the Nothe, probably. 

Of course this short notice does not refer to the forts constructed during the civil war. They 
were not a few, including Weymouth Chapel, desecrated to that use by both parties. At that time 
drawbridges are mentioned in a way that, even taken alone, points to the probable existence on 
Weymouth side of a vallum and foss, perhaps of older date. 

It has been said that down to the latter part of the eighteenth century the harbour was all 
important to Weymouth. But from about 1780 a great change began. Up to that time the shore 
of the Bay was, forsooth, the '* back of the town." In Queen Elizabeth's time it vexed the heart 
of " Master T. Howarde Esquire " by being given up to " mixons and annoyances." And it may be 
feared that the more or less noisome *' back " it continued to be down to about the last quarter of 
the eighteenth century. How surprised the older burgesses must have been to see and hear this 
" back " changed to the " Front," on the discovery, so late, that the Bay was worth looking at, the 
Bands a delight, the bathing good, and the spot salubrious when freed from *' annoyances." Ralph 
Allen, Esq., was apparently the first to perceive these advantages of the place. The Duke of 
Gloucester built the house called after him. He liked the place and praised it to His Majesty. As 
early as 1785 the " walk called the Esplanade " is mentioned. But 1789 was the year when the 
expansion of the small clustering harL)our-town into the long frontage of the watering place was 
thoroughly assured. Then it was that, on June 15, the Mayor and Council *' had reason to expect the 
King" — that^ on June 30, the King arrived — that, on July 1 they presented a very good Address at 
the " house of H.RH. the Duke of Gloucester." From that time the " Front " rapidly stretched out 
its line of houses round the lovely curve of the Bay. Leases of Land for Building were frequent 

' NevertheleM King James I. in his Charter of lf)16, speaks of Weymouth and Melcombe as *' ancient and 
popnloas, and of great strength and force to withstand the enemies.'' But this may be merely rhetoric. 
Still in ii 66 the W. people assert, and the M. R. people do not deny, that W. " alwayes hath hyne 
foTtifyed." 



XIV INTRODUCTION. 

William of Taunton, Prior of St Swythun's, perambulated the bounds of his Borough of 
^Waymuo"in 1252. When he and Sir Oliyer, his Seneschal, turned round on the hill near 
** fontem Tunne vootX" what a different view they looked at from that which we now see from 
Rodwell. A few houses close to the Ferry, perhaps growing into a short street or two, were all 
they saw of man's making on Melcombe side. And, beyond, there was a high, bare shingle beach, 
first backed by a rabbit warren ; then running as a mere grey and yellow thread between the sea 
and the Backwater ; then again backed by Melcombe Common unevenly divided by the rough 
horse-track of " Darchester Way." What a change now ! 

A very strange feature in the History of the Borough is the long hostility between 
Weymouth and Melcombe. Class ii. of the Catalogue is devoted to details of this subject, and it 
is touched on in the Preface. It may however be said here that Weymouth if not wise, was 
perhaps not beyond her chartered rights in the contest. As ^bove-said. King Henry I. granted the 
whole harbour to Weymouth ; and Melcombe had only a Charter of King Edward L to show the 
origin of her claim to half that harbour. So it is no wonder that Weymouth felt aggrieved. Then 
as regards her long resistance to the authority of the Borough as united in 1571, some little light 
may be thrown on it, in the nature of excuse. There was a group of Royal Manors under one High 
Steward. Weymouth was one of these, and Wareham another. There is a ^Minute Book of the 
Courts of these various Manors. Now this book contains a record of an Order by the Manor Court 
of Wareham to the Mayor thereof, forsooth. If in a primeeval Borough like Wareham the Manorial 
authority thus over-rode the Municipal, ^ fortiori the Manor Bailiffs in the new Borough of 
Weymouth and Melcombe Regis would not be inclined to think great things of the new Mayor in 
their ancient Manor of " Waymouth side." But, wrongly, or in part rightly, the Weymouth people 
stood to their guns in a surprising manner, not only before but after the Union of the Boroughs, as 
has been briefly sketched out in the Preface. " Murder was like to ensue." The Mayor " assayed 
no government " on Weymouth side. A leading Melcombe Burgess dared not show himself therei 
For twenty years after the Union the Weymouth Manor-bailiffs sold town land quite without leave 
of Mayor and Corporation. Feoffments of theirs, duly signed and sealed, testify to this to this day. 
This contest is a very strange episode in the history of the towns ; which towns, by the bye, twice 
at least tried to make a treaty. A very curious parchment, perhaps unique, has just come to 
light. It is, not a treaty, but articles for a treaty, between the Mayor and Burgesses of Melcombe, 
of the one part, and the Bailiffs and Burgesses of Weymouth, of the other part, as is more fuUj 
described in Class ii. 11* of the Catalogue. This was just before the Union of the Boroughs, and 
there is a Record of another attempt at peace after that so-called Union. The hostility seems to 
have died out gradually at, or soon after, the end of the sixteenth century. 

Very diffidently we touch on the religious history of Weymouth. The recorded facts are 
few, and many therefore are the dangers of confident argument from them. Again, the absence of 
records about religion during long spaces of time must not be taken to mean absence of religion 
then. '* Painful preachers " lived here, and laboured, and died, without note or comment in extant 
contemporary municipal minutes. " But their works do follow them," or some of them. Among 

^ See iii. 15. 



INTRODUCTION. XV 

the Borough Charters has lain, lost and forgotten by some accident, a little Parchment Certificate 
of 1583. The Mayor testifies to the merits of a Minister, the Rev. R Openshuwe. We cannot 
but think him to have been a godly man, and surrounded by enough godliness in others to cause 
him to have been valued. Again, twenty years later, the papers connected with the transfer of the 
Rectory from Radipole give us the impression of a prevailing desire for religious teaching. Some 
of the Burgesses complain that the then Rector's " insufficiencye " makes him unwilling or unable, 
or bothy to officiate gratuitously in Melcombe as his predecessors did. The elders of the party 
testify to this their diligence, the first Rector mentioned being the last Prior of the Friary. Owing 
to the lack of voluntary preaching by the Rector the Burgesses had paid a sort of Borough 
Chaplain, but could no longer afford this. And they had otherwise shown by deed, as well as word, 
their wish for religious services. ''At almost not undergoeable charges " they had built, or rather 
rebuilt, St. Mary's Chapel, " ^able to receive the whole pishe," and then made the Parish Church. 

During the Puritan times the prevalence of the profession and, we may hope, of the reality 
of religion, combined with the mutual interference of Church, State, Army, and Municipality, 
causes frequent entries about Ministers in the Minute Books. Three Ministers named Buckler, 
luce, and Thome, in particular, occupy no small space in those books. In after times, as years 
passed, it is feared that here, as elsewhere, the old zeal for the most part waxed cold. • In Class 
vii. will be found some indications of the deathlike sleep of the Church, the awakening from which 
we elders can in part remember. And, as the Church slumbered, the Nonconformists were up and 
doing. The Quakers, for instance, seem to have been numerous and active here, although now 
their graveyard alone remains to testify that they existed in the Borough. 

Such is the slight, faint outline of the story of old Weymouth. With modern Weymouth 
our task has not to do. Changing fashion — ^greater charms of inland scenery elsewhere — her 
distance from London — these and the like of these antagonisms she has to contend against Yet 
she enlarges her borders still — her Bay and her neighbouring coast are matchless still. Floruit^ 
Floret^ Ftoreaiqne semper/ 



1 This oonfirms what we gather from other sources, viz., that then, and long after, a Parish Church could, and 
did, accommodate all the Parishioners. Who does not know Pepys' immortal tale of his digging up his 
hidden money when every parishioner, but himself (the reprobate) and his helpers, was in Church ? 



CLASS I. ^CHARTERS, ETC. 



This Class consists of, firstly, Charters and similar orig^al documents, issued by 
the Sovereign, with few exceptions, i. z— 22 ; secondly, Documents and extracts relating 
to the same, i. 23—39 1 <^^i thirdly, a Translation of i. z, given because this is the earliest 
Charter remaining in the possession of the Corporation. 

A Parchment, only thirteen inches by seventeen inches. It is a complete I. z. Charter. 

.AD 1252 
wreck ; but the writing that remains is' as legible as ever. The seal is lost The Latin. W. 

^black silk seal-cord remains. This most interesting document is printed in 

Hutchins' History of Dorset. It relates to Weymouth only, granting immunities 

similar to those of Southampton and Portsmouth, and describing the boundaries of 

the Borough. 

It is granted by W. of Taunton, Prior of the Church of St Swythun at W. of Taunton, 

. Prior of St. 

Winchester, and the Convent of the same. It .is witnessed (among others) by Roger Swythun's. 

Abbot of Abbotsbury and Sir Elias of Cumb[e] then Rector of the Church of Wyk[e]. Abbot of 

Given at St. Swythun's, in '^July, St. Kenelm's Day, in the year of Grace the Abbotsbury. 

thousandth, two hundredth and fiftieth second. (See Translation, i. 40.) 

This again is a small parchment, about seventeen inches by fifteen inches. It I- 2. Chatter of 

Inspezimus. 
is a good deal damaged, but not many words are actually lost. The seal of green 2 Ed. II, 1318. 

wax is in fair preservation, the figure of the king on each side being uninjured. I^*^">- ^-I^- 

The seal-cord is green and white silk. (See next article.) (ireat Seal. 

Parchment about nineteen inches square. Seal remaining, but damaged 1. 3- Charter of 

Inspeximus & 
greatly, the head of the king being destroyed on both sides. Like the seal of No. 2 Confirmation 

it is of green wax, and its cord of green and white. This Charter quotes and confirms cIm^t^^ 

No. 2, as No 2 quotes one of King Edward I. ; now lost. A few words of No. 3 2 Ed. Ill, 1328. 

, . 1 /. 1 ■■ Latin. M.R. 

may be given as an example of the style : — 

^ At the end of thiu Class (i. 41, 2, 3) is a notice of two documents connected with the 
Borough Arms, and of the Seals and the Maces. 

' The cord seems to be made, partly at least, of slips of woven silk, of excellent texture. 
St. Swythun's was a Monastery of the Benedictine Order, the habit of which was black. 

' July 17. Kenelm Rex et Martyr. 



CLASS I. CHARTERS, KTC. 



King Ed. I.'s 

Charter 

confirmed. 



Safuui. 



"Edwardus Dei GratiA Rex Angliaj . . . Archiepiscopis 
ComitibuB . . _^ Prepoaitis . . . et Fidelibus suis Salutem. Inspeximus 
oartam confirmacois Celebris memorie din Regis Angl ^i^ i3r iu hec verba. 
Inspeximus cartam quam Celebris memorie dSs E. pat m fecit buigensibus dc 
Melcumba in hec verba." 

(Edward by God's grace King of England ... to the Archbishops 
. . . Earls . . . Sub-bailiffs and to his liege men, Health. We have 
inspected the iCharter of Confirmation of the Lord King of England of famous 
memory our father, in these words. We have inspected the Charter which Lord K 
of famous memory our father made to the Bui^esses of Melcombe in these words.") 
It ends thus, " Datum per manum nostram apud Nov. Sar." (Given by our hand 
at New Sarum.) 



L4. Charter of 

Inspeximus & 

Confirmation. 

2 Ed. III. 1328. 

Latin. M.R. 



Seal -cord. 



This is a second copy of No. 3. It is on a slightly lai^er parchment. The 
writmg is not so good. The seal is gone, all but one fragment, which is just 
enough to show that it was different from that of No. 3. It shows a lion passant 
gardant, and the whole seal was apparently quarterly, and if so doubtless of England 
and France. The cord is unplaited. It has been very ornamental^ each strand 
being formed of a plait of bright gi-een and pinkish threads, which last may have 
been lilac. 



L^on''S?^ii; ^^'^ '" ^ pan;hment about eighteen inches square, iu pretty good condition. 

Inquisition, ^he writing is perfect except in the folds of the parchment. The seal is gone ; the 

^^S?f™*w^^' P*^®^™®°* seal-slip remains. 

It refers to an inquisition, 8 Edw. I., at "Shirbourne" showing that the 
pSd ^^^ °^ Gloucester claimed certain rights in " Wyk, Portlond, Waymutli and 
Helleweli Hellewell." 



I. Sa. Letter. 

Feb. 8, 1435 (6). 

Latin. W. 



The Prior of St. 
Swythun in 
favour of W. 

Tronagium. 



This is a Letter from W. Dulton, Prior of the Cathedral Church of St 
Swythun, Winchester, reciting a short Charter granted by King H. VI., in the third 
year of his reign, to his »* carissimo consnuguineo " (dearest kinsman) Henry 
[Beaufort] Bishop of Winchester and to the Prior and Convent of St. Swythun, 
and conOrming former Royal Charters which exempted them and their vassals 
from no less than fifteen different duties or taxes; the last being "'tronagium" 
except such as is paid at places where wool is weighed before being exported. This 
Letter is addressed to all Mayors, Bailiffs, Feoffees of Ports and Ferries [specially, 

' The Charter here quoted is No. 2. The Charter quoted in No. 2 is one of Kiair Edward I • 
now lost. ^ «w»rui., 

« See i. 25. 

» Tronagium *'i8 a kind of tolle taken (as it seemeth) for wei«hintf Tmno ;- . 

beame to weigh with." Cowell, S.V. Tronage. 6 6.. ironaisa 



CLASS I. CHARTERS, ETC. 3 

we may take it, to the Mayor of Melcombe] in the interests of the Town of 
Weymouth, being a fee of the said Church. 

Written at Winchester. On a slip cut from the parchment itself is the 
imperfect seal of the Convent. A figure, doubtless of St. Swythun, is standing •'^^• 

under a rich mediceval canopy. Below is a shield bearing two keys and a sword in 
saltire. The seal is pointed oval. M. i. 1. 

This Parchment is a very curious one. The King addresses all Bailiffs and I- Sh- Pardon. 

April 21, 1488 ? 
his Liegemen, and informs them that "ob reverentiam dei & caritatis intuiP . . Latin. 

perdonauim}^ Thome Frye de Warham . . . p omimodis pdicoib^ murdris . . 

feloniis, conspiracoib^ . . . p ipm ante octauu diem DecemBr ultimo j^tiPum 

. . . ppetratis murdris p ipm post decimu non diem NovemBr . . . 

ppetratis si que fuint exceptis." (by reason of inward reverence of God and of 

charity we have pardoned T. Frye of Wareham for all kinds of treacheries. Numerous 

murders, felonies, conspiracies by him before Dec. 8 perpetrated, murders by him 

after Nov. 19 perpetrated, if there should be any, excepted.) In addition to this 

list of misdeeds, amounting to sixteen in all, many more follow. E.g. he seems to 

have been "monete...tonsor" (a clipper of coin) ; to have been guilty of "trans- 

gresaiones de viridi vel venacoe '' (transgressions concerning ^vert or venison) ; and 

of " vendicoem boscoif infra forestas & ext.*' (the selling of bushes, or firewood, 

within and without forests.) But all appears to be forgiven. ^Given at Westminster. 

Seal gone. M. i. 2. 



crimes. 



This is a very small parchment, seventeen inches by seven inches. A fragment L 6. Charter, 
of the whitish seal remains on a parchment slip. The writing is beautiful and well ** {^9 
preserved. Latin. M.R. 

The Charter sets forth that " in Parliamento Henrici sexti nup Regis 
Anglie . . . burgenses ville sue de Melcombe Regis . , . monstraverunt 
Buam magnam paupertatem et unportabilia onera tam antique fcode summe octo 
marcar p annu qB decimar & quintar decimar . . . que ad novem libras et poverty of 
quindecim solidos . . . attigissent " (in a Parliament of Henry VI. late King Melcombe. 
of England . . . the burgesses of his town of Melcombe Regis . . . showed 
their great poverty and intolerable burdens both of the ancient feu of eight 
marks a year, ns of tlie tenths and fifteenths . . . which had amounted to 
nine pounds, fifteen shillings.) Thereupon the Bishop of Bath and others were 
commissioned ''ad villum...ac destructoes et defecus eiusdem supervideBd " (to 
inspect the town and its destruction and defects.) Having done so they propose 

* Vert And Venison seem to mean the vegetable and animal prodncts of a forest. 

* This Pardon was given by one of the Kings Henry, not specified, in the third year of his 

reign. Judging by the writing the date may very possibly be 3 H. VI., 1425. 



Seal-cord. 



Fee. 



4 CLASS I. CHARTERS, ETC. 

that instead of eight marks, and nine pounds fifteen shillings, as above, only tweuty 
shillings, and thirteen shillings and fourpence should be paid." 

1. 7. Charter of This is on a larger skin of parchment than any of the preceding documents, 

Inspeximus. , . ,,,-., 1 ^ • l 

4 Henry VIII, being twenty-six and a half inches by seventeen mobes. 

1512 
Latin. M.R. From the wide margin at the head and the sides, and the spaces left for 

initials, a good deal of ornament would seem to have been intended. But it was 

never carried out. The seal is gone. The seal-cord has been very handsome, being 

green and white, with gold tinsel intertwined. The parchment is in very fair order ; 

the writing good and well preserved. The note of the fee, or cost of extracting, 

may be worth notice, " ^ dimid marc solut in hanapio." (For half a mark paid 

in the Hanaper Office.)* The signature at the foot is Frees. This is no doubt the 

same as Price, or rather it is a more correct spelling than the latter. It may be 

that he was a Welshman attracted to London by hope of employment under the race 

of Ap Tudor. 

The Charter quotes the preceding one, and then says that the Burgesses 

had informed him that (28 Hen. VII.) ^'pretextu cujusdam actus resumpcois" 

(under the pretext of a certain act of resumption, passed in that year) the concessions 

granted in that former Charter were threatened with change. Therefore 

Melconib " consideratoe q villa pdca p adversarios nros ffrancie et Normannie iam dudum 

ravaged by the fuit spoliata in . . . burgens . . . depaupacoem & adnichilacoera manifestam," 
i* rench 

(through the consideration that the aforesaid town has long ago been spoiled bj 

our enemies of France and Normandy to the impoverish meut and manifest 

annihilation of the Burgesses,) and that it is likely " tanquam desolatam relinqui 

. . , nisi ad hoc cicius manus nras porrexin^ adiutrices," (to be left as 

desolate unless we the more speedily shall stretch out our helping hands to 

this matter,) the King confirms his father's limitation of the payments to the 

Crown. 



I. 8. Charterer 

Av^ard. 

11 Eliz., 1568, 

Latin. W. 



Wyke, 

Portland, 

HeUe WeU. 



A small Parchment, sixteen inches by twelve inches. The word "Elizabeth" 
is somewhat handsomely written. About a quarter of the seal remains, on a broaci 
parchment slip. 

This document gives ordei*s touching the status of Way mouth, grounded on 
an inspection " cuiusdam Recordi de pltis de ^Quo Warranto.'* (Of a certain Record 
of pleas of Quo Warranto.) 

Mention is again made of Wyk, Portlond, and Helle Well. 



^ Quo Warranto is a writ that lyeth against him which usurpetb any Frawnchip or liberty 
against the King, as to have wayfe, stray, faire, market, court Baron or such like, 
without good title. Co well's '* Interpreter," 1637, sub voce. 



CLASS I. CHARTERS, ETC. 5 

A Parchment, twenty-four inches by nineteen inches, not in good preservation, I. 9. Charter of 

but for the most part legible. Both seal and cord are gone. The words Order. ' 

'^Elizabeth" and "Omnibus " are elaborately written. I^.^'^L^* ^\^^l' 

*' Latiu& KnglislL 

This Charter or Order is founded on matters brought before the Queen by \\'. & M. R. 
Francis Spelman, relating to the disputes between Weymouth and Melcombe Regis. Spelman. 
It orders the union of the Boroughs and names the first Aldermen, J. Burley, Boroagha. 
T. Samwayes, and others, in accordance with the Act of Parliament to that intent. samwavs 

It begins and ends in Latin, but most of it is in English. This Charter was 
usually described as " the Act of Union." 

A Parchment about twentj'-eight inches by twenty inches. It has been i. 10. Charter 
a handsome document. The words " Elizabeth " and " Universis " are elaborately confinnatioo 
flourished, and the "E" is also slightly ornamented with flower drawing. The writing 17 Kliz., 1575. 
is good, but damaged in parts. The seal, of light brownish wax, is much damaged ; 
but one side still shows the Queen enthroned. The seal is protected by a red silk (heat Seal. 
bag, apparently of the same date as the Charter j and is not on a cord, or separate 
slip of parchment, but on a broad strip of the Charter itself, cut across the foot as 
far as the middle. 

This document relates to Weymouth only. It quotes a grant by King 
Henry VI. in the 3l8t year of his reign (1452 — 3) to Queen Margaret, of divers 
castles, lordships, manors, etc., and that in these possessions no Justiciary, Viscount, 
Admiral, etc., should have authority. This immunity it coufirms as to the manors Portland, Wey- 
**de Porland alias Portland, Waymouthe, Wyke et HelwelL" mouth Wyke, 

A small Parchment, twenty-two inches by eight inches. The writing and i, n. Order, 

flourishing are li.;e those of the last three documents ; being all signed " Faushawe." ^^ S^j* J^'^ 

The writing is faded and rubbed, the date *' anno regni nro vicesimo," being Latin Preamble 
particulafly dim. The seal, of very dark brown wax, and from the same seal ^y ^ ^j j^^ 
as No. 13, is in fur better preservation. It is almost entire, although partly Great Seal, 
defaced. 

This is an order setting forth, that owing to the constant disputes about 
collecting the petty customs, the Lord Treasurer will appoint some one to collect Collector of 
" all the profittes of the haven," apparently for the Crown. Dues. 

This is a lai*ge document, filling two skins of parchment, about twenty-six L 12. Charter 
inches by twenty-one inches each. The seal, which seems originally to have been ®»*°*^^^"*» 
dark green, but is now dull brown, is much broken and defaced, but enough remains ^^ Eii^., 1580. 
to show that it is different from that of No. 10. It is on a parchment slip. The w. & MTll, ' 
word '* Elizabeth " is rather ornamentally written. The rest of the Charter is in a 
good bold hand, but in parts much faded and worn. The Preamble and Close are in 
Latin, the rest is English. 



ClASS I. CHARTERS, ETC. 



This Charter .quotes an " Englishe bill . . . exhibited into " Court by 
niaputea. the Mayor, etc., of Melcombe Regis against the Bailiffs, etc., of Weymouth on 
Sept. 2drd, 1580 (]), and proceeds at great length to insist on the complete union 
of the Boroughs, so that the Weymouth community cannot act in any respect 
independently of the Mayor of the united Borough ; as appears to have been 
attempted. 

I. 13. Order. A Parchment in fair preservation, and about twenty-nine inches by eighteen 

Latin&English! inches. The word " Elizabeth " is again written in a large, ornamental style. The 

W. & M. R. j^ggt of the writing is good, but faded in parts. The seal, of dark brown wax, U 

very much broken. It can be identified, however, as like that of No. 12. It is on a 
broad parchment slip. 

This Order seems to have been called forth by the action of Bailiffs Randall 
and Brooke of Weymouth, in collecting petty customs independently of the Mayor 
of the united Borough. It is laid down that the Mayor is to be the central authority 
for the whole, as '' elected by the more voices of the sayd newe entyre corporacion." 
Only the Preamble and Close are in Latin. 



Randall. 
Brooke. 

Disputes. 



I. 14. Order. 

25 Eliz., 1582. 

Eim^lish, 

Latin Preamble 

and Close. 

W. & M. R. 

Barffhley. 
Mildmay. 
Manwood. 

Disputes. 



Collector. 



L 15. Letter 

Patent. 

28 Eliz., 1586. 

Latin. M.R. 



<« 



Domesday 
quoted. 

Mockett. 
Mounsell. 
Martyn. 

Bonrghleigh." 



A Parchment twenty-six inches by fifteen inches. The writing is like that 
of the last two documents, but the ornamental work extends to the three first words. 
The seal, of dark brown wax, is much damaged, but less so than that of No. 13, 
which it resembles. It is on a broad parchment slip. 

This is an Order giving effect to a decision by Lord Burghley, Sir W. Mildmay, 
and Sir Roger Manwood that, as there is a Court Leet in Weymouth, the Weymouth 
people need not attend Law Days in Melcombe side ; but that they must attend 
there to elect both Mayor and Bailiffs of the united Borough. Further, that two 
collectors of petty customs shall be appointed, the one a Weymouth roan, the other 
living in Melcombe Regis. 

This is a Parchment, only fourteen inches by seven inches. It is in good 
preservation, but both seal and slip are gone. The writing is bold, with some 
ornament. 

This little document is most interesting. Her Majesty says, *^ Inspeximus 
quemdam librum vulgariter nuncupatum ^Domesdei.'' (We have inspected a 
certain book commonly called Domesday.) Then follows an extract, evidently in 
fac-simile; '* Dorsete. Terra Regis. Rex ten Melcome, <lbc." (Dorset. The King's 
land. The King holds Melcombe, etc.) Therefore these present letters patent are 
sent to J. Mockett, Mayor of Weymouth and Melcombe, and to J. Mounsell and 
T. Martyn, inhabitants, to question their municipal rights. Witnessed by W. Lord 
'^ Bonrghleigh." This document relates only to Melcombe Regis. 



* See ill. 5. 



CLASS I. CHARTERS, ETC. 7 

This is a Parchment, about twenty-four inches by twenty inches. The I. 16. Letter- 
beginning has some ornamental flourishing. The writing is good and well preserved, inspeximus. 
except where hurt by damp. About half the seal, of light brownish wax, remains;- 28 Eliz., l.>86. 
but unfortunately it is the upper part of each side that is gone. It differs from the W. & M. R. 
foregoing seals apparently, the reverse showing the Queen on horseback. The seal 
is on a broad parchment slip, round which the parchment is somewhat torn. 

The Queen says *' inspeximus " the report of a Commission, also of two 
Inquisitions appointed to enquire about the claims of Weymouth to the whole 
harbour and both banks. Her Majesty issues *' has nras Iras patentes ... ad 
exemplificand . . . tenores . . . commissionis et separalin inquisitionum 
. . . et . . . Rici Pytt nunc maioris de Waymouth et Melcumb." (This our 
letter patent to recite the tenor of the Commission and of the several Inquisitions 
and of that of Richard Pytt now Mayor of Weymouth and Melcombe.) pytt 

The spirit of these Reports seems to be that '* ex qua causa hoies . . . de 
Waymouth naves . . . quo minus in ^medietate aque . . . versus boriam 
ad . . . Melcombe . . . applicare potuerunt impediuerunt . . . ignorant/' 
(from what cause the men of Weymouth have hindered ships from coming to land Disputes, 
in the half of the water towards the north at Melcombe Regis, they know not) \] Harbour 

One of the Inquisitions speaks of Weymouth as having belonged to Lionel, nghts. 
Duke of Clarence. 

This document is endorsed, '*An Exemplification at the request (?) of . . . 
nowc maior of Waymouth and Melcombe Regis." 

Her Majesty commissions T. Howard, G. Trenchard, T. Chafyn, Rob. L 16a. 

Freake, T. Hannam & Ric. Swayne, Esqrs., to take affidavits and to inspect Rolls of Feb°23*^88 

Court, Rentals, Letters Patent, etc., in order to find out what houses, lands, wastes. l^atin. W. 

etc, in W. belong to the Crown. Witness W, Baron of Burghley. By warrant of the Surnames. 

Ld. Treasurer and by the Barons of the Exchequer. On a parchment slip is a very p^^^^p ** J^ 

fair impression, in dark brown wax, of the Seal of the Exchequer, four inches across, ^ W. 

showing the Queen enthroned ; Legend, her title ; reverse, a fancy shield bearing, eq r e 
quarterly, France and England ; surmounted by a Crown ; Supporters, two Harts, 
rampant ; Legend, imperfect ; but " Sigillum Scacarii " is plain enough. M. i. 8. 

Copy " ex Bundello Escaet " (from the Bundle of Escheats) of 24 K i. A i. x5b. 
Jury meeting at W. on the Wednesday after St Hilary's Day, 24 E. i. find that Inquiaitioii. 
(Gilbert de Clare R of Gloucester, etc., was seized of his lordship and fee and that he Latin.' W. 
received yearly from W. "de redditu assise" (from rent of assize) £14, and that Pleas 
and "^perquisit Cur" (profits of Court) with dues for mooring vessels (" applicatio 
navium") altogether were worth 40s. Total £16 per ann. M.V. I. 3. 

^ "Medietate." Me<Ueta8 -:: milieu, but also in cei*tain senses = dimidium. Ducango. 

* Perqaisitum **be those profits that grjw unto the Lonl of a Manor by vertue of his Court 
Baron. Oowell. s.v. 



8 CLASS I. CHARTERS, ETC. 

I. 17. Letter This is a Parchment about thirty-seven inches by twenty-five inches. It is 

Patent by Writ <j j 

of Privy Seal oaucb disfigured and injured by damp. There is a large hole close to the initial, and 

^ ^t"' ^^^^ several smaller ones elsewhere. Nevertheless this is still a handsome document 

W. & M. R. The heading is most elaborate. The initial ^' £ '' is eight inches high, and contains 

a drawing of the Queen enthroned ; a work of great interest, although not of the 

Drawinc of Q. slightest artistic merit. The Queen's title extends right along the first line in ven 

Elizabeth. ' 

bold characters, the capitals three inches, the small letters one-and-a-half inches in 

Ornament. beight. The capitals are surrounded by foliage ornament. The margin above 13 

filled by a band of ornament three inches in breadth, blending with the foliage 

of the capitals. This band displays, in the dexter half, the arms of England and 

France quartered, surrounded by the Garter and surmounted by the Crown. Aa 

supporters, but at some little distance, are a lion and dragon rampant, each holding 

a pennon bearing gules a Greek cross argent. The sinister half of the band displays 

the fleur de lys, harp surmounted by a Crown, and portcullis also crowned. The 

intervals dividing all these objects are filled with foliage and flowers, by no means 

without beauty of a stiff, archaic sort. All the ornaments, of every kind, are faintly 

shaded with bistre or some other dim brown colour. The seal is gone. Part of the 

cord, of faded buff silk, remains. 

l*ridge. ixhe Queen, considering the outlay by the inhabitants on the bridge of late 

newly-erected over the harbour (" nuper de novo erectum ") and the cost of keeping 

up both bridge and harbour, remits all revenue from crown rents, customs, and 

fisheries for a yearly sum of £16 8s. 3d. . 

I. 18. Letter This is a Parchment document about thirty-two inches by twenty -five inches, 

14jJb ?*1616 ^^®^ *^^- ^^ consists of three skins of about the size given above, and one much 

Latin. smaller. Unfortimately it is much damaged, especially the first skin. The heading 

has suffered more than any part. The initial " J," ten inches in extreme height, 

Drawing of is, however, perfect, and very interesting. It contains a drawing of the King, the 

' **■ head not by any means ill done, in very few and firm lines. The lower part of the 

drawing is very bad, especially the hands. The head-gear is remarkable, looking like 

a crown worn over a hat. The King's title runs along the whole top line in capitals 

two-and-a-half inches high, and small letters of oue-and-a-quarter inch. There is a 

flourishing round them, but in a weak style. Tiie band above, three inches broad, 

Ornament. into which the capitals run, is greatly damaged. Beginning from the dexter end its 

decorations are a lion rampant gnrdant (with a very human face) bearing a pennon 

with a Greels cross, tinctures not marked ; then, a rose surmounted by a Crown : 

then a unicorn rampant bearing a pennon with St. Andrew's Cross, without tinctures ; 

^ The first Bridge of W. and M.B. was erected in 1597, as recorded by Denis Bond in his 
MS. Chronology. He says that his father gave £40 towards it. Hutchins' EUatoiy of 
Dorset (1863) ii. 442. The total cost was ** neere upon 1000" " See vii. 5a. 



CLASS I. CHARTERS, ETC. 9 

and, lastly, a fleur de lys at the sinister extremity. The considerable intervals are 
filled with flowing flourishes, each undulation containing a slightly drawn flower. 
All these drawings and ornaments, including the good foliage round the great initial, 
are slightly and rudely shaded with Indian ink or a similar colour. About a third 
of the seal remains. It must have been more than five inches across. It is of almost 
black wax, and is on a cord of faded buff and pink silk. On one side of the seal the 
Ring appears on horseback ; on the other side, enthroned. 

A new start is made in the CoBstitution of the Borough and J. Roy is New Charter, 
nominated ** fore & esse primu et ^modemu maiorem burgi ..." (to become * ^' ^ * 
and be the first and modem mayor of the borough . . ) until Michaelmas ; Ric. 
Pitt and ten others to be first and modem Aldermen ; and Pet. Nettle and twenty- Pitt. Nettle. 
three others to be first and modern Principal or Capital Burgesses. Regulations are 
given for the election yearly on St. Matthew's Day of a Mayor from four nominated 
Burgesses jpr Inhabitants ; and for the formal removal of any official. Such, with 
grant of considerable freedom from Admirality jurisdiction, seem to be the chief 
enactments of this long and partly damaged document. 

This Parchment is a handsome one, the head line being partly in large bold I. i8a. Letter 
letters, the capitals ornamented with flourishing. Preamble and Close, Latin. Jq^^ 23 1618. 

Whereas " debates was . . . stirred by J. Burley . . . maior of . . . Latin AEngUah. 

•^ -^ W. & M. R. 

M. R. and the inhabitants of the same ... of the one parte and T. Samweyse and Burley. 

Hugh Randall Bayloiffes of . . . W. . . .and the inhabitants of the other ^^/^J^' 

. . . " in Qu. Elizabeth's reign, it was decreed on Oct. 28, 1564. 1. That the 

Quotation of 
Port of W. shall be common to the freemen of both sides " to intermedle in Decree now 

fichandize." 2. The freemen of Melcombe shall have half the Petty Customs on ^ 

W. side, and the freemen of W. shall have full liberty to buy and sell on Melcombe 

side. 3. The freemen of W. shall have half the cartage and rents of a ^'^ Watter water Mill. 

mill " and of the Cuniger in M. R. 4. That the Bushellage and Head and Fee Coneygar. 

Fishes are to remain in possession of the Bailiffs of W. All this, provided it does 

not clash with the '^Charter and Liberties of the Towns. Seal lost M. i. 9. 



This Charter tconsists of seven skins of parchment, each about twenty-nine L XQ- Ch 

1. X . i. . !_ J 1. „ mi. 1 . rm- 14 Ch. I, 1639. 



Seal-oord. 



Charter, 
inches by twenty-four inches, and one much smaller. The seal is gone. The very *^ ^Latin. 
pretty cord of black, green, yellow, and pinkish brown silk, remains. ^'^fi ^Ia^' 

This Charter is in a very bad state. In one whole skin, and in parts of 
others, the writing has almost wholly disappeared in a strange way. One or two 

^ Modemns is not in Dacange, but he gives modemiter = nnper. 

* This most of coarse have been a tidal Mill. See iv. 33a. 

' It seems extraordinary that with snch a proviso, the above rales shoald have been qaoted, 
seeing that they were all swept away by the "Act of Union" in 1571. See i. 9. The 
Decree qaoted does not remain. 

C 



10 



CLASS I. CHARTERS, ETC. 



Ornament. 



skius are also partially discoloured and mutilated through damp. The fine heading 
is, however, perfect ; save the partial fading or rather falling off of the ink. The 
initial '^ C " is eight inches in height. The title of the King fills the first line, and 
is written in capitals three inches in height, and small letterd of one-and-a-half inches. 
The initial and other capitals are most elaborately and somewhat effectively flourished 
The band above, two-and-a-half inches broad over all, displays a pretty flowing 
decoration of stiff conventional leaves and flowers. This is shaded with grey colour, 
which from its slightly shiny appearance looks half like lead pencil. It contrasts 
well with the odd-bistry brown of the great letters, their flourishing, and the outlines 
and stems of the flowers and leaves themselves. The Charter is ruled with red 
ink throughout the writing and margins. 

So much of this Charter is illegible that an epitome is impossible. The first 
skin, which is the least faded, refers to the Election of Mayor, Aldermen, etc. 



I. 20. Copy of 
Order. 

14 Ch. II, 

1662(3), 

Latin. 

W. & M. R. 



Admiralty 
Onler. 



Weymouth 
spelt with e. 



Tliis Parchment, measuring only ten inches by seven inches, is somewhat torn 
and much defaced. In parts it is illegible. The Mate is given as 1662 in a 
modern endorsement, and is probably right, although it looks rather like March 6, 
1632. This document appears to be a rough copy of an order "datum Londini in 
curia n™ p^^ sub sigillo . . . magno " (given at London in our aforesaid court 
under the greal seal,) in accordance with a decision of Sir H. Marten in the 
Admiralty Court ; and is addressed to the Mayor and Aldermen of Weymouth- It 
speaks of " navis vocata the St. Laura " (a ship called the St. Laura), on which, 
being " Weymutham adducta " (brought to Weymouth,) an embargo seems to be 
laid for some reason. 

Two points call for notice. I. This is the first instance in this series of 
documents in which Weymouth is spelt with an " e " in the first syllable. 2. It 
seems remarkable that, after all the elaborate arrangements about uniting the 
boroughs, this formal state paper should style the Mayor as of Weymouth simply. 
There has not been a seal. 



I. 21. Charter. 

l.W.&M.,1689. 

Latin. 

W. & M. R. 



Engraved 
Portrait of 
K. W. III. 



Ornament. 



This Parchment measures twenty-six inches by twenty-four inches, and is in 
good preservation. It is ruled throughout with red ink. Th8 style of writing, a 
modified black letter, is far less easy to read than that of earlier times. However 
this is a handsome document as regards decorations. The initial '' G " is ten inches 
in extreme height ; and it appears to be printed, flourishing and all. It contains an 
excellent impression of a fine line engraving of a half length portrait of the King. 
The rest of the top line, in letters three and one-and-a-quarter inches high, 
respectively, also seems to be printed. But these letters were only in outline, and 



' From the similarity of name it is possible that the ship here spoken of is the same as that 
called the St. Laurence in vi. 91a. If so the date of i. 20 mast be 1632 (.3). 



CLASS I. CHARTERS, ETC. 1 1 

were filled in by hand with ink or colour. This has greatly faded, while the " G," 
all in printing ink, is quite black. The border above, five inches broad, and also 
printed, is very quaint. It consists of four undulations of a handsome, heavy 
scroll, which was printed from a plate longer than the parchment, so tliat the pattern 
is cut off short at the edge of the document. At the dexter end the first undulation 
is occupied by a lion rampant, crowned. In the next is a sort of kingfisher. Then 
there is a lion crowned and with a very wig-like mane. This lion stands as a crest 
on the crown. The last undulation is occupied by another kingfisher. The seal is 
gone. Tiiere is a parchment seal slip. The writing, at >bcst far from plain, is a 
good deal obscured by damp. Reference is made to a sum of £5 due annually (1) 
from tl>e Borough in the time of King Charles II., and which seems now to be 
remitted. 

This Charter consists of two skins of parchment, the largest of which is I- 22. Charter, 
thirt^'-one inches by twenty-six inches. About a quarter of the seal remains, of English, 
black wax. On one side the King is seen enthroned, on the other he is on horseback, • * " ^" 

in Roman garb. Tiie seal cord is red and white. 

This Charter is a very handsome document, of a style altogether modern in 
its elaborate ornament. As to its writing, the first line is in black letter, the rest 
in a jrood bold enjjrrossinj? hand. The Charter is ruled with red ink throuj'hout, in Printed 

Of 

places without much regard to the printed ornament. The initial "G" is printed, is 

nine inches in height, and a good deal flourished. In the centre is a small engraved Engraved 

likeness of the King, not without merit, but far inferior to that of King William III. k (l. II. 

in No. 21. The rest of the top line, composed of two inch and one inch letters, 

seems also to be printed ; but has been at least touched up by hand. Both skins 

have top borders four inches broad, and side borders two inches broad ; but one 

of the latter is an inch broader than the rest. These borders are all filled with 

very handsome arabesques, more or less imitated from Raphael's apparently. In 

the two head borders the royal arms and supporters, and also the fleurs 

de lys are introduced among various allegorical figures. All the ornament is 

printed. 

^This is an explanatory Charter. Quoting King James' first Charter arranging Difficnlty about 
for elections, both ordinary and in cases when for any valid reason a Mayor, etc., is an AldermanT 
removed, or when he dies; and referring to a Quo Warranto and "judgment of 
Ouster " against Ric. Tucker because he was Alderman when chosen Mayor ; and Tacker. 
quoting the Petition of the Town that this may be changed as it equaUy bars the 
election of Bailiffs or Recorder from among Aldermen, His Majesty annuls the 
restriction of candidates for the above offices of Mayor, Bailiff or Recorder to 
Burgesses and Inhabitants only. 

> See iv. 119, pp. 202, 222. 
C* 



12 CLASS I. CHARTERS, ETC. 

N.B.— After this followa ike Charter granted by King George III, in 1804, noic in 
force. It fills thirty pages in EUis^ History of Weymouth^ to which the 
reader is referred. The second portion of Class I, here begins^ as noted 
before — 

I. 23- Charter. This is the last Sheet of a, paper copy of i. 6. S. 8. 

6 H. VII, 1489. ^ ^ ^^ 

Latin. M. R. 

1, 24. Letter Document consisting of three sheets of paper stitched. It contains a rough, 

2 ^S 1660 ^^*y copy of a "Letter Patent," of May 25, 1560, respecting the disputes between 

Latin. M. R. Weymouth and Melcombe. It begins by reciting King Edward Ts. grant to 

M. R. Liberties Melcombe of all liberties granted to the citizens of London. The cost of, or fee for, 

London. ^^^ ^^W seems to have been £5. The original does not appear to exist S. 21. 

I. 2S Verdict " The Copie of Waymouthe Booke, ^3 Charters of Ethelrede with the 

Latin&Englwh. Inquisition A<> viii. R I. and their supposed Oh' of R 1." (The principal evidence 

^ /^' in the possession of the Corporation as to these lost Charters.) 

K. Ethelred. iEthelred gives W. to Acser to be as free from servitude as heaven is. Let 

all opponents be Anathema. Signed by the King, by Dunstan and others. 

K. H. I. Henry [I.] by the Grace of God . . . King ... to all Archishops 

• . . health in Him through whom to every sinner there may be full remission. 

We have given to the ^Church of St. Swythun and to the Bishop of Winchester all 

amerciaments from their men, lands and fiefs, and if any of their vassals forfeit goods 

in our Courts, such goods shall belong to the Bishop, etc. No royal ^Viscount, etc., 

shall have right to enter the Bishop's lands. The Bishop, etc., shall be free from all 

imposts, ^ tolls, etc., and from suits of Shire and Hundred and repair of Castles. 

Their rights shall not lapse through disuse. Signed by Hugh de Burg and others, 

Ponnt at Lamhuke, Jan. 20, 1114 (5). Copied at the request of J. Ponnt, Merchant, of 

W., Feb. 12, 1497 (8). 

" The Copie of the Quo Warranto whereby the Baylyffs of W. do clayme 

theire libties." 

Q. Elizabeth. Queen Elizabeth has inspected the ^finding of a Jury of Knights on the 

Manoraof Cran- Octave of St. Hilary, 8 Ed. L (1280), at Sherborne. The Liberties of the Earl of 

bourne. Ware- Gloucester and Hereford. These are connected with the manor and Chase of 

ham, Fimpeme, 

Wyke, Portland Cranboume, with Wareham, Pimperne, etc., and lastly with Wyke, Portland, 

^^IwelL^^ Weymouth and HellwelL In these manors various rights are claimed, €.g. gallows, 

^ This seems to be a mistake. 

^ That is the Prior and Monks. 

^ Viscount signifieth with us as much as Sheriffe.— Cowell. 8.v. 

* " Passagium " = toll for passing through a place. — Ducange. 

' See i. 5. 



* CLASS I. CHARTERS, ETC. I3 

^infangenethef, outfangenethef, pillory, assise of bread and beer, amerciament,etc., InfangenetheL 

etc.y a Thursday market and " portum maris apud Waymouth cum liberatibus ad ^ 

portu ptifi " (the port of the sea at W. with liberties belonging to the port.) The 

Jury find (as regards W., etc.) that the Prior of St Swythun enjoyed there all the 

liberties named, and Almeric [Bishop] elect of Wynton, and the Earl's father and 

now the Earl likewise. And he has ^duties in part of the water of W. from W. Port. 

ships mooring on his own land. And he has a Thursday market beyond memory. 

All this we have had copied at the prayer of the inhabitants of Portland. Feb. 7, 

1565. S. 196. 

In a book which is a fragment of a large folio vol. we read ; Ff. 51, 52. 1.26. Extracts. 
" Certayne speciall Artycles towchinge . . . Melcombe re§ charter gevinge them Latin &EnffUrfi. 

boath the name and profit of the port . . .'' And certainly one extract (from M. R. 

,_. 1/. . -mr-r* /» • Charter, ctc., of 

the Charter of Ed. 1. 1) speaks of grantmg to M. R. profits "tam m terra quam m m. r. about 

portu eiusdem burgi . . '' (as well on land as in the port of the same borough). ^^^* 

Again, 35 Hen. VI., cap. 6, *' The Porte of Mel comb Reg* . . . shalbe a port to 

ship marchandise of the ^Staple." Then comes, what does not seem to be laid down K. Henry Vi. 

elsewhere in these Records, viz., evidence that the Act mentioned in VI. 1, came 

into operation. ^* Nowe folio weth the clawse of poolles charte' w^ takith from 

Melcomb the name onlie of the port and leauyth Melcomb . . . the creeke. — M.R.Portmade 

2 Hen. YL, 1432." '' . . . non sed [sit?] portus set [sed] creka put antiquitus 

esse consueuit." Yet M. is again called a port in 1458 ; and so is Poole. S. 47. 



a "Creek." 



In a number of Papers upholding the rights of W. it appears that St Edward I. 27. Papers. 
(Ed. the Confr.) and Henry II. both granted the Port of W. to the Priors of St. E^ii.^*W, 

Swythun. Also that if M.R. shares the Petty Customs, W. will be ^Mispeopled." Complaint from 
See fuller notes ii. 9. S. 43. ^• 

In the Yol. "B " (see iii. 35) is a Copy of the "Acte of Union " or Charter 13 gii^,^ 1571' 
uniting the Boroughs. See original, L 9. B. p. 46. ^y^fc^^R^' 

I. 29. Memo- 
Mem™- of Charters, etc., sent to Mr. [Recorder] Hanam. S. 143 — 5. randum. 

Feb. 6, 1577 (8). 
Eng.W.&M.R, 

Copy " brevis " of a Brief or Charter. See Original i. 12. S. 75. Hanam. 

*^^ ^ 1.30. Brief. 

22£liz., 1580. 
^ ''Infangthef . . . signifieth a privilege . . . granted unto Lords of certain Manere, to LAt.,W.&M.R. 
judge any thief e taken within their fee." By " Ontfangthef," a Lord may sommon to 
his own Conrt a vassal taken for felony outside that Lord's fee. — Cowell. s. vv. 

* '* Kivaginm " = hank, or duties for mooring to a bank, or duties on merchandize brought 
ashore. — Ducange. It is rendered " arrivage " in a note in the document. 

' " Staple signifieth this or that Towne . . . whither the Merchants of England did carie 
their wools . . . cloathes, lead & tinne . . . for the utterance of them by the 
great." — CoweU. s.v. 



14 



CLASS I. CHARTERS, ETC. 



L 3Z. Memo- 
randum. 
April 10, 1591. 
English. 
W. & M. R. 

Gondrye. 
Charters, etc. 



"A nott of [10] wry tinges d**- to Mr. ^Gondrye." Indented. Among these 
are some still extant ; but others of much interest are missing, e.g,^ " The Bandme 
under scale," "The Charter of Edw. I.," "a note of the discofiye of the title of 
W.," "The Copye of Mr. Watkins jiohase of Raddj'pole" and " The Plott of the 
bounds." S. 169. 



I. 32. Order. 

May 22, 1618. 

English. 

W. & M. R. 



The " Newe Charter " is to be enrolled in the Crown Office and in tk 
Exchequer. This is the Charter or Letter Patent i. 18. 

Vol. " C " (See iv. 41) p. 2.5. 



1. 33. Acknow- 
ledgment. 
Jnne 10, 1619. 
EngliHh. 
W. & M. R. 
Charters, etc. 
Pope, Pyne, 
Giear. 

I. 34. Memo- 
randum. 
May 30, 1626. 

English. 
W. & M. R. 
Decrees, etc. 

Russell. 

Alexander. 

Small. 



A draft Ack*- , by J. Pope, of certain papers delivered to him by -Hugh 
Pyne, Esq., by direction of Mr. T. Giear, Mayor. Among them are "A Chre from 
St. Swythun" (meaning i. 1), and "a Testimoniall of certaine Chrs remayning ii: 
Winton." S. 207. 9. 

Mem™ by Mr. Ph. Alexander [Attorney] of "Decrees and other writings' 
delivered to Mr. H. Russell, Mayor. Five Exemplifications of Decrees, none of 
which seem to be extant ; a Copy of the "Act of Union," see i. 9 ; and six paper> 
relating to the Petty Customs, of which at least one remains, viz., an Assignation 
of Lease of d"' see vi. 75. On June 20th, 1627, all these writings were delivered 
to Mr. Small, the Counsel, or Town Clerk, see iv. 63. S. 220. 



I. 35. Orders. 

July 6, 1633. 
English. 

W. & M. R. 
About **Quo 

Warranto." 

Giear, Jolliff. 



Mr. D. Giear is to ride to Sherborne to consult with the Recorder about a 
Quo Warranto brought by the Attorney General against the Borough (iii. 99 seems 
to be connected with this). This question of the Borough Liberties had before beeu 
mentioned as impending. Mr. Offley, an Attorney in the Crown Office, is to act 
for the Corporation in the case, and Mr. Humphrey JollifF to " ^sollicite the same," 
receiving £5 to retain Counsel. C. p. 129. 

(The Town Clerk was to ride to Sherborne on this business, p. 131, 
Aug. 9, 1633 j and to London, p. 135, Oct. 1, 1633; also again to London, 
May 20, 1635.) 



I. 36. Quo "Cop Quo Warranto." " Memorandum *' that *Sir J. Bankes, Attorney 

Michs. Term, General, finds that J. Lockier and others have exercised all rights of a Corporation 

T . }S^\m t^ in W. and M. R., and its port without authority. S. 227. 

Lat. W.&M.R. ' ^ •^ 

Sir. J. Bankes. 



^ An old County name. 
2 Recorder. 

* That is, probably, to act as Solicitor. A Solicitor was * * a man imploied to follow suites 

. . . for the . . . more ease of Atturnies." — Cowell. 

* It was Sir. J.'s Lady who, in the Civil War, held Corfe Castle for the King. 



CLASS I. CHARTERS, ETC. 



15 



"A note of the Chres sent to London to Mr. Recorder." Of these the earliest I. 37- Memo- 
four remain, viz., (1) i. 5, (3) i. 1, (4) i. 3, and (5) i. 2 ; also (7) i. 12 and (8) i. 9 ; Feb, 12, 1636. 
and perhaps others. In the note (2) is a Testimonial of Charters " in Winton ly'^l^^'l? 
remaining/' granted by King Ethelred. (So in i. 33.) S. 237. Charters. 

From Mr. Fr. (jape, Town Clerk, to " Mr. Huinfry JollifF at the signe of the I. 38. Letter. 



black spred-eagle behynd St. Clement's Churchyard in y® Strond." He sends to 
Mr. J., Solicitor for the Borough (see i. 35) a Court Book kept by Mr. Small, late 
Town Clerk (see iv. 63), *^ one of the antientest," as proof of Courts being held. He 
supposes no question to be made as to the Weymouth-side Court "de tribus in tres" 
(three weekly) for suits under 40s. As to ^Flottsam, etc., Mr. -Mayor, then in 
London, can make Affidavit. 

This document of fourteen folios, and one tissue of contractions, is not easy 
to read. The whole question of the right to hold Courts, and to exercise other 
Corporation privileges, is considered, and the Mayor, etc., are called on to answer 
respecting the same. Sir J. Banks' name again appears. Mr. H. Jolliff signs each 
folio as examined by him, and so does Mr. Bray, probably a successor to Mr. Offley 
as Attorney in the Case. S. 242. 



June 5, 1()38. 

English. 

W. & M. R. 

Minute Book. 

Gape, Jolliff. 



L 39. Decision, 
or Quo War- 
ranto. 
May 18, 1640. 
Lat.,W.&M.R. 
Quo Warrantow 
Sir. J. Bankes. 
JoUiff. 



1 *' Flotsen . . . any goods that by Shipwracke be lost and lye floting ..." Cowell. 8. v. 

* Perhaps not the Mayor of the Borough, but Mr. Barnard Mayor, a leading member of the 
Tcwn community. 

I- 40. Charter granted by the Prior, etc., of Winchester to Weymouth, 

July 17, 1252 (See i. 1.; 



» "applicare." 

2 "stare." 

' **facieii<io." Facere = dare. — Ducange. 



To all sons of Holy Mother Church to 
whom the present writing shall come. Williupci 
of Taunton, Prior of the Church of St Swythun 
at Wynton, and the Convent of the same place 
[wish] continual health in the Lord. Ye shall 
know that we, by unanimous assent and desire 
for the honor and advantage of our Church of 
Wynton have gmnted, and by this our present 
('barter have confirmed, that our port of Waymue 
be free for ever : and that whoever pleases may 
freely ^bring [ships] to land there, and ^He at 
anchor there as long as he wishes, and freely 
depart at any time, by '^giving thence to us and 
to our successors and to our Church of Wynton 



16 



CLASS L CHARTERS, ETC. 



1 ** villa " = civitas. — Ducange. 

* "acrarum." The meaning is not clear. Dacange 
regards both ''acra'' and "percata" or "perca" as 
saperficial measures. But see Notes and Queries, 
6th Series, viiL, Aug. 11, 1877 . . . "The use of 
'acre ' as a measure of length is not so clear. The 
(mly passage giving countenance to this is Isidor ; 
Orig. Bk. XV., Ch. 15. 'Ager habett passus cxxv 
▼el pedes dcxxv cujus mensura octies computata 
miliare faoit,quod constat quinque millibus pedum.' " 
So that an acre = a furlong, quasi furrow-long. Yet 
doctors disagree, for Mr. A. S. Ellis, in N. and Q. 
6th S., vi., Sept. 16, 1882, says, " The width of an 
areal acre was . . . the [lineal] acre of four perches, 
measuring rods or poles," a very different definition 
from Isidore's. 

8 "sepem." But no word like this can be found 
in Ducange or Classical Latin Dictionary. Probably 
it should be *^ sepem." 

* "quieti." 

' "ateloneo." Telon = teloneum = douanes. — 
Ducange. 

6 <<di visas." Divisa = finis, limes. — Ducange. 

^ "se." But possibly the reflective pronoun is 
here, as not seldom in medisBval Latin, used for the 
demonstrative. If so **se" would = **eas" or 
'*illas," sc. ''consuetudines," customs. 

8 " ppositis." Prepositus = lieutenant du bailli. 
— ^Ducange. 

» "ministri." 

^° It is not very easy to be sure of the exact 
sense here. The Latin is therefore quoted — 
. . " salvo tu nob* & succesaoriB^ nris & ecclie 
nre Wynton* inippetuu qd omes ballivi sive 
ministri dti burgi quicuqj p loco & tempore 
fuint p burgenses dte ville eligant' & coram 
nob* vl seQescallo nro sive ballivo annuati ad 
^xima curiam post festum Sci Michaelis psen- 
tenP, qui nob* & succes8oriB3 nris <k ecotie nre 
Wynton* fidelitate faciant & fidelit* respond- 
eant de omiB3 placitis, querelis, wreccis, com- 
modis, et pficuis que de dtis villa & portu 
de Waymae & hominibus ibidem existentitS3 
nob* & successorilS5 nris & ecclie nre Wynton' 
accidere poterut." 



the right customs due and accustomed from 
thence : and that our *town of Waymue be a free 
borough within the limits and bounds below- 
written, as the perambulation has been made, 
and the assise, by us and our seneschal^ viz., a 
breadth of three ^acres to the east of the house 
of Thomas Engelram, and a length of ten perches 
towards the south, and so towards the west as 
far as the land of W. of Bromdon, and thence to 
the north to la Hopehuse, and from la Hopehuse 
towards the west as far as the %edge of Gilbert 
of Wycumb, and so as far as Fleet-furlanges 
ditch as far as the Cross, and from the Cross 
towards the north as far as Wodcumb, and from 
Wodcumb towards the west as far as the spring 
which is called Tunne, and so as far as the 
water. We have granted therefore that all our 
burgesses abiding within the limits before written 
in the said town be free and *at rest from 
^import-duties, in water or on land and may 
freely hold their burgages throughout their 
limits and ^bounds, with all their merchandize, 
with all liberties and free customs (usages) 
which the towns of Portsmue and of Suthampton 
have and hold, or of old time were accustomed 
and ought to possess, and that they may so haye 
and hold ^themselves as well in respect of 
bailiffs, ^sub-bailiffs and ^officers, as in giving, 
selling, bequeathing, or assigning to whomsoever 
they will, their burgages and other tenements 
in the same town, according to the customs of 
the aforesaid towns of Suthampton and of 
Portsmue, churches and religious men only 
excepted, ^**only furthermore to us and to our 
successors, and to our church of Wynton for ever 
that all bailiffs or officers of the said borough, 
whoever they shall be for the place and time, 
may be chosen by the burgesses of the said 
town, and before us or our seneschal or bailiff 
shall yearly, at the next court after the Feast of 



CLASS I. CHARTERS, ETC. 



17 



» " fideUtas," fealty.— Cowel. 



* " burgemota." BurgemotiM, curia bargensis, 
oonventuB civiam. — Dacange. Bnrghmote, a Coort 
of a Borough. — Jacob. 



' " obaervanda." Thia may refer, however, to 
the *'jara et commoda'' (rights and advantagea) 
above. 



* " in iasticift exhibendft. 



»> 



9 This sentence is not vexy easy, and is here 
given. " Concessin) insup liberoB k ad 
[sic, but it must be meant for ab] oini 
nativitate ac svili coaditione quietos imppetuu 
damavin) omesnativos nros cu eordem sequelis 
k catalHs qui in pdta villa de Waymue hactefi 
manserunt & qd liberu habeant introitu et 
Qxitu p tras nras, etc." 

' ''nativitate." Nati vitas = servitude de naissance. 
— Ducange. 

' "quietos imppetuu clamavin)." Clamare 
qiiietum=libenim & immunem declarare. — Ducange 

' "nativos." Nativns -= servns glebe origine et 
nativitate. — Ducange. 

* "sequelis." Sequela = famulorum ccetus. — 
Ducange. 



St. Michael, be presented, who to us and our 
successors and our church of Wynton shall do 
^fealty, and shall faithfully answer concerning all 
pleas, quarrels, wrecks, advantages and profits 
which from the said town and port of Waymue 
and the men there living, can chance to us and 
to our successors and to our church of Wynton. 
And that our seneschal, or other bailiff appointed 
on our behalf, may hold ^borough courts in the 
same town for doing justice to all, and for 
faithfully watching over all our advantages 
relating to us and our successors and to our 
Church of Wynton, and [these courts] ^to be 
obeyed in all things together with our bailiffs of 
the said borough according to the approved 
customs of the said towns of Suthampton and of 
Portsmue, except only that it be not lawful to 
them to plead in any court outside the town of 
Wajmue concerning any tenement or concerning 
any plea by a brief of the Lord King, nor in any 
manner, uuless we or our seneschal or our 
aforesaid bailiff's shall have failed them '^in 
showing (or granting) justice, those pleas relating 
to the crown of the Lord King excepted. ^We 
have granted moreover [to be] free both from 
all ^birth-servitude and from servile condition 
''we have declared for ever exempt all our ^rfs, 
with their ^followings and chattels, who have 
hitherto dwelt in the aforesaid town of Waymue, 
and that they may have free entry and exit 
through all our lands and free right of buying 
and selling in waters, roads, paths, and in all 
places, together with our other free burgesses 
dwelling in the aforesaid town. We will and 
grant that our burgesses of the aforesaid town, 
out of any brewery, for the breach of assize of 
beer, pay in the name of amerciament to us and 
our successors fourpence only and not more. 
And if by chance it shall happen that any one 
of our burgesses of the said town be amerced for 



18 



CLASS I. CHARTERS, ETC. 



1 "forisf to." 

' In after times these would have been called 
Afferors. See iv. 40. 

> " per sues pares." 

* "this," namely this assessing of the amercia- 
ment. 

' "captio" = detentio, career, malatolta, exactio. 
— Ducange. 

^ ** mcatu." Mercatom = contractus emptionis, 
pretium rerom venaliam. — Dacange. 

^ ** siet," probably for sit. 



8 ** licet." 



9 "velimus." 



» 

^^ The bracketed words seem needed. The sen- 
tence begins with "reddendo." 

" "inde." 



^^ ** extenta." Extendere - ^ festimare. — Ducange. 



13 "inde." 



anything else ^forfeited before us or our bailififs, 
the amerciament shall be estimated by the oath 
of ^four lawful burgesses of the said town to be 
chosen ^by their peers in any court to be held 
throughout the year, and Hhis reasonably 
according to the amount of the guilt and the 
ability of the guilty man. And if any ^seizniu 
ought to be made, [such] as in fish or in auythiii*; 
to be bought, for the necessity of us or of our 
successors, let the ^bargain (or price) "be better 
by one penny in twelve pennyworths of mer- 
chandize to anyone than it can be sold [for] 
elsewhere. Wo grant both for ourselves and fur 
our successors, and we forbid, that no tallage ur 
aid be made in our free borough of Waymue 
'^even if the Lord King shall wish to take tallage 
of his own free boroughs according to his will, 
unless [a tallage is required] to be raised od 
account of urgent and evident necessity of our 
Church of Wynton, as, namely, if, which God 
forbid, it may happen that our Church be laid 
waste, destroyed or demolished, or for an aid to 
be made to the Lord King by the common 
consent of the whole kingdom. And we ^will 
and grant that all our burgesses in our aforesaid 
borough of Waymue, dwelling or having bur- 
gages, and their heirs, be free, and for ever freeir 
hold all their burgages and tenements, with &1I 
liberties and free customs contained and granted 
in the present writing. [These grants are to be 
secured] ^''by rendering "from that town yearl? 
to us and to our successors and to our Church of 
Wynton, a due return of any burgage soever of 
the aforesaid town, and the grant according to 
which the aforesaid burgages and tenements 
have been ^'^valued and granted to them when 
we granted to them the aforesaid liberty, and 
I'^thereupon made this our present charter. And 
we have granted to the same our burgesses of 
Waymue that their aforesaid rent and any 



CLASS I. CHARTERS, ETC. 



19 



^ *' ratatn." Dncange does not give reor or ratus, 
bat he says ratam = ce qui est decide. 

« July 27 ia St. Kenelm's day. 

» St. Valery. 

* Probably of the family from which Sutton 
derives its suffix *'Pointz." 

' It ia hardly neceaaary to aay that the prefix 
"Dominua," **Sir," did not imply Knighthood 
always. So in "The Merry Wives of Windsor," Sir 
Hugh, like Sir Elias here, ia a Priest. '* Miles," 
** Knight," was generally or always suffixed to the 
name of a military *'Dominus," as here in the 
case of Sir N. de Puinz. 



amerciaments to come from the said borough, be 
there handed over to our bailiffs appointed on 
our behalf for this (and shall not be carried to a 
greater distance) at the two principal terms of 
the year, viz., at the Nativity of the Lord and 
Easter. We moreover and our successors wishing 
the aforesaid grant and the confirmation of the 
present Charter to our aforesaid burgesses of 
Waymue and their heirs or assigns to be ^settled 
and firm and of perpetual stability have brought 
that firmness to be strengthened bj the present 
writing and our conventual seal. Farewell. 
Given at St. Swithun*s in Winton, in the year of 
grace the thousandth two hundredth fiftieth 
second, in the month of July, on the ^day of 
St Kenelm, these being witnesses, Roger of ^St 
Waleric then Abbot of Hide, Roger Abbot of 
Abbotsbury, Master Rob. of Karvil then Official 
of Wyntou, *Sir Nicholas of Puinz, Knight, 
Master Robert of Ford, ^Sir Peter of Cumb', Sir 
Oliver then Seneschal of St. Swithuu, Sir Elias 
of Cumb' thep Rector of the Church of Wyke, 
and many others. 



I. 4Z. Vidimus 

undated. 

Latin. 

M. R. 



Impressions 
of Seals of 
Melcombe. 



This is a small paper, without date ; noted ** Vids in officio haraldo3," and 
endorsed "A noate of y" Scales of Armes." It gives the Pedigree of King E. I.*s 
Queen, Eleanor, grand-daughter of Alphonso, King of L^on, and Berengaria, heiress 
of Castillo, showing her right to display the Lion of L^on and the Castle of Castille. 
Below are three broken impressions of seals ; 1. — Impress, a ship with steering oar. 
It has one mast, on each side of which is a shield, quarterly, Castille and L^n. 
Legend, etc., see below. 2. — Impress, a sharply pointed shield bearing the three 
Lions, passants, gardants, of England. Legend gone. 3. — Impress, the same but 
smaller and less ornamented. Legend, see below. S. I. 

Impressions 1 and 3 are from seals still remaining in the possession of the Seals of M. B. 
Mayor and Corporation, as follow : 

A brouze or bell-metal disk, two inches across, haviug three little semicircular 
projections, with a hole in each. ^A well known antiquary seems to think that 

^ Mr. Black, who at the Weymouth Meeting of the Arohnological Association, in 1871, 
described the seals. The report of his remarks has been referred to in other particulars; 
e,g,, his notice of the steering oar which went out of use early in the fourteenth century. 



Seali. 



20 



CLASS I. CHARTERS, ETC. 



these holes were " for pegs to hammer the seal on the wax.*' Impress, a ship, with 
arms of Castille and L6un, as above. Legend, " Sigillum de munic : de roelcoma.'* 
Seal ii. A round, brass seal, one-and-a-half inches across, with good hexagonal handle, 

top broken off. Impress, three Lions, passauts, gardants, of England, as above. 
Legend, ^'Sigill. maioratus vill. d melcoubreg." But the last word is hard t«> 
decipher, and this can hardly be the real reading, or intended reading. It is 
probably the engraver's error for " melcom : reg : " 



I. 42 Grant of 

Arms. 
May 1. 1592. 

Engliah. 

W. & M. R. 

Brooke, 

Mockett, 

Dodrell, 

Barfoote, Cooke 

Claren^ieux. 

Boroagh Arms. 



Borough Seal 
of Arms. 



Seal of 
Clarenpieux. 

Seals of 
W. k M. R. 

Seal iii. 



8eal iv. 



Seal V. 



Sea] vi. 



A very beautiful parchment document, in excellent preservation. It is 
written in a distinct Italian hand. The initial T is illuminated, gold on blue. 

At the instance of J. Brooke, Mayor, and J. Mockett, W. Dodrell and 
T. Barfoote, Aldermen, Robt Cooke, Esq., Claren9ieux, having seen the " Auncyent 
Armes and Scales '' of W. and M. K when separated, grants as follows. For arms, 
'*' azure ashippe to toppes tacled and rygged gould uppon y® wanes of the Sea proper, 
uppon y« first and last mast twoe square banners, the first p pale gules and verte 
three lyons passant gardant in pale gould, y<* Second quarterlye argent and gules, in 
y« firste alien ramp* purple, in y« Second acastell gould, uppon y« Hull of y« said 
Shippe an escocheine p fece gould and gules, in y^ firste three ^cheuerons of y® second, 
on y® Seconde three lyons passant gardant of y** first, And for theire comon Seal! 
azure abridge doble embateled argent Standinge in y® Sea prop in y® chiefe an 
eschochiene p fece gould and Rules," (as above.) These bearings are handsomely 
(but not quite fully) emblazoned in the " Margente." 

Attached by a parchment slip is an impression of Claren^ieux's official seal, 
in a wooden turaed box. 

These arms appear on existing seals, as follow : 

A brass disk, one-and-a-half inches across. To the back has been roughly 
^soldered a socket, in which is a turned walnut handle. Impress, on mainmast, CastiDe 
and L^n, with a square banner on the foremast, bearing St George's cross, the 
coloured emblazonment giving the cross on a pennon on each mast No Legend 
except S. T. 

A copper disk, two-and-a-half inches across, giving the three coats as in the 
first part of the grant ; which, by the bye, Clarenqieux seems not to have intended 
for a seal. Legend, ** Sigillum Wylle (sic) Way moth et Melcombe Regis." 

A companion seal to iv., bearing the arms in the second part of the grant 
Legend *' Sigillum Mayior de Wamoth et Melcombe Regis." 

A brass disk, one inch and three eighths across. Impress, like that of v., 
but the shield seems to bear the Lions only. Legend, " Wamoth and Melcombe 
Regis." 

* This was the bearing of one of the Seals of the Bailiffs of W. 
a Probably in 1612. See v. 35. 



CLASS I. CHARTERS, ETC. 2 J 

^A brass disk, barely one inch across, with socket, and mahogany turned Seal Tii. 
handle. Impress and Legend like vi. 

A copper disk, two-and-three-eighths inches across, having a flat thin triangular Se&l viii. 
bit of copper roughly soldered to the back as a handle. Impress, a ship, with three 
Diasts, a rudder and anchor, very deeply and boldly cut. On the mainmast is a sail, Borough Seal of 
bearing the coat of the second part of the grant, as painted on the said sail. miralty. 

Legend, ''Sigillum admiralis de Wamoth et Melcombe Regis." 

This seems a right place for mention of the Maces. Plate two hundred L 43. Maces. 
years old is always interesting; and the two smaller Maces belonging to the 
Borough are at least of the reign of King C. II. 

The lai^er one of these old Maces is only one foot nine inches long. It is of 
silver. The lower end is set round with longitudinal ribs or flanges about four 
inches long, showing some slight gilding. The middle of the stem is surrounded by 
a globe or knob, simply banded, the bauds gilt. At the top the stem widens out 
conically to a diameter of two and a quarter inches. Then comes a band or fascia 
of rough, pierced work. The summit of this is closed in with a flat plate displaying 
the Royal Arms in shallow graving, with the initials C. R. Against the conical 
portion of the head are set three serpents, curved into the form of S. The whole 
head is gilt The smaller Mace is one foot seven inches long, and resembles the 
other, only that the serpents look modem, and the C. R occur twice. 

The two elaborate modem Maces, the handsome gift of Jas. Bower, Esq., in 
1824, do not come within the scope of this Catalogue. 

1 This may be the Seal nuule for the Mayor in 1693, at a cost of 9/. See v. 64. 



N.B. Seel. 24, 
25, 26. 

II. z. Inquisi- 
tion. 
(?) Temp. Jas.I. 

or Eliz. 
Latin. M. R. 
Heringe, Rus- 
sell. Bynham. 
M. R. harbour 
rights denied. 

II. 2. Declara- 
tion. 
1567 or 8 (?). 
French. W. 
Randall. 
Anchorage paid 
to W. BaUiff. 



CLASS II. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES 



Copy, undated, of Inquisition held at Dorchester in July, 1332, by Walter 
^Heringe, Jas. Russell, W. de Bynham and others. They say that Melcombe Regis 
never had a harbour nor the half of the water between it and Weymouth. S. 2. 

Declaration in French of payment to Randall (" Rondell " it is spelt), of 
anchorage and other dues on the ship " la Cressant de Tatzamblade.'' These dues 
seem to have been taken as payable to Weymouth, to the prejudice of Melcombe 
Regis. The Declaration is signed by two Frenchmen, Auguereau and Mathewrin, 
(Mathurin ?) and two Englishmen, Rogers and Allan. S. 32. 



Letter from the Bailiffs of Weymouth to the Mayor of Melcombe Regis. 



II. 3. Letter. 

April 25, 1568. „„ , „ ^ 

English. T^hey are ready to pay all duties "as be due to you uppon the last book of 



Bailiffs of W. Agremente." 



II. 4. Letter. 



^Letter from the ^Earl of Pembroke, with autograph signature in quaint 
Enclish. capitals. He recommends the inhabitants of Melcombe Regis to refer the disputes 
to some " lerned lawier," on each side. If this is not done he threatens " some 
sharper ordre of waye to be taken both to represse your obstinance ... and 
to preserve . . . the liberties of . . . Way mouth." S. 39. 



W. 

Earl of Pem- 
broke about 
disputes. 



II. 5. Report. 

Aug. 17. 1569. 

Enirlish. 

w. 

Against W. 

II. 6. Letter. 
Ane. 18, 1569. 
English. 
M. R. 
Pitt, Reynolds, 
Bagge, Gregory 



Report thereon by W. Fowler, of Hook, Commissioner to deoide the 
questions between the Boroughs ; in which he pronounces the complaint by ^* them 
of Waymouth " to be untrue. S. 40. 

Answer by the Mayor and Corporation of Melcombe Regis to the Earl of 
Pembroke, signed by Richard Pitt, Mayor, Owen Reynolds, Robert Gregory and 
G. Bagge. S. 41. 

^ All these are names of old Dorset families. 

' This Letter and the Reply are copied in ii. 12, ff. 52, 53. 

' He was Steward of W., Wyke, and other royal manors. See iii. 15, p. 85. 



CLASS II. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES. gg 

Letter from W. Reste, J. Wade, H. Brouke, and others, of Weymouth, to II. 7. Letter, 
"our fryuds the Maiere," etc., of Melcombe Regis, asking whether they were willing Engliah. W. 
to abide by the decrees already made, or not S. 42. 1. Beste, Wade, 

"^ Broakc. 

Reply to the above, from ''your poor oppressed neighbours of Melcombe II. 8. Letter. 
„ . „ o jft ^<^t, 1569. 

Kegis. S. 42. 2. English. M. R. 

Miscellaneous Papers relating to the Borough disputes, especially as to II. 9. Papers. 

1569 etc 
collecting the customs. ^ It is noted among other things that, — ''Ethel wede gave the English. W. 

porte of Waymouth to Axe his svante." " St. Edward gave [the same] to the prior ^^*^***J" ^^ Y' 

of Swythwynea" " Henry the 2 (1) gave the porte and Towne of Wamouth to the K. Edward the 

prior of St. Swythwynes, with Wrackes of the Seas and other libertyes, and j^ Hrnr^II (?) 

confirmed St Edwardes Charter.'' " The liberties of Waymouth were confirmed by 

Edward the first, to the Earl of Gloucester, in the viii. yere of his reigne." " In ^* t^dward I. 

the vL of Edward iii. the burgesses of Melcombe claimed half the haven of K- Edward III. 

Waymouth ;" and the inquisition (ii. I) is quoted. It is also urged that, if Melcombe 

shares the petty customs, Weymouth would be " dispeopled, because . . . 

Melcombe stands upon the mayene land." Articles for the uniting of the boroughs 

are given. In one it is proposed that one street leading from the country, through ^Articles for 

.^o Union of the 
Melcombe, to the bridge shall be free from any arrest by the Mace, and the bridge Boroughs. 

itself in like manner. See ii. 11^^ S. 43. 

Autograph Letter to Rob. Gregory, Mayor of Melcombe, from R. Rossyl (or H- xo. Letter. 
Ressyl) and Da. Lewes. They had been commissioned by the Lords of the Council English! M. R. 
to enquire into the disputes ; and they call on the Mayor to state the case for tj-^^T*^^' 
Melcombe Regis. S. 45. 

Report on the borough disputes, iu the name of the commissioners above, II- n- Report 

TnnA *7 1*170 

but signed only by Da. Lewes. They advise union of the Boroughs into one, English. 

" whereunto they have consented upon this condition that they, and every of them W. & M. R. 

may have and enjoy all their annciente Libties and privelege which they have Proposals for 

enjoyed tyme oute of rayude.'' S. 46. "*^^* 

This, one of the most curious documents belonging to the Corporation, did H- zia- Inden- 

not come to light until this Catalogue was nearly finished. It is simply a Protocol June 21, 1570. 
of a Treaty of Peace between the Boroughs of W. and M. R. It is a Parchment w^^^M^R. 
Indenture between J. Allen, alias Belpit, Mayor of M. R., of one part, and W. Beste Proposals of 
and J. Wade, Bailiffs of W., of the other part Whereas great strife has long raged Allen, Beste, 
between W. and M. R. it is agreed that : — Wade. 

^ This Paper cannot be found. 



u 



CLASS II. BOROQGH CONTROVERSIES. 



Conunons. 



The Bench to 

choose the 

Mayor. 



Seals. 



Brooke, 
Randall. 



1. — The weekly Court of Record shall be kept one Monday in W. the next in 
M. R., and so on ; and trials of right to land in W. or M. R. shall be held in the 
respective Courts. 

2. — Two Chamberlains (viz., T. Sam ways and O. Raynolds) are to be appointed 
to Collect all Dues, one to be a W. man, the other of M. R. 

3. — The Commons to belong to each Town severally. 

4. — The Mayor, Bailiffs, Chamberlains and nine others (named) are to be the 
Corporation. 

5. — The Burgesses are to choose four persons, two of each side, the Mayor 
being one, whereof the *^ Benche " is to *' prick " one as Mayor, by the greatest 
number of votes. 

This deed looks very quaint with its twelve parchment slips, still carrying 
twenty-eight out of probably forty seals or more. On the large central slip is a 
broken, defaced impression of the Melcombe seal, bearing a ship (see i. 41} and a 
better impression of one of the lost Weymouth seals, pointed oval, also a ship, 
having a shield on dexter of the mast, bearing three chevrons. 

There are nearly sixty signatures, including those of the redoubtable J. and 
Ric. Brooke and Hugh Randall. See ii. 39, 42, 55 and 59, etc. M. L 3. 



II. 12. Book. 
1567 to 1594. 
English with 

some Latin. 

W.&M. R. 



W. said to be 

laxger than 

M. R. 

Manwood, 
Jefferye. 



Petty Customs. 



Brooke. 



Sir F. Waking- 

ham. 

Disputes. 



In this book there are some things connected with the disputes between the 
Boroughs, although it is mostly occupied with Constitutions, Forms, etc., relating to 
the united Borough. See iv. 11. 

F. 68. Copy of Letter from the Privy Council, appointing four Commissioners 
to enquire about a " senister," complaint by the Weymouth people in Articles 
" falsely by them alleaged,'' and copied in f. 68. b. and 69. However false, they 
are very curious. Weymouth is said to be '^ thrise as populus " as Melcombe. 

F. 72. Report, not dated, from Justices Manwood and Jefferye to the Privy 
Council. They say that Melcombe was, and Weymouth was not, incorporated before 
the union of the Boroughs — that the customs of ships mooring on Melcombe or 
Weymouth side belonged previously to the several Boroughs respectively — ^and that 
the whole should be received now by the authorities of the united Borough. 

F. 73. b. Order of Privy Council that J. Brooke, in the Fleet for contempt 
of the Order for union of the Boroughs, should not be released until he is bound 
over to obey the same. 

F. 74. Copy of Letter from Sir F. Walsingham to the Chief Baron, Nov. 
1 5th, 1 586. He is commissioned to consider the revival of disputes between the 
Boroughs. (See the original, S. 140.) 



CLASS 11. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES. 25 

Copy of Eeport thereon, to the effect that the ^Lord Treasurer has appointed Collector of 
(Jollectors of Customs at Weymouth and Melcombe, to be accounted for for one year 
to the Queea S. 47. 

This Memorandum consists of seventeen folios. The date seems to be Hilary H. i3- Memo- 

Term, 14 Eliz., 1572. The seemingly very sensible marginal notes are an excellent Warranto, 

summary of the contents. The annotator, probably the Town Clerk, or Master ^^'?r ^'^ 

Hannam, Recorder, says inter alia : — " We have [a common seal] by the charter." W. & M. R. 
" We claime " [Aldermen, Bailiffs, etc.] " We can electe and sweare." " We have a 

Guildhall." "We have noe Chamberlaine, but Recorder, Steward of Leetes, Comon Quq Warranto 

Clerk. Clerk of the Peace, Escheator, Corr. (Coroner), Clerk of the Markett, Serjeants *"^ Answers. 
att Mace, and Constables." "We have a Court of Record eu^ Tuesday." "We 

keepe customary Leetes, one for Melcombe Regis, another for Waymouth, yearely after Courts. 
Michaelmas." " We have no Gallowes." " Markett weekely we have." S. 80. 

Copy of Letter, undated, to the Privy Council respecting the disputes IL '4- Letter. 

Temp. Eliz. 

between the Boroughs ; with a statement to be laid before the Queen in Council. English. 

It alleges that " they of Waymouth " have two Bailiffs, who govern that town YL" ^.^riT" 

regardless of the Mayor of the united Borough. S. 3G. 

Two draft Petitions to the Privy Council, relating to the Act of 13. Eliz., I^- fS Peti- 
tions, 

uniting the Boroughs, in spite of which disputes continue, and murder is likely to 1572. English. 

ensue. Wherefore their Lordships are prayed by the Mayor, etc., to take such order DisDutes iikelv 

as thev may deem necessary. S. 49. to lead to 

^ ^ Murder. 

Letter from Mr. Serjeant Barsen to the Mayor, concerning the Acts uniting II. i6. Letter, 

the Boroughs. He gives his opinion that in all things the government of the united " ^gliah. 

Borough is undivided. & 50. ^^'- * ^- ^• 

Autograph Letter from Justices Man wood and Jeffreys to the Lords of the II. 17. Letter. 

Jan 12 1575. 

Council. These Justices had been commissioned to report on the disputes between English. 

the " 2 townes." They say that they have had both parties before them, with their ^** ^' ?' 

respective charters, etc. — that the Boroughs are united as regards "governiiit, the Jeffreys. 

peace; and eutier jurisdiccion," also as to receiving the petty customs, etc., of the Report aboat 

" ha von and water course ;" but that for "private acious, sutes, etc. ... in Disputes. 
Leetes and Lawedayes . . . they retaine . . . the same devyded in theyr 

severall townes." And it is urged that a bridge (already proposed) should be erected Bridse 
as a likely help towards agreement. Its cost should be " ^at iid. at charge of 
Melcombe and Id. at charge of Waymouth," with some government aid. S. 54. 

1 This was done before, in 1578, it seems. See i. 11. 

* This hardly looks as if Waymouth was tmly ** thrise as popiilas " as Melcombe. See ii. 13, 
under F. 68. 



26 CLASS 11. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES. 

ILz8. Articles. This is a long and formally drawn document, signed by Owyn Raynolds, 

W. & M. R.* Mayor, and others. It is undated, but from seeming reference to the letter jost 

Kaynolda. ^YyQ^e it probably belongs to 1575. Several Weymouth men, e.^., Samwajs, 

dall, Ledoze. Randall and Ledoze are vehemently accused of rebellious behaviour towards 

about Imputes. *^® Mayor, and of exacting petty customs for the benefit of Weymouth side. 

S. 55. 

II. XQ. Copy This is another copy of the Letter or Report noted in ii. 13, under 

of Letter. ^^ '^ ' ^ 

1576 (?). Eng. Folio 73. S. 57. 

W. k M. R. 

II. 20. Depo- This is a Deposition by N. Duboyce, Master of a " Barque of the River of 

May 3, 1576. Cedrw " (?), relating how W. Ledoze boarded him and with threatening words 

\v^^ M** R- demanded the harbour dues, already paid to the Mayor's officer. A sprit sail was 

Ledoze, forcibly taken away in security for, or in place of, the dues. Signed by Duboyce, 

^^^ "' 0. Raynolds the Mayor, and others. The elaborate " mark " of Serj'- Clark is 

Disputes. worth notice. On the back is a memorandum of a former like offence by 

Ledoze. S. 61. 

II. 21. Memo- An unsigned Memorandum of the Examination of the above W. Ledoze 

randum. 
June 6, 1576. before the Mayor ; to whom he does not seem to have shown due respect on this 

W & M R occasion. He said " I hope to be found a trewer subiecte " than my accusers. " He 

Ledoze. had spoken to as good men as " the Mayor. K Pit " thelder " considered that he 

should be imprisoned, without liberty to find bail. What was decided appears not 

S. 62. 

II. 22. Copy Copy of, or original, Order to Justices Man wood and Jefiris to hear and decide 

of Order. 
June 24, 1577. on the " sundrie Jarres " between the Boroughs. Not signed. Dated from 

Eng W.&M.R. Greenwich. S. 64. 

Man wood, 

Jeffris. 
II. 23. Order. ^'opy of Order from the Lords of the Privy Council to " Tomas Bromlev, 

English. esquyer, one of her ma*^ pre vie concell and to Gylbarte Gerrede esquyer here ma*" 

^\ ^ ^] ^' attornaye generall." They are to examine into the disputes and say " what bothe 

Gerrede. Lawe and equytie you shall thyncke mete to be don tharin." S. 65. 

II. 24. Case. Case submitted to Attorney Gen'- Gerrede. He is to consider whether all 

Mar. 20, 1678. , . ^ ^ ^.^ .„ 

English. dues, etc., from the haven, and fees, etc., from all courts do not nowbeloug to the 

G * d ^^^ Corporation. His opinion is annexed, but is not easy to read. He seems to 

Opinion as to say that if the haven dues had belonged to either town they would now beloDg 

tx) the new Corporation ; but that he is in doubt, because the Weymouth people 

affirm that the dues belonged to the Queen. S. 66. 



CLASS 11. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES. 



27 



This Parchment sets forth that whereas in spite of the Union of the 11.24a. Power 

of Att 
_ipril l'_, _. 

for them in dealing with the Privy Council, or with London Courts, about the same ; Tr^^^^i^^'i 



ttomey. 



Boroughs, in 13 Eliz., strife continues, the Mayor, etc., appoint Roger Keate to act ^p^ji 14 1573 



W. & M. R. 
regard being had to "thadvyse of Mr. Thomas Hannam, Esquier, Recorder." Keate, Hannam. 

There are two parchment slips, on the first an impression of Seal i., on the second, ^<^^***over8ie8. 
a broken impression of the large M. R Seal of the three Lions, now lost, the reverse Seals, 

having an impression of Seal ii. See i. 41. M. i. 5. 

Copy of a Letter from J. Younge, G. Trencharde and N. Turberville to the H. 25. Letter 
Lords of the Privy Council, with a separate Certificate of their opinion. S^pt 12, 1578. 

In obedience to the Council they had gone to Weymouth, where they had it?'3|? w^'p 

spent most of two days in " Waymouth Common Hall " in viewing Charters, etc., Younge, 

and hearing evidence. They find that Melcombe is " anncyently enoorporated Turberville.' 

and hath bin the head porte of the shire," possessing half the haven, and all dues of 

vessels arriving at Melcombe side. Further, that Weymouth never was incorporated, ^' ^" anciently 

•/ JT incorporated, 

but is *' a boroughe towne and pcell of the demesnes of her mat"* crowne ;" and having half 

but, from having a common ^seal and a mace carried before the bailiffs, *^ semeth to ^ po • 

be a corporacion by pscription." They find that Weymouth has always had one half W. a Corpora- 

of the haven and the dues from ships arriving there, the town paying a sum to the gcription, atS 

crown as rent of those dues. They think that the new Corporation should have the having half the 

port, 
whole haven and dues. They found the Melcombe people reasonable, those of w. had a Seal 

Weymouth obstinate. S. 68. 1, 2. ^""^ ^'^' 

Memorandum of the pulling down of J. Mounsell's Quay, Melcombe, by H. 26. Memo- 

Ric. Broke and Jef. Preston, of Weymouth. S. 81. 14. gept. 1, 1579. 

En«. W.&M.R. 
Broke, Preston. 

Summons to H. Randall, T. Clemente, and J. Brooke to appear in the H. 27. Order. 

Nov 18 1579 

Chequer Chamber to meet the complaints of the people of Melcombe. S. 71. Eng. W.'&M.R. 

RADdall, 
Clemente, Brooke. 

A Parchment dated from the Exchequer Chamber, quoting an Injunction of 11.27a. Exche- 
April last, that, pending final decision of Controversies, each town should retain its Xov^'^lSO 1579 
own Petty Customs, the Order sets forth that the W. people bad made this a pretext English. 
for ** sundry wilfull outrages.'' Therefore, and inasmuch, further, as the Petty Continued 
CustoRis never in any part belonged to W. except only during the Queen's pleasure, oiaputeB. 
it is now ordered that one W. man and one M. R man shall collect the same and Two Collectors 
equally divide the proceeds monthly. H. Michell, illegally imprisoned by the W« Customs. 
people is to be released. Pinned to the Parchment is a rough little paper naming 
H. Michell as M. R Collector, and Rob. White for W., with a rudely written White, 
mem™* by Rob. Shute, Baron of the Exchequer, expressing the Lord Ch'- Baron's and ' 

his own approval M. i. 6. 

1 Neither of these seem to remain, and only one impression of one Seal of Fleun de Ljs 
(see li. 66), bat several of two other W. Seals. See ii. 11a ; iv. 12a. 

It* 



28 



CLASS II. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES. 



II. a8. Memo- 
randum. 
Dec. 8, 1579. 

English. 
W. & M. R. 
Pitt, Howarde, 
Hannam, 
Dotherell, 
Sam way By 
Brooke. 
W. Bailiflfa 
resist an Ex- 
chequer Order. 

II. 29. Letter. 
Mar. 2, 1581. 

English. 

W. & M. R. 

Howarde, Pyt, 

Tom son. 
Priest's Wages. 

Desire for 
Peace. 



II. 30. Letter. 

1581 (?). 

English. 

W. & M. R. 

Howarde. 



Keate. 



II. 31. Letter. 
May, 1581. 

English. 
W. & M. R. 

Resistance to 
authority. 

Keate, 
Clemente. 



Memorandum signed by Rich. Pitt, Mayor, ^T. Howarde, T. Hannani, 
Recorder, and others, who went to Weymouth Town Hall and read, and showed, a 
copy of the Court of Exchequer Order of Nov. 19th, 1579, touching the controver- 
sies. It named Collectors, and demanded the liberation of H. Michell, imprisoned 
in Weymouth. The Order was repudiated by W. Dotherell, naming himself a 
Bailiff, and by T. Sam ways, deputy to J. Brooke the other pretended Bailiff. They 
said the Order was " a matter of no credit '' — that they would collect customs or 
take away " sayles from their yeardes " for them. S. 73. 

T. Howarde to W. Pyt. He thinks that Mr. Tomson (M.P.) is not of credit 
enough to help them much in the house. He urges P. to ''dele wysely yn all 
actyons and yn orderyng off your markett." He speaks of an unwillingness of some 
to **pay the prestes wages." He urges the clearing away of "all the myxons and 
annoy anses " before spring. He takes leave " w** my most harty prayer to God to 
send pese, helthe, Love and quyetnes to dwell amonst you ; amen." P.S. — He 
has not forgotten Mr. Pyt's brother Richard, but what he has already said for him 
is not yet " dysgested." He speaks of sailcloth, and also of tar and pitch needed 
by him. S. 88. 

This, like the last, is one of seven letters written by Mr. T. Howarde about 
London business, relating apparently to Borough discords, with some reference to 
other matters. He seems to have been Mayor at this time (1581) and W. Pitt was 
his Deputy. (See ii. 33.) They are autograph, with a copy of one. 

In this letter he seems not to be making much way in London, through 
having no formally drawn complaint to lay before the Council. He also says that 
Mr. Roger Keate (Town Clerk) should be in London, he himself not undertaking to 
solicit " y® mener sort," which consists with neither his *' skyl" nor his " bryngyng 
up." Undated. 1581 (1) S. 82. 

(This Letter seems likely to be an answer to ii. 30, with which it is therefore 
now catalogued, although plnced quite otherwise in the Sherren Catalogue) — 

A Draft Letter from W. Pitt to " Ryght Worshipp^ " probably T. Howarde. 
It relates to the rebellious spirit in Weymouth, where they (the Mayor and 
Corporation) " have asseyed no guverment." As no law-suit is in hand they do not 
know how Roger Keate*s presence in London for assistance in matters of law can be 
needed. T. Clemente is named, but with what intention is not clear. See ii. 27. 

S. 95. 



' T. Howarde was second son of T. first Viscount Bindon, and was summoned to the Honae 
of Lords as Lord H. of Walden, 39 Eliz., and was created Earl of Suffolk, 1 James L 
Theophilus, second £. of Suffolk was his son. The second Earl's son, James, sold the 
Dorset Estates to Humphrey Weld, Esq., 1641. — Hutohins. 



CLASS II. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES. 29 

Memorandum of Election of Bailiffs of W. and M. R. : also of Notice that II. 32. Memo- 

any of W. side might copy " ^the Deere " at Mr. Howarde's house. S. 81. 9. Sept. 21, 1581. 

Eng.'w.&M.R! 

T. Howarde to " Mr. Wylly^m Pyt my ^depute." There is difficulty about II. 33- Letter, 
passing a Bill (probably connected with Borough discords) because of, partly, the EngliBh. 
need of feeing " them that should speke ffauorably," also " yn gratyfying the ^' ^ ^'p5l 
speker " and others. Also Sir C. Hatton seems to have opposed. Randall is in Randall 
London on the opposing side, watching for the departure of Howarde, who has 
laboured '^ att his fifriends and the connsayle '* to defeat machinations. He promises 
to persevere "as I wold delle for them whych I loue well." There is a copy with 
this letter. Undated. 1581 (?). S. 83. 1, 2. 

T. Howarde "to my lovyng frauds of Melcum." Owing " to the slender H- 34- Letter. 
. . . or . . . yndyrect delyngs of sum of Melcum," and through one English. 

Tomson " plased yn the hows by my Lord off Bedford" he can make little progress. ^V. and M. R, 
Most of the letter is about wheat, apparently for exportation. He speaks of "suche Tomson. 

pryses as ^Syr Ames Pawlet sellythe." Undated. 1581 (1). S. 84. Sir A. Paulet 

T. Howarde to W. Pyt. He commends Mr. Pyt's ,care and desires to be II. 35- Letter. 

made aware of "any dysorder off your neghbors." (Probably of Weymouth.) English. 

S. 86. ^^' *°^ ^^* ^ 
Howarde, Pyt. 

T. Howarde to W. Pyt. "Such hath been y» exclamatyon against H. 36. Letter, 
y** prosedyngs yn Melcumb court " that he wishes to be present, with Mr. English. 

Recorder Hanam, when the case then in hand comes on. (Clemente v. Peere (]). ^* *°^ ^P?* 
See iii. 13. 15, 16.) S. 85. Hanam. 

T. Howarde to W. Pyt. He acknowledges the receipt of ten pounds, which II. 37. Letter, 
"cam yn a good tyme." He alludes indistinctly to Borough affairs. In a P.S. he English, 

trusts " to fynd the towne clene and all 3 ** annoyanse ''behynd the towne removed ^- *"^ ^^v£l 

according to promys." He stays in London "to do you all good, otherwyse Behindthetown 

mountaynes should not kepe me so long yn so trobelsom a place." S. 87. ~ ^^^ ® 

r 

Raffe Rylandes confesses that he and others took a cable belonging to IL 38. Depo- 

Purser's prize. Others, who were summoned to be examined before the Mayor, Jan. 17 1582^73), 

refused ; one saying that they had Bailiffs " to redresse this cause." S. 95. 4. «T^°^i^?5' « 

W. and M. R. 

BaUiffs of W. 

' Perhaps this was i. 12, or ii. 28. 

> See iii. 13. 

3 Syr Ames Pawlet. This must be Sir Amyas P., one of the gaolers of Queen Mary of 
Scotland. Ames = Amyas. See vi. 43. 

* ** Behynd the towne " means the present ** Front." 



30 CLASS II. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES. 

11.39. Petition. "The oopye of the Petycyoa ... to the Counsel!." The Mayor, etc., 

1582^ (?) ^ ^ 

English. inform the Privy Council that T. Sam ways, Weymouth, having been elected a Bailiff 

W. andM. R. Qf ^^j^ united Borough, had long refused to be sworn. He was sent for to a Meeting, 

abused for sub- and the Council's Order relating to the Corporation having been read to him, he 

aiithority. submitted, was sworn, and gave security for good behaviour. For this he was " with 

undecent speches . . .' much mysused " by the Weymouth people. Further, 

Allyn, Monsell. ^^ -^^g. 2nd, J. AUyn, Mayor, being himself ill, sent J. Monsell as his deputy, with 

Brooke ^^® Aldermen, etc., to a Meeting in Weymouth Hall, where J. Brooke and Hugh 

« ?:?£*^?„. Randall were sitting as Bailiffs of that town. The Order was read to them, but 
Bailiffs of W. 

they would not submit Afterwards J. Brooke came with a mob to the 'Court, 
and was fined and imprisoned, but escaped. Therefore the Mayor, etc., invoke 
" yo"" honorable authorities." S. 93. 

II. 39a. Pro- This Parchment is a curiosity. It appears to be a Proclamation to be read 

June 14, 1582. ^^ ^^ people of the Borough, so that *' none sholde be deceived by any extreme 

w^^^^^M R '^cp^rte" as to the imprisonment of J. Brooke for having brought one Whitte before 

Brooke. T. Howarde, Esq. Whitte was suspected of felony, but was " simplye and w^ute 

lawfull officer arrested" by J. Brooke, who was therefore imprisoned. The proclama- 

Obstinacy. tion then sets forth several offers which were made for his release on certain 

conditions, which he refused. At last the ^Mayor with the ^" bechers " (the Borough 

Howarde, Bailiffs and Aldermen it seems) T. Howarde, Esq., ^H. Rogers, Esq., with others, and 

^«®"- the Common Council, fined him £20. 

Seals. On a parchment slip is the large Seal of the three Lions, reverse the M. R. 

ship. See i. 41. M. i. 7. 

II. 40. Order. Copy of Order from the Privy Council, approving of the imprisonment of 

Engiish. * J- Brooke by the Mayor for breach of former Orders — and declaring that such 

^':S*^ke' ^ offenders of Weymouth or Melcombe, " shall not hereafter be harde at this table," 

The Council but in the Court of Exchequer. S. 91. 

worn out. 

II. 41. Recog- Recognizance in £50 for T. Samwayes' obedience to the Statute for the 

nizance. 
July 31, 1582. government of the united Borough. (This was doubtless connected with his 

W*'^d^Sf.^a* submission. See ii. 39.) S. 97. 1. 

Samwayes. 
11.42. Petition. ''A com playnt against them of Weymouth." This is a small parchment 

Enslish. document, with a parchment slip bearing a double seal, the ship, and the three lions. 

W. and M. R. Jt represents to the Privy Council that, as J. Brooke, in the name of the tenants of 
Seals. 
Brooke. Weymouth, has exhibited a Supplication against the Mayor, etc., in reference to his 

^ This date is correct. See ii. 43. 
■Allyn. 
» See ii. '11 a. 
^ Of Bryanston. 



CLASS II. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES. 3I 

collision with them (as above), they think it fit to give the names and " adjcions" 

of his abettors, as to whose small credit they refer to the "... worshypfulls Names, etc., of 

the Petitionen 
of this sheere." The list is headed by " J.- Brooke, baker, the Qhif dysturber of the for W. rights. 

goverment of this tonne." Then follow sixteen names with " adyciona" There are 

four tailors, three mariners, two shoemakers, one mercer, one tanner, one merchant, 

one yeoman, one husband-man, one "Myterman" and one "bere-brewer," with the old 

Dorset name, Clavell. S. 94. Clavell. 

On Sept. 21 St, the day when Bailiffs were wont to be chosen in Weymouth II. 43. Memo- 
side before the Union, Mr. Mayor Allyn, Mr. Aldermen Monnsell, Bagge, R. Pytte Sept. 21, 1582. 
and W. Pytte, and many others, went over. " Beinge in the passage boate," the bell vir^^^^^M h. 
of Weymouth Chapel tolled, apparently for the meeting. As they went towards the Allyn, Moon- 
Hall they met Hugh Randall, J. Brooke, W. Dotherell and about sixty more. The p^^' Rm&L 

Mayor desired them to return, to elect Bailiffs " for the corpacon." R and R said ^"^^®' 

Dotherell. 

that they had already done so ; and D. added that in any other matter they would 

attend the Mayor. The Weymouth party went on towards the passage boat, and IrreguUr Eleo- 

the Mayor and his company to the Hall. There R. and B. again appeared and ^^^^ * * "* 

claimed the Mayor's aid to examine an accused person. The Mayor said that 

another time would do for that, especially as Mr. Howarde had the case in hand, Howarde. 

and he asked them again if they would assist in the Election. They gave no clear 

answer, but departed. Then the Melcombe party carried out the Election, choosing 

Roger Goyer, Bailiff for Weymouth, and Barth. Allyn for Melcombe. S. 97. 2. Geyer, Allen. 

" The Articles layed downe in the Exchequer Chamber, 1682, at Harford, by II. 44. Order. 
my L. Treas.'^ (Hertford.) ^^'^^sh^" 

1. — " Waymouth men not to appeare at the Leete at Melcombe." W. and M. R, 

2.T— The Mayor shall nominate two men of each town, of which four men one taining Borough 

shall be elected Mayor for the next year. ?^®"}^"^1"*?' 

•' •^ ted at Hertford. 

3. — The Election is to take place in the town where the Mayor lives. 

4. — ^The Bailiffs of the Corporation to be chosen by the Corporation, at the 
time of the Election of the Mayor. The Bailiffs for collecting the Queen's rent in 
Weymouth to be chosen by " those of Weymouth " only. Excepting for that 
collection they have no authority, not being J.P's. 

5. — On proof " that Waymouthe is anncient demeane " the inhabitants shall 
have the liberties belonging to tenants in such demesne. 

6. — ^That the Bailiffs of Weymouth shall yearly pay the "rent of the 
custome of the water in Waymouth side " to Her Majesty ; " they of Melcombe " 
having no part thereof, nor the Weymouth people sharing the petty customs of 
Melcombe. (Two copies). S. 92. 1, 2. 

> The existence of this calling gives an idea of considerable shipping trade. 



32 



CLASS II. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES. 



II. 45. Deposi- 
tion. 

Mar.2l, 1582(3) 
Eng. W.&M.R. 
Chapell. Pytte, 
Mockett, Ran- 
dall, Doderell, 
Lawrance. 

II. 46. Letter. 
Aug. (?), 1583. 

English. 
W. and M. R. 

Complaint of 
the conduct of 

the Mayor 
about the Salt 

trade. 
Pitt, Randall. 



W. Chappell, Serj*-' T. Pytte and J. Mockett depose that, being sent to 
H. Randall and W. Doderell for Lawrance, a prisoner, R. refused to give him up 
and said ** that the Mayor should have nothinge to doe tbaire." S. 99. 12. 



Trenchard. 



Brooke. 



To the Privy Council. Ou May Ist a bark of W. and M. R, of about fifty tons 
arrived with seveuty q"- of salt, belonging to the Mayor and " his brother bj the 
law," who did " lett crye the same " for three shillings per bush^ On May 3rd a ship 
of about sixty tons arrived, full of salt, belonging to a Plymouth merchant. T. Pitt, 
brother-in-law to the Mayor, and factor for him and others, persuaded them to buy 
up this last cargo, to keep up the price ; offering the Plymouth merchant 28. 3d. 
a bushel. Tlie merchant told Hugh Randall, " Bailiff according to ancient custom, ** 
that he "went to sell . . ,. unto the countrey." So, by his means, the last 
cargo of salt was cried next day, being Saturday, at Dorchester Market, at 2s. 6d. a 
bushel. Accordingly on Monday " the countrye came down to buy . . ." The 
Mayor's Serjeants seized the first two bushels thus sold, carried them to the Mayor's 
house, and stopped the sale. The merchant went to G. Trenchard, Esq., to get 
license to depart with his salt, but he would not consent '* till his full daies were 
expyred ; " but wrote to the Mayor not to hinder the sale. He did not obey. It is 
alleged that such forestalling of this and of other salt imported in "sundry 
Britton's shipps " could not have happened before the Union of the Boroughs ; as a 
forestalled cargo would have been forfeited to the Queen. All which " yo*" poore 
orator J. Brooke," Bailiff, is ready to avow. (Not dated, but as it seems to be the 
occasion of the following letter it probably was written in Aug., 1583.) S. 101. 



II. 47. Letter. 
Sept. 3, 1583. 

English. 
W. and M. R. 

Sir. C. Hatton. 

Mounsell. 

Byshoppe. 

Blame for 
seizure of salt. 



Autograph Letter from Sir C. Hatton, showing a personal knowledge of the 
Borough Controversies. He tells his " very lovinge frend Mr. J. Mounsell," Mayor, 
with much plainness that his seizure of certain salt from Rob*- Byshoppe, and 
imprisoning him, was a very bad action ; and enjoins him to release him on security, 
and to restore the salt. In the absence of the rest of the Council Sir C. feels 
obliged to write on his own responsibility, both out of duty to the Queen, as also 
" of th* poor place w^ I hould in the Liberty of Way mouth." He reminds the 
Mayor that all old Liberties of W. remain, including the holding of Courts " for 
nusances or such lyke abuses." ** ffro the Court at Sunyghill, 3rd of Sept., 1583. 

S. 102. 



II. 48. Warrant Warrant by Chns. Anketyll, J.P., to the Mayor, to release Rob. Byshopp, who 

Sept. 7, 1583. 1 . ., " a e^rx 

Eng. W.&M.R. nas gi^^n security. S. 99. 6. 

Anketyll. 



CLASS II. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES. 



33 



Summons by Chr. Anketyll to Mr. Mayor Mounsell, to appear before him at 
his house at Lytchet Mynster. S. 99. 2. 



Royal Warrant to cause Rob. Bysshopp ^" replegiare." 



S. 99. 1. 



Warrant as in ii. 49, but by G. Willyams, Armiger. With seal. Addressed 
to Ric. Crewe and also his Bailiffs. S. 99. 4. 

Forasmuch as W. Chappell of Melcombe was on board certain pirates, at K 
Lulworth, " to by suger," ifec, and to show them favour, and victual them, I, Hugh 
Randall, Vice-admiral of Dorset, have arrested him, until he give bail to appear at 
the next Sessions " of oyer et determyner for pyrates " in Dorset Mem™ of 
receiving the above from R., and that he said at the same time that if Rob. Byshop 
were a son or friend of his " he would shoote a Cally ver in him that sh^ . . . 
keepe him in so vyle a pryson . . ." Signed Bernard Maior, J. Gundrey, 
W. Pitt. (Placed slightly out of order owing to the mention of Byshop, also named 
in ii. 50, etc.) S. 99. 13. 



II. 49. Sum- 
mons. 
Sept. 8, 1583. 
Eng. W.&M.R. 

Anketyll, 
' Moansell. 

11.50. Warrant 

Sept. 19, 1583. 

Lat. W.&M.R. 

Biahop. 

II. 51. Warrant 

Sept. 24, 1683. 

Lat. W.&M.R. 

Williams. 

II. 52. Memo- 
randum. 

Oct. I, 1583. 
English. 

W. and M. R. 
Randall. 
Chappell. 
Pirates at 

E. Lul worth. 

Byshop, Maior, 
Gundrey, Pitt. 



Memorandum (?) by H. Randall, partly illegible. 



S. 103. 2. 



II. 53. Memo- 
randum. 
Sept.. 1583. 
Eng.W.&M.R. 

Mem" by T. Martin and J. ffeaver that, when sent by the Mayor to ask H- 54- Memo- 
randum. 
M. Randall why Serj^- Chappell was imprisoned, he answered that it was because Sept. (?), 1583. 

" he entermedled uppon the water, haven and porte." S. 99. 10. ^arti^n Fea^ 

Randall, 
Chappell. 

Original depositions before Rob. Shute, Second Baron of the Exchequer, on II. 55* Depo- 
sitions, 
twenty-three sheets. Oct. 18, 1683. 



J. Mounsell, merchant, thirty-seven years old — 



Randall, 

Dotherell, 

Wade, Broke. 



Enff. W.&M.R. 
Mounsell, 
(1.) Heard Hugh Randall affirm that the Exchequer Order made last Mich" Randall. 

at ^Hertford, was false and not ** agreable " to that to which they had set their Hertford order. 

hands, and that J. Broke has said the same. 

(2.) He says that H. Randall and W. Dotherell, late Bailififs, and J. Wade 

and J. Broke, newly chosen Bailiffs, governed Weymouth, and " claimed to be " 

J.Ps. by virtue of their office. (And this was twelve years after the Union of the 

Boroughs.) 

^ ** Replegiare. '' "Replevie (Plevina) is the bringing of the writ, called Replegiare facias, by 
him that hath his cattell or other goods distreined . . . and patting in surety to the 
Shyreene that, upon delivery of the thing distreined, he will persiew the action against 
him that distreined." — Gowell. 8.v. Replevie. 

* See. ii. 44. 



34 CLASS II. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES. 

(3.) As Bailiffs the above have received the petty customs of the Haveo, 
apart from the Corporation. 

Resistance by (4.) Hugh and W. Randall and Ric. Broke have resisted the Mayor's 

and others. ' officers ; and they and others seized Laurence Titchiuge, when arrested for felony, 
on Hue and Cry, by the Serjeants. 

(5.) The Serjeants reported that R. and others beat them and said that the 
Mayor had nothing to do on Weymouth side. 

Trenchard. (6.) Ric. Broke, summoned by the Serj^* to appear before 6. Trenchard, 

Esq., resisted and grievously wounded the Serj^ 

Bysshop. (7.) Rob. Bysshop, required by the Mayor to receive from him a lawful 

measure for selling salt, refused, saying that he had one from the Bailiffs of W., 
continued to use a false bushel and said that the " ^Order made at Hertford terme 
was not worthe a button." 

(8.) Serj^- Chapell, when sent to W. to give notice of the Election of a 
Mayor, was imprisoned there for a month and more. 

(9.) It was affirmed by several that H. Randall said that if Rob. Bysshop 
were his son or friend he would " shoote a callyver at him . . . that should 
keep him . . . in so vile a prison." 

Threat of (10.) H. Randall having purposed to kill J. Allen, of M. R, and K's son 

All^^ByMhop. **«^v>°g said that there would be no quiet until one " of the best " of M. R was 

slain, the deponent is in fear of his life. Signed Rob. Shute. 

J. Allen, merchant, forty-«ix years old, deposes to one to nine substautially 
the same as Mounsell had done. 

(11.) The Deponent is in fear of his life, H. Randall having said to 
Gregorie. Rob. Gregorie that " he wente twice upp the hill, purposing to have kylled this 
Custom hoase deponente ;" and that he dares not go over to the Custom House. Signed Rob. 
«^^^' Shute. S. 105. 

n. 56. Letter. Draft letter from Mr. Mayor B. AUyn, and others, to the Lord Ch' Baron 

Man 16,1583 (4) ^^^^ ^^ Recorder. It speaks of the intended erection of the Bridge as likely to 

W. andM. R. cause " good contynuance of pfyt amyty." S. 143. l. 

AUyn. 
The Bridge. 

IL 57. Letter. Draft letter from the same to some one not named, perhaps, T. Howarde, 

^^En^lish^ ^^^ ^^' '^^^y ^*y ^^^* **^®y ^^^® " framed . . . letters to the L. Cheef Baron," (ss 
W. and M. R. above) asking him to inspect the site of the intended Bridge when he is on his 
* return from circuit. (On the back is an undated list of " the xxiiii of the comon 
CounselL") S. 180. 

1 See ii. 44. 



CLASS II. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES. 35 

Draft letter to ^Mr. TomsoD, inform iDS him that he has been chosen M.P., II. 58. Letter. 

' 1585 (?) 

" as one in whom our onelye . . . confidence whoUye reljeth." His name ha^ English. 

been returned to the sheriff with [another], who is to be nominated for M. R. by the W. and M. R. 

E. of Warwick, and two for W. by the E. of Pembroke and K Philippes Gent. He E. of Warwick. 

is requested to become a free burgess of the Borough. A copy of the Oath is phifSpea. * 

enclosed, which he may take before Mr. Recorder. The writer desires that an Act 

should be " exhibited " for authorizing all de^srees for union and for " establishinge Union desired. 

our quyetnes, as shall be by our Solicitor moved unto you by Councell.'' (With 

Mem"^ to send a letter to Mr. Gundrye, the Town's Attorney, and to the nominees Gundrye, 

of the K of Warwick and the E. of Pembroke ()). To keep Brooke (then in Baron Brooke, Ledoze. 

Grent's custody) and Ledoze in mind. S. 113. 

Two rough drafts and a fair copy of Resolutions agreed on in Melcombe II. 59. Reso- 
Town Hall by Mr. Mayor Mokett, Aldermen Mounsell and Allyn and others, for Feb. ^, 1585(6). 

M. R. ; and W. Doderell, Hugh Randall, W. Ledoze and others for W. They resolve ^^«}«^ ^ 

. . -„,<•.. n^i 4. W. andM. R. 

speedily to devise by law the " cuttinge of all cavilles, etc. The government of Mokett, Monn- 

the Town, on both sides of the water, to be only by the Mayor as " sole govemer " t)!5 u ^[n. 

in all things. Admiralty, Coronership, Market, the keeping the three-weekly Courts, dall, Ledoze. 

and levying the fee farm Rent of the whole Town. " But justifyinge them selves Proposals of 

of both sides to hold there severall liberties, priviledges and jurisdictions in the ^^^' 

righte of them selves and there severall corporacions as ffeefarmes of the same and 

not of the Queene as tenants at will." They suggest four ways of promoting peace ; 

1. By giving up all Charters of both Towns, and having a new one for the whole. 

2. By abolishing all Offices except those of the Mayor and other Officers to be 
chosen at the same time and place with him. 3. "Or by constitution among 
themselves." 4. By making one street in M. R., " directlye withe the bridge" 
free from arrest. Or by other means, " good in lawe whereto eight of the most 
substantiale psones of either side shall stande bounde." And with " convenient 

speede a Bridge over the Haven shall j^ceede to be made." (See ii. 11a.) S. 111. 1, % 3. Bridge. 

*' A Breviate of the Misdemeanors of Win. Ledosse, Wm. Samwaies and IL 60. Mefflo- 
Ria Brooke." 1. The arrest and trial of W. Colston. (See vi. 29.) 2. W. L. y[„^ 3^ 1685(6). 
swore in J. Chapell as his serjeant, who " performed ^yne presse of the Admiraltye ^rn-^'^i'S' « 
nppon one G. Moon." 3. W. L. took the keys of W. Hall and Prison, and said he Ledoase, Sam- 
would keep them. 4. Ric. Brooke said he would obey W. L. rather than the Mayor, ^"colaton^ ^' 

5. W. L. has taken " ancoradge of certayne carvellf^," etc., also '* busseladge." Chapell. 

6. He denies the delivery of the sails of a bark of St Malo on payment of 4s. condact'of W. 

NoTB. — On Jan. 30th he did this on board the Bonaventure, in presence of people, 
certain Aldermen, etc S. 119. 5. 

^ He was the nominee of the Earl of Bedford. See ii. 34. 
F» 



36 CLASS II. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES. 

II. 6i. Depo- Before the Mayor, etc. in W. Hall, W. Ledosse confessed that he caused to be 

sitions etc. 
Mar. 3 1*585(6). ^^^^ out the press against G. Moone, and said that in *' Thadmiraltie he may 

English. examine the Mayor himself.*' As to the forcible arrest of Mr. W. Colston he will 
\\ . and M. R. '' 

Ledosse, Col- answer at another time. He acknowledges that he made J. Cbapell Serjeant, and 

"illutloe.^^ ' employed him about G. Moone, which C. confirms. He also affirms that Mr. 

Recorder said that he would advise Mr. Mayor not to *' dealle in Thadmyraltie." 

Headstrong jjj^, Brooke also avowed that he would rather obey W. L. in " matters for the 
conduct of Vv. "^ 

people. Towne," than the Mayor. L. avowed that he ^' fette " the Hall and Prison keys out 

of the Serjeant's house and would keep them. And Serj^- Mutloe confirms this. 
With " some a doe " the Mayor got the Prison key, to commit two offenders, but 
not the Hall key. S. 119. 6. 

II. 62. Memo- Before the Mayor, etc., in W. Hall, W. Ledosse said "flatlye" that in matters 

Mar. 26, 1586. of peace he had as much to do in W. side as the Bailiflf of the Corporation or the 

E"%2J*^^-R- Mayor. Then L. and Mutloe speak about the Keys, as above, ii. 61. S. 127. 

Mutloe. 
11.63. Articles, Copy of Articles against the Mayor, etc., in M. R. side for breach of the Decrees 

Mar., 1585 (6). ^°d " usurpinge uppon the Queene's Ma^^«» Bayly fes of W."; with draft Answers. 

English. ] They refuse to accept a W. man as Collector of Petty Customs. Answer 

W. and M. R. ^ ^ ■\ 

Complaint of — They have not refused any man " as by the decre is appointed." 

M.^S*^ople! -• '^^^ " Cartinge," etc., in M. R. are not collected by the same man. 

with Answers. Answer — The duties have been so collected, except the carting, which has always 

been collected by appointment of the Mayor, and kept towards the Recorder's and 

Attorney Gundrye's fees for Town business. 

3. Whereas the profits of the towns should be bestowed where there is most 
need, this is not done, nor is the carting accounted for at all. Answer — The 
Collectors have accounted for the money, which has been spent on W. side. 

4. The Mayor usurps on the Bailiffs by dealing with the Jurisdiction of the 
" Admiraltie of the' Water," the three-weeks Courts, Leets, Law-days, Clerk of the 
Market and Coroner of W. Answer — Although the Mayor is by Statute authorized 
as above (except as to the three different Courts which are held by the Queen's 
^Steward) yet he has never exercised such authority, being hindered by the W. people. 

5. The Mayor " do extortlye usurpe " by taking for his own use the " hedde 
feefysshe and busselage." Answer — He, by Decree, may lawfully do so. Objections 
by the Mayor, etc., against them of W. The profit of the passage boat, £3 6s. 8d. 

^Saleof Land by [during the last year]] is kept by the W. people. ^xhe Bailiffs of W. have sold 

land in fee simple without consent of the Mayor, etc. S. 116. 1, 2. 

1 The High Steward of W., Wyke, Portland, Wareham, etc.. Manors. The E, of Pembroke 

was Steward at this time. 
' Some of their original Feoffments remain. See iv. 12a. 



CLASS II. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES. 37 

Briant Uitchins, of Plymouth, deposes that W. Ledosse would pay for only II. 64. Deposi- 

thirteen out of fourteen bush, of wheat, the other being his fee " for busleges," as April 5, 1586. 

L*8 own mem™' (pinned on) sets forth. L. said that the Mayor had nothing " to ^°g- W.&M.R. 

l-j6uOSSGy 

doe uppon the water." B. H. "his signe " is curious, w ffi« S. 119. 8. Hitchins. 

Hitchina' mark. 

• 

T. Clarke, Collector for the Corporation, deposes that, on Mar. 25th, he went H. 65. Deposi- 
tion, 

to a " Carveylle . . . mored uppon W. side," and was told that 4d. had been April 9, 158fi. 

paid for anchorage to one calling himself Queen's Bailiff, and one of the crew ^i"\ l^ 1 ' 

identified W. Ledosse as the man. Also he took anchorage for two " Western " Dispute about 

II*. ' o. , -. /^ anchorage, 
boats the day before. S. 119. 9. 

Petition (ff. 16) to L^ Burleigh, L^ Treasurer, Sir W. Mildmay, Chanc. of the II; 66.Petition. 

Exchequer, Sir Roger Manwood, Ch. Baron of the same and T. Gent, Baron of the i5g($. 

same, from the Inhabitants of W. (This indefinite designation is objected to in a p'J^^?**'' ^^^* 

marginal note.) F. 1. — W. ** dyroct over againste ffrannce," and " upon the mayne the inhabitaats 

sea," for thirty-five years has had great contests with M. Regis about profits of the ° the M. R. 

Haven and divers liberties also. F. 1 — 4. — The Petitioners recite what has been people, with 

notes on behalf 

enacted for union of the Boroughs. F. 5, 6. — Each Borough, however, retained its of the latter. 

own special liberties. F. 7. — ^Accordingly on Nov. 22nd, 25 Eliz., it was decreed 

that W. should elect two Bailififs to collect dues in W. and account to the Queen. Bailiffs of W. 

(Note. — This is allowed as to rents on land, but not dues on water.) F. 8. — Also a 

W. and a M. R Collector of Petty Customs should be chosen by the Corporation. 

F. 9. — ^They say that, as W. is demesne of the Queen the inhabitants still have the 

right to elect Bailiffs of their own, to be J.Ps., and to perform the duties of Admiral, W. Bailiffs are 

Coroner, Escheator and Clerk of the Market in W. (Note. — The Bailiflij before the Denied 

Union were not J.Ps., and the other offices have been by Statute transferred to the 

Mayor.) F. 9, 10. — They claim the whole haven or river. (Note. — This is denied. Harbour 

W. had right to only half.) They claim the W. Market tolls for W. side. (Note. — Qniy half 

This is denied.) F. 10, 11. — Injunctions have come from the Queen and Council that allowed. 

W. should enjoy the whole profits of the haven, without the Mayor's interference. 

But the M. R. people are reported to have forged writs to the contrary, which Forgery by the 

the Petitioners have searched for in vain in H. M. Court of Record. ("Travs * reported. 

this," in the margin repeatedly.) F. 12, 13.— The M. R. people have built on the Traversed. 

-Quay and bank to the injury of the Queen and the W. people. (Note. — By "Quo Encroachment 

Warranto " M. R. possesses water and soil under it from the middle of the haven, Demed'. 

and they have built only on their own ground.) The Mayor, etc., to " violett " the 

W. liberties, have Collectors of Anchorage, " ffyshe royall," etc., for the whole port, 

and of profits of the W. market, for benefit of M. R. people. (Note. — This has 



' See i. 14. 

' A quay was pulled down by the W. people. See ii. 26. 



38 CLASS II. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES. 

been done, but not for private use, except ^' buBseladge and fee fyshe " which by 

Admiralty and Decree are the Major's fees.) F. 13, 14. — The Mayor has taken the offices of 

by the Mayor. Admiral, etc, named before, and keeps from the Petitioners "the ^mace beinge the 

Scepter of peace,'' and beyond all memory belonging to W. (Note.— *' The maoe 

belongs to the head officer.") ''By whiche their encrochement her ma^* shalbe 

W. fortified, disenherited " of her customs, etc, and the town and haven of W. " w<* alwayes 

Loss to H.M. hath byne fortifyed, weakened and lye open to the euemye,'' and the Petitioners be 
feared. 

debarred from their liberties. (Note. — ^'Theie be not debarred of any thinge 

w^ theie ought to enioye.") F. 15. — Having to pay £1 2 a year to the Crown as rent 

of the Customs, they now cannot do this. (Note. — This is payable for lands.) F. 16. — 

They pray that such order may be taken as may stand with reason and equity. 

Penmddocke, Signed J. Penruddocke, Raylfe Pudsey. ^Note at foot, that a letter in accordance 

Mockett^Gent. ^^^^ *^® Petition be written against J. Mockett, Mayor. Signed T. Gent 

S. 120. 

II. 67. Deposi- Before the Mayor, etc., J. Brooke said that he was sworn in as Constable by 

May 26, 1586. ^^® Queen's Steward, at the W. Law-day, at Mich" last, and that he had arrested 

Eng. W.&M.R. jm(j imprisoned people: also "that he was bounde that he could not serve nor God 
Brooke consta- '^ ^ mt ^ 

bleofW. nor the Queene." S. 119. 11. 

II. 68. Ques- Six questions respecting Ledosse's proceedings, as given in ii. 64, etc 

tions. Q . , ^ 

July 6, 1586. J>. 119. 14. 

Enc. W.&M.R. 
JjedoBse. 

II. 69. Letter. From the Prify Council, with autograph signatures of Lord Burghley, Lord 

^g*'^&lil^! C. Howard, Sir. F. Walsingham, etc, to T. Howard, G. Trenchard and J. Williams, 

Ixirds Boighley Esqs., saying that, as the W. people "continue their accustomed unlawfidl 
and C. Howard. 
Walaingham demaunds," the three gentlemen are to assist the Mayor, the W. people nominating 

^^H^ mS three other Justices, all to act together, one on each side to be a quorum. From 

Trenchard, Windsor Castle. (Also two copies, with the designations, and not the names of the 
^^illiams 
J. Pa. to amiat signatories. Also copied in S. 47. F. 78.) S. 134. 1, 2, 3. 

the Mayor. 
II. 70. Brief, This document consists of ff. 10. F. 7 is endorsed " M. Swayne's brevyat, 

etc 

Micha. 1586. ^i^h., 1586," applying apparently to all seven first folios. F. 1. contains the 

English. substance of the " Bill " by the W. folk, as in ii. 66 ; and ff. 2 and 3 give Mr. Mayor 
W^. and M. R. 
'* Bill " by the Mockett's answers, in accordance with the maiginal notes to ii 66 ; also the 

^'M8wi«*°*^ " Replication" of the W. folk, insisting again that the Corporation have nothing to 

Swayne, do with Admiralty, W. Market, "cullage," or customs in W., and that the Mayor has 

no right to " busselage " or the " fee-fish." In a " Rejoynder " the Mayor maintains 

1 Seeii. 25. 

* This ia probably i. 15. 



CLASS II. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES. 39 

his former assertions. In ff. 4 — 7 are minutes of rather vague and conflicting 

evidence. W. Gibbcs (F. 4) " sayeth that W. side had a ^Sgant and Mace 9 yeres ^ ^^^' ^^n^ 

before 13 Eliz. : conceminge the Admiralty and Arestes of goodes but not for ^piens Serjeant 

fwonnea" Hugh Randall (F. 16.) "sayeth he hath hard . . . that Holandshed Randall. 

a Keper of Recordes in the Tower delivered a Quo Warranto to Best (his informant), Forgery 

for a Pottle of Wine, and Best thought it to be foiged because he had it so good Ww-ranto " 

cheape . . ." He (R.) says thgt he has received customs on M. R side for W. n^P®?^ 

side, and that W. pays £10 a year " for their bowses," and 40s. for Cullage and 

Customs. In ff. 9 and 10 appear the provisions of the Act of Parliament passed in 

reference to this litigation. The Mayor, etc., have right to petty customs and profits 

m both towns, saving any lands, etc., held by them separately heretofore. The 

Decree 23] Eliz. (1. 12 ?) is quoted as showing that it was then clear to the Court 

that half the haven, and all accruing from that half, belonged to M. R before the 

Union, and the other half to W., at 40s. rent yearly, but only at Her Majesty's 

pleasure. That the whole of the petty customs, eta, are to be collected by two Bye Laws as to 
*^ r J » » >f Petty Customs, 

men chosen by the Mayor, etc That the W. Bailifis are to do nothing more than etc. 

collect and pay in the fee farm rent of W. (£10 yearly), and 408. for the water on 

W. side, which the Mayor is to pay over to them. That the Mayor, eta, may use 

all Leets, Law-days, Liberties, Fairs, Markets, Lands, eta, as the several towns 

formerly did. That the Mayor is head officer in all causes, " aswell for the peace as 

otherwise," for both towns ; reserving the Leets, Law-days, and three weeks Courts ^- Courts. 

to be still kept in W. by the Queen's Steward. S. 142. 

From T. Howarde, Esq., to Mr. Mayor W. Pit He speaks of some IL 7i* Letter. 
" outrage," in which " they deny any wepon yn hand, or offered to be brought yn E^g, W.iM.R. 

place." He further says that he has decided his "brother Horsey" (as High HoTOrde, Pit, 

XxOFsey. 

Sheriff 1) to reject the nomination of Burgesses by the Bailiffs, and to accept only W. Bailiffs 
such as are chosen by the Mayor, etc. From Walterston. With seal. S. 136. ^' 

Draft Letter "to my L. of Warwyke " from the Mayor, etc., who say that II. 72. Letters, 
they have given to him the "noiacon of one of the Burgesses of M. R side, to be English, 
ioyned w*** Laurence Tomson, gent.," and with a nominee of the E. of Pembroke, and ^'Jf^^ ^* ^ 
K Philippes, gent. And they have returned their " Indentures" to the Sheriff 
"w^ ii blankes." They beseech his Lordship's " furtheraunoe " for stopping Nominee M.Ps. 
controversies " wiche do daylye ryse amonge us," on the Statute of 13 Eliz. (i. 9). 
Draft Letter to saying that neither Mr. Trenohard nor 

Mr. Williams could meet him as intended. S. 119. 22. 

> 13 Eliz. (1571) was the date of the ''Act of Union " of the Boroughs. 
* Prehension (?) [of] persons. 



40 * CLASS II. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES. 

II. 73. Letters. Mr. Jo. Gundrey to Mr. Mayor W. Pytt, referring to affairs of Ric Pytt's, 

English. but^lso to ^^ Towne busynes/' in which he is submitting the Statute of Union to 

W.andM^R^ Mr. Swayne. See it 70. Wymborne, Oct. 11, 1586. S. 138. 1. 

Gundrey, Pytt. "^ j » » 

Wimbome. 

The same to the same. He finds little to do in London, and wishes himself 

in the country ** untill Alhallontyde." However he has procured an order that the 

W. people shall have '^ publicacon " only of depositions which concern their own 

town. He has "daunced attendauuce for the ^names of the Burgesses of yo' Towne." 

Tomson, Phil- For M. R. they are Mr. L. Tomson and Mr. E. Phillips the " Concello"^ " for " my 

Hanam. ' Lord of Pembrooke " Mr. W. Sprynt, a friend of Mr. [Recorder] Hanam's. The 

E. of Warwick. g^| ^^ Warwick's nominee is not yet known. He presses for a witness to be sent 

James alias to London, to depose that James [alias Ledosse] has offended since his recognizance 

^*^^^^- to obey. From London. Oct. 22nd, 1586. S. 138. 2. 

II. 74. Memo- Mem" of eight " writinges d^ to M'- Gundrye," of which several remain, r^., 

Jan. 15, 1586(7) ^''- Swayne's " Brevyat," Green's Evidence, Letter of the Council about help to the 

^ngji;^- Mayor, and Schedule by Ledosse about Busselage. See ii. 70, 76, 69 and 65. 
W. and M. R. 
Gundrye. (This Mem™ is placed out of date because it seems to be connected with ii. 73.) 

S. 165. 2. 

IL 75. Letter. From Mr. Mayor W. Pitt to T. Howarde, Esq., saying that the examination 

Enfflish. ^^ Hugh Preston and his brother, for certain disorders, must be again delayed, as 

W. and M. R. the Mayor and others are summoned to the Exchequer through " that idle pson 

Preston, ' Sam- Wm Samwayes.'' He requests Mr. H. to get from Sir J. Horsey the Indenture of 

Baiiifffof^" the ** ptensed Baylyffes " (for a M. P.) as a proof of the rebelliousness of the W. folks. 

See iL 71. Answer at foot that Mr. H. asked for the '^ Yudenture ... at the 

Muster at musters at Dorchester," but the " undershreyve had it" S. 139. 

Dorchester. 

IL 76. Letter. Letter with autograph signature of Sir F. Walsingham, to the L**- Ch*^ Baron, 

Bd^ W^&MR **^^^S ^^^ carefully to consider the case between the " seditious " persons in W. and 

Sir F. Walsing- the people of M. R. He hopes that if the affair is as reported, those persons will 
ham's 
autograph. receive "condigne punishm*" (Copied in S. 47. F. 79.) S. 140. 

II. 77. Depo- In the Exchequer Court, before Baron J. Sotherton. In twenty-five folios. 

^1586^ These are the original Minutes of Depositions by J. Mockett, Merchant, J. Pytte, 

Eng. W.&M.R. do^, T. Martin, "Yoman <fe Towne Clarke," all on May 13 ; W. Dottrell, Meroer, 

Mockett, Pytte, 

Martin, Dott- W. Pytte, Merchant, and Ric. Moutlowe, " Yoman " and Serjeant, on June 8 ; and 

'*^^*G^^n^^°^^' J. Grene, Dorchester, Merchant, on Nov. 8. The first three reply to eleven questions 

1 This gives an odd idea of elections in those days. 



CLASS II. BOROUGH CONTROVEESIES. 



41 



Disputes 
fomented. 



relating to Ledosse's miademeanora as recorded in vi. 29 and ii. 60, 61, etc. One or Misconduct of 

two extracts may be given. J. Pytte deposes to seizure of sails by L. On the 

Mayor demanding them he refused unless the Mayor gave him 20s. "And so stode 

with the niaio' and pore men abating by little and little " to is. J. Mockett says 

that when Mayor, he wished to make Ric. Broke " one of the number of the ^xxiiii,'' 

and sent for him for that purpose, but he refused and said he would sooner obey 

L. He also says that W. Sam ways spoke of the Decree at " Hertford tearme" as 

of small mc>meut, through which kind of talk the W. people " contynue verie sore 

and moche disordered." The three deponents on June 8 speak concerning the 

arrest of Ledosse, Ric. Brooke and W. Samways, under a Sheriff's Warrant to the 

Mayor. W. Dottrell, a Bailiff of the Corporation, says that Ledosse when arrested 

came ** courteouslie " to him and promised to appear when required, but represented 

that he feared he should break the liberties of W. if he were to enter into a bond. 

Moutlowe and Pytte speak of Brooke's and Samways* violence. Pytte saw B. "drawe 

his dagger or poyneadowe and sweare by God that if either the Maio*" or the 

Serjeante did come neare him he would stabbe him." Dqttrell saw J. Brooke come 

before the Mayor when sitting as judge in D.'s house, because L. kept him out of 

the Hall. J. B., offended at his brother's arrest, said he would act as Constable 

having been sworn in lust Mich"- , and if the Serjeant came to him with processes he 

would beat him worse than his brother had done. Grene's deposition is imperfect. 

He says that about July 6, Ledosse refused to let the Mayor have a "fee bushel" of 

wheat, saying that he " did . . . take extortelie " the said bushel. The Mayor and 

L. " then both upon the Key . . . contendynge and debatynge " went into the bark 

whence the wheat was being landed, and L. said to the Mayor, "Come if you 

dare." S. 13L 

Mom*- of the W. people's replies to certain Articles about rights. The most H. 78. Memo- 

rsuida 

important seems to be that " Kyng H. the first had grunted Way the port of Temp. Eliz. 

Way mouth before Kyng Ed. the fyrsts tyme to the Prior of Saint Swytheynes of tj. v*v^^w 

Wynchester." S. 143. 3. Grant of har- 

bour rights to 
W. before the 
grant to M. R, 



Threats of 
violence. 

The Mayor 
excluded from 
W. Townhall. 



The Mayor 
resisted. 



A curious Mem°*- slightly imperfect. It records that J. Broke said that the 
exemplification (copy) for the " Uuitie of the Haven** was forged by a priest of the 
North Country (?) for X20 ; and that ^H. Holman of Portland was witness of it 
Signed by Hu. (1) Boybart and J. Davys de Beauford. Then comes a P!S. that on 
a former day, at the same place, he said that pensions had procured the Royalties, 

^ Th&t ia the Town Council. 

* He aeems to have had an enquiring mind. See iii. 15. 
G 



IL 79. Memo- 
randum. 

Feb. 3. 1587 (8). 

Latin & English 
W. and M. R. 

Alleged forgery 

of an exempli- 
fication. 
Broke, Boy- 
bart, Davys. 



42 CLASS II. BOROUGH CONTROVERSIES. 

etc., of W. and M. K., and that if his bond of £500 were dischai^ged, he would spend 

£100 in the quarrel. But the great interest of this paper is that it appears to 

Boar's head, record the above as having been said '^ apud le Taveme vocat the ^Bores Hedd, 

London.*' S. 146. 



' It is needless to remind the reader that this Inn is immortalized as that in which FaUtiff 
"took his ease." 



CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 
WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 



These Miuutes consist of a bundle of twelve pieces of parchment, of various 
sizes, fastened together at one end with a little thong of parchment. The largest 
piece is about seventeen inches by eight and a half inches ; the smallest six inches 
by two and a half inches. 

The contents are the Proceedings in the Law Court of Melcombe Regis. One 
small parchment is intrinsically very curious. It is the record of a " *Cur pedis 
puluie^" held in Nov., 1397. Such a record, of so early a date, Mr. Riley considers 
to be rare. 

The interest attaching to these rough little parchments, ^ with their dim 
writing, is very great. With the exception of the four earliest Charters, there is 
no writing in the possession of the Municipality, and informing us as to the Borough, 
80 old as these Minutes. And they give us a curious glimpse, however slight, of 
the condition of Melcombe Regis almost five hundred years ago. The Law seems to 
have been regularly and firmly administered. Groundless indictment was punished 
by fine. Raising unjust '* hue and cry " caused the delinquent to be ^amerced 6d. 
Several crimes of violence were punished. A sword, a " ^baselard " (cutlass), several 
'^daggars," a club, a staff, and lastly a rake, figure in depositions respecting assaults. 
Persons are fined for unlawful brewing, and for selling beer in vessels under standard 



II L X. Minutes 

of Proceedings 

in Law Court 

of Melcombe 

Regis. 

1396—1398. 

Latin. M. K. 

Pie-powder 
Court. 



A Baselard. 
Assaults. 

Short measare. 



' Curia pedis pulverulenti = Cours dn pied poudreux = Pie-powder Court = Dusty foot 
Court. "It signifieth a Court held in fairs for the redres of all disorders comitted in 
tfaem ; which . . is silmary . ." As to the word "Pie-powder," "Skene reporteth it 
to signifie a vagabond, especially a merchant, which hath no place of dwelling, where the 
dust may be wiped off his feet or shooes and therefore must have iustioe stlaiarily 
ministred unto him, viz., within three flowings and three ebbings of the sea." — Cowell*s 
Interpreter, 1637, sub voce. 

' Amerced. — See note on Amerciaments under iv. 40. 

* Baselardus = Basalardus = Coutelas. — Ducange. 



Pie-powder 
Court 



44 



CLASSjni. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 



Barber. Cartere, measure ; also for placing refuse in the streets. These two classes of offence, 

Ketes Mon/- specially the last, were later a ceaseless grief of heaii; to the Magistrates 

ford.Northover. Amouj? surnames in these Minutes, and still existing or well-known here, may 

Russell. Vicary, ^ » o i . 

Webbe. be mentioned Barber, Cartere, Clavyle, Cole, Ketes, Momford, Northover, Russell, 

Chapel of M R Vicary, and Webbe. Maiden St. is mentioned, also the "Chapel" of Melcombe. 

S. 4. 



III. 2. Minutes 

of Proceedings 

in L:iw Court 

of Melcombe 

Regis. 

1400. 

Latin. 



.Seizure for 
debt. 

Stray horse. 



Presentment 

or Verdict by 

Jury. 



Pie-powder 
court. 



Surnames. 



This is a bundle similar to the last, but consisting of only four parchments. 
The largest is about twelve inches by eight iuches, the smallest three inches by two 
inches. The latter is the only parchment in a good state. It contains "Melcombe 
Panell, de To Hokke a. h. iiii. pmo " (Melcombe panel, of Hokke Term, 1 Henry IV. 
1400). Of the thirteen names that follow, some are still familiar, some not; f.g. 
^Apreys. The two largest parchments, containing the bulk of the Minutes, are a 
good deal crumpled and rubbed ; which, with the fading of the ink, makes them 
hard to read in parts. There seem to be only three cases of any moment. T. and 
Willelmina Cole, executors of the will of H. Frampton, complain of Emma Gilbertes 
for debt. She is attached by seizure of a small pot and a cup, valued at ISs. 4d. 
Roger Fox had found and retained a barrel of " pych.'' He made fine with the 
court in the sum of 28. A black horse had strayed into the Borough bounds, and 
had not been claimed. The decision was that the bailiff was to take charge of it 
"qu^sque '-^sujpannaP " [sit] (until it be superannuated). It may be worth while to 
insert a Verdict verbatim. It is dated Tuesday next after Michaelmas, 2 H. IV. 
(1400). " XII®™ liBi vir q^r noia patent in cedut huic rot anfix pr q*^ quidn) extneus 
extr 1 cultellifi conP pace sup alfn extraneu ie m ini pleg Thoifi Cole." (Twelve 
free men whose names appear in the schedule affixed to this roll present that a 
cei-tain foreigner drew a knife against the peace on another foreigner, for which 
[inde 9 from thence, for his appearance about this] T. C. becomes bail.) The roll 
ends with three lines of Minutes of another Pie-powder Court, Dec. 6, 1400. 

Several still familiar surnames appear in these parchments ; f.y., Abbot, 
Baker, Crokker, Elert (Ellard), Elys, Fox, Frampton, Walysh (Wallis), and 
Richards. S. 5. 



III. 3. Minutes This enrolment consists of only one parchment twenty inches by eight and a 

in Law Court ^^^ inches. It is more handsomely written than the others, having a little bold, 

of Melcombe ornamental work in the headings. Parts of it are very dirty and faded, and therefore 

1455, 1456. hard to read. 
Latin. 

' Apreys. Perhaps Ap rees, usually changed into Rees or Price. 

2 The " Blue Book" gives this **quousqne superaauinat." I find no such word in Dacafige, 
and the word looks to me like superannatus = aurann^ = superannuated. 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 45 

The ^^taatatores" (tasters) of ale report Geoffry Samwyse ns haviug brewed Tastatores. 

SamwvBO 

twice, au<l Alice Houpere once, aad sold ale, contrary to the assize. They are Houpere.' 

amerced 2d. and Id. respectively. Under pain of 3s. 4d., R. Chapman is to remove 

a " canem mordenP " (biting dog) that injures sheep and poultry. The constables Dangerous dog; 

are asked ''or non hent hie ad huno diem 1 bill & I baclm " (why they have not 

hei"e to-day one bill and one staff), which seem to have been used in an assault and ^ ^^\^ ^^}^ 

^ prouuceu. 
should have been produced. 

St Thomas Street is mentioned. S. 6. St. Thomas St 

These are pupei*:* mostly relating to Law Courts ; but the cases of themselves III.4.Minutca. 

1 I • mi 1 . -11 ^''^^^ to 15()9. 

have not much mterest. They bring out some curious particulars however, e.^., a Latin & Engliah 

tailor's biU of 1562. A few items follow. -^- *^- 



Tailor's Bill. 



For makiug " of a pare of Velve hose " - - - 6s. 

— ^^ Gotten to lyne the pare 2s. 6d. 

— — — " beare out " the same - - - - 2s. 4d. 

• — cloth " to work the stockings " of the same 48. 

Again, in another paper the variety of coin specified is curious : — " octodecim Various cuina. 
statera argenti vocat xviii. Mary greets, quinque solidos vocat fyve Elzabethe 
shillings . ." Also Is. of Philip and Mary, "one Spanysh ryall & a half and one 
peny of Queene Elzabeth's quoyne," all = r2s. lOd. S. 34. 

Two little Parchments pinned together long ago apparently. The first III. 5. Letters 
contains the Queen's " litero) patentes," setting forth that she has inspected " librum ^5^2 1566 

vulgariP nuncupat Doomes Daye" (a book commonly called Domesday), showing that Latin. W. ? 

Domesday 
the King holds Portland, and receives a rent of £65 a year from it. Which we quoted. 

have granted Ho be copied at the request of Rob. Pylmau. April 22, 1562. With ^*ortland. 

a small seal of the Exchequer. S. 144. 1. Seal. 

The other Parchment, hardly ten inches by two inches, also from the Queen, 

appears to be a reversal of a decision against Hugh Randall, by Fr. Lane, for an Randall, Lane. 

alleged debt of £12 8s. 8d. Oct 26, 1566. ' S. 144. 2. 

In this Book, mostly filled with other matters, are some entries connected HL 6. Book. 

1567 to 1594. 
with Law Courts, especially at f. 99, which contains forms of Jury Presentments. I^atin & Englirii 

One of these is against " lusus -talorum & tregebette." S. 47. L^u^TalorMi 

andTregebette. 

These are two Depositions or Mem*- relating very particularly to the Borough HL 7. Depo- 

sitioiis. 
Disputes, under which hesid they are described. See ii. 19, 20. S. 61, 62. May 3 and 

June 6, 1576. 

English. 
* " ezemplificand." "Exemplification of letters Patent is a Copy . . .of" [them]. — W. and M. R. 

Jacob. 8.V. 
« Dice. 



46 CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 

III. 8. Recog- This is a parchment document, with a fragment of a seal. It is the 

July 17, 1571. " Recognizance " of Hughe Chnrwlles, Typler ; similar in form to numerous examples 

Latin AEnglish ^^ the Folio Vol. B. S. 48. 

W.andM.R.(?) 

III. 9. Minutes 'pjjjg jg ^ small folio paper book. The Minutes begin in January and extend 

of Weymouth to Oct. 1, 18 Eliz., 1576. They are for the most part in Latin, and of little interest, 

Reffis. being chiefly records of Actions for Debt One, p. 63, etc., and in which Owin and 

■ ^^^w' 1- u Roger Gregorye were concerned, seems to have been of some importance, having been 
Latin & English 

before the Queen's Bench, as appears from three Briefs from that Court. One case 
Arbitration. is settled by Arbitration, " in forme . . . folowinge, viz., that all . . . maner 

accons . . . betwene the sayd ptyes from the Beginniuge of the world unto . . . 
the date of these fJnts shall ceasse . . ," and each pay his costs and be friends 
(page 46). In page 61 is a curious list of goods seized, the Latin freely rendered, 
e.(/.f " unfi vetus culcitrS vocaP an olde fetherbedd witii a fewe fethers in him." 

S. 56. 

III. 10. Orders. Eleven Orders by Mr. Mayor Monsell, to the Serjeants, for arrests and calling 

^29 1577 ^ ®^ Juries in rebus Raynolds v. Gregorie, and Keate (Town Clerk) v. Gregorie. (Two 

Lat. W.&M.R. in duplicate.) S. 81. I-13. 

Raynolds, 
Keate, etc. 

III. II. Record This is a curious document. It is, in its present form at least, a narrow 

Court of Wey- ^^^^ more than six feet long. It contains the Minutes of an action Knight v. 

mouth and Mel- Churchill for trespass. Imperfect. S. 78. 

combe Regis. ^ ^ 

1580. 

Latin & English 

Knight V. 

Churchill. 

III. 12. Depo- Deposition or Mem*" about rebellious words of H. Preston against the 

sitions, etc. 
Temp. Eliz. Mayor, and of Ric. Brooke against Mr. Mokett, late Mayor. No date. S. 59. 3. 

E Vsh &Latin Latin Deposition of Rob. Peers, by his Attorney Alexander, concerning injury 

W. and M. R. done to a mare. No date. S. 59. 4. 

Brooke, Latin Deposition of T. Lewse, gen., denying an alleged debt of £i IBs. Od. 

Mokett. to J Davie. No date. S. 59. 6. 

An Instruction, apparently, as to mode of proceeding in some case not 
deBned. No date. S. 59. 7. 

Latin Depositions relating, partly at least, to the case above, Davie v, Lewse, 

the latter of whom, " solempniter vocatus " (being solemnly called), did not appear. 

No date. S. 59. 9. 

Keate com- Deposition in writing so faded as to be illegible in parts. It is a Deposition 

^wbeatfn/a'^ °*' Mem™ ^of complaints against Roger Keate, Town Clerk, for browbeating a witness 

witness. 

» See iii. 22. 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 



47 



Portland. 



in a Court held by the said Keate iu Portland, and for threatening to get the 

witness summoned to appear in London. The case was T. Samwayes v. J. Portland, Samwayes, 

about title to certain land in Portland, in which Keate showed great partiality. On 

the back of the paper, but scored out, is a further accusation that Keate had 

concealed from the Mayor certaiu " originalle fwjesses " which came from the Sheriff. 

4 

Keate on his own authority made false returns to the Sheriff, who thereupon entered 
this Liberty by a process of nou omittas, " to the breache of the libertie & . . . 
sclander of the Mayor." S. 59. 16. 



Letter. T. Hanam, Recorder, to W. Pitt, ^Deputy Mayor, re Clemente IILi3.Letters. 

V. Peeres, at the trial of which he wishes to be present May 5, 158L (See juiyY? 158L 

ii. 36.) S. 81. 15 w.^A^:r/ 

Do. Do., asking for delay of this case until he can be present, it being a Hanam, Pitt.* 

matter of weight, and " restinge somewhat dyfl&culte." Wymborne. May 18, 1581. VVimbome. 

S. 81. 16. 

A long Letter from Deputy Mayor Pitt, apparently to the Mayor T. Howard, 
re Jackson v, Baige. June 2, 1581. S. 81. 17. 

Letter from Mayor (?) of Blaudford, to T. Howarde, Mayor of W. and M. R, BlandfonL 

about a Marriage Certificate. July 17, 1581. S. 81. 18. howarde, Pitt. 



Order that J. Peere have restitution of what he lost by a former decision III. 14. 
now quashed. (This former decision was probably in Melcombe Court, see ^s&ot, \5S\i 

ii. 28. 15, 16.) S. 87. W. and M. A. 

Peere. 



A small folio paper book, covered roughly with an old parchment indenture, IH. 15. Minute 

of May 14, 1577. Further, this indenture seems originally to have been part of a Latin & Engliali 
leaf of a large printed book. On the outside is written " Cubile cupit adolescens," ^^' ^• 
and "And he that hath none may go like a mom. The wost of all his kine." In parts 
the book is much faded, discoloured, and decayed. It is a great curiosity, being Minutes of 

apparently the only remaining Record of Weymouth Courts. ^^ y^ Ware- 

Although beginning on Oct. 1, 1582, eleven years after the union of the *^*™» ^^' 

Boroughs, the Minutes of that day are headed ** Waymothe Burgiis. ss. ^Cur. Legal. W. Boroueh 

still so styled. 

' Deputy, it seems, to T. Howarde, Esq. See ii. 33. 

* The term ** Caria Legalis " does not occur in Cowell, the Termes de la Ley, or the Student's 
Law Dictionary. But from the latter it would seem to be the same as Court Leet. For 
Court Leet is ** likewise called the View of Frank Pledge.'' It " was ordained for the 
Punishment of Offences against the Crown, . . . under High Treason, but such as are 
punishable with Loss of Life or Member are only inquirable and presentable at this 
Court, to be certified over to the Justices of Assize.' 



tt 



48 



CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 



Bntts. 



W. Wall. 
W. Common. 



Loquela. 



Three-weekly 
Court. 

Portland Court, 

and 

Place-names. 



£. of Pembroke, 
ManorSteward. 

Howman. 
PortlandCastle. 

Encroachments 



Portland 
Place-names. 



Lord Burleigh. 

SirW. 

Manwood. 

Holman. 
Pimperne Court 



Place-names. 



cQ ^vis ffrauc pleg unacu cur MafiU done Regine . . ." (Boroas:h of Waymouth 
to wit Court Leet with View of Frank Pledge, together with the Court of the 
Manor of the Lady Queen.) The Presentments contain some odd Latin, e.g., p. 16. 
'' claves sive Kuia vocat le towne Kaye." P. 15, "The Butts are deficient," and 
p. 72, are to be "newe made." P. 5, Under-tenants are not to feed cattle "upon 
the wall or in the comone." P. 19, Pigs are not "exire ad larga in comm campo" 
(to go at large in the common). P. 25, A law term occurs here and elsewhere in 
this book which has not been noticed in any others of these Records. "Ad hanc 
-Loquele pendent inte^ Johana Brooke vid cj^ et Johein Wade defF . . ." (At this 
[Court] imparlances are depending between Joan Brooke, widow, complainant, aud 
J. Wade, defendant . . .) This was at the "Cur doin Regine de tribuseptimanis.' 
(The Lady Queen's three-weekly Court.) There was a Weymouth Serjeant at Mace, 
J. Drynkwater. P. 29, etc., The Portland Minutes are headed " Porlaude al. 
Portlande." Portland place-names occur, e.g., P. 29, " Neale's Croft, Skurle's 
Croft, Soothe and Nootherne Breston," and P. 3G, " Westone." In pp. 37, 38, is a 
copy of a long letter from the Queen under the Privy Seal, dated July 13, 1576, and 
addressed to the Earl of Pembroke, " Headd Stewarde " of the Manors of Wyke, 
Portland, and Weymouth. It sets forth that H. Howman, master gunner of Portland 
Castle, has foimd rentals, etc., ^showing that certain lands in Portland, belonging t<> 
the Crown, have been unjustly taken by private persons. This is to be redressed, 
aud H. H. is to bo admitted tenant of such lands to the value of j£3 per anu., as 
reward. Then pp. 39, 40, follows copy of a letter from Holman or Howman to the 
Earl, describing encroachments, viz.. Justice. Cofer's, Hormyng, Whytt's, and Barley 
Crofts, land in Smalcombe, Church Knappe and Reape Lane. He says that counsel 
have given their " resolute oppynyons " that H. M. Letter is warrant enough for 
resuming possession, and quotes a Rule of Lord Burleigh and Sir W. Manwood to 
the same effect, and an Exchequer Order. Wherefore he prays the Earl to " sease 
the sayd londs." Undated, but soon after Michaelmas, 1582. Then, P. 41, cornea 
a Latin decision that Holman, " tormentor^ seu balistai^ " (gunner), is adroittai 
tenant. Dec , 1582. In P. 43, etc., are Minutes of three-weekly Courts in Pimperne 
Hundred ; at which P. 10, etc., the Warrener of Blandford, and P. 43, eta, the 
^" Decino " of Knyghtou, Durwestou, Pimperne, Lamstone, Gounfylde, Stower 



^ View of Frank Pledge. At the age of fourteen it was the custom for every free-bom man 
to find surety for his truth towards the King. A certain number of neighbours 
(commonly ten) became bound for one another, and this company was called, it seems, a 
*' pledge." At a *' View of Frank Pledge," the Judge had to see that everyone in the 
Borough was in some Pledge. Cowell. s.v. Frank Pledge. 

^ Loquela sine die (in Old Law Records) an Imparlance or Petition for a day of respite in a 
« Court oi Justice. — Bailey, s.v. Loquela, apud Anglos = Placitum, Causa, aat causa' 
prosecutib. — Ducange. 

' Decenar!us = Deciner = Overseer of ten Friburgs = one Tithing = — 1^- — . — ^Cowell. 



s.v. Deciner. — Bailey, s.v. Tithing-man. 



10 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 49 

Payne, etc., present all well. There were also Deciners in Wyke (P. 48) for Decinera. 

Soothover, Northover, and Elwell ; also (P. 53) a " ^Mersor " (I) for Wyke and for Mersor. 

Elwell. In P. 50, Knoles Combe in Portland, and P. 53, etc., Brydge in Wyke are 

mentioned. In P. 72 is an Order that the Charters, etc., of W., and the Seal, be W. Seal and 

kept in the Common Chest, and nothing be taken out except before twelve ^^^ 

Burgesses. Also in P. 72, an Order that a fine Of a penny for every foot is to be 

paid for allowing " pyggs to goo att lardge." The late Mr. Riley read the end of Stray pigs. 

this Order, " the fyerst (first) to take to the same ;" but, with submission, it seems 

to be "the syrent (serjeant) to looke to the same." P. 79, etc., contain Orders for 

paying "^LandchefF" on land in Inmost Haye, Portland. In P. 80, the Wareham Landcheff. 

Minutes of April 15, 1583, are headed "'^Wareham Burgus. ss. Curia Legalis," etc., Court. 

as in W. Minutes, Oct. 1, 1582. A refuse heap near St. Mary's is presented, a 

matter one would think more for the notice of the Mayor of Wareham. But indeed 

he seems to have been under the Manor Steward, for (P. 83) there is an Order that Mayor under 

the Mayor is not to admit strangers to the Borough but with the advice of his ^M^^/oourt^ 

brethren, and consent of the xii. Jurators. Penalty £10. S. 98. 

Recognizances for good behaviour of J. Clarke, Anne Whitte's daughter, and III. 16. Recog- 

others. Jan. 23. S. 95. 5. "r^CS)." 

Latin & English 

Warrant of G. Trencharde, Esq., for Ric. Broke, of Weymouth, to be brought III. 17. War- 
before him at Wolveton. S. 99. 9. l583.^*Engli8h. 

Trench ard, 
Broke. 

By Mr. J. Mounsell, Mayor, with seal (defaced), for calling a Jury to try III. 18. War- 

W. Saunders and Ric. Edwardes. S. 103. 1. Sept "^10^ 1583 

Lat.*W.iM.R! 

These Minutes are contained in some loose leaves in a very decayed III. 19. Minutes 

condition. They extend from Oct, 1584, to Sept. 28, 1585. Besides the Law Tn Uw^'c^u^ 

Proceedings there is the record of the Election of four M.Ps., L. Pembroke and «*c» of Wey- 

mouth and Mel- 

J. Brooke for Weymouth, and R. Swajne and L. Tomson for Melcombe. The Election combe Regis. 

of all of them was held in Weymouth Hall. (Three sheets together, one sheet, and ij^i^iwish 

four single leaves.) S. 10?. Pembroke, 

Brooke, etc. 

* Can •• Mersor " be the " Dipper," or oflBcial who put the Cucking Stool into operation? 

* Landcheap 18 "an ancient fine . . . at every alienation of land ... in some peculiar 

land . . ." — BaJley. a. v. 

* May not this co-ordinate power of Manor Officials in an ancient Borough like Wareham, 

afford some clue to the pertinacious self-assertion of the W. Bailiffs in the new Borough 
of W. and M. K. ? 



50 CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 

III. 20. Ad- This seems to be a list of addresses of persons at Paris, Valeni^iennes, 

Feb. 15, 1584 (5). Antwerp, Tournay, Ghent, and " Heddynge ;" or rather, perhaps, a list of lettere 

^®?!:5* ^ found on Lucas Dorlege and Simon Vandevelde (?) " being examined." S. 95. 9. 
V\ . and M. R. 

III.2i.Minute8 This is a small thin folio paper book, not quite perfect, containing Minutes 

1584 5 
' Latin & English ^^ * Court not named, but with the Mayor (Hugh Randall) presiding. The 

W. and M. R. Proceedings consist mostly of actions for debt, with some sales of Town land, and 

do not seem to call for extracts to be made. S. 163. 

1 1 1.22. Articles Articles against Roger Keate, late Town Clerk. 

Mav 4 1584 
and Letter * ^« Whereas for the fees of any one cause, however long, he ought to talie 

Mar. 17. 1586 (7) o^jy qiu he exacted from H. Knight £6 more, in Oct., 1582. 

£ng. VV.&M.K. *' ' 

Keate. Fees. 2. At Dorchester Assizes in March, 1582 (3), and at Sherborne Quarter 

Sessions soon after, he attempted to indict J. Allyn, (hen Mayor, and Aldermen 

Snniames. Mounsell and Maior. 

3. He called Mr. Mayor Mounsell, and others assisting him *' in seate of 
Justice," . . . *' doltes, with other vile speaches." 

4. ^At Portland, in an action between Sam way es and J. Portland, about 
Browbeating a title of certain land there, Keate ** folowed the cause against Portland,'' and browbeat 

bis witness J. Peel's, threatening bim, and serving him with a process to appear in 
London. Being poor, Peers went to Keate afterwards, and begged to be released 
Angelet. from that journey. Keate consented, but made P. pay " an angelet of golde,'' and 
take an oath not to give evidence on Portland's side. 

5. (Scored out) Keat^ concealed certain Processes sent from the Sheriff, 
wbereby it came to pass that the Sheriff entered this Liberty b/ writ of non omittas, 
to the breacb of the Liberty and '* sclander of the Mayor." (Witb a rough draft) 

o. yo. 7, 8. 

Hanam. With this may be taken a Letter from Mr. Recorder Hauam to the Mayor 

Howarde. ^^d Aldermen, saying that Mr. T. Howarde has heard that they have not kept their 

promise " heretoforethis made " to Roger Keate, with whom they are at law ; and 

advising careful action so as to retain Mr. Howarde's friendship. Wimbome 

Minster. March 17, 1586 (7). & 117. 

in. 23. Order, Order by Mr. Mayor Mokett to summon a Jury to try Ric. Brooke and Rob. 

Mar.l8!Nov.28 ^hitte. (Latin.) March 28, 1586. S. 119. 7. 

1586. Depositions by W. Stagge and W. Pitt respecting a "fardell of -Tregar/' 

W. andM7R. called first ** Dowlas," but this word is scored out The fardel contained eleven 

'^'^^^lokitt ^' half pieces. (English.) April 19, 1586. S. 119. la 

1 See iii. 12. 

' Tregar does not appear in Bailey's Dictionary. Dowlas is a linen fabric. Falstaff complains 
of shirts of ** Dowlas, filthy Dowlas." 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 51 

"A Testimonyal " that in the matter of the said Tregar, W. Pitt is blameless, Pitt. 
as against Gilles Ravenel. (Latin and English. A rough draft, ap|)arently by the 
Mayor ; to be copied and sealed.) June 10, 1586. See vi. 80. S. 119. 12^ 

Deposition before Mr. Mayor W. Pitte, by Rob. Franke of Sewberie in Sudbury ? 

Essex. He confesses the theft of some fish, ** drye and weatte ruggin,'' and a net. Raggin. 
(English.) Nov. 28, 1586. S. 119. 23. 

'* Recognizaunces for £9eshe '' by six persons at £50 each (March 7), and III.24. Recog- 

seventeen at £20 each (March 9), not to kill, eat, or suffer to be killed or eaten, in Latin & English 

their respective houses, any flesh duriug this Lent, unless with special license in ^Y:«I "?. ^' 

cases of necessity. Six ^'supervisores," one being of the odd name of ''iflandergowsin," W. and M. R. 

SI on No meat in 

• *^"' Lent 

Flandeigow&in. 

From Chr. Percie, " ^Vicecomes," to the Mayor, etc., requiring them to cause m. 2s Prc- 

any accused persons, within their jurisdiction, to be arrested and produced at the p^^^ *2>f*'i58'" 

Dorchester Assizes : also to send all freeholders of £4 a year, or upwards, to serve Latin & English 

on Juries if required. With seal of crest, and castle below. "Per T. Mayo Subba-" Liability to 

[llivum]. S. U7. serveonJuries. 

'' In most lamentable manner," J. Loder and four others complain that Nich. III.36. Petition 

Hunt and J. fforse " doeth use victulyng <b keping of Shoop contrary to the Lawes," gj|[" w i>lR 

and to the injury of the petitioners, who therefore pray the Mayor to call them to Lnlicensed 

Shopkeepers. 
account. Only one signs his own name. S. 151. 

Order by Mr. Mayor W. Pytt to summon a Jury re Jones v. Frampton. \^^' ^- ^^^^^• 

o ,il ^^8- 29, 1587. 

S. 165. 7. Lat. W.&M.R. 

Fourteen papers in various actions for debt, presenting no points of particular II L 28. Law 

interest. S. 187. 2—14, & 189. 1. ^eh. 28, 1603, 

to Dec. 3, I6O9! 

Latin & English 

W. and M. R. 

As many presentments have been made against J. Pitt for enclosing a certain III. 28a. Feoff- 
piece of the Drove, at the East end of W., dividing it from the Manor of Wyke, he j^n. 30, 1604. 
is now formally put in possession of it, i^t 2d. yearly rent, on condition that he puts ttt^"^'^' « 
" Bouudstones" to mark the limit of the Borough there, and that he allows a footpath Town Drove, 
to " Waymouthe Northe " (Nothe). Nothe. 

N. B. It must have been another part of the Drove for the persevering 
encroachment on which Ric. Brooke was often presented. See iii. 67, 103, etc. 
*' Drove " is a word still in use in the sense of a lane or thorooghfare for the driving 
of cattle, rather than the passage of carts. M. iii. 4. 

* Sheriff. — Cowell. s. v. Viscount. 
H* 



1 



52 CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 

1 1 1.29. Minutes This is a small folio paper book, in pretty good preservation. It contaius 

Oct 1604 to 
Aug., 1606. Minutes of the Court of our Lord the King, *' apud Guihaldam " (at the Guildhall), 

Latin & English ^hich has been holden time out of mind. Extracts are scarcely called for, except 
W . and M. R. ^ » r 

Adym. perhaps the record of the escape of Arthur Adym, who " ex prisona . . . fregit 

'*pn8on°°' fugit evasit and rescussfi fecit " (out of prison . . . broke, fled, escaped, and made 
rescue). Court held Oct 9, 1604. & 194. 

II 1.30. Minutes This is a volume similar to No. 29. It contains Minutes from Sept 9, 1606, 

^*'ri/l609*° *^ ^P"^ ^^' ^^^^ ' ^^^^ ^* imperfect and disarranged. Extracts not called for. 

Latin & English S. 193. 

W. and M. R. 

1 1 1. 31. Minutes Another similar volume, containing Minutes of the ** Curia Domini Regis" 

Jm*' 31^^609 (^^"*^ ^^ *^^® ^^ ^^'^S)* froni Oct. 21, 1606, to Jan. 31, 1609. The Proceedings 

Lat. W.&M.R. are for debt, the routine being broken only bj a few Recognizances, etc, and cue or 

two Indentures of Apprenticeship. For instance, at the Court of Oct. 4, 1608, 

Damon, J. Damon, Shipwright, taking W. Moatyer as Apprentice for ten years, binds himself 

' to allow the latter at the end of his time, ''four suits of appell lynnen & wollen, 

Shipwright's • • • ^xs., & . . .his axe, his adze, an augere, a caukinge yron, a mallett, a 

*^^* Clawhammer, a Clinchhammer, & a gimlett." S. 195. 

1 11.32. Minutes This is a thin paper folio like the foregoing. It extends only from Jul? 4, 

Jnly to Sept., j j 

1609. to Sept. 4, 1609. Extracts not needed. S. 198. 

Lat. W.&M.R. 

III. 33. Pleas, This number of papers consists of a Royal Warrant to the Borough Serjeants 

Mayl, 1609, to for the arrest of Michael Laurence, May 1, 1609, four Pleas for Debt, March 22, 

ST' W &M r' ^^^^' ^^ ^"^- ^^' ^^^^' * ^^®* respecting delivery of " quatuor mille le3 slatts" 
Slates. (four thousand slates) at £1 per thousand, Nov. 25, 1612. S. 207, i— 6. 

Also a Deposition about the maritime affairs of the Borough, but of no 
particular interest. 1609. S. 199. 

III.34. Minutes This is another folio paper book, containing Minutes of Proceedings of the 

^Oct..\^6W**' Borough Court (Curia Domiui Regis), from April 20, 1613, to Oct. 1, 1616. 
Lat. W.&M.R. g_ 204. 



Folio B. N.B. Here begin extracts from a large folio volume measuring sevent^n 

inches by twelve inches by four inches, recently bound in green vellum, with metal 
comers, and escutcheon on each cover. On one escutcheon is the title, "The Records 
of the Chai-ters, Peace, and Matters of Justice for the Town of Weymouth and 
Melcombe Regis." On the other escutcheon is " 1646," being the first, but not 
earliest, date given in the book. Lettered at back " B." 




WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 53 

With the exception of a few leaves at intervals the volume is pretty closely 
filled with writing up to p. 636 — mostly Law Minutes. But see class iv. 40. After 
that come a number of blank leaves. Then follows an index, recently pasted in, 
giving dates of forty-seven 'leaves which, being loose, were inserted without 
reference to dat^s." With them the volume ends. 



At a Court of ^Placita (Plciis) before Mr. Mayor Roye, the Recorder, Bailiffs, III.ssMinute. 

. - Sept. 30, 1616. 

and a Jury. Latin. 

The Presentments are only four in number, but are curious, e,g, . . . ^ • *°*^ ^' ^' 

" W. Brabant custodit domu tiplendin sine licentia . . . Abellus ffeaver Tet alii] Against 

•■ -" drinking. 

sunt cues frequentator [03] domorum tiplendiar' et coes ebrii'' (W. Brabant keeps a 

tippling house without a license. Abel Feaver [and others] are common frequenters 

of tippling houses and common drunkards.) B. p. 78. 

At a Curia Legalis and Vis*- ffranc pleg. (Court Leet and View of Frank- 1x1.36. Minute, 

pledge), these Presentments, inter alia, were made. " Sterquilinium . . . prope le Latii & English 

Jetty " (a refuse-heap near the Jetty) is complained of and ordered to be removed ^- andM. R. 

Jetty. 
" citra fifestum Na^ Dm. px. futur" (this side of the Feast of the Nativity of the Lord 

next). There are no less than six similar complaints. One *' sterquilinium '' was Refuse heaps. 

" in ^venelU " leading to the house of W. Waltham, the Mayor ; another '' supep le 

Wharfe inter Sellarium dti Johis Pitt et le Key David: Oyer" (on the Wharf between W^harf. 

the Cellar of the said J. Pitt and the Quay of D. Oyer). Maiden St. is mentioned. Maiden *ltreet. 

Ill St^ Mary St. was *'a standing poole of water continually w<^ hath bin ^sented St. Mary Street 

theis many yeares, and yet there is iioe reformacon, whereby . . . Children [are] Pools in the 

ofte likely to bee drowned." Another " greate standing poole in . . . the ffryery Friary. 

land " is complained of. It was agreed that *' the Bell be ringed from Michaelmas Bell. 

to^Lady Day, and that he may have 208. for his paines that doth it." It was 

pi'oposed that *' twoe Chamberlaynes " may be appointed to receive and disburse the Treasurers. 

revenues of the Town, ** which hath received wrouge by the Maiors." Whereupon 

'' clavi ciste huius ville committebautur custodie R. White et R. Knyghte, Ballivis, White, 

et J. Roye uno Aldermannorum " (the keys of the chest of this town were committed ^"y8'^^» ^^1» 

to the keeping of R. W. and R. K., Bailiffs, and J. R., one of the Aldermen). 

B. p. 79—81. 

At a Curia Legalis the following Presentments, etc., and many more, were III.37. Minute. 

made. H. Hopkins "facit le slaughterhowse in medio vici ville" (in the middle of Latin **Em1^ 

a street of the town). Margaret Page is licensed to keep an inn, two sureties being W. andM. R* 

Slaughter hoase 

^ Placitft comprehends Pleas, Pleadings, Debates and Trials at Law. — Student's Law 

Dictionary. 
2 Venella, an alley. The word is not obsolete. There is " Friar's Vennel " in Edinburgh. 



54 



CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 



bound for her good behaviour, and a number of conditions laid down ; €,g,, she is to 
*' suffer none to tipple in her house on any Saboath day or festivall dayes in the 
time of divine ?vice or Sermon/* or at any time after eight or nine p.m. in winter 
and summer respectively. She is to ''suffer noe carding, dicing, ^tabling, or any other 
unlawfull games." She is not to brew, but to " take her driucke from the Brewer," 
who is '' to sell the beste after 6s. the barrell, and the small after 3s." She is to 
sell '* by the alequartt and not by juggs or cupps . . . the best for Id. the quartt 
and the second fur Id. the pottle." If, however, she brews, she is to sell at 3d. the 
gallon for the best, 2d. "the middle sortt," Id. for the " smaller sortt" She is not 
Forbidden days to suffer flesh to be dressed *' upon forbidden dayes unles for very ueedcfuli occacons 

such as the Law shall abeare." Sixteen more similar licenses were granted. 

B. p. 82—84. 



Sanday 
observance. 



Unlawful 
games. 

Price of beer. 



for meat. 



III.aS.Minute. 

March 22, 1617. 

Latin & English 

W. and M. R. 

Court held on 

Sunday. 

Licenses 

suspended. 

Sunday 
observance. 

Forestalling. 



At Placita, die Sab*" (Sunday), March 22, 1617, it appeared that the above 
rules had not had much effect, for the jurors present several publicans because 
*' braxaut et tiplen* Anglic^ doe brewe and tipple " contrary to articles. So they 
forfeit their licenses for three years. 

Again, Widow Hodder, another publican, bad allowed " malu™ gestu™ in 
domo sua die Sab^® duis sub vicibus tpibus divinar"^ precum " (bad conduct in her 
house on Sunday, on two occasions, at times of divine prayers). 

Christiana Totnes and others " sunt com' ^ingrossator : Buttiii et Over" *' 
(are common monopolists or forestallers of butter and eggs). 6. p. 85. 



III.39. Minute. 

Oct. 6, 1617. 
English & Latin 

W. andM. R. 

Maiden Street. 

Friary. 

St. Mary Street. 

St. Nicholas St. 

Hell house. 

Alley leading to 

the sea-side. 

A Mantell. 

Bagg. 



At a Curia Legalis, Presentments were made again about '^ sterquilinia apud 
le Jetty et apud angulum venelle ducentem ad domum W. Waltham " (refuse-heaps 
at the Jetty and at the corner of the alley leading to the house of W. Waltham). 
*• Vicus in le Mayden Streete est valde ruiuos* . . . ante le Backdoore R. Hill 
et alio'- " (The road in Maiden Street is very ruinous . . . before the back door of 
11. Hill and others). The "standing pool" in the Friary, and the disrepair of St. 
Mary Street are still complained of So arc many refuse-heaps, heaps of stones, and 
" le3 earth et durte " in various places, as St. Nicholas Street and the *' venella " at 
the house called ^Hellhouse. The " venella ducens versus le Seaside " (the alley 
leading towards the sea-side) has been encumbered with merchandize. *' Le Mantel! 
of the Ciiironey in inture domo mansionuli J. Bagg est valde piculos* ad faciend 
ignem " (The Mantle of the Chimney in the inner part of the dwelling of J. Bagg is 

^ Tabling. Playing at Tables = Backgammon. See iii. 104. 

^ ** Ingrossing " — " Forestalling," which ''is the buying of . . . merchandize by the wmy 
as it cometh toward the Faire or Market ... to the intent to sell the same againe at a 
more high and deere price." — Cowell. On Oct. 6, 1645, T. Vye ** intercepit BOg^ fore- 
stalled " train oil.— B. p. 444. 

5* See iii; 66, 120; iv. 41. 



4 , 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 



55 



very dangerous for causing fire). A number of persons, the first being " Comes 

Arundell " (the Earl of Afuudel) are presented as having failed to appear at this E. of ArundelL 

View of Fmnk pledge. J. Read is ordered to remove '* le soyle et durte *' from the 

'4ocus ferianuSy Anglic^ the Markett Place" every Wednesday at daybreak, and Market Plaoe. 

every Saturday in the afternoon. Mention is made of *' retia vocata [s] eame ^nette " Uolawfal acts. 

(nets called seine (?) net), and of the piles of the Bridge. B. pp. 86 — 88. Bridge. 



Minute of License to Eliz^*^ Audney to keep a public house, with sureties and 
under conditions as in the case of M. Page, above (iii. 37) ; only that in the present 
instance it is added that if £. A. will not sell beer to her poor neighbours at 3d., 2d., 
or Id. a gallon, according to quality, the Bailiff or Constable may '* enter into her 
howse and sell the same to the poore at that price.'' B. p. 89. 



1 11.40. Minute. 

Oct. 8, 1617. 
Latin & English 

W. and M. R. 
Beer trade. 



At a Curia Legalis, several Orders and Presentments agaiust encroachments 
ou the Town Land and " le Towne Drove," which latter is to be allowed ** jacere 
apertum et insemiuatum, Anglic^ open and unsowen." Complaints of making 
*^ sterquilinia," and of not making and maintaining '^ keyes ;" also of the stopping of 
'* aque cursus " (a water-course) in ffranches Street^ which is to be allowed to go 
" cursu suo antique " (in its ancient course) ; also of the taking of " le earth a le3 
earth pitta;" also of the dangerous state of a house "apud Lovelane end." '*Rogerus 
Chipp public^ dixit in plena cur : hec scaudilosa Anglicana verba, The Towne hath 
wronged me " (R. C. publicly said in full Court these scandalous English words. The 
Town hath wronged me). ^He was amerced at 3/4d. Several persons are presented 
because *' vendiderunt cervisiam " (they have sold beer). " John Hutchins hath 
com into this Towne to dwell w*** a greate charge w***out giveing of security to 
discharge the Tuwue." His landlord is ordered to be bound to " amove " him, or to 
give security to discharge the Parish of J. H. and his family. M. Allin is ordered 
"aniovere le furse ryke" (to remove the furze rick) from his land. B. p. 91 — 93. 



IIL41. Minute. 

Oct. 13, 1617. 

Latin & English 

W. and M. R. 

Town Drove. 

Franches Si. 



Love lane. 
Chipp. 



Amerciament 
affeered. 



Pauperism 

guardedacainst. 

Farze rick. 

Allin. 



At Placita several persons are presented for ** ingrossing" white penny bread 
and selling it again, Apparently as an iufringement of the rights of the bakers. 
T. Hay ward and his wife are presented for persistently " disturbing of their neighb"" 
att uighte," in spite of former punishment. J. Luke was condemned (by jury) '^to 



1 « 



CQ minor le Mesh qm pviss est p Statut8 " (with a smaller mesh than has been 
provided by statute). The delinquents were fined 20s. each. 

- •* aflciabat^ p Cur ad 3s. 4d. sed affer ad 4d." (was amerced by the Court at 3s. 4d., 
but was affeered at 4d. ) This is considered by an excellent authority to tend to prove 
that the Affeeror's duties and powers extended to mitigating fines imposed by other 
aathorities. 

' Or to check illegal dealing in bread not properl); assized, it is suggested. 



in. 42. Minutes 
Oct. 16, 1616, ft 
Jan. 15, 1618. 
Iistin & English 

W. and M. B. 

Bread trade. 

Disturbance a 
crime. 



56 



CLASS III. MINUTES OP BOROUGH COURTS, 



Stocks. 



Allin alias 
Belpitt. 



Pitt. 



Price of Beer. 



sitt in stocks six houres " for stealing three quarts of train oil. It was ordered that 
there should be two aletasters, and H. Hi Herd and J. Rickman were sworn to that 
offica R Allin alias Belpitt was fined £10 for refusing to serve on a Grand Jury. 
Oct. 16, 1617. B. p. 94—96. 

(There is a note here, and others follow, of irregularities in making entries 
in this part of the book.) 

Order by Mr. Mayor J. Pitt and Bailiffs, that the Brewers shall " make good 
and holesom Beare, a stronger sorte at 11/ the hogshead, and a smaller sorte or 
Tabell Beare at 6/," and give notice of brewings that ** the Aletasters and 
Alecunners" may taste the beer. Jan. 15, 1618. (Placed out of order of date.) 

B, p. 97. 



II 1. 43. Minutes 

Oct. 28 and 31, 

1617. 

Eoglisb. 

W. and M. R. 

Searchers of 

Leather. 

Foreign tour. 

Pitt. 



John Bagge and Robert Howard were "sworne searchers and sealers of 
Leather." Oct. 28, 1617. R p. 109. 

"Robert ^Browne, gent., third sonn unto Sir J. Browne, Knyghte, aged 
XXVIII. yeares or thereabouts, hav*'ing to travayle into ffraunce for the obteyning 
of the language, and bettring of his understanding in fforeigne affaires, came 
voluntarily before Mr. J. Pitt, Mayor." This was doubtless to swear not to say 
anything abroad to the injury of this realm. Oct. 31, 1617. B. p. 109. 



III. 44. Minutes 
Dec. 13, 1617. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Turberville, 

Pettin. 

Assanlt. 



Sprage. 
Fordington. 

A book of the' 
Wars. 



Robert Turberville, Constable, complains that H. Pettin, suspected of 
intending " som mischiefe '' because he had been seen to carry a sword, and had 
said '^ that he would make som to kneele or com before their godfathers," and the 
said H. P. having been sought out and called on to give up his sword, drew it and 
ran at the Constable. The latter would have been run through if he had not 
^'speedily catched one of the Watchmen's billes into his hands, and defended himself 
therewith.'' The defendant was imprisoned, on his way to prison " rayling " and 
threatening the Constable that he *' would paye him soundely, but att this time he 
would obay his foolish office." Dec. 13, 1617. 

Ralphe Sprage of Fordington, examined, makes a long statement about his 
gambling and drinking in Weymouth and Dorchester with Jas. Bounde, from whom 
he borrowed "a booke of the warres in the lowe countryes." Dec. 13, 1617. 

B. pp. 112, 113. 



III.4SMinutes H. Randall " did take his oath upon the holy Evangeliste of God " that he 

Jan. 15,1617 (8) ^ . r #• u- rr 

Eng. W.&M.R. went m fear for bis life. 

^®^J5^®W^*- J. Benvile of Bucklan, for bringing to market eight pounds of butter of short 

idle, Buckland. weight, was condemned to forfeit the butter, which was given to the poor. 

B. p. 114. 



^ Doubtless of Frampton. 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 



57 



At Placita, '* Matthewe Allin speaking openly in the Courte that the Coarse 
w** Mr. Mayor [J. Pitt] did take would drive all men out of the Towne, the C'** did 
grauut the good l)ehavior against him." Then follow Presentments by Constables 
and Aletasters about offences in their respective departments. There is one against 
** Brian Gates for suflPring on the Saboath day to drincke sundry psons." "A vagrant 
pson [has been] whipped and sent away by passe." Divers persons were "punished 
in stockn for being druncke," or " for abuseing the watch." Others " for being 
druncke paid 5/ to thuse of the poore." Again, " out of every alehouse ^stoning 
potts [were] broken." B. pp. 98—103. 



1 1 1. 46. Minutes 
Jan. 19,1617(8) 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Allin, Pitt. 

Sunday 
observance. 

Panishments 

for 

drankenness. 

Short measure. 



Royal Order for careful supervision of Alehouses. Feb. 12. 15 James I. 

(1618). 

Regulations in accordance therewith. 1. Every Alehouse- keeper shall be 
bound in £10 with two sureties in £5 each, to "answere the King in case there bee 
a forfeiture." 2. That this recognizance and the license are to be renewed yearly. 
3. That the Justices " bee v^ry carefuU " that the recognizances be certified at 
Quarter Sessions. 4. That the Justices shall search out those who " victuall " 
without license. 5. That they watch against brewers who sell to unlicensed 
victuallers. Subscribed by L*^ Chief Justice, 

(Fac-simile of autograph.) Henry Montague. 

Then comes a form of license, with regulations appended, much the same as 
in p. 83. The chief alterations are, an enlarged list of unlawful games, viz., "Carddp, 
Dice, Tables, Quaits, ^Loggetts, and Bowles." Again the victualler is not to harbouy 
"masteries men," and other notorious offenders. They are to sell "by sealed 
measure," strong beer not above Id. a quart, " smale beere " not above a halfpenny 
a quart. Lastly they "shall not utter, nor willingly suflfer to be uttered, drunck, or 
taken, any ^tobacco." B. pp. 122—124. 



III. 47. Orders, 
etc. 

Feb. 12. 1617 (8). 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Alehouse rules. 



Unlawful 
games. 



Price of beer. 

Tobacco 
forbidden. 



Examinations and Inquisitio (Inquest) before the Mayor, as Magistrate and 
Coroner, concerning the death of W. Pitt. Feb. 16, 1617 (8). 

Brian Gates (a name often seen in these Minutes) offered for sale to 
W. Keynes of " ^Hasselbere," gun-maker, a fowling piece. They and others go down 
to " Melcombe Sande " to try it. They set up a marke against Mr. Kobt. Knight's 
waU, and then upon the sand about one hundred and thirty paces " k maguo mure 



III.48.Minutes 

Feb. 16, 161 7 (8). 

Latin & English 

W. and M. R. 

Hazelbury. 

Keynes, Gates. 

Knight. 



^ Stoning = otonen = of stone. The Dorset is stwunnen. These, above, were doubtless 
stoneware jugs of short measure. 

* Skitties ? 

* The reader need hardly be reminded of K. Jas. I.'s hatrod of Tobacoo, as expressed in his 

"Coanterblast." 

^ It 18 strange that in a secluded parish like Hazelbnry, there should have been a gun-maker. 
I 



58 



CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 



•letty a great 

wall. 
AUin, Pitt. 



vocat^ le Jetty, in altltudine quatuor pedum et latitiidine octo pedum " (from the 

great wall called le Jetty, in height four feet and in breadth eight feet). A shot 

fired at this mark by P. AUin went over the Jetty, and fractured the skull of 

W. Pitt who was passing in a boat in the Harbour. The gun-maker deposes that 

he did not see this boat nor any other " nerer than nere aboute the middle waye 

The Hole, now betwene the Joseph then riding in the Hole and Waymouth Jetty." Pitt was 

^^B^miciS^^^' ^^"g^* o^ s^ore and lingered about three hours. And AUin " kneeling down ^to 

Forgiveness, his bedside and praying [Pitt] to forgive him, [Pitt] answered, * I doe with all my 

harte.'" 

Those concerned were bound over to give evidence at the County Sessions. 

B. pp. 114—119. 



III.49.Minute8 

Feb., 1617(8). 

Eng. W.&M.R. 

Pomfret. 

Dewlish. 
Unfit brags. 



SShort weight. 

Breach of 
Lenten Fast. 



Memorandum that T. Pomfrett of -Deveuish, Dorset, gent., " ranne armed 
into the house of Mr. J. Pitt, Mayor . . . making comparisons w^^* him, affirming 
that he was as good and a better man than he . . . swering many fearfuU oathes 
and using divers other unfitt braggs." Feb. 19, 1617 (8). For this he made public 
submission next day. B. p. 1 1 9. 

Erasmus Cox, of Toller, Baker, was amerced 12d., his bread being one ounce 
" to lighte " in every penny loaf. Feb. 26, 1618. B. p. 124. 

E. Cuttance and Davy ffyppen, Constables, make presentment '* that they 
did finde a legg and a shoulder of a calve sithence the time of Lent, killed by Walter 
By thy wood." The meat was seized and given to the poor. Feb. 28, 1618. 

B. p. 119. 



III. 50. 

Miscellaneous 

Memoranda. 

March, June, 

July, 1618. 

Eng. W.&M.R. 

Cranboume 
and other place- 
names. 
Lighwith. 
Osminffton. 
SandK>rte 
Bridge. 

Pitt. 
Wife beating. 



Bowling. 



Examination of J. Johnson, of London. March 25, 1618. Noticeable chiefly 
for mention of place-names. He says that he came out of London on '^ Shrove 
Monday," and reached Meere on Saturday night Thence he came by Hindon, 
Salisbury, Cranborne, Wimborne (King's Arms), and Lichett, to Weymouth. 

B. p. 120. 

Examination, same date, of Scicily Harvy, of Lighw^^, Wimborne. She 
speaks of intending to go to " Osmondton," by Sandforte Bridge. These two 
persons were accused of misconduct. Their sentence does not appear. B. p. 121. 

J. Pitt was bound over to keep the peace towards his wife, whom he *' in his 
druncknes did beate and pulled her by the haire." June 3, 1618. B. p. 124. 

Examination of Delinquents who were caused to confess that they had been 
-^bowling, and obliged to find security that they will do so no more. June 22, 1618. 

B. pp. 124, 5. 

1 ** To " for *' at," good Dorset. 

' Devenish = Dewlish doubtless. 

' In 1679 Bowling was accounted " lawfull disporte." See iv. 2». 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 



59 



Report from Maximilian Loader, one of the '* Searchers of corrupte flesh," 
that Justinian Kingston " his boye " offered for sale " oxe £9esh vr^ dyed of itt 
sealfe." It was ordered to be "given unto doggs." June 27, 1618. 6. p. 127. 

Memorandum. Hugh Trewen, Robt Sanger, and — Bread, watchmen, " for 
that they were founde sleepinge ... in their watch, were set in the stocks by 
the space of one hower and upwardes." July 15, 1G18. B. p. 130. 



Bad meat. 



Watchmen in 
the Stocks. 



Information, taken by Mr. Mayor, about an occurrence on June 29, 1618. 

One Loring, sixteen years old, " sounded a drumbe -" and, being forbidden by 
the Mayor, nevertheless did it again. Then some of the twenty-one persons named 
at the foot of the Information sounded the drum again, and about one p.m. " armed 
with musketts went forth of the towne w^^ a drumbe sound inge, a trumpett and 
ancient." The Mayor sent to them an order " to dissolve their company & retome 
backe." The drummer was iuclined to comply; but some others ''affirmed they 
would beare him out." So he went on. After evening prayer they returned, armed 
as before. They said they had been " to fetch a sofner Pole to set upp in the 
Towne, but brougte none w*** them. In the fforefronte of this troope m'^ched one 
Thomas Bascombe, with an Axe on his shoulder." Perce vail Gibson, drummer, 
Matthewe Knott, anncient, Angell Lawrence, and eighteen other names, '' with 
sondry others unknowen." Not dated. B. p. 130. 

At Placita, a Presentment and Examination are minuted, about the above. 
The former is against twenty men for assaulting the Constables, " haveing w*^ them 
Sword es, Pykes, Musketts, and other unlawful weapons." And there is one other 
well worthy of notice, " Item they psent here are noe Butts in Melcombside." Some 
of the Presentments were decided by trials by Jury. J. Peters, for assaulting a 
Constable, was fined 12d. ; Carding Abbott, found guilty of drunkenness "thereupon 
paid his ^five shillings." Then follow (p. 134) enquiries about the unruly proceeding 
on June 29, as above. Percival Gibson, the drummer on that occasion, made 
affidavit that he was urged on by others. Several of the party were bound over to 
appear at the next Sessions. Among others was N. Allin, who is also to be of good 
behaviour, on account of " the obraidinge and contemptious speaches used by [him] 
unto Mr. Mayor in open Courte, vi^- that Mr. Mayor did beare him spline and 
malice." Aug. 20, 1618. B. pp. 131— 134. 



I II. 51. Minutes 
Aug., 1618. 

English. 
W. and M. R. 

Loring. 



Disorderly 
affair. 



Summer pole. 



Bascombe. 

Gibson, Knott, 

Lawrence. 



Assault. 



Butts. 



Fine for 
drunkenness. 



Allin, disrespect 
to the Mayor. 



Edward Harvy, '* appointed for . . . searching of Corrupte fflesh," accuses 1 1 1. 52. Minutes 

J. Kingston of killing, and exposing for sale the flesh of " a Bull unbayted." He was Bng. W.'&M.r! 

amerced 3s. 4d. Unhiuted bull. 

A lonor Examination of J. Fletcher and J. Rutter, of " Wiggen," Lancashire, Wigan. 
who had arrived vi& Shepton Mallet, Sherborne and Dorchester, having with them a Dorchester 



^ The price of half a hogshead of strong beer. See iii. 68. 
1* 



60 



CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH. COURTS, 



Deroye colour, hone and a *^ cloke of collor ^deroje, layde w^^ silke laca" They are asked about the 

object of their wanderings, and about the horse and '* clokc." As to their object, 

Suspected theft they both say that it was to seek for a tapster's place for Kutter. But each says 

that the horse is his own, names the seller, and the price, one giving it as 53s. 4d., 
' the other as £3 20d. B. pp. 135—137. 



111.53. Minutes 

Oct. G, 1618. 
Latin & English 

W. and M. R. 

Obstructions in 

the streets. 



Mautell. 
Mowsell. 

Stray pigs. 



Many Presentments at a Curia Legalis. By one, a number of personB, 
including three Aldermen, are accused of making a refuse-heap ** in vico vocat : St 
Nicholas St" in the , street called St Nicholas Street Three other Aldermen, 
W. Browne, " Whealer," and others are presented for placing " -moeremia sua apud 
occidcntalem finem opidi " (their timber at the West end of the town), to the injury 
of the King's way. Again, '* le Mantell domus W. Mowsell, ubi fecit ignem, est 
valde periculosus " (The mantel-piece of W. Mowsell, where he makes his fire, is very 
dangerous). An order is given that *' for every pigg that shall bo found goeinge 
abroade in the streetes" the owner shall pay 16d, Oct 6, 1618. B. p. 140, etc 

A Presentment at a Curia Legalis, that Rich*^ "Brooke ** deiecit et ptravit 
fossam ad includend : le Townes Drove prope domos Braxator.' in Hope ;" (has 
thrown down and laid low the ditch for enclosing the Towns Drove near the Brewer's 
houses in Hope), and has manured the Drove with a view to ploughing it He is 
ordered to let it alone, under a penalty of 40s. The same Brooke '* subversit regiam 
viam, Anglic^ hath torne downe the high waye " in St. Nicholas Street ; and has 
placed there " qusedam le3 stakes " (certain stakes) to the danger of men and horses. 
This is to be reformed under a penalty of 20s. Disrepair of the ** Keyes " is 
presented. A batch of defaulters respecting Frank-pledge are fined 12d. each, and 
another batch 6d. each. Others '^non pavieruut" the road by their houses. 
W. Bondfield has laid his fish " et fecit '^forrega " (and has made a furnace ?) near 
the house of Rob*- White, " cum admodum malli fumigatione, Anglic^ w*** a very 
ill stincke." To be discontinued under a penalty of 20s. Peter Cade, " being 
convented " for being drunk, was fined 5s. " w®^ he laide downe, and Ss. given 
backe unto his Mother in regard shee is a poore woman." Oct. 12, 1618. 

B. pp. 142—144. 

III. 5S Letter, Copy of Letter from the Mayor and Bailififs to Sir J. Dore, Utkinton, 

etc 
Oct. 31, 1618. Cheshire, saying that according to his desire Ellis Entersey, suspected of murder, 

^^ ^^»d^ ^^ ^®®^ imprisoned. " And soe comending yo' wpe to the good keepinge of the 
murder. 

^ This must mean ** du Roi." Years later ** bleu du Roi " was a noted colour at Sevres. 

' This seems to be the spelling, but "moeremia" is correct. It means building timber, bat 

later in the Records is repeatedly Englished "ship timber." 
' Ric. Brooke was a headstrong, violent fellow. See iii. 74. 
* Forrega is not in Migne's Ducange. It may (?) be for fomega a possible form of fomachia, a 

furnace, viz., for drying the fish. Or can it be dog-latin for Forge ? 



III. 54. Minutes 

Oct 12. 1G18. 
Latin & English 

W. and M. R. 

Breweries in 
Hope. 

Town Drove. 

St Nicholas St 
W. 



Frank-pledge. 

Paving. 

Forrega. 

(Jade. 

Fine partly 
remitted. 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 



61 



Lord, we hartily take o' leave . . . this laste of October, 1618." " P* script. Wee 

can say nothing to cleare the poore man of that facte, but this much we can say on A good word. 

his behalfe, that he hath very zelously and religiously . . . behaved himsealfe 

. . . by the space of five weeks & upwards." 

Entersey says that one Garrett, alleging that he had been wronged by the Brawl, 

father of Entersey, attacked him with " a long dagger made of a sword blade." K 
wrested it from him; but, on his promise to be quiet, returned it. G., however, "did 
freshly violently assaulte " him. Whereupon, " being moved in bloode," with a 
cudgel he " brake the said G.'s head." Oct. 31, 1618. B. pp. 144, 5. Homicide. 

J. Williams, "of Bodman, Tynmyner," condemned to the stocks by statute 1 1 1. S^. Minute. 

Dec. 4, 1618. 
^* against the most odious and loathsom sinn of druncknes," was on his "penytency" Eng. W.&M.R. 

let off. (In p. 147, Cittarne Burcq in Holland is mentioned.) B. pp. 146, 7. ^dTunk'inn^^^^^^ 



W. Smith, ^Hellyer, on the shore towards Sutton "against Tems Well," found 
a dead body. Turning " towards the highwaye upon the ^hill,'* he saw three men, 
who helped to draw the corpse to shore. J. and Justinian Hingston and Francis 
Warren, the three men above-mentioned, say that they found in the dead man's 
pockets only a pair of gloves and " certaine fibssetts." But at a little distance from 
the corpse they found a hat, " a bonde to weare aboute the necke," a staff, knife, and 
a double purse, containing a piece of gold of lis., and about 6s. in silver. This 
money J. Hingston kept, and they hid the purse " in the Chessell." 

Inquisitio (Inquest) about the death of W. Roberts. On evidence which does 
not appear, the verdict is that he " felonic^ se submersitt . . . felonic^ ut felo de 
se seipm subnls^ & murderavit contra pacem dci dm Regis . . " (feloniously 
immersed himself . . . feloniously as felo de se immersed and murdered himself). 
Tems Well is described as within the liberty and precincts of the Borough. 

B. p. 147. 



I IL57. Minutes 
Feb. 3(?)and4, 

1618 (9). 
Latin &. English 
W. and M. R. 
Tems Well 
Smith, Hing- 
ston, Warren. 
Drowned man. 



Chesil = shingle 
Inquest. 



Tems Well. 



Constable Rose deposes that Mr. Nich : Strangwayes of Abbotsbiiry, and Mr. 
E. Hayne of Martinstown defied him and the watch on being, with others, asked 
their business, when riding hard across the bridge at eight or nine the evening 
befora Mr. S. "pceeded farther with [very] undecent words" against Mr. Mayor; 
and Mr. Hayne said " Push ! we will drive the watchmen before us." Whereupon 
Mr. S. and Gabriel ffisarde enter into a recoguizance for the appearance of Mr. Hayne 
at the Sessions. B. p. 149. 

On Feb. 11, £. Hayne appeared at a Placita, but no proceedings against him 
are miautid. B. pp. 150—3. 



in.58.Minutes 

Feb. 6 and U, 

and June 30, 

1618 (9). 

Eng. W.&M.E. 

Strangways, 

Hayne. 

Disorderly 

conduct. 



^ A stone-tiler. Stone tiles were called heling stones, 
s This must be Greenhill. 



62 



CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 



Sunday 
observance. 



Two absentees from Church were fined 12d. each, and so was W. Croome 
for '^adeing of his lobster potts upon the Saboath day." June 30, 1619. 

B. pp. 156—9. 



III.59. Minutes 

Sept.4&6,1619. 

Latin & English 

W.andM. R. 

Drunken brawl 

and murder. 

Parmyter, 

Maynard. 



Bury of 
Dorchester. 



Death in the 
street. 



Enquiry about the stabbing of Robt. Parmyter in a drunken brawl. Nicholas 
Maynard, having played at ^tables for several pints of wine, got into a quarrel and 
scuffle, in which a lock of hair was pulled out of his head. This lock was picked up 
by Parmyter, who would not give it up to him. Thereupon arose a scuffle with 
Parmyter, who got Maynard's head under his arm and beat it with a stone pot. 
Maynard, who had before drawn his %nife and been persuaded to put it up agaiu, 
-'^hereupon stabbed him twice. One wound was in the tongue, of all places ; the 
other in the breast. But this last was not deep, '' glanncing upon the Ribbes, and 
not inwardly into the capacitye " — deposes " ^W. Bury, of Dorchester, Chirurgion.'' 
P. was led out by White, a sailor, " to the penthouse before the entry ... of the 
howse, where he knelled downe and desired [White] to pray for him. And thereupon 
[W.] willed him to have a good harte. Whereunto he aunswered that he had a good 
liarte." He rose and was supported a little further, and then fell down and died. 

Inquest held Sept 4, 1619. Maynard is found guilty of feloniously killing 
Parmyter. He is also returned as possessed of no goods except " un°^ eq™ castrat : 
coloris bay " (a bay gelding) worth 208. All concerned were bound over to appear 
at the Sessions of Gaol Delivery. B. pp. 159 — 65. 



III.6o.Minutes 

Oct. 11, 1619. 

Lat. W.&M.R. 

Longwell. 

Brooke, 

Fowler. 
Franches Close. 



Town Droves. 
Breweries. 



Presentments at a Curia Legalis. For instance J. and Egidius Fowler 
" nocent fontem vocat : Longwell " (injure the spring called •''Longwell) by watering 
their horses there, and are enjoined to cease this practice, under a penalty of 38. 4d. 
Richard Brooke "fecit unum le Pitt " (has made a pit) at the Elast end of Franches 
Close. He must " reformare idem delictum " (reform the same fault) under penalty 
of 5s. He, too, ** non pmisit les Towne Droves k retro 103 Brewhouses iacere apt :" 
(has not allowed the Town Droves behind the Brewhouses to lie open). This he had 
been ordered to do at a previous court. B. pp. 169, 70. 



' "A contraversy aboufce beareing of t woe tablemen " is mentioned, which may mean back- 
gammon pieces. But one antiquarian takes tablemen = waiters. 

' "A pair of knives" one witness says — perhaps a two-bladed knife. 

' "Amased " with the blows on the head, he says. 

^ He was connected with W. He bought land in High Street of the Bailiffs of W. in 1592 
(M. ii. 56), but sold it again in 1593 (M. iv. 2). 

' The Longwell exists now, but is covered over. It is near the South end of St. Thomas 
Street. 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. g3 

At Placita, J. Clarke was found guilty by a jury, and ^'ordinat : est p Cur : III.6x. Minutes 

qd flagellabitfl " (it was ordered by the Court that he be whipped). Sarah Biggs j^^ i^isigii^ 

is presented as " pacis Dm. Reg perturbatrix et vicinorum suor : vexatrix et W. <^^* R- 

molestatrix " (a disturber of the Lord King's peace, and a vexer and troubler of her crime, 

neighbours). R. Wilshiere " taken druncke . . . is to paie 58. att the retome of Fine for 

the iffellowshipp from Sea." B. pp. 173—5. ^^ enneas. 

Re-examinations of four witnesses respecting the stabbing of Parmyter Parmyter's 

(above), in which they adhere to their former assertion that they knew of no m^irde''. 

previous malice between him and Maynard who killed him. B. p. 176. Mayiutrd. 

Enquiry about a rope supposed to be stolen. R. Crowte says he found it in III.62.Minutes 

the water under the " keye," between the Bridge and the " Stayres in Waymouth ^' w&M r! 

side;" that he laid it behind the "Portall" of his father's house; that he took it Stairs on W. side 

Casewftv 
'* unto Casewaye/' and there sold it, and also a ^bow of his father's. Mention is A bow. 

also made of Putton in West Chickerel and of Broadway. B. pp. 178 — 80. ,y cSdT* 11 

Broadway. 

The Mayor, etc., to go at next Assizes to the Recorder and get him to III. 65. Order, 
persuade the L^^ Ch' Baron to dispense with the attendance of the Borough ^„ w.&M.R. 

Constables at Assizes, showintr to him exemption in the Charter. C. p. 67. Conatables 

° '^ should not 

attend ABsizea. 

'* Primo die Aprilis [1620] Upon this psent day Thomas Deanes, alias III.64.Minutes 
Boucher, of this Towne, Taylor, being broughte before Mr. Mayor for speaking i^tin & Enidiah 

certaine blasphemous words against the Bible, and being thereupon ex** by Mr. W. and M. R. 

Blasphemy. 
Mayor, did openly say the Bible was false in that yt was set downe in the Bible that 

(vod is a spiritt ; and said further that he thoughte the n)sters of the Church to be 
the DivelFs misters, and that the olde religion was better then o' religion." 

B. p. 181. 
At Placita, April 26, 1620, " Temperantia Stickland, K. Ashe, Gratia Turner, Surnames. 
^Vlicia Godfrye et Thomasina Longe . . . fuerunt ^rixe et pacis d*^ D" Regis 
pturbatrices et vexatrices vicinorum suo°i . . . et co~ molestatrices et seminatrices 
litm et Discordiu inter vicinos suos ad magnum gravamen et pturbatoem vicinorum 
suorum *' (T. Stickland and the others have been quarrelsome and disturbers of the 
peace of the said Lord King, and vexers of their neighbours . . . and common 
troublers and sowers of strifes and discords among their neighbours, to the great Disturbance, 
offence and disturbance of their neighbours). So a Jury trial was instituted (p. 184) i^duckinfflwi 
and all but K. Ashe were found guilty. Whereupon " ordinat : est p Cur q** pdict the Cucking 



stool. 



^ Perhaps the crew of a fishing or trading vessel in which he had a share. 

' Thia is the only mention of a bow which has been observed in these Records. 

' Rixe, can only be Rix», quarrels ; but seems here and elsewhere to be used as equivalent to 
quarrelsome, rixosae. 



g4 CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS. 

. . . lavent', Anglic^ [be] ducked " (it was ordered by the Court that the women 
aforesaid ... be ducked). J. Long is tried for stealing ** uuam petiam funis, 
Anglic^ one piece of a roape." A presentment about the man above-mentioned as 
speaking against the Bible and Ministers. 
Pine, etc., for It may be noted that the punishment for being "taken druncke** was 5s. 

run enness. ^^^ ^^ ^.^ hours in the stocks ; and for " tipling," 3s. 4d. fine. More than one 

Vagrants "vagrant and wandringe pson" was whipped according to Statute. B. pp. 182 — 5. 
whipped. 

III.6sMinutes Recognizances for twelve Victuallers, etc., April 28, 1620, with conditions as 

Jo^ 12^1620 ^®^or®- ^"* * ^®^ ^®*'™ occurs respecting Tobacco, which is not to be " uttered, 
lAtin & English druncke, taken and tipled." 

Tobacco not to Recognizance, May 6, 1620, for the appearance of the wife of Balthazar 

Mp°e^." Taylor, Cannoner. 

Cannoner. Recognizance, July 12, 1620, for the appearance of Jocosus Vandorgozen. Iii 

Jocosu8= Joyce the usual English explanation of the Latin Recognizance, Jocosus is rendered Joyce. 

Examination of T. Gardner, Constable (p. 188), July 12, 1620. Called to 
Wife heating, the house of J. Longe, he found Louge " beating his wyfe and holdinge a knyfe in 

his hand. And thereupon [he] willed the said Longe to be quiett, and the said L 
willed him ... to gett himselfe out of his howse, sayeing that his owne bowse 
was his Castle ; and that he, the said T. Gardner, had nothing to doe there unles itt 
were for felony or treason, and tould him . . . further that he had nothinge to 
Law expounded doe w*^ itt yf he did kill his wyfe . . . [L.] pulled downe his sworde and came 

ruing att him w*^ itt so vehemently as he thinketh that the said J. L. would have 
Assault. run him through w^^ itt yf he . . . had not shifted himsealfe from itt." J. Long 
had to find securities for his appearance at the Borough Sessions. B. pp. 186 — 9. 

in.66.Minutes At Placita, Michael Howard, his wife, and Christian Barker are presented 

®®P*- jg2o^''*- ^' "for scoulding and disturbing of their Neighbo"." Sept. 14, 1620. B. pp. 190—2. 

Latin & English j^i a Curia Legalis, Presentment of three persons for laying "novem le 

W. andM. R. ^, ,, . , . i. , r i » 2 

Disturbance a Milstones (nine Millstones), " duo tormenta, Anglice twoe peece of ordnance and 

crime. ^ y^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ "Towne Grounds." Presentment that Barnard Michell " posuit 

Murderer (gun) quatuor tormenta, Anglic^ three peece of ordnance and one ^murderer, et moeremia 
Maiden Street, et saxa in vico vocat : Mayden Streete " (has placed four guns, in English, three 

pieces of ordnance, and a murderer, and timber and stones in Maiden Street). 

East Lane. Presentment that a boat had been placed " in vico sive venell4 vocat : the East Lane, 

Hell (a house), ante domum vocat : Hell " (in the street or alley called the East Lane, before the 

house called ^Hell). A '^ cumulum de le Chalkstones/' and also an unsafe '^ mantle," 

^ This seems to have been the same as a '* base," which was a breech-loader. 
* This house with the strange name was at the comer of East Street and Hell Lane, now 
softened to Helen Lane. 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 



65 



both in Eaat Street. R. Knighto and Clemens Brjne "debent facere quoddam Various 

giittor currere in mare " (ought to make a certain gutter run into the sea). A gj^^ 

" fabrica " (workshop), and a " parvu gardin " (little garden) are reported as encroiwjhmentfl. 

encroaching on Maiden Street. A heap of *' burrs " (millstones) and planks was to 

be removed from St. Thomas Street. J. Read has a stable very dangerous " in 

portendu lumen siv^ candelu " (for carrying a light or candle) [into] ; and a 

'* ffurserecke " is similarly complained of. " Tollerd fFratru " (Toller Fratrum) is Toller Fratruin. 

mentioned in a Recognizance. B. pp. 193 — 6. 



At a Curia Legalis a Presentment that '' Sterquilinium vocat. le Towne 
Mixon est posit : in le Channel, et multum inde p tempestates pluvii levat : in portu" 
(the refuse-heap called the Town Mizen is placed in the Channel, and thence is 
greatly carried away by storms of rain into the port). Presentment that " les 
Sloughes Cornuu" ( ) of horns) have been placed ''ante domum corearu" (before 
the house of hides — tan-house 1) of R. Pitt Presentment that an '' earth pitt " has 
been dug " in le ffranches ad finem superioris clause de ffranches " (in the Franches 
at the end of the upper ^close or fence of the Franches). Several complaints 
are made of obstructions, etc., in Franches Street ; and an " aque cursus " 
(water course or gutter), and the drainage from a " domus porcina '* (pig-stye) 
are allowed to damage that street. The paving of High Street is complained 
of. The inhabitants in the Hope are accustomed to throw out into the port 
*Me sweepings et alia le ffilth" of their houses. Butt's Lane is mentioned. 
H. Hillerd " incrochiavit sup via pz adiacen Newbury " (has encroached on the way 
lying very near to Newbury). R Brooke is again presented for not letting the 
Town Drove lie open. Oct 9, 1620. B. pp#197— 9. 

Recognizances for victuallers, etc., bound not to dress meat during Lent ''or 
at other times prohibited for any respecte ;" and ten more on Feb. 7, 1620 (1), for 
Lent only. Dec. 5, 1620. R pp. 200—2. 

At Placita, a Presentment that " at the time of Evening Prayer there were 
ffrencbmen drinking at Mrs. Lock's," on Sept 17. Presentment that on Oct 15, 
*^ being the Saboath Day . . . Goodwife Adams did steale cabbidge and ^carretts." 
E. Stott was imprisoned "for brawling and quarrelling." MemorAndum laying down 
prices for Brewers to charge. 

£uy hogshedd of stronge Beere, cent. 63 gal. - - - xs. 

Euy kilderkin of stronge Beere, cont. 21 gal. ... iiis. iiiid. 

Euy hogshedd of smale Beere vs. 

Euy kilderkin of smale Beere zzd. 

B. pp. 203—5. 

^ See ill. 60. 

* This, donbiless, phonetic spelling may illustrate the passage in the "Merry Wives," where Sir 
Hugh saying Vocative, "Caret," Mistress Quickly cats in with "And that's a good root." 

K 



III.67.Minutes 

Oct. 9, and 

Dec. 5, 1620. 

Latin & English 

W. and M. R. 

Town Mixen. 



Franches. 



High Street. 

Hope. 

Bntt's Lane. 

Newbury. 

Town Drove. 



III.68.Minutes 
Feb. 26, 1620(1). 

EngliiAi. 

W.andM. R. 

Stealing on 

Sunday. 



Price of Beer. 



g5 CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 

1 1 1. 69. Minutes Recognizances for the appearance at the General Sessions of '^ Clemens Keeche 

Latm& English ^^ Bemister, J. Sherwin de Cerne Abbas, K Greene de Dorchester, et Jaspo 

W. and M. R. Dodridffe de Bridport," concerning: the wounding of Alice Mounsell, " in case that 
Place-names ^ ^ ' ^ ® 

and Surnames, shee shall happen to die thereof within one yeere." Examination about the same 

Basil a woman's assault, May 30, 1621. Bazill, wife of Robt. Case, saw Dodridge strike Alice 

name. Mounsell in the face with "a peece of boorde " so that "she lay afitonished and 

Moraell, Moan- grovelling upon the ground." E. Morsell saw W. Mounsell and Alice his wife "drugde 

Surnames. ^"^ and drawne along the streete most pittifully." After the assault the Mounsells were 

Assault. taken to the shop of J. Pope. Here Ann Lyne tried to comfort Alice, but " Dodridge 

whoe was bawling and pulling aboute her did take this ex^ by the arme aud did bite 

her most cruelly.'' Dodridge's '^greene breeches'' seem to have caught the eye of 

more than one of the witnesses. B. pp. 206 — 9. 

III.yo.Minutes H. Smarte, fisherman, deposes that he, Hugh Martin and Carding Abbot 

English. w^i^t fishing off Portland. Martin suddenly fell down in the boat. He himself and 

W. and M. R. Abbot " tooke fMartinl upp and bowed him forward and Rubbed downe his stomacke 
Surnames. ^ j. rr 

as he himsealfe was wonte to doe when he hath had the like qualmes . . ." But 
Sudden death. Martin " was stroken dead." B. p. 209. 

1 1 1.71. Minutes Nic. Furman, of Sapcote, Leicestershire, is examined as having lived abroad, 

1621. ' going to Dunkirk, St. Lucar, Seville, "Madrill," Toledo, back to St. Lucar, and 

^**^d^^R^ thence to Weymouth. He is a "Romish Catholicke," and "lived in St Georgs 

Seville, Chappie at St. Lucar by the space of twoe monethes." The papers which he brought 
^T ad rid etc 
Romanist ^^^^ ^^^ ^^' Allin, at the Flying Horse, Fleet Street. He was repeatedly pressed 

questioned. to take the oath of allegiance, but would not Sept 29, 1621. B. p. 223. 

Whipping. J. Bascombe and Amy Pushman, " altogether suspicious," were whipped and 

set in the stocks. Oct 1, 1621. B. p. 219. 

Sir. J. Browne. Mention is made of the street leading " v^ domfi dm Jhis Browne milit5 " 

(towards the house of Sir J. B., Knight). Oct 1, 1621 ; also of the Broadstone. 

Oct 8, 1621. B. p. 222 & 6. 

Assault A sword is drawn in a quarrel arising from a suspicion that one man cried 

threatened. 

"Bawe" at another. Oct 8, 1621. B. p. 224. 

The " Jur Supvisores Regie vie " (sworn overseers of the King's way) are 
Repair of roads, presented for not calling together the parishioners to repair the roads. Oct. 8, 1621. 

B. p. 226. 

III.72.Minutes J. Tyler is presented because he had worked in the art and mystery 

Feb. and June, • ■ j j 

1621 (2). " cervisiarii Anglic6 le Brewer, ' not having been duly apprenticed. Feb. 5, 1621 (2). 

^^and^^R^ (This sort of presentment occurs frequently.) B. p. 239. 

Cox, Saunders. Gyles Cox, of Bockhampton, deposes that he came to Weymouth, by seven 

Pokeswell. ' a.m. on June 6, with Parson and Mrs. Saunders, of Poxwell. They had dinner at 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 6*7 

Richard's Inn, and then went on hoard a " Baroque of the West Cuntrj laden with 

wjne," of which he drunk so much that he " knewe not his owne doeing . . . nor Drunkeanesfl. 

where he was " till next morning, when he found himself in a ''standing bedd/' and Standing bed. 

in the " Trundle Bedd " in the same room was Mrs. Saunders. From her evidence Trundle bed. 

it seems that in that room they and others had supper, before the end of which he 

went to bed. Then after the rest were gone she locked the door and lay down in 

the " Trundle " bed. Cox was bound over to appear at the Borough Sessions, but 

the result does not appear. He was fined 5s. for drunkenness the same day. 

June 7, 1622. B. p. 246. 

Joane Waterman, Chambermaid at Richard's Inn, deposes that Mrs. Saunders 
took Cox's money out of his pocket and counted it (" twenty-six Ryalls, forty-six ten Uyalls. 
shilling pieces, and some white money "), saying that she must stay to take care 
of it. July 2, 1622. B. p. 253. 

R Samborne, of W. and M. R, Merchant, deposes that he heard J. Cotton, of in.73.Minutes 

June and July, 
tlie same place, Freemason, speak of a rising of the poor to cut the Mayor's throat, i622. 

and of making ** a black day with " the deponent and others, for shipping away w^^^m R 
victuals. June 13, 1622. B. p. 248. Surnames. 

Depositions by J. Oliver, of Sutton Pointz, Husbandman, Margaret, wife of Sutton Pointz. 
J. Marshall, of W. and M. R., Trumpeter, and of Debora Whittey, primarily about ^J^^n^"* 
an accident to a child. But it comes out that if O.'s load in his cart had been sacks violence, 
of wheat, and not of peas, as it was, he would have been in danger of having the 
sacks cut by the women in the town, through want of com. June 15, 1622. 

B. p. 249. 

Christmas Peters, who actually had cut a bag of peas in a cart, accounts for Temptation by 
it from his being "In drincke and that he thincketh the divell did move him to it." ^^^'^^^^^'^ 
Jane 19, 1622. B. p. 252. 

The same temptation was alleged by W. Smith, about cutting a sack of 
biscuit. July 12, 1622. B. p. 254. 

Depositions that Ric. Brooke had driven his brother-in-law Ric. Martin's III.74. Minutes 

cattle out of "closes" called Roweall, Parkmeade, and Ry lands in Wyke Parish, and **'*^i622. ^ ' 

had even asked a butcher to kill one of the cattle. On being advised to " take an ^J^° *,^'8li?'* 

" W. and M. R. 

orderly course " in the dispute which existed about Martin's fitrm, Brooke answered Brooke, 
"that he would have ^Stafford's la we against him." Brooke walked up and down in Stafford's Law. 

^ It IB not clear what this means. Possibly " Stafford's lawe " may be a sort of grim pan on 
his reliance on his " staff "^his '* picked staff" — as a means of evicting Martin. *' Staff- 
hording " is the only legal term observed which is at all like the phrase in question, and 
its meaning is "a Right to follow Cattle in a Forest," which will hardly do.— Student's 
Law Dictionary, 1740. 

K* 



68 



CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 



VVyke place- 
names. 



HeadstroDg 

attempt at 

eviction. 



Assault. 



III.7S Minutes 

Sept., 1622, and 

Jan. 1622(3). 

Latin & English 

W. and M. R. 

Loitering a 

crime. 

Benville, 

Christide. 



Wages. 



Stocks. 



Parkmeade " with a picked staff in his hand, and had a glistering thing Ijeing bj 
him/' being a sword as the deponent thought. He threatened one woman that if 
she opposed him, as she proposed, " he would bang her." He threatened to reap 
and carry oflf Martin's com. He put a cow of Martin's into his own outhouse ; and 
when '^ ^replevin " was served for its release, for some time he would not obey. He 
had '* scow red upp his halbert " with the intent to kill Martin. He behaved with 
great violence to T. Gardner who had been surety for a debt of Brooke's. This was 
not paid and G. narrowly escaped imprisonment, and seems to have repaid himself 
for his forfeit out of the price of certain sheep of Brooke's, sold at Dorchester Fair 
Hereupon G. being with others " above in [Brooke's] dining chamber," B. seized a 
sword, drove the rest out and frightened G. so that he cried out of the window for 
help. June 19, 1622. B. p. 250. 

B. found his way into prison, through the window of which he continued to 
utter threats against M. W. Winter, hearing this, said he would tell M. of his 
speeches " w°^ the said Ric. Brooke did request him to doe." Sept 16, 1622. 

R p. 254. 

A year after he answers to his recognizances and *' exoneratur p ordiuaa 
Cur " (is exonerated by order of the Court). Sept. 22, 1623. B. p. 278. 

Ric. Byshopp was sent to the house of correction for being ** a loy terer aboute 
the Streets." Sept 30, 1622. B. pi 261. 

Mention is made of '^stonynge trewes," p. 261, and of ''stoninge troughes," 
p. 305. 

Lydia Benville, servant to Mr. J. Pitt from " Christide two years past . . . 

until ^S^ James Tyde last," suspected of stealing, speaks of an ''Aperue, Boulter, 
Coyffe, Crosseclothe, neckcloth, handcuffs, & a yard of bonelace." During the above 
time she received "in wages and in guifts " £3 10s. Od. .Jan. 3, 1622 (3). 

B. p. 272. 
A Jury found her guilty, and it was ordered ** q^ sedebit in cippis p spacid 
viii. bore " (that she shall sit in the stocks for the space of eight hour[8]). 
Sept. 22, 1623. B. p. 280. 



III. 76. Order. Order for prosecuting the action against ^Jasper Dodridge for breaking the 

^' W &M R^ ^liberties of the Town by arresting Mr. W. Holman. C. p. 86. 

^ Replevin is a Writ which lies where a Person is distrained for Rent or other thing, and it 
is directed to the Sheriff to deliver to him the distress, the Owner thereof giving Surety 
to the Sheriff that he will pursue his Action against the Party distraining, and return tlra 
Distress again if the Taking shall be adjudged lawful. — Student's Law Dictionary. 

» July 25. 
> See iii. 69. 

* The greatest jealousy was always shown with regard to intrusion by officials of the Sheriff, 
Vice-admiral, etc., into the Borough Liberties. 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 69 

Marmaduke Pattison, " by his owne Confession ... a vagrant, idle, and III.77.Minutes 
begginge {«on," was whipped and sent home to Yorkshire ''w^ a pasporte from 1623. 

Tithinge to Tithinge." Sept 22, 1623. (Many like cases from time to time.) ^^^nd^R*' 

B. p. 284. 

On Sunday, March 30, Jos. Maunders, T. Samwayes, and Laurence Sanger 
'^ were att Sandesfoote Castle, and were absent from Evening prayer." The first two Sandsfoot 
paid Is. each, which was given to the Churchwardens, but Sanger refused. Sept. 22, Fine forabsenoe 
1623. (Many other absentees from Church were fined from time to time, yet the from Church. 
Weymouth Magistrates were more lenient than those of Dorchester. See Roberts* 
Social Life of the Southern Counties.) B. p. 284. 

Various Presentments. W. Comfrey "fecit quandam structuram Anslic^ IIL78.Minntes 
T> , , » ^ /. n.,«o T> no^ Oct.6A20,1623 

Bulck." Oct 6, 1623. B. p. 286. Latin & Engliah 

Mention is made " vie apud les Rocks." B. p. 287. ^- ^^^ ^'- ^• 

T. Kneller ** posuit le3 Earth . . . in ... St. Nicholas Streete a le ^pynion Pynion. 
domus Johis Lyne usque ad le pynion domus Rici Noyes . . " (has laid earth in 
St N. Street from the pynion of J. L.'s house to the pynion of R. N.'s bouse). 

B. p. 289. 

H. Randall " incrochiavit sup vicfi in ponend un& par de le3 stayers " (has EnoroaohmentB 
encroached on the street by putting up a pair of stairs). B. p. 290. ^ * 

Another has erected " domfi vocat a penthouse." J. Luke, Cooper, " arsit 
vasa sua, Anglic^, did burne his casks " in the street Unlawful nets and dangerous 
" tounells " (chimneys) are .presented. A Proclamation that void ground in High Tonnella. 
Street, on which houses formerly stood, must be built upon in two years or be ^^^^^ 
forfeited to the Town. Oct 20, 1623. B. p. 290. 

Peter For and Simon Lyde swear that they go in fear of one another. III.79.MinDtes 

R 00^ Feb. 4. 1623(4). 
B. p. 295. English. 

Several Irishmen are examined about this time, one of them beine: accused yf'^^ ^' ?• 

^ Insn vagrants. 

of very bad couduct, and begging, although calling himself a gentleman. 

For a serious offence J. Sweete '' was putt in the Choller." T. Angell, of IILScMinutes 
Weeke (Wyke), "ffidler" was fined 9d. for playing his fiddle in Widow Wilforde's ^®P*j^/^^' 

house on June 3 (Sunday 1). He did the same in another house, at one or two ^^° *,^a".*^ 

^ ^ f ' W. and M. R. 

a.nL, Sept. 14, being also drunk at the time. He was put in the stocks and fined ChoUer. 
2s. 7d. But this was returned to him by order of the Mayor. Sept 21, 1624. 

B. p. 304. 

^ Pjrnion does not appear in Bailey's Dictionary. It is, however, now in nse, in the sense of 
a gable. 



70 CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 

Tews. Presentment of a well (fontem) dug in " Tewss," or " Tewsea," near the 

" Townewell," and deeper than the latter,. " cum conveiancia " to the former. 

B. PL 307. 
J. Fowler and Roger Chipp drive their horses out of the horseway on to the 
" Caseway " to Rodwell. B. p. 308. 

J. Man *' scidit lapides, Anglic^, hath scaffelled stones " on the Qaay. Ja& 
\N'age8. Spicer, hellyer, is amerced Ss. for charging 48. 6d. for his son's work for one day. 

B. p. 309. 
The Jury speak of "le Key opposit ad angustiam, Anglic^, against the 
A throng. Hhronge f> domfi ... J. Ellis." B. p. 310. 

» 

III. 8z. Order. Order that the -Suit, commenced in the Star Chamber by Mr. Jas. Hanam. 

Feb. 4. 1624(5). . ^ xu uc . i. u x. ji t ji j> ^ ,«.. 

Eng. W.&M.R. against the Mayor, etc., shall be defended. C. p. 100. 

Star Chamber. 

III.82.Minutes The Jury present H. Barkway for laying earth " in loco ubi le ^Maypole 

Lat. W.'& M.*R. antehac stet [it] " (in the place where the Maypole formerly stood). B. p. 321. 
Maypole. 

III. 83. Book. A paper folio Book of Minutes of Borough Law Proceedings from March 29, 

Latin & English 1^25, to May 1, 1627. It is in a parchment cover, and is nearly perfect except at 
W. and M. R. i\^q Q^d, where damp has done much harm. Extracts do not seem needed. S. 209. 

1 1 1.84. Minutes Maximilian Loader is presented because ** incrochiavit sup vastfi regiS ad 

Oct. 10, 1626. ^ '^ . r o 

Latin &. English faciend gardinu " (he has encroached on the King's waste to make a garden). 

w. and M. K. J^ Andrewes "pmisit ptem mentis p adiacentis ad viam " (has let part of the hill 
St: Nicholas St near the road) in St. Nicholas Street fall down. (This must have been St Nicholas 

Street, Weymouth.) B. pp. 324, 5, 

III. 85. Agree- This seems to be an Agreement or Conveyance ''devat Mons'' le Bailly Putz, 

May 4, 1627. Johne de Carteret, etc., Juretz " (before Mr. Bailiflf P., J, de C, etc.. Jurors), by 

French. Jersey? Richard Constance, so infirm and old " qt ne peutt plus se gouverner *' (that he can 

no longer control his actions). He therefore makes over to his daughter ^'Magdolaine 
Constance," and to the authority of her husband Jaoque le Febre, all his goods and 
'* deux qrts *' (two quarters) of his rent, on condition that they take care of him. 
Signed, Bisson. (Probably in a Jersey Court.) S. 223. 

^ Drong is the present form of the word. 

* This was perhaps a claim to possession of M. R. Common. 

> This was at the crossing of St. Mary and Bond Streets ; yet St. Mary Street is immediately 

mentioned in the Presentment, in a way that half looks as if the former site of the 

Maypole had been oat of that Street. 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 71 

W. Vervill and others are presented for playing at cards at Widow Hillerie's, III.86.Minute8 
on Nov. 1, during the time of Evening Prayer. May 13, 1627. B. p. 334. sept. 2l/ 1627. 

Among many put in the stocks and fined for drunkenness was a man with _ ^'^^^^m r 

the odd name or nickname, " John Hatt and feather." Sept. 21, 1627. B. p. 336. Vervill, Hat 

and Feather. 

Presentment of au encroachment " apud angulum de Newbery Close ad finem III.Sy.Minntes 
de Meechers Lane" (at the comer of N. C. at the end of M. L). B. p. 341. Latin AEngliih 

Matthew Allin and others have encroached on High Street " in ponend W- ">^ ^- ^• 

Newbury. 

porticos et appendices, Anglic^, Porches and Penthouses ** before their houses. (In Encroachments 
p. 350 such erections are described as built *' upon fundacons and posts.") 

B. p. 342. 
Brewers are to charge not more than 12s. per hogshead for the best beer. Price of Beer. 
Oct 8, 1627. B. p. 344. 

'* Le Chapplestiiyers '' are mentioned as a locality where the old Edinburgh 1 1 1. 88. Minute. 

warning, "Gardyloo," was much needed. B. p. 351. y^ ^j ^ jjT^ 

Latin k English 
Chapel Stairs. 

Order of the Court (of Common Pleas 1) re the Mayor, etc., and Babbidge HI. 89. Order. 

V. Crossing, allowing the latter to answer in the country if he chooses. S. 224. English. 

W. and m! R. 

Obligation by Jas. Osborne, Yeoman, to pay to David Gyer on St. John III. 90. Obli- 

Baptist's Day next, 50s. for the poor. S. 225. Oct^20^?629. 

Latin & £ngli^ 
W. and M. R. 

This is another paper folio similar to iii. 83. but without any original cover. III. 91. Book. 

Besides Minutes of the "Curia Domini Regis'' it contains entries of Apprentices' Latin i English 

Indentures, also some letters about trade, of slightly earlier date. See vi. 82. ^- ^^ ^' ^ 

Extracts do not appear to be called for. But it may be noted that at a Court on 

Dec. 8, 1629, Mr. Mayor adopted the questionable course of giving away some 

nmttOD, "being corrupt fleshe by the oath of R. Hickes and T. Kingston. S. 228. Bad Meat. 

Presentment " q** Maria ffloriday vid non het sufl5^ les pinion et mantle foci, III.92. Minute. 
Ang« a Mantle to make fire in " (Widow ff. has not a proper pinion, etc). The name i^tin&Eig^h 

Percy appears in the Minutes of this day. B. p. 362. ^- ""^d M. R. 

Floriday, Percy 

The Jury present the Corporation " qui non hent par iacut, Anglicd a paire of 1 1 1. 93. Minute. 

Butts. (They still had none, Oct 13, 1634. B. p. 389.) R p, 368. utlii &%iglih 

The Presentments seem to have been often failures. Matt. Allin, e,Q., had W- ^^^ M- ^ 
been several times presented and fined for not having a proper quay on the edge of Allin. 



72 CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 

his land at Hope, so that rubbish there '' lavat' in port& *' (is washed into the port). 
Persistent He is again presented, but, as he had not paid the fines nor built a quay before, be 
probably did not much concern himself. B. p. 369. 

He is also presented ''quia fecit sterquilinium in coemitrio capelle" (has 
made a refuse-heap in the cemetery of the Chapel). B. p. 371. 

III. 94. Book. This is a folio paper Minute Book of the Curia Domini Regis, similar to 

Latin & English "*• ^^ > ^^* *^® entries do not present much interest. At the end are the Minute 

W. and M. R. of a Pie-powder Court, held to consider a claim by M. Cassemar of £265 from Jaa. 

Jolly " Seneiur de Besne," who is ordered to pay. As fer as has been observed, this 

Pie-powder jg the only Minute of a Pie-powder Court since the Fourteenth Century, recorded in 
Court. 

these Documents. See iv. 1. . S. 229. 

III.95.Minutes A long suit with the City of Exeter was going on at this time ; and Mr. Fr. 

English. Gape, Town Clerk, rode to London several times in connection with this affair, e,p.^ 
W. ^d M. R. ijj April and July, 1632, and Oct, 1633. C. pp. 122, 3, 135. 

III.96.Minutes Presentment of a dangerous '* Tunell Cachianee '* (Chimney of Kitchen ?). 

Sept. and Oct., ^ 

1633. ^- p. 3<9. 

^tin& English j Wallis' house, called 'Hhe working house," is mentioned. Sept 30, 

W. and M. R. o » r- » 

Wallia. 1 633. B. p. 380. 

Presentment '^ q^ vicus ante Crucem et sic ^altior, Anglic^ upwards, ad finem 

Shamblea in et a^retro domus vocat the Shambles in vico vocat Stephen Streete ** (that the 

.. p en ree g^^^g^ before the Cross and so upwards to the end of and behind the house called 

the Shambles in Stephen Street), is in disrepair. B. p. 384. 

Jordan. J. Jordan is presented for breaking a hole in the wall of the Townhall, and 

over the through the said hole often throwing water " sup libros, papiros et scripta " (ov«- 
Archives. books, papers, and writings). The marks of his doings may be seen to this day, we 
suspect R p. 384. 

W. three- Presentment that the three-weekly court in W. side ought to be kept 

weekly Court. or 

B. p. 384. 
A carpenter and two hellyers are presented " quia concordiam fecerunt ad 
opus eins faciend *' (because they have made an agreement for doing his work). 
This seems to mean that they had agreed to spin out the job undertaken by the 
carpenter. They broke the Act 24 Henry VIII. 12. R p. 384. 

Backets. The Town is presented "quia non habent aqusd vases, Anglic^ water bucketts. 

Crooks. les Crookes ferri et sufficiefi" (buckets and crooks for use at fires). Oct 7. 1633. 

R p. 386. 

^ The Town Clerk's latinity seems to have been on a par with Longfellow's, with his 
'* Excelsior." 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 



73 



Dorothy Malthame has stolen " duas Tunicas, Angle Tocat petticoats . . . 
un8 Indusifi LaneS Angle vocat one woollen wascoat . . . una vitta Angle vocat 
a Coife una pecia panni lanei Angle vocat a Saddle Cloth.'' April 2, 1634. 

B. f. 15. 

Justinian Bagg and Jos. Maunders, Sergeants at Mace, having arrested 
Rob. Francis alias Knight, were attacked bj Prudence Knight and four other women, 
who '' . . . maltractaverunt ita q^ de vita sua magnope despabant . . . ct 
rescusseruut " (ill treated them so that they greatly despaired of their life . . . and 
rescued) the prisoner. The first woman was acquitted, the others fined 40s. each. 
Sept. 29, 1634. B. f 3^ 



1 1 1.97. Minutes 

Ap. 2, etc., 1634. 

Latin & Enghsh 

W.andM. R. 



Bagg, 
Maunoers, 

Knight. 
Rescue by 

women. 



Two men were presented for " ingrossing " " centum fasciculo '' (a hundred III.QS.Minutes 
faggots), and " mill® lignear Angle a thousand billets of wood," respectively. 



Latin & English 
W. and M. R. 

Forestalling 
wood. 



B. f. 4^ 
Four sheaves of wheat are valued at 6d. Sept. 29 (?), 1634. B. f. b. 

The Overseers are to provide a house for Richard Rich, "a poore impoteut 
man, and his wife, aud . . . if she doe hereafter trouble her neighbours she is to 
be punished by the 'Cucking Stoole." 1634. B. f. 32. Cucking Stool. 



This is a Document of ninety-three folios, and seems to be a Brief or Opinion II L 99. Brief, 
in the case Attorney General, Sir J. Banett, versus twelve inhabitants of W. and ' ^ Latin. 
M. R, (Mayor, etc. 1) probably on a " Quo Warranto." It goes into the whole ^^' ^^^^ ^' ^• 
Constitution of the Borough, quoting Act of Parliament, Letters Patent, and their 
regulations as to Coroner, Forfeitures, Wrecks, Flotsam, Jetsam, etc. S. 106. 



Two men are presented for living idly (otiose), Oct. 6, 1634. B. p. 387. 

N.B. It was the rule, and had been the custom, for all freemen to attend 
the Courts. From frequent Presentments this custom seems to have now fallen 
into neglect. 

Matt. AUin's " Beere Cart " had broken the wall round a well, to the danger 
of children and others. He is to repair it. (But did not for a long time.) Oct. 
13, 1634. B. p. 389. 

T. Loveles is presented *^ quia posuit le dale ad portand aquam " (because he 
has put a spout (?1) to carry water out of his house at the end of Love Lane — very 
offensive to passers by. Oct. 13, 1634. B. p. 391. 



III. 100. 

Minutes. 

Oct. 13, 1634. 

I^tin & English 

W. and M. R. 

Non-attendance 

at Courts. 
AUin. 



Loveles. 
Love Lane. 



1 *< Cncking Stool is an engin invented for the punishment of scolds and unquiet women, and 
it was called in old time a Tumbrell. A Pillory and Tumhrell are appendant to a Leet, 
without which right cannot be administered to the parties within the view'' [of Frank- 
pledge]. — Termes de la Ley. A Cucking Stool is said still to exist at Wotton Bassett, 
and a Pillory at Marlborough. 



74 CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 

III. zoz. Case Order referring, among other things, to the Case below. Oct. 9, 1634. 

for Counsel, ^ ^ . . 

etc. ^' P- 144. 

Oct. and Dec, Three Copies of a Case for Counsel — ^two with opinions. Bj custom, 

English. confirmed by Charter, ** goods forreine bought and forreine sold out of the Markett 
Caseimd ®^*^^ ^® forfeited." A foreigner (that is anyone not having the freedom of the 

opinions about Borough) rents a cellar not in a street, and there on a Market Day sells to another 
Foreign sales. ^ . , ^ . i i . i i «« 

foreigner three cwt. of iron bars, which the Mayor seizes. 

1. Are they forfeited ? Yes. R. King. I think so. H. Rolle. 

2. Is a sale in any open place on a Market day considered a sale *' in Markett 
overt T The sale must be iu a place where such things are usually sold. R K. 
I think not, unless the place has been accounted part of the Market H. R. 

3. If it is, is a private cellar, out of any street, a market overt 1 It cannot 
be so. R. K. This cannot be. H. R. 

4. Can a freeman, factor to a foreigner, retail goods to another foreigner, 
out of the Market day? He may sell wholesale, but not retail. R K. I think 
not. H. R. (Mr. J. Hill, of Dorchester, in this and other cases seems to have been 
guilty of foreign buying and selling. He brought an action about this matter, and 
so did a buyer from him, Fooks of Sutton. But the affair was settled by Fooks 
confessing his error, paying 5s. fine, and getting his half ton of iron. July 20, 1635. 
a p. 144.) Dates of opinions. Dec. 2 & 6, 1634. . S. 235. 

III.zo2.Bonds. Bond by Matt. Allin, Brewer, and John his son, to pay £54 to the poor of 

^* 1638^ ^^ ^'* " supervisoribus pauperum " (to the Overseers of the poor). Two small seak 

Latin & English Sept. 30, 1635. (This seems to have been £50 principal, and £4 interest, which 

Bonds for pay- ^^^ ^^^7 ^^ P*id Oct. 30, 1635.) S. 234, 

ments for the ^ similar Bond by T., Matt., and J. Allin, in a sum of £40, to pay on 

AUin. Sept. 29, 1639, £21 128. Od. for the poor of W. side. Small seals. Sept. 24, 1638. 

S. 240. 

III. zor A Presentment not observed before occurs, viz., '* quod de aliquo contra 

Oct. 1635 k 6 ''6^6™ ignoscantur " (that they are ignorant of anything aorainst the King). A man 

Latin & English has laid, among other things, **asserios" (1) in the street. Oct 5, 1635. B. p. 393. 
W. and M. R. 

T. Biggs is presented for lighting a fire in his house which is full '' del Strawe 

Ingrossing. et beanehelme." Five people were fined Is. each for '' ingrossing " butter, cheese, 

eggs and apples. Oct. 11, 1635. B. p. 397. 

Butts. The name ^'Lovelasse" appears in this, perhaps, its true spelling. The Butts 

" minus sufficiefi sunt " (are insufficient). " Parcum ville . . . nullti habet ostifi " 

Town Park. (The park of the Town has no gate). The name Damon appears. Oct. 3, 1636. 

B. p. 401. 

Longwell. The " Longewell " (often mentioned) and the Cross seem to have been near 

Cross. ^^g another. This well still exists, and is very deep. It was uncovered some years 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 75 

ago. Every year about this period Ric. Brooke (a most resolute offender, see iii. 74) Brooke, 
is presented for ploughing the " Town Drove," here termed " venella " or passage. Town Drove, 
Oct. 12, 1636. B. pp. 403, 4. 

"Ric. Keat, etc., fecerunt affraia . . . et traxer sanguinem " (have made 
affrays and have drawn blood). Oct 12, 1636. B. p. 405. 

T. Jackson, " an idle person, masteries, living and abiding in alehouses and HI. 104. 
other ill places," is to be sent to the County House of Correction, unless "he doe Sept. 21, 1637. 
tTthw*^** depte the towne and retume noe more unles he j)cure a service." ^w *** *^^^ r?^ 

* V . ftllCl M.. Urn 

B. f. 34. Idleness a crime 

Ph. Bugden is presented '^ quia ^astragalizavit ang^ played at Tables." Astragalizavit 

B. f. 45«.. = ffi •* 
Also Nath^* Peacocke ''quia sinit Chartarum ludum usitari in domo sua die 

Sabti " (because he allows the game of cards to be used in his house on Sunday.) Cards. 

B. f. 46. 

H. Michell, Mayor Elect, is amerced £10 for not appearing at this Court to HI- ^OS 

Minutes, 
take his oath. Oct. 2, 1637. B. p. 407. Oct.. 1637. 

E. Belbiu aud H. Nicholls come into Court and claim, the one three ^''^cil^nfof'^* 
tenements, the other one. Oct. 9, 1637. B. p. 409. property. 

W. Barnes aud J. Kingston are presented because they killed two bulls in HI. 106. 
the town, " and did not -bayte them openly." B. p. 419. Oct. 7 1639. 

(Kingston is again presented for the same fault, "quia duos tauros occidit qui ]^"^ ^J'^y^'u" 
canibus non fuer pulsati ;" and three other butchers were similarly presented. 
Oct. 5, 1646. B. p. 459.) 

Eliz. Cotton is presented for declaring that **^she did not care for the HI. 107. 

Kinge." She is ordered to appear and be punished. B. p. 431. Ocf"3^1W2 

Presentment of a rubbish heap made by " portatof^ et paccator " (the porters Latin, English, 

and packers) of the town. The latter term hsts not been before observed. B. p. 433. w. and M. R. 

Mention is made of Knight's Corner, Rosemarie Lane, Coniger Lane, and Rebellions 

Markett Streate. B. pp. 432, 4. Place-names. 

Francis Gape, Town Clerk, had been dismissed and his Successor seems to Gape. 
have been very painstaking. Whether for this, or some other cause, here for the 

first time in these Minutes occurs the Affeeror's Oath, as follows : *' Vous iures que Affeeror's oath. 

^ Some hare thought that tables = draughts. "Astragalizavit" from darpayakoif dice of 

a long shape, proves that tables = backgammon. 
' Possibly this obligation to bait bulls before killing them arose from an idea that the meat 

was thereby improved, just as a coursed hare is better eating than a shot one. 

> Ric. Soovil, or Ric. Mayer. See iv. 72. 



76 



CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 



III. zo8. Forms 

1642. 

Eng. W.&M.R. 

Sunday 

observance. 

Tobacco not 

forbidden. 

III. Z09. Book. 

1644—1649. 
Eng. W.&M.R. 



Cuttance. 
Pownt. 



Accidental 

woundins by a 

Birding Piece. 

Cavaliera. 
Rose. 

Hodder. 



Walthani. 
Arthur. 



V0U8 bien et duetnent taxes, assesses, et affires, toutes les amerciaments presentas a 
ceo Court, et en fesaunce de ceo, yous ne spareres acuu pour amour, timour, ne 
affection, ne rayse, ne enhaunce a scun plus greuous que sera resonablement, 
solonque lour desertes faytes et nemy plus nie meinder, ne pour enuie ne pour 
amour, asses ou affire, mes sur chescun seueraleroent, solonque le quantity de leur 
offenses faytes et nemye auterment si vous aide dieu " (You swear that you [will] 
well and duly tax, assess; and affeer all the amerciaments presented at this Court, 
and in performing this, you shall not spare anyone for love, fear nor affection, nor 
raise nor enhance [it] to anyone [to be] more severe than it reasonably shall be, 
according to their actual deserts [,] and neither more nor less, neither for envy nor 
for love, assess or affeer [it], but on every one severally, according to the amount of 
their actual offences, and not otherwise, so help you God). B. p. 435. 

.(This is much longer than the imperfect English form written, with others, at 
the beginning of this Vol. B., viz. : " You shall truly and indifferently affere tb« 
Amerciam^ of this Courte nor enhance (?) the same for any hatred or malice neither 
affere any one for any . . . rightly and indifferently as neere as god shall give 
yo** grace. Soe [help you God].) B. p. 431 — 5. 

Two Copies of form of Recognizance for an Alehouse-keeper, with the usual 
restrictions, but also forbidding him to allow haunting of the Alehouse on the 
*^ Sabath Daie or feastivall dales." But there is no prohibition of Tobacco, as in 
K. James I.'s time. Form of License for an Alehouse-keeper. S. 246. 5, 6, 7. 

This is a small folio book, bound in limp parchment covers, 167 pp. from the 
beginning being mostly occupied with law proceedings of various kinds. Inside the 
first cover the then Town Clerk has thoughtfully written references to the cases 
most out of the ordinary routine. A few extracts are given below in order of date ; 
also under Borough, Harbour, Finance, and Church. S. 245. 

H. Cuttance deposes that he loaded '' a ^birding piece with small birding 
shott . . . and did halfe bend the Cocke . . . not considering it would dischaige 
it selfe utiles it had ben full bent, but . . . putting his finger to the clicker of the 
spring . . . ," the piece went off and shot Alice Pownt in the shoulder. Jan. 14, 
1644 (5). S. 245. p. 9. 

J. Jourdain called Mr. Bailiff H. Rose " a cavaleire and two faced knava'* 
J. begs to be forgiven, and on the Bailiff's intercession this is granted. Fabian 
Hodder is spoken of as a staunch Royalist May 8, 1646. S. 245. p. 61. 

There was another lively scene, arising from politics seemingly, between 
J. Walthara, Merchant, and Capt. Arthur "one of y« Com**»" (for the Parliament), 
who was called very bad names and threatened by the former. J. W. was imprisoned 
"for his lewd carriage." May 27, 1646. S. 245. p. 63. 



* A term used in the Merry Wives of Windsor. 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 



77 



Edith Hoble was accused of great insolence to Mr. Mayor T. Waltham, saying Waltham. 
that he was then a Mare but would soon be a Horse — " w*^ other [very] opprobrious ""^Mayor. * * 
words." Indeed female names, Avice, Alice, Johan, etc., figure a good deal in the 
Court Minutes about this time. June 18, 164B. S. 245. p. 72. 

Mary Chiles says that the week after the siege, last February twelvemonth. Self- accusation 
WTilliam, a middle-aged Merchant with flaxen hair and yellow beard, lodged in her 
husband's house, having with him £300 in gold and silver. Chiles wished to kill Chiles. 

him and get the money, alleging " that it was noe matter for killinge of a man now 
twas a tjme of warre." He struck W. on the forehead while asleep, killing him at 
once ; then they both dragged the corpse downstairs into an outhouse ; and thence, 
with a horse, ** to the workes by y® north side of the blockhouse," where they 
csuried it down by a breach to the end of the Jetty, and threw it iuto Mr. Pitt's 
pool. Then they went home, Chiles '' strooke fire . . . and told the mony . . . 
putt it into his pockett and then went both to bedd . . ." Against this self 
accusation Judith Finch deposes that ** the same night that the forts of this Towne Finch, 

were surprized by the enemy, W. Courtney of Taunton Deane," entrusted her with Taunton Deane. 
about XlOO and some wares, — which, after the alarm was over, he received back. 
He told her that during the siege he was at J. Chiles' house, and she says that she 
saw him a quarter of a year after, and has heard from him lately. Rob. Bindell 
deposes to being at Chiles' with Courtney. Lastly, Courtney himself deposes to 
being iu Chiles' house at the time in question, with J. Mercomb, of Taunton, Carrier, 
who was living on Monday last. He is meutioned, apparently, because his complexion 
was more like that described by M. Chi'les than Courtney's was. In this frequented 
''house of entertainment " the two men slept " on straw or Beane-helme." July 20 Straw bed. 
and Aug. 20, 1646. S. 245. p. 78. 



H. Koze has placed " duos tumulos prope Hemplum sup vastum dni Regis " 
(two heaps near the church on the Lord King's waste). Oct 5, 1646. B. p. 455. 

Barnard Michell's meadow called " ^Greene," is washing away into the mouth 
of the port. Oct 5, 1646. (In this jiage and elsewhere occurs a strange word 
**allone8.") B. p. 456. 

A number of tradesmen are presented for carrying on business without 
license. Among them are a ** ^cutler and iremonger," a gunsmith, a silkmercer, and 
a "chirothecarius" (glover), who said that he *'had gained liberty by the sword, and 
would exercise his mystery " in spite of all opponents. Oct. 5, 1646. B. p. 457. 



in. xxa 

Minutes. 

Oct, 1646. 

Latin & B^nglish 

W. and M. R. 

King's Waste. 



ChirothecanoB. 



' This is the first instance (that has been observed in these Records) of the use of Templam 
instead of Ecdesia. The French Protestants still call their Chnrches '* Temples," not 
" EgliseB." 

* It was. near East Street. 

* This existence of the trades of cntler and gunsmith (now first noticed) may be accounted 

for by the military occupation of the town. 



78 



CLASS III, MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 



On this day there was an attack on abases, the late Constable, M&jor, 
BailiflJB, and Burgesses (Capital?) being all presented for neglect of making and 
considering presentments. B. p. 45& 

Several place-names in the Borough occur hereabouts, and may be taken 

notice of together. Marbell's Quay, B. p. 461. The road from Chanel's Works Laos 

WindmUl. to Wilson's Well, the Churchway near the Windmill, and " le Checker," B. p. 462. 

Checker HouBe Also " the Checker House in Hope," B. p. 503. Little Street and Hodges' Comer, 

n.mA. B. p. 469. There was a '^ magnum sterquilinium " in Little Lane, leading from the 

Blockhouse to St. Mary's Street, B. p. 470. Rob. Coker, " armiger," was living hi 

Hell Lane. New Street is mentioned, B. p. 471. The Friary Garden, B. p. 481. 

The frequent occurrence of the words " aque cursus " and " water-course " h 

somewhat ambiguous. But they seem to mean no more than a gutter, for one is 

mentioned in, or as needed in. Love Lane, B. p. 475. 



names. 
Coker. 



in. XXX. 

Minutes. 

Oct. 25(?) and 

Dec. 4, 1646. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Military 

domination. 

Churchey, 

Peeke, 
Black Rod. 



Cavalier. 



Mr. Alderman G. Churchey deposes as to the tyrannous conduct of Mr. Peter 
Peeke, who, on Oct. 13, about three p.m., wished to force three soldiers upon him 
although he was doing his share of quartering soldiers by paying sixpence a week for 
one, and his house besides was full of children. Mr. P. '' comanded his souldiers t4:> 
carry mee to the ^Blackerodd." He was kept within the prison till nine p.m., when be 
seems to have promised Is. 6d. a week, and so was released. On Oct. 25, Lieut Peckc 
sent two more soldiers, whence arose fresh disputes, with '* provokeing and urgent 
termes," and Lieut P. accused Mr. C. of having sworn. At seven p.m. came Lieut 
P., Capt Harding, two Serjeants, and many musketeers " with matches bumeiii:: 
and ran into my house in a hostile manner, and affrighted my people and in h 
speciall manner a sicke sonne in a dying condicon." After another dispute, with 
" many pvoking termes," such as " malignant " and " cavaleer," the officers seem to 
have left, and then Mr. C. soon dealt with the soldiers, who " depted in a loveing 
manner." But between eight and nine p.m. some other soldiers came and insisted 
on seeing that every bed was full. " In the end my wife gave them a groat and soe 
they went" S. 245. p. 95. 

Constable Edwards deposes that Ric. Pippoon was found, with others, 
drinking. Being questioned as to this by the Constable, he answered " that wberea.< 
a Hheepe had but 4 leggs some would make five of it . . . some would make more 
of a business than twas." Dec. 4, 1646. S. 245. p.'ioi 

III. XI2. Edith Bull deposes that she heard Damaris Harvey say that A vice Miles is a 

July and Aug., witch, and that Amy Cotten "never prospered after shoe was Cursed by the said 

r^ JS*IVr ^ Avice Miles." July 19, 1647. S. 245. p. 116. 

Miles, Harvey, Constable Edwards was accused of being drunk and " not able to goe or 

Mw^. stand," at the last Fast Day. Aug. 3, 1647. S. 245. p. 119. 

Witchcrafib. 
DrunkennesB. ^ See iii. 116. 



Pippoon. 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 79 

(In Liceuses granted Nov. 2, 1646, the prohibition of tobacco reappears, after III. 1x3. 

being apparently omitted for several years. B. p. 464.) Oct. 6, 1647. 

Four women are presented " quia pmercati sunt et tuniopole in foro." The ^"^ ^^'^^ 

tvo long words are not in Migne's Ducange. The late Mayor, etc., were again Tobacco again 
presented for neglect of duty. Again Justinian Kingston and also J. Kingston 

have killed a bull ''sine verbacone cum cauibus*' (without beating with dogs). Unbaited Bulls. 
Oct. 5, 1647. B. pp. 472, 3. 

• « 

Leonard Kellard is presented for laying in "New Key Streete" a beam or III. 114.^.^/^^^ 

log, on which the boys play, to the disturbance of the neighbours, " pcipue John Oct., 1648. 

Dudley vadendo super idem lignum et inspiciendo eifl fenestro" (specially of J. D. ^"^*^^^]?^ 

by going on the same beam and looking in at his window). Oct. 2, 1648. R p 481. Annoyance by 

boVB 

The Town Clerk construes oddly. A "grave pecium maremii" (rightly oddconatruing. 
msremii, a heavy piece of timber) is presented as lying in the street in a manner 
that is dangerous, especially to those passing by, " nocte, Anglif on horsebacke." 
J. .Vrthur has made a refuse-heap " in diverticulo Angli^ in the Backe Lane ;" and Back Lane. 
he has laid anchors in St Thomas Street near the ^White Hart. The Quay from White tiart 
Ford's Drong to Martell's Corner is mentioned. Oct. 9, 1648. B. pp. 482, 4. 

(The heading of the above Minute gives the King his full titles, but it is for Royal style 
the last time. Latin, too, goes out of use in the Curia Legalis ; and the first ^a^ is disused 

Minute in the new fashion, is that the Mayor Elect, J. Browne, Esq., did not appear except in the * 

Generalis 8e88io 
to take his oath, and was fined £100, and Mr. K. Walt ham and Mr. Rob. Wall, Facia. 

Railiffs elect, refused to take their oaths and were fined £50 each. Oct. 3, 1649. 

K pi 486. Latin continues to be used in the Minutes of the " Generalis Sessio 

Pacia." Sept. 21, 1649, etc. B. f. 19.) 

• 

Althougli, as above noted, Latin is still partially used, the form of course III. zxs 

changes. Here we have " noia Juf^ pro Ke publica" (the names of the Jurors for ^^^ 21 1648. 

the Republic). B. f. 19. I^*"»- 

W. and M. R. 
The form of indictment now runs ** et Ricus Scovile gen qui pro Custodib3 Jurors for the 

iibtatis Anglie authoritate Parliamenti in hac parte sequitur filiter . . " (and K«public. 

R» S., gentleman, who for the Guardians of the liberty of England by authority of Guardians of 

Parliament on this side faithfully follows . . ), instead of " pro d^ Rege " (for *^*e]^^^ ^ 

the Lord King) as heretofore. B. f. 20. 

Rob. Clarke is presented " quia super , . . diem Sabbati iti&ral^ fuit " 

(because he travelled on Sunday), and J. Senior '* quia Consilium Sociorum Sunday 

Jaratorum non oelavit sed revelavit " (because he did not conceal, but revealed, the observance. 

Advice of his fellow jurors). Ke was fined 58. A distinction is made about swearing. 

^ The present White Hart in Lower Bond Street, close to St. Thomas Street, is quite as old, 
probably, aa this Minute, but from another entry the White Hart of the seventeenth 
century seems to have been on the East side of St. Thomas Street. 



80 



CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 



Swearin 



punish 



armff 
ishea. 



A number of people are fined Is. each (as persons often were in former years), ''qai4 
juramenta juraverunt profan6 " (because they profanely swore oaths) ; but a foreigner 
is also fined Is. ''quia blaspheme execravit" (because he blasphemously cunec. 
Sept 21, 1649. R ff. 19, 20. 



III. ii6. 

Minutes. 

Oct., 1649. 

Bng. W.&M.R. 

Aiierciament 

and Affeerors. 

Black Rod, 

Red Lion, 

Monntjoy, 

Drawbridges. 

r 
III. 117. 

Minutes. 

1650? 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Templnm. 

Sunday 
ohservance. 



III. 1X8. 

Minutes. 

Sept. 30, and 

Oct. 7. 1650. 

English. 

W. andM. R. 

Holmes. 

Affeering. 

Aldermen's' 

gowns. 
Earthwork. 

Town Walls. 
Longwell. 

Marsh called 
Chaynes Work. 

Peters. 
Love Lane. 



The Affeerors were very active in reducing " paynes " or fines ; e.g., "Amcrwi 
xs., affeered to vs." B. p. 486. 

Several place-names occur here, the Black Rodd and the Ship, R p. 4""^. 
the Red Lion in Mfwden Street, Mountjoy (between which and the Blockhouse wl5 
a well destitute, like some others, of a stone "coller"), the West Drawbridge, Rove* 
Drawbridge, and Hynes his Lane. Oct. 3 & 8, 1649. B. pp. 487, 489, 90. 

In Commonwealth times a man was presented "quia abfuit a templo^ 
(because he has been absent from the ^temple), instead of, as before, " ab ecclesii 
or " a' servitio divine " (from church or from divine service). The last entry ir. 
VoL B. is a Presentment of Judith Sweetlove, who "tribus separalib3 diebus Sabbn 
. . . abfuit a templo " (who on three different Sabbath Days was absent from th 
temple). B. f 47. 

Eleven persons are presented for ** letting their Swyne goe at Liberty al" •:* 
the Towne without Yoakes, Rings or Cloggs." Mr. W. Holmes, late Mayur, .< 
presented for not levying the -estreates for two years. Amerced £5, affeered t<i i">^ 
The Aldermen are presented " for not attending the Mayor in their gownes accordiuj 
to the Auncient Custome of the Towne." Sept. 30, 1650. R pp. 493, 5. 

Mention is made of " carrying of earth for the states use ;*' probably for r 
earthwork. Oct. 7, 1650. B. p. 49:>. 

Place-names again occur, e.g., the Town Walls, B. p. 494, the -^ Long Will or 
" Comon AVell of the Towne," the Bridge at the lower end of Hill Lane (calle-: 
Wilcher's Bridge, Oct. 13, 1651, p. 503), the ^Marsh called Chaynes Work, an. 
Leech Lane called also Symes Lane. Oct. 7, 1650. B. p. 496. 

Widow Peters has a dangerous chimney in her house in Love Lane an-i 
cannot afford repairs. The word " colleccon," appended, seems to show that tb- 
Court helped her. W. Tizzard, Shoemaker, and neither a freeman nor licensed, i- 



^ At this day " le temple " is the substitute for '' T^glise " among the French Protestants, a^ 

noted before. 
' '* Estreate . . . the true note of an originall writing. For example of amercements . . . 

in the rolles of a Court, to bee leavied by the . . . Officer . . ." — CowelL s-v. 

^ It seems to have been in St. Thomas Street at the West end. See iiL 103. In B. p. ^L'n 

the Shambles are described as between the Town-hall and Longwell. 
* See iv. 33^. 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 81 

presented for baking, and " hucstering from the Markett." (Do., do., p. 503, but Haulstering or 
here it is called " haulstring." Having " no ability," and eight children, it is feared "^ * ^"°^* 
that he will be chargeable to the Town.) Oct. 7, 1650. B. pp. 496, 7. 

At a Hall W. Seager, Miller, was fined £20, for the poor, for using a short III.iip.Minute 

half-peck for five years. (He paid £10, Jan. 3, 1650 (1) ). C. p 237. KnJ.\y.kyi^. 

Short measure. 

Rob. Clarke, Roper, is presented "for pitching his Forks and workinge upon III. 120. 

the Towne Wast." Amerced 208, affeered lOs. Maior Harding: has laid "great ggpt. and Oct., 

Ittggs" (logsl) on the Waste. H. Welman has no pump or bucket to his well, v^^r^h 

"leaveing it unusefull . . . if a fire should happen." Mr. Mayor G. Pley is presented W. and M. R. 

for " makeinga noysome Mixon." Amerced 58., affeered to Is. 6d. Sept. 6, 1651. UnusehiT well. 

B. pp 499, 500. 

Many of the houses in Love Lane were ^thatched. The " souldiers " were a Love lane 

grievance, f.^., Sergt. Thomas encroached on the Town land by the Chapel Fort and ^^Mflitary * 

threatened to beat passers by. Amerced lOs., "and soe affeered." Widow Bull domination. 

Chapel Fort. 
keeps an unlicensed and disorderly alehouse " in a house built for one of the poore 

of the Towne." B. p. 502. 

Mr. Mayor G. Pley and Mr. T. Waltham having carted water to the injury Pley.Waltham. 

of the streets and bridge, their cart-wheels "being iron bound," were amerced 2s. 

each. Seventeen persons were amerced 4s. each (affeered to 2s.) for not coming or 

sending to repair the highways in " Whitesonweeke last" for four days. Oct. 13, 

1651. A place called " Lyne " or " Lynd " is mentioned, also " Hell Doore," being Lyne. 

Hell Door. 
probably simply the door of the house called Hell, at the corner of East Street and 

Hell Lane. B. pp. 504, 5. 

• 

Two men are presented "for making of a mixon in the highway, and for HI. Z2z. . 
laughing and jeareing at the Jury." Amerced 6s. 8d., affeered 3s. 4d. W. Barnes Oct. 12, 1652. 

was amerced 12d. " for killing: of a bull and not beating of him." Nic. Marriner Eng. W.&M.R. 

° ° Amerciament. 

" for sweareing one oath," was amerced 38. 4d. E. Bouzer, for being drunk " to pay Affeerors. 

58. or sitt vi houres by the heeles." B. p. 508. for 

dmnkennesa. 

0. Moore is presented " for setting a dry barrell very dangerous for fire oh III. 122. 
the Topp of his Chemney." Oct. 3, 1653. B. p. 510. q^^ 1^53 

A. Ebume is presented "for bearing a burden on the Sabboth day." The Eng. W.&M.R. 
Sally Port at the Middle Drawbridge, and the Chapel Hay are mentioned. The odd obeervanoe. 
name " Sarah Brimstone " occurs. This day the " Jury for the Comon wealth " D»wbridce 

appears for the last time. Henceforward (e.g., Oct. 2, 1654, p. 516), the style is Sarah 

Brimstone. 
"Jure" for his Highnes." Oct. 10, 1653. B. p. 513 — 515. Jurors for his 



Highness. 



^ In the Fac-simile of the Miniatures in the Luttrell Psalter several thatched honses appear 
in a fancy view of Constantinople. 



82 



CLASS III. MINUTES OP BOROUGH COURTS, 



III. Z23. 

Minutes. 

Oct. 2. 1654. 

Knglisb. 

W.andM. R. 

Amerciament 

for disturbance. 

Spinning in the 

street. 

Place-names. 



J. Chiles was amerced 208«, and affeered to lOs., fur careless use of candles 
in bis stable, and for being '^ a oomon disturbance to his neighbours ... at 
nigbt" Mr. Rob. Clarke is presented '* for sufiPring his servannts to spinne in the 
Streete being a great trouble to the neighbo*", ibc." The Back Street, West Street, 
Knaplook's Comer at the Harbour, West Key, the Ammunition House, Brook's 
Drawbridge, Elliot his drong, Ford's drong (these two near to each other and to the 
Quay), and Simon's Lane near the top of Butt's Lane, are mentioned. Oct 2, 1654. 

B. pp. 517—521. 



II 1. 124. Minute The Town is presented *'for not having of a Beedle." Oct 1. Love Lane 

l()r)5. ' ^^^9 ^y the West Gate, ^Watcombe Drove, and Rogers' Lane are mentioned. Oct. 8. 

Eng. W &M.R. B. pp. 525—8. 

Beadle. '^'^ 



III. 125. 

Minutes. 

Oct, 1656. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Fish Stone. 

Pillory. 



Mention is made of the Woman's Prison (called the Bridewell, iiL 127), and 
of the Fish stone, doubtless the " broad stone " mentioned elsewhere. The Town 
is presented " for not having a Pillory & Pound," and Anne Gire *' for building a 
-Linage against her ^Penion end on the Towne Ground." Oct. 6 & 13, 1656. 

B. pp. 532—4. 



III. 126. 

Minutes. 

Oct 5, 1657. 

Eng. W.&M.R. 

Grinteme 
Bridge, Pillory, 
Backets, Crooks 

III. 127. 

Minutes. 

Oct 4 and 11, 

1658. 

Eng. W.&M.R. 

Bridewell. 

Com Market 

and other 
place-names. 

III. 128. 

Minutes. 

Oct, 1659. 

Eng. W.&M.R. 

Jurors for the 

Keepers of the 

Liberties of 

England. 



T. Hide '' bath builded out a great ^grinteme . . . next his shop thereby 
encroaching on the Towne Streete " at the end of the Bridge. (It was not amended 
a year after, Oct 4, 1658, p. 541.) The Town is still without a Pillory, and also 
Buckets and Crooks in case of fire. Oct 5, 1657. B. p. 537. 

Mary Wood is presented " for living an idle course of life out of service, 
therefore it is ordered that she be sent to Bridewell if taken at home again ;" and 
the same of Susan Welman's daughter, *' a masteries person." The Com Market 
Place, the White Lion, Wayman's comer in the Back Street, nnd the Bridge at 
Dodderell's Throng end are mentioned. B. pp. 541 — 4. 

The heading now begins " The Jurors for the Keepers of tlje Liberties of 
England," instead of "for his Highues." Oct. 3. After going on for years presenting 
people for not pitching the street, each in front of his own house, the Jury now 

^ Doubtless Gipsy Lane. Watconibe, or Wodcombe is the field in the angle between the 
Wyke Road and Gipsy Lane. This has come to the writer'^B knowledge after Class I. 
was printed. In the Perambulation of W. in i. 40, Wodcombe occurs. The '* well called 
Tnnne," also named there, was probably Rod well, but it possibly was a well formerly 
existing in Gipsy Lane. The name Wodcombe was communicated by W. Bowles 
Barrett, Esq. 

' Can this be a *' wood house ?" There is a Low Latin word Lignagium. 

' Penion x= Pinion, which is still in use in the sense of Gable. 

* Grinterne is now used as meaning a compartment or division in a Granary. 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 8S 

" preaeut and order that a Rate shall be made in the Towne of Waymouth for the Highway Rate. 

repairing of the Highwaies" there, everyone rated Id. weekly for the poor to pay 

1 2d. for the above purpose, and others in proportion ; or to send a labourer to work 

eight hours on every day appointed for highway repairs. Oct 10. The surname 

Arding occars (Daniel A. Gk)uldsmith, Oct 31, 1663), and Tizzard a few years before. Ardiog, Tlzzard 

The Chapel Stairs near the sign of the Star, the " Key " behind the sign of the star, Anchor^ 

Anchor, and the Long Drove are mentioned. Oct 3 & 10, 1659. B. pp. 647—653. ^^8 ^~^®- 

The Town Clerk now at once returns to the Latin heading "Curia leglis " in III. 129. 

place of " Court Leet," Latin Minutes and everything as in 1648. *' Oct. 1, dni nri oct ^ 1660 

Car ii dec &c duodecimo, A.D. 1660." And the very first Minute taxes his Latinity, Latin & English 

and no wonder. For who ever saw the Latin for " Grinteme,'' now again presented Latin reaumed. 

for at least the third time? Five people are presented *^quia onera sup diem Sanday 

Sabbati . . . portaverunt " (because they have carried burdens on the Sabbath). 

There is still no *' collistrigifi ang^ a Pillory." ** Conclave p Juratoribus Grandibus Pillory. 

ang«* the Grand Jury Chamber" is out of repair. B. pp, 554 — 6. Grand Jury 

Chamber. 

W. Baggs' house has such bad chimneys that in rainy weather the inhabitants 1 1 1. 130. Minute 
of the lower rooms cannot " ibi remanere aridi" (keep dry there); he, meanwhile, LatW.&M.R 

living " in InsuU Cfiesariensi ang" Jersey." B. p. 562. ' Insula 

Cossariensis. 

Col. Hean, Capt. Babbidge and another, depose that they were assaulted as III. 131. 
they " were runing through the Ally of the White Hart," and Col. Hean (who was igg2 1663. 

a leading man at W. in Commonwealth times) was called "Traitor" by Ph. Bartlett Eng. W.&M.R. 

Hean, 
Oct. 14, 1663. . B. p. 565. Babbidge. 

N.B. After this date the records of the Courts seem to cease to be kept in wWtT Hart 
the old formal order. 

The Recognizances for not killing meat in Lent now begin again. Feb. 28, Lent again 

1662 (3). B. p. 567. observed. 

The name Pidgeon occurs. March 2, 1662 (3). B. p. 568. Pidgeon. 

Emanuel Frost was imprisoned until he could find bail for his appearance to III. 132. 

answer for "abusing of G. Strangwayes, £sq.," and saying; before the Bailiff, '* The ]^ay, 1665. 

Devill will split you all for doing such Justice." May 25. B. p. 583. ^f^'^^f^ 

A disjointed Minute of the examination of W. Salt, of Rumsey, Teacher and Abusive 
suspected Jesuit, and E. Tucker, of W., thought to be a Quaker. They avowed and Rumaey ^tup- 
defended certain weekly meetings, and refused to take the Oath of Allegiance, P^®*^-,'^^'^^** 

E. Tucker 

alleging that all oaths were unlawful. ^Committed to Dorchester Gaol. May 31. thought to be a 



B. p. 584. OatS"*refused. 



^ This was a terrible sentence. The Plague was prevailing, and the old Gaol at Dorchester 
was a small and probably unhealthy one. It stood in High East Street, just above the 
White Hart. 



84 CLASS III. MINUTES OP BOROUGH COURTS, 

III. 153. Rebecca, wife of W. Bright, deposes that he broke over her shoulder aiid 

1666. ^^^ ''^ ^Crabbtree sticke full of uobbs," and then " strooke her down with his fist 

English. wherewith he amazed her." March 15, 1665 (6). There was another assault on a 
W. and M. R. ^ 

Wife beating, woman with a stick. She had called J. Waltham, the assailant, " cropteare Rogue 

R^L^'ildS! and Cuttpurse Rogue." March 20, 1665 (6). B. p. 592. 

Serge Weaver. Depositions by Mic. Gary, " Sarge weaver," and Christopher Cowell, Shoe- 

maker, both also " souldiers " in Capt Killigrew's Company. It seems that shortly 

before, being on duty at night " uppon the mayne Guard," Straw bridge, another 

Sack drinking, soldier, brought a great wooden can of ^sack, holding about four quarts. This was 

drunk by these and other soldiers, again filled and again emptied, one man ako 

bringing *' to the quantity of a Pcttlesacke in his hatt." All this wiue was stoloi 

fiull. from the wine cellar of the Bull. ^* Over the water" then meant W. side, as it does 

Over the water. xt ia laca -n cn- 

now. Nov. 10, 1666. B. p. 59 <. 

III. 134- Inquest on Steph. Chambers, who, when tipsy, fell into the Harbour uboot 

Dec. 29, 1668. ^'ig^t p.m. When taken out of the water T. Martyu and others '^ Roled him oq 1 
Eng. \N .&M.R. Qngj^ ^Q gQ^^. ^jjg water out of his body and caried him into the George." He revived 

Effoit to revive 'enough ''to speake some froward words," and was carried home, but died before 

a drowned man. y^ ^o larto /1 'Jit 

George. mommg. Dec. 29, 1668. C. p. 317. 

IH- 135- Mr. Alderman Hyde, having been accused of speaking words (not specified 

Oct. 2, 1674. here), and being required to find sureties for his appearance, '' replied to the said 

W ^°^^'m r ^^i^^ (Mayor) ' What ! I call the King Rogue ?* the Major answered itt was downe 

Hyde. upon Record and itt could be pved against him. Mr. Hyde answered ' itt must bee 

to the Mayor. ^J ^"^^ ^ fellow as thou art,' and soe went out of the Hall." Oct 2, lt>74. 

C. p. 349. 

III. 136. Two leaves of Minutes of Court of Record, May 29 to Sept 18, 1677. Very 

1677, 1687. little business is minuted. One leaf do., do., Oct 11 — 22, 1687. S. 255. 

Lat. W.&M.R. 

III. 137. In- << Indenture," being a Demise by Jas. Lattemar of a house in Petticoat Lane 

1678 & 1684(5). to his son Thomas, after the death of James and his wife. With seal. Oct. 8, 1678. 

*^°Lttemi^"^' Revocation of the above before the Mayor, etc. March 17, 1684 (5). S. 256. 

Petticoat Lane. 

III. 138. Alderman G. Pley deposes that his brother, after much abuse and threateniog 

1680 168i. ^^ their father's house, threw a stone, about three pounds in weight, at him (G.) 

Eng. W.&M.R. and hit him in the side. Jan. 13, 1679 (80). B. p. 613. 

Pley. 

^ This reminds one of Giant Despair's *' grievous crabtree cudgel/' iu the contempomy 
Pilgrim's Progress. 

' Falstaff would have applauded this *' excellent endeauour of drinking good, and good store 
of fertile Sherris." See Henry IV., Part 2, Act 1. 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 



85 



Again he deposes that his brother Richard swore that ''he would before Family quarreL 



night pistoll him." Oct. 16, 1680. B. p. 619. 

K Young deposes that on April 13, Dorothy Clements dragged her iuto her 
house and beat her, and " broke her head Clothes from her head aud swore she 
would beate her to morter." May 4, 1680. B, p. 613. 

Joane Whicker complains that £liz. Gosley " hath . . . abused her . . . 
in language and blowes and kickes." April 7, 1681. B. p. 619. 



Young, 

Clements. 

Assaults by 

women. 

Whicker, 
Grosley. 



By virtue of an Order to the Sheriff, W. Lewes, from " the Right Hon^*« 
(■eoi^ Lord Jeffery," and a Precept from the Sheriff to the Mayor, etc., commanding 
them to erect within the Borough '*a sufficient gallowes for the executing the several 
persons sentenced and appointed to be executed on Tuesday next within your said 
Borough," it is ordered that the Gallows be erected on or near Greenhill in the 
confioes of the Borough. *' Twelve persons beiug executed . . . their beads and 
quarters were disposed of by the Maior according to the Sheriff's pcept ... as 
followeth," 



To Upwey 

— Sutton Poyntz 

— Osmington 

— Preston 

— Weeke 

— Winfrith 

— Broadmaine 

— Hadipoll 

— Winterbome St. 

Martin 

— Puddietowno 

— Bincombe 



4 qrs. 1 head. 
2 qrs. 1 head. 
4 qrs. 1 head. 
2 qrs. 
4 qrs. 

4 qrs. 1 head. 
2 qrs. 1 head. 
2 qrs. 

[2 qrs. 

4 qrs. 1 head. 
2 qrs. 

32 qrs. 6 heads. 



6 qrs. 1 head at the Grand Piere. 

2 qrs. at Waymouth Townend. 

4 qrs. 1 head neere the Windmill. 

2 qrs, atWaymouthTownehall. 

1 qr. 2 heads at the Bridge. 

1 qr. 2 heads at Melcomb Townehall. 



16 qrs. 6 heads. 



Sept 14, 1685. C. p. 387. 



in. 139. 

Minutes. 

Sept. and Oct., 

1685. 

Eng. W.&M.IL 

Judge Jeffery. 

The Bloody 

Assize. 

Gallows at 

Greenhill. 

Disposal of the 

Corpses. 



Ghastly List 



Oct 14, 1685. 



To Bill of Disburatra^ for y® Gallows, 
Burning & ^ Boy ling y® Rebells 
executed p ord' att this Towne 



I 



£15 „ 14 „ 3 
S. 254. f. 86. 



Costs. 



Order that H. PoUexfen, Esq., '^ Councello' att Law shall be the Standing m. 140. Order 
Coimcell " for the Corporation at a fee of 40s. per annum. C. p. 393. g^^ W &Mr! 



Fee. 



' Boiling in pitch. These ** Rebells'' were some of those condemned at Dorchester. The 
Chair used by Lord Jeffery on that occasion is in the Town Hall, Dorohester. He lodged 
opposite St. Peter's Church, in a house just now admirably restored. 



gg CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 

I 
I 

III. Z4Z. Order Order that Mr. Town Clerk Back way shall ride to London to take CouDsel's 

Eng. W.&m.r! advice, and put in a plea, in answer to a Quo Warranto questioning the Borough 

Sackway. privileges, etc. C. p. 398. 

in. Z42. Book. This is a folio Book, unbound, of about five hundred pages, containing 

1^99 1724. 

Latin & English miscellaneous records, mostly relating to Law. 

W. and M. R. Elinor Chandler of N. Charleton, Northumberland, seems to have been 

examined simply as a stranger. She had been a '^ covenant servant " to a farmer f f 

Wages. 208. a year. Aug. 27, 1700 (?). F. 10 

Aldennen Har- J. Thome and two other Constables found Capt Harding and Mr. Ui\t 

^nmblinff.^' ^ Aldermen, gaming and wrangling in the Bear at ten p.m., and they refused to le&re 

the house. The Constables thought the game was tables. Capt H. was throwin: 

^dice. No punishment is noted. Nov. 25, 1700. F. 14. 

Rob. Ellary complains of an assault arising from a dispute about division of 

Carrying a money " for carrying one of the Burgesses '* (chairing a M.P. ?). Jan. 13, 1700 (Ii. 
Burgess. p ^gb 

Peter Green deposes that J. Parker swore " by God's blood and woaadi." 
April 15, 1701. F. 20^ 
Duel. Depositions and Inquest connected with a drunken duel. In the ''Collector* 

T117*11* .11., 

Freke. * Bower's house Mr. Winston Williams and Mr. W. Freke " dranke punch to a gmu 

hight,'' and at eight p.m., a quarrel arising, they went to Melcombe town-end anc 

fought with swords. Williams was stabbed in the stomach and died about oDf 

a.m. 1701. F. 25^ etc. 

Pnoket, Jerrat. £. Pucket, Watchman, hearing a great noise and swearing in the Bay Tm- 

Bav Tree 

Constable entered. However the landlady, Mary Jerrat "took him by the shoulders and 

tamed out by a turned him out." Dec. 2, 1703. F. 57^ 
landlady. 

Pucket also deposes that J. Parker swore four oaths. Here, as in sevenl 

** Sate in the similar instances comes the pithy note, "Sate in the stocks." Jan. 18, 1703(41 
stocks." y /*ib 

Griffin, Bound. G. Bound, Ostler at the Crown and Sceptre, deposes that Dr. Humfry Griio 

Sceotre^ " who hath a stage in this Town," being unreasonably offended at being asked if he 

Assault. could cure the cramp, caught Bound by the hair, and with his own head struck R's 

face such a stroke " as amazed him," and covered him with blood. Dec. % 

1704. F. 72^ 

Turner, Fenner. Jas. Turner, of the Diligence Privateer, deposes that on Monday, July 23, h« 

Seditious received three letters in one cover, franked S. Barker, to be left at the house of 

Mr. Fenner, a minister in Weymouth. In one, dated Norwich, were the words, "tbe 

Queen hath broken her Coronation oath." The rest of the letters, " intermixed Ib 

' This seems to make it clear that "Tables " was Backgammon and not Draughts, v sm^ 
think. 



letters. 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 



87 



mndrj hands," be could make nothing of. At the Bear he delivered the letters to 
% stranger called, he is told, '* Mr. Daniell Dufoe/' in company with Mr. Fenner, 
Independent Minister. Dufoe was often named in the letters. On Julj 21 he 
received another letter, with like address, hut not franked, and delivered it to 
Mr. D. in Mr. Fenner's presence, Mr. Jonathan Edwards also coming into the room. 
July 26, 1705. (It would ratLer seem that the letters came to the wrong Capt. 
Turner.) Five other persons depose, saying among other things, that Mr. D. said 
he cared not who saw the letters, or if they were set up at the Market Cross — also 
that it was one of the *' Earle of Dysart*s party ** who spoke the ahove words against 
the Queen. A Warrant was issued, signed Ro. Price, to bring Mr. Fenner, Mr. 
^ Dufoe, Mr. Edwards, Capt. Turner, and Capt Jas. Turner to Dorchester, as having 
received traitorous letters. July 27, 1705. F. 74 — 78. 

A lively riot arose from the proceedings of a press-gang from the " Pembrok 
gaily,'' Capt. Gruchy. At least two of the Pembroke men were wounded, and two 
of the other side. Lieut. Ripley, commanding the press-gang, was fined 9s. for the 
poor, on the charge of drunkenness and swearing. Feb. 26 & 27, 1705 (6). 
F. 84^ 85^ 

Examination of Hugh Ryely, alias Amiable Vincent. Half a year before this 
present war began he sailed from Dublin to Havre, thence he went to Paris, and, in 
several colleges, studied Rhetoric, Greek, Hebrew, etc., etc. Desiring to become a 
Protestant, and change of air being prescribed for him, a Pass was obtained from 
the King of France. After trying in vain at Cherbourg, he got a passage on board 
the Transport, and landed at W., with no papers of any kind except his Pass. 
Dec. 12, 1711. F. IU\ 

J. Scarlett deposes that one Foster, Custom House Officer, gave him " a piece 
of tin or pewter in the shape . . . of a crooked sixpence " to pay for beer, and 
F. said that ho had passed others on his way from London. Nov. 9, 1714. F. 175. 

J. Jerard deposes that Ric. Webb, called his wife, among other names, an 
old Witch, and said that she had bewitched his child to death. (It is worthy of 
note that there is hardly any refereuce to witchcraft in these Records.) Sept. 19, 
1716. F. 187. 

Peter, ** Marquis of Lambert," complains of an assault on him. Jan. 28, 
1717(8). F. 197. 

The Quakers' Meeting was disturbed by firiug a gun. Jan. 26, 1719 (20). 
F. 210^ 

Hugh Margary, Barber, deposes that being in a boat with J. Russell, "in the 
river going to Radypole," R. " forced him down duble into y" Bottom of the Boate, 

^ De Foe speaks of this affair in his " Review of the Affairs of France/' published July and 
August, 17a5. 



Bear. 
D. Defoe. 



Edwards. 



Defoe's words. 



Press-gang. 



Officer fined. 



Romanist 
examined. 

Learning. 

Wishes to be a 

Protestant. 

A Pass from 

the King of 

France. 



Base money. 



Witchcraft. 



Quakers' meet- 
ing disturbed. 

Margary. 

Russell. 

Assault in a 

boat. 



88 



Salt house. 

Many assanlta 
by women. 



Many widows 
pnolicans. 



CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, 

to the prejudice of his health, and afterwards threw him . . . into the water near 
the Old Salt House." Dec. 20, 1721. F. 229. 

N.B. In this Book there are a great many cases in which women sit 
complained of for abuse and violence. Now there seems no evidence of the Duckin; 
Stool having been kept in repair and use during this period. May not cause aod 
effect be detected here ? An astonishing number of widows kept public houses. Or 
one occasion twenty-one licenses out of thirty-six were granted to widows. S. 259. 



III. Z43. Pre- 
sentments. 
1716. 1725—7. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Coneygar Ditch 

Streets in a bad 

state. 

Sir James 

ThornhUl. 

Pound. 



Stocks. 



Buckler Lane. 



Six papers of Presentments of Juries, variously designated ; some as at tb 
Grand Inquest, some at the Court Lect, and one by the Constables. The Town :« 
presented for not pitching streets, 172G ; for not emptying Cunniger Ditch, "ven 
much oflfensive," 1724 & 1725 ; for not repairing the street near Mr. Morji-. 
Tizzard's, so bad by the traffic of waggons that " the Neighbourhood cannot go cros« 
the street and is a great anewcence." Sir Jas. Tbomhill is presented for lettio;: 
stones lie in the highway near the " Pown" — also a "great anewcence." W. Allei 
and J. Hendy are presented " to be slatermen to see there are good skins si>li 
here." 1726. (Hendy and another were nominated "gashers of hides" in 1721 
Then comes the Constables* Presentment, Oct. 2, 1727, headed " Dossett ijh." 
" Imprimus we present the Town for not keeping the Stocks in good repair." A' 
the Grand Inquest, of the same date, " we present Omne bene,'* At the Court Leet 
also of the same date, " we present the Church way, a great part of . . . Buckler 
Lane which being a very bad way to carry the corps of the neighbors to Week . . ;' 
also "the highway betwix Mr. Crisdy's house and . . . Wilson's Well beinj: 
greivous way both for man as wel as hors." Oct. 9, 1727. S. 260. i-T. 



III. 144. Book. 
1724—1800. 

English. 
W. and M. R. 

Description of 
Folio Vol. D. 



Several 

surnames. 

Many assaultn. 



Unpopularity 
of Madam 
Townson. 



A Folio Volume, about twelve inches by eight inches, and two and a half 
inches thick, bound in green vellum, with metal escutcheon inscribed " Minutes cf 
Meetings of the Town Council. 1724 — 1800." It appears to contain all Minutes, 
both of " Matters of Justice," and " Constitutions, etc.," previously divided carefully 
(for the most part) between the two great Folios. It is indicated in this Catalogue 
by the initial " D." Tn the period comprised in this Volume, several well-knowL 
names come to the front, e.g., Devenish, Fry, Steward, Templemau, Tizard, Tucker, 
and Weston. The Volume begins with a startling series of cases of assault. 
pp. 1 — 19, from pulling hair from Sarah Deed's head, to the fracture of the skull of 
T. Stuckey against his own kitchen floor. June 9 — Oct. 26, 1724. Again, J. Bjail 
deposes as to stone throwing and other insults suffered by his mistress, " ^M&d"^ 
Townson," himself and his fellow-servant, when they were "carrying" her (in i 
sedan chair) to and from Church, or driving her in her coach abont the tovn. 
March 26, 1725. D. p. 28. 



^ Madam Townson may have been the widow of Mr. Theobald Townson who was Mayor, 1685. 



WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 



89^ 



The next year many assaults occurred again. Susan Wejmau was with 
difficulty prevented from attacking Durell Bayly, and afterwards threatened to brain 
him with a shovel. March 14, 1725 (6). P. 40. 

It was an indictable offence to sell fish in the Borough anywhere but in the 
Market. The *' Blew Anchor " is mentioned. March 15, 1725 (6). P. 41. 

T. Pomeroy, Postmaster, deposes that Rob. Drew, " Postboy," i.e. carrier of 
the Mail Bag, from Dorchester, on a complaint of irregularity in his work and of his 
not ^blowing his horn, assaulted the deponent in liis own house, and challenged him 
to fight. March 21, 1725 (6). P. 42. 

T. Hickman wishes himself and Jos. Read to be bound over to the County 
Sessions, as not expecting justice here, *^ meaning this InCorporacon." It seems to 
have been done. P. 43. 

The Queen's Head and the Thistle and Crown are mentioned. P. 43. 

Ric. Beale deposes that W. Hay ward, Sidesman, ** drew a tuck," swore he 
would kill him, and "made a push " with the tuck. June 15, 1726. P. 47. 

H. Bradshaw*s life was threatened by a dancing master. July 20, 1726. P. 49. 

A Deposition about shooting one of " the Rookes belonging to the house 
where Mr. Quetteville lives." March 9, 1726 (7). P. 64. 

T. Brayne deposes about an assault on him " at the post-house ... as [he 
and others] were reading the news." Jan. 27, 1726 (7). P. 65. 

Mr. Town Clerk Cooper came in for his share of assaults, for reading the Riot 
Act "in the -Towne Walk" where he had found Mr. Harvey, J. P., being insulted 
by a mob. Aug. 15, 1727. P. 72. 

Depositions showing that this mob was excited by a dispute in the "Townhall 
Walk " between Mr. Harvey and J. Ward, of Hackney, about electing M.P8. W. 
pulled out a printed letter and said that " if the Corporacon durst repaire the pillory 
he would gett upon it and read that letter . . . and would preach halfe an hour to 
the people, and then come downe and burn the pillory." Aug. 16, 1727. P. 75, &c. 

The Golden Lion, the Boot, and the Presbyterian Meeting House are 
mentioned. Pp. 82, 98, 103. Folio Vol. D. Borough Chest. 



Threatened 

assault by a 

woman. 



Fish not to be 

sold except in 

the Market. 

Bine Anchor. 

Assault. 

Pomeroy, Drew 



Hickman and 

Read distrust 

Borough justice 



Queen's Head. 

Thistle and 

Crown. 

Assault. 



Rook shot. 
Assault. 

Riot Act. 
Town Walk. 



Harvey, Ward. 
Pillory. 



Golden Lion, 
Boot, Presby- 
terian Meeting 
House. 



In a bundle of sheets of Minutes of W. Sessions, beginning in 1762, are one 
or two points which may be noted. 

On Dec. 28, 1779, the Rev. Jos, Wilkins, Presbyterian Minister of W., takes 
the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, and declares against Popery, and for the 
truth of the Holy Bible. M. v. 7. 16. 



III. I4S 

Minutes. 

1762—1799. 

English. 
W. and M. R. 



^ This may remind us of the riding-post and his horn, in Cowper. 
' This was the roofed-in pavement or foot-path in front of the Town Hall. 
of a similar arrangement may be seen at Marlborough. 

N 



Some remnants 



90 CLASS III. MINUTES OF BOROUGH COURTS, WITH OTHER LAW BUSINESS. 

J. Love. On Oct. 4, 1790, J. Love, Bookseller of \V., appeared to answer au iudictmtut 

for an assault on Ric. Whicker. This is curious because Love was pretematurallT 
corpulent, as his engraved portraits still testify. He was discharged. M. v. 7. 21. 
Regrating. On Oct. 3, 1796, Rich*^ Eames is accused of 4'egrating, and Eliz. Clark of 

Forestalling, forestalling. M. v. 7. JT. 



^ Regrating is baying goods brought to a Fair or Market, and selling them again in the saine, 
or within four miles thereof. Forestalling is baying goods on their way to a Fair, etc., 
with the intent to sell them there at a higher price. — Student's Law Dictionary, b.vv. 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE 

BOROUGH. 



N.B. This Section may fittingly begin with a notice of a number of 

Documents which almost up to the completion of this Catalogue were not known to Documents 

lately 
possess any interest. Indeed some of them had not come to light at all. But on discovered. 

examination and search it was found impossible to pass tbem over. Among them 

are some few of the chief curiosities possessed by the Mayor and Corporation. All 

that seem to demand special notice are spoken of under the Classes and dates to 

which they respectively belong. (See Class i. 5^ 5^, 16^ 18^'; ii. IT, 24^ 27^ 39''; Referencea to 

iv. 37**; vi. 10^ OT'; also Appendix.) The above collection of Miscellaneous See also below. 

Documents is referred to as "M." 

At this point must be noticed a part of the above collection which have been IV. i. Feoflf- 

MMS ^k^ft ^^0t ^^ ^^ ^^ 

numbered, docketed, and arranged in Hhree bundles, numbered ii., iii., iv. j^^„ 9* 1534^ 

Bundle iL contains eighty-six Feofifments, Confirmations, and Leases by the Mayor ^ ^. ^^ ,. , 

° -^ ' J J Latin & English 

and Corporation of M. R. or W. and M. R., and a few by the Bailiffs of W., from W., M. R.,and 

Aug. 9 (26 Henry VIIL), 1534, to June 10 (40 Eliz.), 1598. Bundle iii. do., do., by ^^- ^ate^* ^' 

the Mayor, etc., of W. and M. R., from Aug. IS (1 James I.), 1603, to March 20, 

1655, and contains forty-two documents. Bundle iv. do., do., by private persons, 

eighteen documents, from May 24 (36 Henry VIIL), 1544, to March 25 (7 William 

III.), 1695. Of these one hundred and forty-six parchment Indentures, etc., nearly 

all relate to land in the borough, and the localities are shortly named in the 

dockets. Some few are Leases of Petty Customs ; and a few others are curious as 

being Feoffments by the pertinacious Bailiffs of W. long after the "Act of Union." 

The seals of these and of some others are interesting. Nearly all the above Deeds 

are Latin. 

A few Documents in these three Bundles are specially noticed. See iv. 2*, 
3», 12», 17*, 22», 33*, 37^ ; vi. 10*. See Appendix. M. ii., iii;, iv. 

To this Article it is thought fitting to append the following List. 

' Bandle i. is fully noticed, Class i. 5^, etc., as specified above, under N.B. 



92 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 



DORSET SURNAMES FROM THE DOCUMENTS ABOVE MENTIONED, 
A fid which have not been observed elsewhere in the Records, withfeto except ions. 



Aden 


M. iv. 


7. 


Kingman 


M. 


ii. 50. 


Andrews 


— iv. 


18. 


Lawse 




ii. 4. 


Blowndell 


• • 

— 11. 


22. 


Lewes 




• • • •) .• 

111. Oi. 


Bonville 


• • 

— 11. 


66. 


Loddis 




• • • t 
111. 1. 


Boyte 


• • 

— 11. 


71. 


Man 




iii. 23. 


Burley 


— iv. 


0. 


Massy 




ii. 1. 


Burred 


• • • 

— ni. 


30. 


Millis 

• 




iv. 5. 


Chamberlajne 


■ ■ 

— 11. 


35. 


Morgan 


— 


iii. 26. 


Champion 


• • • 

— 111. 


9. 


Morrall 


— 


ii. 29. 


Chaiuyn 


— iv. 


9. 


Neale 




ii.. 69. 


Channinge 


— iv. 


10. 


Newton 




11. 0. 


Churne 


• • * 

— 111. 


18. 


Odiam 


— 


ii. 49. 


Cleaves 


• • 

— 11. 


30. 


Payge 




ii. 55K 


Corbin 


• • 

— 11. 


31. 


Reade 




iii. 27. 


Cumfrie 


— iv. 


17. 


Riland 




ii. 55K 


Darbye 


• « 

— 11. 


36. 


Salter 




iii. 31. 


Dennis 


• ■ • 

— 111. 


11. 


Scotte 




ii. 17. 


£burne 


• • • 

— 111. 


16. 


Sejiger 


— r 


iii. 35. 


Ji*laudergosen 


• • 

— 11. 


47. 


Stoodleigh 




iii. 33. 


Frye 


• 

— 1. 


1. 


Tanner 




iv. 2. 


Gollde 


• • 

— 11. 


56. 


. Wallys 


' '— 


ii. 77. 


Jewe 


— iv. 


13. 


Willcocks 




ii. 68. 


Keyes 


• • • 

— 111. 


7. 









IV. ZA. Instnic- Instructions to the Mayor of Melcombe Regis how to answer when called 

'May 29 1551. upon to explain a refusal, or hesitation, in reply to a demand for "a place to sytt 

^?f^D^' in," by H. Ayshley " nameing himself vice admirall.'* The Mayor is to ask Mr. A. 
M. R. 

Admiralty. for a sight of his authority from Sir W. Herbert, High Admiral; and to quote 
chartered exemption from jurisdiction of Admirals, etc. ; and further to offer future 
production of Charters. S. 13. 

IV. 2. Letter. Letter from R. Phelyps, -Cbixborough, saying that he is required by the 

^Engliah. *^^ King and Queen (Philip and Mary) to ** serv ther Highnes within one hotires 

M. R. warning, as well with myne owne presence and sewite as with other . . . within 



^ M. R. and \V. stand for " Melcombe Regis" and '* Weymouth " respectively, and indicate 
to which Borough, or to both, the several Documents respectively refer. 

* Near Wimbome. 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 



93 



myne owue office." He therefore calls on the Mayor of Melcombe Regis to have 
" yn redynes, with such armour and other weapons as they have," T. Samways, 
T. Buck, R. Bellpytt, and three others. S. 17. 

Francis Lawse, Mayor of M. R., and J. Burley and Owen Grigory, Bailiflfs of 
the same, of the one part, and Owen Raynolds, of the same, Yeoman, of the other 
part, enter into an agreement by indenture for a twenty-one years' lease to 0. R of 
" all that theyre Conynger and warren of Conyes . . . aswell w*in the said Towuo 
as w^ute . . . allwaise reseruede . . . hlghewaies and pathes . . . tharbaige 
and pasture." Rent 40s. He is to "repayere and maynteigne" the coneygar and 
warren. This would seem to imply a ring fence. But he is not to " ordeigne any 
tienche, pale, hedge, dike, wall, or other engyne," meaning probably cross fences. 
He is to " replenysshe " the warren with conies yearly. " For the more Savegarde 
of bis saide conyes," he may erect ou the ground a house of twenty-one by twelve 
feet. And he may set traps for dogs, cats, and other '' vermyne." 

With small seal bearing 0. R. M. ii. 4. 

This Lease, however, did not run its course, perhaps solely through the death 
of the Lessee, which happened not later than Sept., 1577, when possession of a 
house iu St Thomas Street is confirmed to his widow. M. ii. 9. 

And on March 1 1, 1579, there was a similar Lease in favour of Barnarde 
Maior for twelve years of '* all that there conigeare . . . called Melcombe conigeare 
ou the northe side of the ^Towne diche," reserving *' feedinge ... for the brother 
beastes and horsebeastes of the inhabitannts . . . w^^ free libtye for all kinde of 
psones ... to walke, bowle, shute and otherwyse to use there lawful! disporte 
and w^ all other customes of y® sayed towne." Rent 40s,, and forty couple of 
conies, and he is to leave at least one hundred couple in the warren. The Mayor, 
etc., will meet any demand for *' tithe .conyes and tithe rabbate." Small defaced 
seal. M. ii. 27. 



Muster. 



IV. 2a. Lease. 

Mar. 26, 1563. 

English. 

M, R. 

Lawse, Burley, 

Grigory, 

Raynolds. 

Leases of 

Coneyar. 



Town Ditch. 

Rother beabta. 

Horsebeasts. 

Shooting and 
Bowling. 
Tithe of 
Rabbite. 



Copy of Precept from " Thomas Lorde Howurde, Vicouute Byndon, Vice- IV. 3. Precept 

admyrall of . . . Dorset," to the Mayor of Melcombe Regis, for keeping the j^^^ 2 1564! 

Admiralty Court in that Borough. There is au Answer in Latin annexed, saying English &Latm 

that the Mayor, etc.. xire not bound to answer to any Admiral unless in cases wherein Viscount 

r; .->i Biodon, Vice- 
^- -^' Admiral. 



the Citizens of Loiidcu are equally bound. 



For some reason this Indenture has the locality not expressed, or mther IV. ^. Feoff- 
erased. Hence, probably, it remained in the hands of the Corporation although juiy°*f ° 1 5^6, 
duly sealed and signed by the Mayor, T. Newton, and by several Burgesses as Latin. M. R 



^ Tbia was doubtless the same ba the *' Coneygar Ditch " often mentioned, which was on tlie 
site of Lower Bpnd Street. 

^ These tenns are still in use in Dorset and Scotland respectively. 



94 CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 

witnesses, including G. Bagge (twice), with his curious " mark " or hieroglyphic. 

which appears not unfrequeutly in different documents. The nondelivery of thi^ 

Lessee's counterpart leaves the Corporation in possession of an interesting curiosity. 

Borough vSeal8. inasmuch as the M. R. Setils remain in fair order, on two slips. On the first Ls 

Seal ii. (See. i. 41), with the Mayor's signature. On the second the large Seal of 
Lions. Reverse, Seal i., with signatures of the Burgesses and J. Chubbe, " Scriptor." 
It may be suggested from this that Seal ii. was specially for the Mayor. Indeed the 
legend is " Sigillura Maioratus de Molcoma." M. ii. 5. 

The same Seals, similarly placed, also are appended to a Deed of Gift It 
H. Michell, in 1567. This Sealing he procured because his own Seal (on the first 
slip) was *' pluriniis incognitum." It is a small head. M. iv. 8. 

Two of the W. and M. R. Seals (See i. 42) are on the slip of an apparently 
cancelled Feoffment by the Mayor, etc., in 1593. But they are much broken, 

M. ii. 61. 

IV. 4. Letter. Autograph Letter from Fr. Asheley to **his Lovinge Frende the Mayer. 

English. Stewarde and other Officers of Melcm Rgs and to the Jury there," saying what 
M. K. agreement he has made •* betwyne the Controler of Poole and G. Dorsett for certeii 

variances . . . betwvxt them." S. 26. 

IV. 5. Letter. Letter from T. Carew, ^Wolvetou, to the Mayor of Mclcombe Re^ri^. 

English. recommending a stranger, Piere Menarde, and offering to become surety for him ia 
M. R £100. S. 27. 

IV. 6. Order. Order under the hand, and Borough Seal of the three lions, of Owea 

^ Latin. *^ Raynolds, Mayor of Melcombe Regis, to T. Favell, Serjeant at Mace, for the arrest 

^- ^- of Launcelot Raynolds. Endorsed " L. Raynolds noil est inventus in libertate," 

\\ arrant. 

(L. R. has not been found within the liberty.) S. 28. 

IV. 7. Order. Order, do. to do., with same Seal, for the arrest of T. Newton. Eudorse'l 

Latin. M. R. several times, " Non est inventus." S. 29. 

rv. 8. Order. Order, do. to do., with fragment of the same Seal, for arrest of T. Newton. 

^J'u'^l " Non inventus." S. 30. 

IV. 9. Petition. A well written and preserved Petition to the Privy Council for a grant of 4d. 

English. P^'* thousand pilchards exported, for twenty-one years. It is alleged that this wouM 

W. and M. R. \^y qq means hurt the fishermen, the export being by merchants only, chieflv to 
Petition to -^ y r o J j» .^ 

Council. Spain. S. 3'*). 

^ The fine seat of the Trenchards, near Dorchester. It still remains. 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 95 

Mr. Attoruey*s Notes for an assurance between the citizens of Exon and the IV. 10. Notes, 

Mayor, etc., of Weymouth and Melcombe Regis. S. 38. ^Emjlish.'^ 

W. and m! R. 

This is a large folio Volume of sixty-eight leaves of very stout paper. It is IV. iz. Book. 

imperfect, the first remaining leaf being numbered thirty-nine. It is partly a English & Latin 

Journal, and partly a Common-place Book, containing forma, precedents, and ^^ • *°*^ ^'- *^- 

statutes. It begins with forms of indentures and obligations. ^At folio 42 are 

limitations of the Jurisdiction of the Lords Treasurer, Admiral and Keeper in 

London. At folio 43 are " the Customes of Billingsgate." There are about forty Customs of 

items, of which Ni». 1 is " For euy grete ship that is at lande for standage, iid.'* * '"fe'«g^ • 

The last is that ^* Leding men " (pilots) from Billingsgate to Gravesend shall not 

take more than iid. Doubtless these regulations are entered here because, as the 

W. and M. R. liberties were to be the same as those of London, so also the duties, 

etc., were alike in the two hurboui-s. Folio 45, etc., contains Fonns of Oaths of 

six London OfEcials. The corresponding forms (folio Vol. B) for W. and M. R. are 

nearly the same, but the total for W. and M. R is thirteen. Folio 53 contains a 

copy of a very curious letter from the Earl of Leicester, addressed to all Mayors, E. of Leicester. 

etc., etc. It says that in certain pastures of ''Dorset and Somersed" there are 

many " -smalle nags . . . contrarie to the Statute . . ." He enjoins the persons 

addressed to help R Gregorie, the bearer, in buying up and exporting forty nags. Ponies. 

June 4, 1571. Folio 56 — 59 contain the Borough Constitutions, signed by R Pitt, Borough 

Mayor, and others, one G. Bagg using a very elaborate " mark." Folio 76^ contains 

other '' Constitucons." Dec. ' 30, 1584. Folio 81 contains memoranda of the 

designation of the Borough Recordership by T. "^Hanam, Jan. 10, 1591 (2) ; the Hanam. 

appointment of W. Weston as his successor, Jan. 18, 1591 (2) ; and of R. Swayue as Weston. 

^^wftvne 
Weston's 8ucces»sor on Oct. 14, 1594. The salary was five marks, or £3 6s. 8d. per Salary. 

annum. Folios 100 to 106 contain a copy of the ^' Statute of Winchester." This Statute of 

consists of rules, or statements of duties, connected with seventeen different trades. Rales of Trades 

The shortest may be given. *'AIso the sise of a white Tawyer is that he make nor Tawyer. 

tawe no manfi of lether but sheppes . . . gotes . . . deres . . . horse . . . and 

houndes lether, and y^ it be made of siufficient staf, and if he do the contrary to any 

of thes be to be anised and judged according to the forn) statute." S. 47. 

Appointment under the hand of Richard Pitt, Mayor, of Thomas Hanam, of IV. 12. Ap- 
the Middle Temple, " Utter-barister," to be Recorder of Weymouth and Melcombe Aprif^l ^1570. 

Regis, for an " anuitie of three pounds syx shillings and eight pence." Seal gone. Eng. W.&M.R, 

Q . . Recorder 

o. 44. Hanam. 

Mt is on these limitations that the Mayor's demur to admit a Vice-Admiral to perfonn 
official daties in W. and M. R. on various occasions was founded. 

' Doubtless Dorset *' heath -croppers" and Exmoor ponies. 

» See iv. 34. . 

* Of Wimhome. This is still a Connty family. 



96 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 



IV. Z2tt. Six It may be best to comprise here in one notice seven very interesting 

Bailiffs of v/. Documents, viz., the only Feoffments issued by the Bailiffs of W., which remain in 

1670, ete^ f^Q possession of the Corporation. Of these one is of the year when the "Act of 

Union " of the Boroughs was passed, one of the year before, and the rest long after. 

These last afford proof of the persistence of the W. Bailiffs in asserting their power. 

^This sale of W. Town-land, independently of the Mayor, etc., was one of the charges 

Not indented, against them. It is worth noting that these Feoffments arc not indented ; whereas 

almost, if not quite, all the M. R., and W. &nd M. R ones are so, the counterpart, 
signed and sealed by the Feoffee remaining with the Corporation. The sealing of 
these W. Deeds has been done with three Seals. — 1. A pointed oval Seal about two 
and a half inches long, bearing a ship, with one mast, on the dexter side of which is 
a shield charged with three Chevrons. Legend indistinct. 2. A round Seal, two 
inches across, bearing a ship, with one mast, on the dexter side of which is a shield 
with Chevrons as above. On the sinister side, a shield charged with, apparently, 
three lions. Legend indistinct. 3. A round Seal, same size, bearing the Chevron 
shield, with mediaeval scroll work at the sides and top. Legend indistinct. There 
was a fourth W. seal, of which one impression remains (See vi. 66), and it is strange 
that it does not appear here. The Feoffments are as follows : — 



W. Seals. 



Low Latin. 



Date. 
April 28, 1570 



June 29, 1571 



Bailiffs. 

f J. Brooke 
t W. Dothrell 



j T. Samwyse 
\ Hugh Randall 



Feoffee. 
J. Wade 



Locality. 
Hope 



sept. 18, 1581 { £f -r* 

« X no 1 =£,1 f Hugh Randall VV. Dottrell 
Oct. 22, 1581 I J |^„ke 



Constance Knot Hope 
Ralph Ryland Hope 



sept 6, 1591 { «XX2f; 
Sept. 6, 1591 Do. Do. 

>j iA iKoo I W. Dotherell 
-Jan. 10, 1592 | j^^ ^^^j^^ 



J. Sunders 



Jane Riland 



Land 
between 
Port and 
High St. 

Hope 
Hope 



Seals. 

Two Slips, on first. 
Seals 2 (fe 3, much 
brok^, on second 
Seal 1. M. ii. 6. 

Three Slips, Seals 
gone. M. ii. 7. 

One Slip, Seals 2 4 3 
defaced. M. ii. 38*. 

Two Slips, Seals as ou 
No. 1. M. ii. 3S\ 



Same as No. 1, much 
broken. M. iL 55*, 

Same as No. 1, much 
broken. M. ii. 55K 



W.Bury,Surgeon High St. Same as No 1. 

M. ii. 56. 



These Deeds are in Latin, e.g., " Noveritis nos ballivos 
" (know that we the Bailiffs have bargained . . ). 



barganiza&se 



1 See ii. 63. 

* Jan. 10, 34 Eliz. It is worth noting that this date is followed up in the deed by " 1592," 
not " 1591 " as one would have expected. 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 97^ 

Small undated Paper, containiDg an apology, or excuse, to ''your worshipes,'' IV, 13. Letters,. 

etc 
by some one not named. S. 59. 5. Temp. Eliz. 

Letter, dated London, April 11, 1571, from "you^ poore frend and coburges ^°^**'^ 
Clement Hyet," to the Mayor, etc., apparently. It promises diligence in some cause Hyet. 

then in hand, but he '' can do nothing w^^owt money." S. 59. 10. Money needed. 

Letter from Ric. Pitt and J. Mounsell to W. Pitt, brother of the former. It Pitt, Moansell. 
seems to relate to Borough law-business. It is undated. S. 59. 13. 

Case for Counsel as to Admiralty Jurisdiction; and Mr. Jo. Hammond's IV. 14. Case 
Opinion that, as before the Union of the Boroughs such jurisdiction was exercised ^emp.^Elk* 

by the Bailiffs, so now the Mayor as Chief Officer of the united Borough should Eng. w.&M.R. 

« «^ Admiralty, 

exercise the same. S. 37. 

Curious autograph Letter, dated from Russell Place, written by Francis Earl IV. 15. Letter, 
of Bedford. It has a good seal of his arms. It requests the Bailiffs, etc.,. of e^'. w &M R 

Melcombe Regis (meaning doubtless the united Borough) to allow him to nominate The Earl of 

Bedford wishes 
anew M.P. for the Borough in place of one lately dead. The Earl proposes that to nominate a 

"upon the returne of yo' Indentures yo^ will send the same . . . with a blank ^•^' 

for y« name." S. 52. 

Draft Appointment of " our wellbeloved in Christ," Humfry Jolliff, Attorney IV. x6. Paper, 
in the Common Pleas, to be Attorney to the Mayor, etc., in an action against Widow -^^ W.&M.R. 

Hastinge, Jas. Hannam, Esq., and others, " to gayne or loose ^ccxl acres of pasture Lawsuit about 

*' the Common 

and Lxxx acres of marshe . . ." See v. 26, and iv. 81. S. 58. 5. and Marsh. 

Latin Letter, or Writ, with seal of arms, from " Matheus Arundell, Miles, IV. 17. Letter. 
*Vifi Cofi Dorst," instructing the Mayor, etc., to elect a new M.P., inasmuch as one Lat VV.ifcM R. 
of the members " jam diem clausit extrenl " (has now closed his last day). There Election, 
is an English endorsement by Owin Raynold, Mayor, that the Writ came to him on 
Saturday, Jan. 28, and that the Election took place on Monday. S. 60. 

This may be noticed as giving a little fragment of topography. The IV. zT^. Feoff- 
" Green" was on one occasion presented as crumbling away into the Harbour, but Auff™9°1578 

its locality was not further defined. Here however the Mayor, etc., grant " peciam Latin. 

1 If 1 . » «T • t o. «r « W and M. R. 

teire . . . m . . . le grene abuttmg on the Western side on St. Mary Street, The Green. 

and on the Southern on St. Edmund Street. M. ii. 16. 

The Green is mentioned in several other Feoffments {e.g. M. ii. 45, 48), in 

which the plots are said to abut ** ex parte orientali super Maiden Street," and ^' ex 

parte boreali sup commune terr Burgi." 

^ M. R. Common and W. Marsh. See iv. 89. On her death-bed long after, she asked her 

aon Mr. Hannam to give up all litigation* See iv. 81. 
« SheriflF. 
o 



98 CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 

IV. x8. Lease. Parchment Indenture, under Borougli Seal (defaced), by W. Pjtte, Mayan 

Eng. W.&M.R. ^^> loftsii^g ''Hhat there longe shoppe" adjoining the ^North and West ends of the 
Pytte, J^'^l"^®* " Towne House," for a term of twenty«K)ne years, to T. Clarke, at 208. per annum. 

T. Clarke signs, with an elaborate "mark." No other signature appears. S. 69. 

IV. 19. Letters Letter, dated Feb. 25, 1580 (1), from H. Rogers and others to T. Howarde, 

E^ish ^sq., asking him to consent to the liberation of an Oxford Student, who was 

W. and M. R. imprisoned for going about with another Student to get money " for there better 
Howards * ^ ^ *> 

exhibition/' showing a forged license. " Master T. Howarde, Esquier " answers, on 
Vagrant the same paper, that he cannot consent, for there are many evil-disposed people 
roaming in disguise, " sum leke scolers ;" and this " forsworn varlet " may be one of 
them. Master H. speaks of lamentable news from Scotland. S. 77. 

IV. 20. Notice. Notice to collect tenths and fifteenths for the Queen, in the Liberty uf the 

April 9 1582 
Eng. W.'&M.R. Borough, from Collector J. Martin, of Winterbourne Bellett, alias Cripton. S. 96. 

Martin. 

IV. 21. Certi- Certificate by Bailiffs Randall and Dotherell of the burning of the house of 

ficate. 
Dec. 23, 1582. J- Dore, and that his wife was "grevoslye scalded." S. 99. 7. 

Enriish. VV.(?) 

Randall, 

Dotherell. 

IV. 22. Testi- Apparently a draft Testimonial by Mr. Mayor (1) AUyn, etc., to the good 

May 10, 1583. character of J. Feaver and J. C. [hapelH] (Mr. Mounsell seems to have been 
Eng. W.&M.R. Mayor in 1582, 3. See ii. 49.) S. 143. 4. 

IV. 22^. Feoff- This Feoffment is worth notice because the price paid by St. ChamberlaiiK^ 

Sept. 1584. Smith, for a plot of ground in Maiden Street, about thirty by thirty-five feet, is the 

Lat. \V.& M.R. acceptance of Abel Edwardes as apprentice, to Michaelmas, 1592. During this time 

Edwardes, ti d « ti 

Chamberlaine. to the same A. E. *' sufficient victu, vestitu, et hospitiu . . . cum rationabili 

. ppren ices ip (.^g^igj^gQe suppeditabnt " (Food, clothing, and lodging, with reasonable chastisement 

shall be supplied). M. ii. 46. 

IV. 23. Letter. Precept from G. "^Trencharde and J. ^Willyams, £8q&, for musterlD^ and 

Sept. 30, 1585. t\ 1 1 1 

Exm, W.&M.R. training nine men (named) as the Borough contmgent to appear with armour and 

WUUams* weapons at Dorchester on Oct. 13. Each ** shott to bringe w^ him 10 buUetts, a 

Muster. roUe of match and 1 J lb of powder," and not to fire away any ammunition without 
Wolveton. , --^ «r , ^ 

orders. From Wolveton. S. 114. 

* "That there," good Dorset. 

^ A Shop, so placed, is shown in prints of the old M. R. Town Hall. 

' Of Wolveton and (doubtless) Herringstone, two fine old houses noM' standing near 
Dorchester, and the latter still in possession of the Williams family. 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 99 

Francis Hawley, £Isq., writes to the Mayor about fish required, but for what IV. 24* Letter. 
purpose does not seem to be specified. But as he was Vice-Admiral for Dorset, he Eng. W.'&M.R. 
may refer to the tenth claimed by the Lord Admiral out of prize cargoes. He Hawley. 
speaks of a warehouse and new locks to be provided ; and that care must be taken 
''that no imbesuling be." Dated seemingly fropi ''L. Lester his house.'* S. 115. 

Mr. J. Mokett, Mayor, testifies that J. Detanone, Merchant, ** ville Chinon IV. 25. Testt- 
infra Ducatfi Touranise^" (of the town of C. in the Duchy of Touraine), fearing au Jan.4(?). 1585(6) 
edict of the King of France, had come to W. with his family, and had abode there w*^nd^*^^R^ 
about a month " fam& integrd " (with perfect reputation). The Mayor affixes the French refugee* 
official Seal, '^ultimis nonis Januarii anno Dm 1585 secum computacione eccOee 
Anglioanse" (on the last nones of January, A.D. 1585 (6), according to the 
computation of the Anglican Church). This is perhaps for " pridie nonarum," 
I.e. Jan. 4. S. 119. 12*. 

" The -Tolze of a nagge sold to T. Hengston," by R Peers of Apsom, " in IV. 26. Memo- 
open streate" in M. R. side. It was "of color taddyvoe toppe cutte in the neare Feb. 13, 1585(6). 
yeare burned in the further buttocke." The "tolze" was witnessed by J. Allyn ^"|^'*^'^' 

(Mayor?) and others. S. 119. 4. colour. 

Tolze. AUyn. 

Copy Conveyance by J. Peers, " thelder," of M. Regis, of the one part, to his IV. 27. Con- 
brother Balthazar, of the other part, of a plot of land one hundred and thirty-five Man?r?585(6) 

feet from N. to S., and ninety-three feet from R to W. . It is next to and S. of a Eng. W.&M.R. 

•^ The feoflfment 

lane N. of " the late ffryerie," and next to and K of a lane to be left about eighty to J. Peers from 

feet from the E. side of J. Peers' new houses. Payment of X20 was made beforehand. Town 

*' remains. 

The land to be " holden of the Chief Lorde of the Fee by the yearlye rent of 8d," Friary land. 

as the purchaser's share of the rent of one noble, payable to the Corporation for the 

whole Friary, and for all the other land " so purchased " by J. Peers. He appoints 

his *' well beloved in Christ," T. Martin and Robt. Jurdan his Attorneys, to take Martin.Jnrdan. 

seisin and give the same to Balthazar. S. 112. 



This little paper is the Will of " Joane Ryves sicke of bodie, but I thanke IV. 28. V^^ill. 

ig. 
id( 



God wholle of minde." It is interesting to find the Mayor witnessing the bequest Enf. W.&M.R. 



of this poor woman's slender belongings, e,g.y " to T. Wawker a patched pan . . . Widow Ryves' 

TT JXla 

itm to Magge Budwyns my russet cassacke." And the payment to '* %uch as take Wawker, 
paine about me [is] at the discrecon of Mr. Mayor." S. 119. is. ^^^^wyns. 

^ This IB the first time that *' ae " for the Latin Grenitive has been observed in these Records. 
* This is not in the Dictionaries of Cowell, Bailey, or Jacob, bat the last two have ''tolsey/' a 
place where merchants meet. 

' See ▼. 26, where a payment of Ss. '' towards the bnriall of Mother Ryves," seems to show 
that the testatrix lived on for ten years. 
I* 



o' 



490370 



100 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 



IV. 29. Letter. To the Mayor, etc., from ^T. Howarde, Esq., asking for a loan of £40 to make 

Eng. W.&M.R. ^P ^140, rent asked for, six weeks before rent day, by my Lord Admiral [C. Howard]. 

Howarde. ^phe loan will be repaid in six weeks with a quarter of wheat as interest : or the 
Lord C. Howard r 1 

Price of wheat, whole can be repaid in wheat at 3s. 4d. per bushel, saleable at 4s., and fit to make 

"byskey." He expects his " brothei^ ^Horsey," and will not forget the town affaira. 
From ^Walterston. S. 122. 

From G. Trenchard, Esq., to Hugh Randall (one of the Bailiffs of the Manor 
of W. ?) saying that he hears that a ** last of powder . . . for a contynewall store" 
has been provided, but only "c li.'' on W. side, where also *'0 match " should have 
been found, but this has been neglected. He therefore enjoins Randall to aee to 
this, or those in fault must be treated as has been done at Poole, *'of the w^'^ I would 
be right sory hoping that thimportance of the cause . . . will urge ef y honest man 
to be willing . . ." From Wolveton. S. 153. 



IV. 30. Letter. 

April 26, 1587. 

English. W. 

Trenchard, 

Randall. 

Ammunition. 

Poole. 



IV. 31. Letter. 

Jane 12, 1587. 

Ene. W.&M.R. 

Howarde, 

Trenchard, 

WilliamB, 

Payne. 

Muster. 



Corslets. 

Pitt, Preston, 
Buckler, Brook, 

Clark, Deake, 
Hunt,Willsden 



Letter or Precept with signatures of T. Howarde, G. Trenchard, and 
J. Willy ams, Esqs., to Mr. Mayor W. Pitt, requiring him (" for that Mr. J. Payne is 
now sick ") to send five men, named, and four more, to the muster at Dorchester, 
that '' ^wee may make the better choice f also twenty bearing callivera. Annexed 
is this note. 

Armo'. 

The borough ii corslets fur. 

Mr. W. Pitt mayo^ a Cor. fur. a 

Mr. J. Payne a Cor. fur. a 

Mr. Ric. Pit a Cor. fur. a 
Mr. Preston for the 
Widow Buckler's farme, a Cor. fur. a 

J. Brook a Cor. fur. a 



Waymouth 
Melcomb Regis. 



Soldiers. 
rBartholomew Clark. 

James Deeke. 
Nich. Huut. 



J. ffowler. 
Ric. Willsden. 

S. 156. 



IV. 32. Orders. Four Papers pinned together, relating to musters. 

Eng.'w.&M.R! Letter from Sir G. Trenchard to the Mayor, first about recovering a stolen 

Ti^'*^ iPpH cloak, and then ordering the Borough corslets to be sent to Dorchester by eigbt 

^ He was second son of Thomas, first Viscount Bindon, See iv. .3, to which title he afterwards 
succeeded, and was also Lord Howard of Walden and Earl of Sufifolk. He was much 
concerned in Borough affairs, and in 1575, 6, was one of the Bailiffs of W. and M. R. and 
was a J. P. thereof. In 1581 he seems to have been Mayor, with W^. Pyt aa his depot}'- 
See ii. 28, 33. 

* Of Melcombe Horsey, of which house there are some remains. 

^ There is a fine old house there, injured by fire, but admirably restored. It is, however, 
probably hardly so old as Mr. Howard's time. He had a house in the Borough. 

* This irresistibly recalls the muster scene in King Henry IV., Part 2. 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 



101 



a.m., the Monday following, on such men as Mr. J. Payne shall appoint. From 

Dorchester. April 18, 1590. 

From Mr. Payne, to the same effect There were two corslets from the 

Borough, and one each from R and W. Pytt See iv. 31. 

Do., do., May, 1590. The rendezvous was " ^Pumrie near Dorchester." 
From Sir G. T., ordering the Mayor to send the corslets to Dorchester the 

next day, and to place them upon the *' tallest and meetest psons you have there." 

From Wolveton. May U, 1590. S. 168.. i, 2, 3. 4. 

Three undated papers which seem to be of about this date. 

" Licence of passeporte " for Lucas Dorleye and Symon Vanderverva, of 
"Aravarpe," who came " in a Spanysshe botome from AUerede in Byskeye," and are 
hereby allowed to go to London. 

*^ R. Devenish Lease for the shopp at bridge foote." It would seem that this 
Lease was in duplicate ; one copy, an " Indenture," sealed with the Borough Seal 
and kept by D., and the present paper signed and sealed by D. aud kept by the 
Mayor. Seal gone. No date. 

Mem"' of *'names not to enter the towne," with twenty names; and "to enter 
the towne," with only one name. This must have been in connection with a 
pestilence. No date. S. 167. 2, 3, 4. 



Payne. 
Master. 



Pumrie = 
Poondbary. 



IV. 33. P 

port, etc 

1587 (?). 

English. 

W. and M. B. 

Passport 

Devenish. 
Lease. 



Quarantine. 



Raynolds Channynge the elder. Butcher, sells to his son Raynolds his moiety IV. 33^. Con- 

of a " plat pece of grounde, and Arme of the Sea Milles thereupon erected." Endorsed Janel2 1590. 

" The deeds con&inge Channyns worcke," and " Channing to his son . . . one ^"^8- W.AM.R, 
half of marsh." See iii. 118. This notice of tidal mills is remarkable. M. iv. 10. Tidal Mills. 



A wonderfully ill-penned, but well composed, letter from Mr. Recorder 
Hanam, to the Mayor it seems, saying that, after holding office twenty years, he 
wishes to resign. He hopes that Mr. Weston may succeed him. (So he did.) 
Nov. 22, 1591. 

Formal Resignation of the Recordorsbip under Mr. Hanam's hand and seal. 
Jan. 10, 1591 (2). 

Letter from Mr. Hanam to the Mayor, etc., expressing his joy at their choice 
of"amostfitt recorder." The Recordership was Mr. H.'s first office, and ''god 
willinge I will never be unmyndfuU of you in token wbereofif I have sent you a 
smaull pece of veniso. Thatt w^^ remaineth dewe to me . . .1 have appointed 
your Towne clarke to bestowe for me." Wymbonie. Jan. 16, 1591 (2). 

S. 170. 1, 171, 170. 2. 



IV. 34. Letters. 

1591, 2. 

English. 
W. andM. B. 

Recorder 

Hanam. 

Weston. 

Hanam-— 
Resignation. 



Present of 
Venison. 



^ Poondbnry, a Roman Camp, still called as spelt phonetically by Master Payne. Indeed 
some antiquarians think him to be in the right, the name being, according to them, a 
corruption of Pomoerium. 



102 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 



IV.35.Rcccipt "Ambros Lyppscom his acquitance," to Rob. Morrys, Bailiff, for goods 

English. ' delivered to him, and in connection with which one J. Walters was tried and 
W. and M. R. executed. S. 167. 5. 



Letter from the Privy Council, with autograph signatures of ^J. Archbishop 



IV. 36. Letter. 
May 12, 1592. 
Eng. W.&M.R. of Canterbury, Lords Burghley, C. Howard, Hunsdon, and Buckhurst, addressed to 

Lords^? th^ *^® Justices of Dorset, and requiring them to meet and devise means for contributing 

Council. to the erection of W. bridge. From Greenwich, with Seal of Rose and Crown, and 
Bride. 
Seal. S. C. P. (Sigillum ConcilU Privati ?) (Also a certified copy.) S. 172, 173. 



IV. 37. Letters 

Aug. 13, 1593. 

Enc. W.&M.R. 
Howarde, 
Bareffoote. 

Water supply 

proposed. 

Bridge. 



Windsor. 
Seal. 



Gorges. 



8ntton, Preston 

Southdown 
springs. 



Stannfeyld. 

Viscountess 

Bindon. 



From T. ^Howarde, Esq., to Mr. T. Bareffoote, Mayor, etc., in answer to 
several letters asking his concurrence in connection with "conndit beds yn y^ comon 
of sutton pointes." His good will "ys coparable w*^ his w^^ lekth best your good ;" 
but he knows not " ^yn what stede his lysence may serve " them. However " what 
in me lieth I willingly graunte . . ." " The going fforwarde off your ^brdge lekth 
me well hoping christyan Love will increse therby." He seems to dissuade them 
from pressing at present for help from the country. " ffrom y® courte at Wynsor.*' 
Good Seal of Arms, in shining red wax, more like that now used than any hitherto 
observed in these papers. Aug. 13, 1593. 

From A. (?) ^Gorges, Esq., to the Mayor, etc., consenting to a similar request, 
provided the taking a water supply does no " ^iudyce to the Inherytaunce of my 
daughter, nor the detryment of the Tennants." With Seal of Arma Aug. 14, 1593. 

Agreement (two copies) by J. Willy ams (of Herringstone ?) and W. Caiers, 
Freeholders, and seventeen Tenants of the Liberty of Sutton Poyntz and Preston, 
allowing conduit heads to be built in, and water to be taken, and pipes to be laid 
from two springs in the common called Southdown, to that part of the Borough 
which before " was called Melcombe Regis," and where the water on the spot is 
"somethinge brecheye." W. Caiers and fifteen of the tenants sign by mark. 
Aug. 26, 1593. 

Draft Letter from the Mayor and Inhabitants of M. R, to Edmonde 
Stanffeyld, Esq., and the "Ladye Howard Vycountys Byndon his wyffe," praying 
them as Lord and Lady of the Manors of Sutton Poyntz and Preston to accede to 



1 J. Abbot. 

' He was second son of Lord Bindon, owner of the Lulworth Estates, to which Southdown, 
Sutton Poyntz, then (as now) belonged probably, although subject to common rights it 
would seem. 

» From MS. Chronology of Denis Bond of Sutton. "1597. The Timber Bridge att Waymonth 
bilt. My Father gave dE40 towards it, and the like sum to the Gitty and to the New 
Church."— Hutchins' History of Dorset. 1863. ii 442. 

* The Gorges' family were of Wraxall, Somerset, and Bradpole and Starminster Ifani hAtl 
Dorset.— Hutchins (1868). Vol. iii. 342. See iv. 63. 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. j Og 

and confirm the grant as above. The water was to flow in " pjpes of Leade." 
Sept., 1693. 

LfOtter from the above, with autograph signatures, to Mr. Mayor Barfoot, etc., Hftrfoot. 
freely consenting, provided the tenants are not injured. From ^Lulworth. Sept 9, 
1593. S. 179, 176, 174. i, 2. 175. i, 2. 

This Indenture between the Mayor, etc., of the one part, and T. Middleton, IV. 37^. Bene- 
4)f Loudon, Gent, of the other part, relates to the gift by the latter of £10, the >iar. 1, 1505. 

interest to be spent for wood for the poor. See iv. 46. M. i. 10. ^JK* ^;*^;^ 

*^ ^ Wood for the 

poor. 
From T. Chafin, Esq., to Mr. Mayor W. Pytt. He acknowledges a letter IV. 38. Letter, 
asking him to meet Mr. Howard and other gentlemen next day at W. '* for English. 

reformacion of abuses." As this is the first time he has heard of this — "hastie W.andM. B 

Chann. 

notice in myne opynion " — he seems to postpone his visit S. 183. 

From two Feofifments it appears that certain plots of land in the Coneygar IV. 581^. Feoff- 
were bounded on the West by the way leading from St. Mary Street, and on the Aug. 18, 1603. 
East by that leading ^through the Bulwark. M. iii. 1, 3. ^ j^^^ ^ 

Bulwark. 

Mem™ of business done and money laid out by R. Keate (late Town Clerk) IV. 58^. Mem- 
in 1599, etci The first item is connected with a Feoffment to J. Corbyn, two igo7. 

original parchment Indentures, connected with which, exist M. ii. 31, 33. w^^d^M* R. 

Mem^ of Bonds and Decrees delivered to the Mayor and to Mr. Alexander, IV. 39. Memo- 
randa. 
Attorney. S. 207. 7. May 8, June 25, 

1617. 

Eng.W.&M.R. 

Alexander. 

In the Folio Vol. B., chiefly devoted to Law Minutes, are some things coming IV. 40. Forms 
under Class iv. ; e.g,, pp. 4 — 9, Forms of Oath, viz. : — q^^ 2gl7 

The Oath of the Mayor. ,,.^»J; „ 

— — Supremacye. Oaths. 

— — Allegiauce. 

— — the Bailiffs. 

— — — CuDstables. 

— — — principall and capitall Burgesses. 

— — a ffreeman. 

— — the Serjeaute att the Mace. 

' Lnlworth Castle was then in building (of stones from Bindon Abbey and Mount Poynings) 
by T. first Viscount Bindon, who carried on the work* from 1588 to 1609. Theophilus 
second Earl of Suffolk lived there in 1635, but the interior was still unfinished in 1641, 
when H. Weld, Esq., bought it. — Hutchins. 

> This expression looks as if the bulwark was a defence of some extent, not a mere battery. 



104 CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 

The Oath of an Attoray. 

— — a true Liedgman. 

— — the ^Afferoure of ^Amerciaments. 

— — — olde Cunatable in a Lawdaye. 

— — — Porters. 

It may suffice to give the first and the last. 

Oath of the THE OATH OF THE MAYOR. 

Mayor. 

You shall swere that yo^ shall well, justly and lawfully to the uttermoste of 
yo^ power serve the Kings Ma**® in thexecutinge of the office of Mayo^, Coroner, 
Escheato^ and Clarcke of the Market of this Borrough and Towne of Waymouth and 
Melcombe Regis for this psent yeare to coin. And the same Borrough and Towne 
yo" shall endevo' safely and surely to keepe to the behoffe of o^ soveigne Lord the 
King his heires and Successo" Kinges and Queen es of England. 

Alsoe yo^ shall lawfully and rightfully intreat the People and Inhabitants of 
this Borrough and Towne and righte and justice shall yo^ doe to every one aswell 
to straungers as others to poore as rich in all that belongeth to yo^ in yo' office to 
doe. The liberties Constitutons and lawful ordinanucs of this Borrough and Towne 
for the more quiet and better goveminge of the same yo^ shall set upp and the same 
from time to time to the best of yo' Power meinteine. 

Good Assise yo^ shall set upon bread, wine, Ale, Beere, ffish, flesh. Come and 
all other victualls ; The weightes and measures within this Borrough and Towne 
lawful! shall yo*^ keepe and due execucon doe upon the defalte that thereof sbalbee 
found according to the lawes and statutes of this Realme. 

The Mace and '^Seale nowe delivered unto yo^ [you] shall safely keepe and 
deliver to the nexte Mayo' of this Corporacon. Soe helpe yo^ God. 

Oath of the THE OATH OF THE PORTERS. 

Porters. 

Yo^ and every of yo" shall well faithfully and truly demeane and behave 

yo^'selves in bereing doeiug and executinge the office of Porters w^in this Borroug 

and Towne of Waymouth and Melcombe Regis ; you shall att all times bee attendant 

• 
' Affeerours^ afferatoreSt alids affidati ... be appointed in Courts leet, etc., to mulct mcb 
as have committed faults arbitrably punishable and have no expresse penalty set downe 
by statute. — Co well's Interpreter, 1637, sub voce. An Amerciament was ordered and 
Afifeerors sworn in, at Portland, in 1846. 

^ Amerciament. [A.] be such [punishments] as be arbitrably opposed (imposed ?) byaffeeroA 
Man wood would inferre an a: to be a more mercifull penaltie [than a fine]. The author 
of the new tearmes of lawe saith that a : is . . . a penalty . . . for an offence . . • 
for the which [the criminal] putteth himself e upon the mercieof the Lord. — Interpreter, 
sub voce. 

> The Seal Bag, containing eight Seals (See i. 41, 42) is to this day put into the handa of the 
Mayor when he is sworn in. 



CLASS IV. GBNERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. ]^05 

upon the Majo^ of the same Borrough and Towne for the time beinge to {iforme that 

senrice w<* by him yo« shi^bee required to doe. The busines of the Merchants of 

the same Borrough and Towne and such others as shall repaire hither in such busines 

as they shall put yo^ in truste to doe yo^ shall carefully and diligently see to bee 

donn. The goods of any persoii wherew^all yo^ shalbee credited yo^ shall not 

imbasell nor deceitfully convay away or demynish. Such ^fitte as shall arise or 

growe due to the Mayo' and Corporacon of this Borrough and Towne and their 

assignee and come to your hands for and in respecte of the Cartage yo^ shall Carefully 

and faithfully gather and take upp to his use and a true accompt thereof unto him 

whensoever yo° shalbee thereunto called yo^ shall yeald and pay. Any Cattle Piggs Stray Cattle 

(ireese or Ducks to wander in the streetes yo^ shall not suffer but them yo^ shall ^ imBounSedL 

impound and in all things belouginge to the office of Porters yo^ shall behave 

yo'selves honestly and faithfully to the uttermoste of yo' power. Soe helpe 

yo'^ God. B. pp. 4—9. 

(Here begin extracts from a Folio Vol., seventeen inches by eleven inches by IV. 41. Ltsta. 

three and a half inches, green vellum, metal comers and esoutcheou, on which and j^^ ^ ^^^^ 

on a fly leaf is the Title, " The Records of the Constitutions, Orders, and Matters ---^°^*;^„ 

W. and M. B. 
concerning this Corporation of Weymouth and Melcombe Regis." At the beginning Folio Vol. 0. 

is a lettered Index occupying pp. i. — ^xxii. Then pages 1 — 427 are filled almost 

entirely with Minutes of Orders, etc., of the Mayor and Council from Oct. 9, 1617, to 

April 10, 1695, including also Records of Apprenticeships and Grants of Freedom of 

the Borough. In page 2 is an Order as to what is to be entered in the '' Greater 

booke of the twoe bookes" (Vol. B.), and what in the lesser, viz., the present one, 

indicated in this Catalogue as C. This Order is expressed in the respective Titles. 

Oct 9, 1617.)' 

*'A Survey of the Rents of the Burgages, Teuem^ and Lands in Waymouth Survey of W. 
. . . taken the 18t»> day of June, 1617 . . ." Burgages. 



In the East side of Hope 


14 


properties. 


— West — — 


35 


— 


— South — the High Street 


68 




— North — — — — 


44 


— 


— — — — West Street 


25 


— 


— South — — — ~ 


19 




In St Nicholas Street 


22 


— 


— Newbury 


6 


— 



Streets. 



— the South side of Franchis Street 8 — 

241 — 



106 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIBS OF THE BOROUGH. 



Pitt, Roaaell. J. Pitt the elder possesses four properties, '* Lord Russell's heires," three. 

The highest rent seems to be 5b., the lowest Id., total £12 3b. Od. 
SureyofM.R. Do., do., iu Melcombe Regis, Aug. 6, 1617. This is a much fuller return 

^^' than the W. one, giving boundaries and other particulars, the W. list giving only 
owners' or tenants' names. 

Streets. 



Snnuunes. 

M. R. 
Topography. 



In the South part 


of St Edmund Street 


10] 


properties. 


— North — 


— — — 


H 


— 


— West Street 


7 


— 


— — part 


of St. Nicholas Street 


12 


— 


— East — 




2 




West 


St. Thomas — 


24 


— 


— East — 


— _ — 


25 




West 


St Mary — 


30 




— East — 




35 




— West — 


Maiden — 


4 




— East — 


— — 


25 


— 


— — of New Street 


19 




In East Street 




10 






217 





The highest rent seems to be £2, the lowest Id., total £18 6s. 4d. Among 
the names are Powlett, Sir J. Browne, Bond, Michell, Martin, Frampton, and 
Churchill. As to topography in 1617, we find that the site of the Custom House 
adjoining the Guildhall was, in whole or in part, a yard belonging to the latter. The 
Bridge stood on its present site, or close to it. The haven, even above the Bridge, 
was caUed the ''Sea." There must have been inlets of the Backwater not now 
existing, for a burgage in West Street, Melcombe, and one in St. Thomas Street 
were bounded both N. and W. by the sea. In the W. part of St Nicholas Street 
was Sir J. Browne's house and garden, bounded on the N. by a lane called Ganiger 
Ditch (now Bond Street), and on the W. by the sea. In St Mary Street, adjoining 
the Town-hall were the '^ Long Seller," bounded on the N. by the Town-hall Yard, 
and a " ^Roome built over the walke now the Custom House." It was let for 
£1 78. 8d. There was only one ^tenement (that of J. Pitt the elder), between St 
Edmund Street and the Church, on the £. side of St Mary Street The Church and 
Churchyard were bounded on the S. by that tenement and J. HoUiday'a So 
Church Passage did not then exist. North of the Church on the same side 
were three or four tenements, and then ''a lane," which must be St Alban's 



^ This was rebailt immediately after this date, it seems. See iv. 42. 

* In 1883 the last surviving portion of this house was destroyed, to the great grief of all 
lovers of antiquities and of the picturesque. 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 107 

Street. Blockhouse Lane is mentioned. In the E. side of Maiden Street these 

is a tenement on the quay, a plot of ground and a cellar, and then " a Lane/' 

which must he Hell (now Helen) Lane. Then ** B. Mtchell his dwelling howse 

bounded in the S. on the Lane ... in theaste p^ on a tenem^ of Gyles Greene 

called Hell . . ." In the survey of East Street it is again mentioned, viz., ''a 

tenem^ called Hell bounded in the K on the Lane towards the Sea, in the S. on a Hell, a honae so 

Lane called Hell . . " Its owner is described in the rental as " gentleman/' 

and he was a town councillor and at one time ^M.P. The town rent of this tenement 

with the ghastly name was l|d. C. pp. 55 — 66. 

Any Alderman, or Capital Burgess, summoned to assist the Mayor in public IV. 42. Orders, 

etc. 
business in the Guildhall on either side, and not attending, shall be fined 3s. 4d. and Oct. and Not., 

12d. respectively. P. 1. (Five Capital Burgesses sign by their marks.) Oct. 9, 1617. jwu^h. 

Orders of the same date (p. 2) about enrolling all Freemen and Tradesmen, etc., W. and M. R. 

also as to decision respecting the confirming and entering, or the contrary, of Aldermen, eto. 

Constitutions of the Borough. Then an order about the two great Vols. See iv. 41. The Great 

Next must be noted (p. 3) an Agreement between the Mayor, etc., of the one part, 

and T. Lovelis, of the other part, for the erection of a house abutting on the W. end Addition to 

\[ "R- "Wall 

of M. R. Town-hall. It would seem to have been of timber, with overhanging 

upper story, "in bredth by the ground 9 foote, and a loft 11 foote westward." It 

was to have " oves of the l3mag of the Bouchers Shamells upon five turned Fillers 

of 12 inches square, with 5 windowes each of 3 lights [on the W.], and 1 window 

towards the N., of the whole breadth." The " lower loft of good deale boords 

and the upper lofte of 2-inch planke." To cost £15 10s. Od. Nov. 3, 1617. On 

admission to the Freedom of the Borough (p. 3) £6 was to be paid. Nov. 10, 1617. 

An ^Apprentice had to give 12d. each, to the Mayor and Town Clerk, and to the Yees, 

Bailiffs, 6d. each, and 3s. 4d. for his freedom (p. 4). Nov. 10, 1617. From Orders 

(pp. 5 — 7) it would seem, among other things, that the value of "graines" for Grains wasted* 

cattle feeding was unknown ; for brewers are forbidden to throw them into the 

street Nov. 14, 1617. There was to be an " Assembly " of Mayor, etc., at M. R. 

Guildhall, every Friday, at eight a.m., with fines for absence as above (p. 8). 

Nov. 14, 1617. C. p. 1—8. 

Warrant to the Serjeants at Mace to fo rbid the enclosure of "Clarke Hill pcell IV. 43. War- 
of Melcombe Comon." Four workmen, of Radipole, were accordingly forbidden " to jgiy* 13^ 

dike any farther." Dec. 1, 1617. Enriish. M*. & 

• M. R. Commoiu 

> See iv. 56. 

' There are a number of *' Inrolementes " of Apprentices' Indentares in C. pp. 26 — 33, from 

May 22, 1618, to Ang. 10, 1641 ; and the Corporation have some parchment Indentures 

of Apprentices. 



108 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFPAIBS OF THE BOROUGfi. 



Wairant to the Serjeants at Mace to warn T. Powlett, Gent, to throw open 
hia enclosure on Clarke Hill, and not to cairj any com thence ; which warrant was 
senred on Mr. P. Aug. 19, 1618. C. pp. 11 A 41. 

(He seems to have held his ground, for on Sept 30, 1622, four women were 
imprisoned for taking away gates fh>m ** the Comon of M K w^ Mr. T. Powlett 
holdeth." R p. 261.) 



IV. AA. List 
and Orders. 

1617, 18. 

Engliflh. 
W. and M. R. 

Freemen. 



County 
Surnames. 



Beadle. 



Clock and Bell. 



Watch. 



Pp. 14, 15. List of Freemen of the Borough. Not. 10, 1617, etc 
The Mayor, 2 Bailiffs, 9 Aldermen, 24 Capital Burgesses, by Charter 36 
Freemen, " by Patrimonye " 13 

— — Service 11 

— — Fine 24 

84 

Of these, seven were admitted some years later. 

Then in pp. 16, 17, thirty-one more Freemen are recorded down to March 12, 
1639 (40). Several were "e^ gratis," being of county families, as, Freke of Eweme 
Courtney, Strangwayes of Abbotsbury, eta. Sir G. Moreton, Sir G. Honey of 
Melcombe Horsey. Gyles S., Esq., the last of the list, ^'freely gave .£5 to the use of 
the poore.'* At P. 213 is a further list of Freemen, admitted down to Oct 24, 1662. 

jp. 14. A " beedle " is to be appointed for punishing Rogues, etc, Dec 12, 
1617. P. 18. Rob. Stone, Radipole Parish Clerk, is to have 408. per annum for 
'* Kepinge of the Clocke " all the year, and for ringing the bell at eight p.m. and 
four a.m. from Mich" to Easter. Jan. 9, 1617 (8). P. 19. Four or more watchmen 
are to be on duty each night Every householder is to act as Watchman in turn, 
or provide a deputy, under penalty of 8d. Jan. 16, 1617 (8). C. pp. 14 to 19. 



IV. 45. Bene- 
factions. 

Mar.4,1617(8). 
English. 

W. andM. R. 
Benefactions. 



Records of Benefactions. 

Sir T. Middleton, £10. Interest to be spent on wood and coal. M*^ 
Rosamond Pa3me also left money for the poor (See iv. 37*). Mr. Rob. Middleton, 
of London, whose wife was bom at W., left £100, to be lent in sums of £25, at five 
per cent per annum, to young merchants or others. The four first " lents " took 
place on Oct. 4, 1616. C. pp. 20, 21. 



IV. 46. Agree- T. Lovelis agrees to set up along the N. side of M R. Town-hall, six turned 

"^Teis?^^ pillars *' ^aunswereables *' to those on the W. side (See iv. 42), and joist and plank 

Sag. W.&M.R. the same : all for the slates and other materials of the old Penthouse now to be 
Slates. 
Addition to removed, and his ^Freedom gratis. This new erection seems to have been simply a 

M. R. HaU. 

^ An example of the pluralizing of Adjectives in English, to which attention haa been called 

of late. 
' He received it (p. 40) on Aug. 7, 1618. 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 109 

roof over the footway. There is a marginal note ** for the walk." The date given is 
Feb. 6, 1617 (8). 

Inventory and Valuation of "Deodand Goods" of J. Dry, a suicide. They Deodand goods. 

amount to less than 14s., including " one mattres of Sedge 4d.," and " one Amery " 
(Awnury or cupboard )) Is. 6d. March 4, 1617 (8). C. p. 23. 

Titles to land in " Hope " are to be produced. (They seem to have proved ^V- 47 ^J****"* 

^void in law, but each supposed owner roceived 30s. '' in respect of their neede and English. W. 

necessitie." P. 82. Aug. 2, 1622.) This Order mentions "the High Street, in ^m^^. 

Hope eastward to the Looking Place in Wyke Manor." July 3, 1618. C. p. 39. Hig^ Street in 

Hope. 

^'Whereas the bearer hereof, William Parker, is to make his repairo to IV. 48. V^ar- 

Plymouth and elswhere aboute his Ma^ affaires Theis aro to pray. and require all q^^ 3 ^eis. 

those whome it doth conceme to furnish both thither and backe againe w^ one able English. 

and sufficient post-horse and guide att the rates usuall and accustomed, whereof you Warrant for 

aro not to fayle. And for yo' soe doinge this shall be yo' warrant From Charinge pc»t-horaes. 
Crosse the third of October, 1618. To all Justices, Mayors, eta Thomas Lake." 

B. p. 140. 

As wheels with " iron Stirts or Dowles " damage the bridge and streets even iv. 49. Order. 

more than iron-bound wheels do, 4d. is to be levied on each cart or wain running on ^^' -^y^^ ^ 

the same, and traversing the bridge or streets (each passage?) C. p. 44. ^n-boond 

Wheels. 

Grant to H. Russell of ground *' without the Cuniger," West of the highway iv. 50. Grant, 
towards the " ^Narrowe Cent " (or Gout), for a windmill C. p. 51. ^J'wI^^b, 

Windmiu! 

The Mayor is to entertain such lords and their followers as shall come " to IV. 51. Order. 

view the ^Quarr of Portland." C. p. 68. Engfw.'&M.R. 

Quarry of 
Portland. 

A Pound is to be made near Melcombe Blockhouse. Each porter is to give IV. 52. Orders. 

yearly to the Mayor, « upon S*« Thomas Day before Christide " a fat capon or 18d. ^*- \g^')^ ^' 

C. pp. 70, 71. Eng. W.&M.R. 
'^'^ Pound. 

Christide. 

Mr. W. Mounsell is dismissed from being a " Capital Burgess," for causes IV. 53. Orders, 
"best knowne unto this Assembly." Aug. 10. The Mayor is to write to jfof*' iq2\, 
**Mr. Mayor of Exceter" to ask what "they of K inteind to doe touching Eng. W.&M.R. 

* Possibly from the Feoffments being granted by the Manor Baih'fis only. See ii. 63 ; iv. 12^^. 

* Probably the " Narrows," where Victoria Terrace now stands. 

* Has this anything to do with the building of the Banqueting House, Whitehall ? 



110 CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 



•v. 



Sir. F. Gorges. ^S' ffardinando Gorges ^iect aboat the plantacon and fiyshinge att New Englaoi" 

Oct. 22. 
Ucense to a " John Careaine (1), Frenohman, of late an elder of the Church at ^Newh&yen, 

tant^Refaeee. c<>™ii^® over into England upon the broylea in ffrance," and who has brought with 

him doth and stockings, may open a shop during the pleasure of the Corporation. 
Oct. 26. 
Giles Greene. ' Mr. Giles Greene is to proceed against the Sheriff's bailiffs who " did break 

the Libtie of this Towne." Nov. 2. C. pp. 72, 3, 4. 

IV. 54. List Alphabetical Rental of M. R. There seem to be about one hundred and 

Enelish. M. R. ^^^^^^y ^^^ payers. The Custom House and two plots on Friary land are entered 
Rental. without names of owners or occupiers. C. p. 76, 7. 

IV. 5S Orders. The East part of the Town-hall is to be finished. March 15, 1621(2). 

Eng!^.^&M.k ^^^^ ^® ^ ^® bought with £20 of the " poorestock," in order " to sett the 

M. R. poore on worck." March 29. 

Town-hall. 

Four Overseers of Poor are appointed. May 3. 

Work for the A scheme for buying a house " for the settinge of the poore at worcke," for 

^^' hiring a woman to keep the poor children at work, and for apprenticing or employing 

them. May 9, 1623. (P. 93. Twenty frames for '^ynckle" making were to be 

got, and Benj. White's wife to be mistress. Dec. 12, 1623.) 

Beer lOs. per Brewers are to chaise not more than 10s. per hogshead for any beer. 

hog8hea<r. j^ 20, 1622 (3). C. pp. 80, 1, 8, a 

IV. 55. Orders. Cart-horses and '^other horses and horsebeasts" are not to eat their hay nor to 

Eng. W.&M.R. ^ ^^^^ ^P ^^ ^^® street& March 11. Only one Burgess shall be sent to Parliament 

M^*^^ ^ April 19. But this was not carried out, for it was ordered that the four Burgeasea 

Stranffwayes, shall have 28. 6d. a day. Sir J. Strang wayes, A. Pyne, £sq.. Alderman Barnard 

G?^M, M^pi ^^ichell and Giles Greene, Gent., were chosen. Jan. 20, 1625 (6). C. pp. 100, 104. 

IV. 57. Letters Copy of Letter, dated July 10, from the Privy Council to the ^£arl of Suffolk 

and Au^ 26 ' '^^^ ^i^^> having cause to expect an invasion from Spain and Flanders, and havipg 

t;. iS?^\» T. ^ " S^^ fleete of shippes " wherewith to attack the enemy, another to guard the 

Eng. W.&M.R. 

Eari of Suffolk, coasts and narrow seas, further thinks it needful that the trained bands should be 

« 

^ Sir Ferdinando Gorges, ob. 1647, was son of E. Goiges, Eiiq., of Bradpole, etc. (See iv, 37), 
and Sir F.'s son, Rob. Gorges, Esq., was Governor of New England in 1623. — HatchinS) 
iii. 342. 

^ Perhaps Havre de Grace, then a somewhat new haven. 

> This Earl of Suffolk was son of T. Howarde, Esq., afterwards Lord Howarde of Walden 
and Earl of Suffolk, and builder of Lulwortb Castle, also of Audley End. Hence his 
connection with the Militia of Dorset and also the Eastern Counties. 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. m 

drilled, " aparte firste, then by degrees in ffojles, Squadrons, whole Companies and Militia to be 

r^m^." Care must be taken that officers and men are not only "able and 

sufficient . . . but also well affected in religion." Besides the trained bands, 

all men from sixteen to sixty are to be enrolled, exercised and armed as well as may 

be; arms sequestered from recusants to be so used. For every one thousand 

soldiers there are to be one hundred pioneers, also carts, and " a convenient number 

of nagges to mount ^shotte on," for speedy conveyance on an emergency. The Mounted 

soldiers are to have knapsacks. The Earl of Suffolk's district is to be Cambridge- l»^a»*ry. 

shire, Suffolk and Dorset. Signed by Lords Mandeville, Pembroke, etc. Lords Mande- 

This is followed by a letter with the applirently autograph signature of Pembroke. 

"Theo. Suffblke," from "2Audliend, July 16, 1626," to H. Hastings, Esq., Sir E. of Suffolk, 

T. Freke, Sir J. Browne and Sir Nath. Napper, Deputy Lieuts., requiring them to F-et^B^^' 

carry out the above order. At foot is a mem°^ of ammunition required in his Napper. 

district. 

PowDEB. Match. Lead. 

Cambridge 32i ^Lasts. 2J Tons. 2J Tons. Ammunition. 

Ipswich 5 „ 1 ,» 5 „ 

W. andM.R. 2J „ 2J „ 2^ „ 

Poole and Lyme, the same. This letter was ten days on its way. 

Copy of Order from the Privy Council to the Earl of Suffolk, to the Deputy 
Lieuts., to Sir Anth. ^Ashley [Vice-Admiral 1] and to others, including the Mayor of Aahley. 
W. and M. R, saying that about one thousand soldiers from Devon and Cornwall Devon & Corn- 
are to be quartered in Dorset. The men are to be under " m^'shall lawe," and to ^*^L^^*V* 
be billeted at from 3s. a week for a private, to 7s. for a lieutenant The regimefits Dorset. 

.A.lloiRrance for 

for Dorset, Hants, Sussex and Kent are named ; those of the " Seriante Maior," the billeting. 
Earl of Essex and Col. Brace were appointed for Dorset S. 217, 218. 

On the same subject. From Sir T. Freke to Mr. Mayor Russell, asking him IV. 58. Letters 
to meet himself and other Commissioners at Dorchester on "Saterdy," about Se^f 30 1^6 

billetine: the Devon and Cornwall Soldiers. Eng. W.ftM.R. 

^ Freke, Russell, 

From Sir J. Browne, Sir T. Freke and Sir Ric. Strode, to the Mayor, saying Browne, Strode. 

that the Lieut, and Ensign of Sir T. Yorke, quartered at W. and " lyeinge att a Mmtia.^ 

comon Inn doe finde it very chargeable." The Knights ask that, as in other counties, 

the Mayor will advance to the Lieut. 208. a week, and to the Ensign 13s. a week, 

on security of their pay. From Dorchester. S. 222, 219. 

* Soldiers, marksmen, as now **a good shot" So Falstaff, in King Henry IV., Part 2, **0 

giue me alwayes a little, leane, old, chopt, bald Shot." The invention of Mounted 
Infantry is, after all, a very old idea. 

* Audley End. Part of this majestic house remains, and is the seat of the Earl of Braybrooke. 

For Hastings, etc. See note, vi. 87. 
' A Last = twelve Barrels. 
« Doubtless of the Shaftesbury family. 



112 CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIBS OF THE BOROUGH. 

IV. 59. Orders. Persons billeting soldiers are to have 38. 6d. per week per man. Oct. 10, 

1626,1627. ,^„^ ^ r- r 

Enff. W.&M.R. 1626. 

M r!^P°^ The shop under the new building at the Town-hall is to be made a priaoD. 

Nov. 3. 

Order for defending any action brought against townsmen for coming and 
going on the '' ground att the Northe.'' April 2, 1627. 
Raahley a fuller J. Rashley is admitted to exercise the trade of a Fuller. Nov. 16, 1627. 

C. pp. 106, 7, & 

IV. 60. Order. Whoever lodges strangers, without giving security that they shall not be 

Ens. W.&M.R. chargeable to the Town, shall forfeit £20. C. p. 109. 

Frecaution 
against paupers. 

IV. 61. Memo- Ric King, Esq., was chosen Recorder, in the place of Hugh Pyne, Esq., 

Feb!°4 and deceased. (After 1628 the Mayor, etc., for many years gave up the old custom of 

April 17, 1629. all signing the Minutes). From various entries, here and elsewhere, tradesmen not 
Ang. W.&M.R. . . t, 
Ric. King, bemg freemen seem to have paid very unequally for leave to exercise their trad^ 

Fees for ^°® tailor pays 408., another los. They are not to take apprentices except from the 

Freedom. town. C. p. 112. 

Apprentices. 

IV. 62. Order. '' A difference " having arisen between Widow Lock and her servant Joane 

^fflish. Parmiter, whom the widow " had unreasonably beaten," Joane was allowed to ^' depte 

W. and M. R. from and out of her said dame's service." C. p. 114. 

Difference. 

IV. 63. Memo- Mr. J. Small, Town Clerk, having died, was succeeded by Mr. Francis Gape, 

1630^1631. whose entries are less formal and methodical than his predecessor's. The latter, it 

w^"?f^\f 'p °^*y ^ .noted, always used the strange spelling " Guihald," but Mr. Gape writes 

Fr. Gape, Town " Guildhall." Dec. 30, 1630. Widow Small, as long as she lives in the town, is to 

^''^''^' have £5 a year. Jan. 7, 1630 (1). C. pp. 115, 16. 

IV. 64. Memo- Mem°» of entry by the Mayor, etc., on land in High Street, W., forfeited 

randum. 
April 3, 1631. through being left waste and unused. (It was relinquished to Widow Seny. 

ESfd forfifj- P- 120. Dec. 16, 1631). C. p. 117. 

IV. 65. Certi- The Constable, etc., of Trinity Parish, Jersey, certify that Abraham and 

ficate. 
May 27, 1633. Joanne Coutance are fit persons to keep a tavern. Dated, St Heliers. Several 

°French"^^ ^^*^^* signatures, including two Carterets and two Dumaresques. S. 231. 

Certificate. 
IV. 66. Memo- Mr. H. Waltham to be Captain of " Trayned Souldyers " of M. R, in place 

Aug. 9 1633. ^^ ^' '^' ^i^^^f resigning through age ; J. Cade, Lieut, and Owen Hollman, 

English! M. R, lAntient C. p. 122. 

Militia. ' 

^ That is Eiisigo. 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. II3 

Order for a new Pillory and Cucking Stool : also two dozen leather buckets IV. 67. Order. 

t.,t^x.T^ r^ nAA Oct. 9, 1634. 

to be bought m London. L, p. 144. gng. w.&M.R. 

Pillory, Cucking 
Stool, Buckets. 

Refuse is to be laid, not in the Streets, but on *' the strond in the E. side of IV. 68. Orders. 

M. R. from the Jettye upwards unto the Bulworke there, and Newberry in W." * {^^ * 

A long Order (which had to be repeated later) against the use in the streets ^°p ^\^j\^' 

of carts with ^wheels either iron-bound, or with iron dowels or studs, to the damage Iron-bound 
of paving and gutters. C. pp. 149, 150. 



wheels. 



" Taffata " is to be bought in London for two Ensigns for the Corporation. IV. 69. Orders. 

A pavior is to be employed to repair the street-gutters, many being "in jg and Oct. 14* 

decay and noysorae." (The gutter seems to have then been, as often much later, in p^^?\ 

the middle of the street, and it appears that each householder had to pave from his W. and M. R. 

house to the gutter—" home to the gutters."— P. 167. Nov. 8, 1639.) pTvmg* 

Every man " of ability of body " shall (in turn V) personally " warde in the Quarantine, 
day time during this tyme of Infection, except the Mayor, Baylifs and Alden." 

C. pp. 153, 155. 

A salute of three guns is to be fired at the coming and departure of the IV. 70. Orders. 

Right Hon. " Theophilus Erie of Suffolke." See iv. 57, and note. Mr. H. Michell, q^^ '2 1537 

Mayor Elect, not having come to be sworn in, is fined £10, and £100 more if he does „-^°^i*?t- „ 

not take the oath ^' by AUhollontyde." (Nevertheless he delayed till Dec.) E. of Suffolk. 

C. pp. 158. 159. ^\^ *' 

*' The ^roofe over the walke, the Custom house and the Jury Chamber shall IV. 71. Order, 

etc 
be layed with Brickes and covered with plaster of Paris," by Howsley of Portland, ggp^. ^^^^ Qct. 

at 28. 2d. a day. Sept. 25, 1640. (All to be roofed with lead, by Gayland of „ IS^Vr « 

£ng. W.&M.R. 

Dorchester. Oct. 8, 1641.) M.R.Town-hall 

Ria Rogers, of Bryanstone, Esq., was made a Freeman - Sept 29, 1640. Rogers, 

^Gerard Napper, of More Critchell, Esq. - - - Oct. 16, 1640 ^*/iSmei'^^* 

Sir Walter Erie, Knight Oct. 22, 1640. 

C. pp. 169, 170. 

Mr. Ric. Mayer was elected Town Clerk, in place of Mr. Fr. Gape, " amoved." IV. 7a. Memo- 

r&nda 
(The latter however was reinstated. P. 176. Aug. 17, 1643. Nevertheless, from jj^^y g^ 1^42. 

the change of handwriting, Oct. 18, 1644, Gape seems not to have held office for ^8- W.&M.R. 

Clerk. 
^ From the repeated edicts against iron-tired or studded wheels, they would seem to have 

been somewhat of an innovation in the seventeenth century. Perhaps the soUd, wooden 

wheels still used for stone-carts in Portland, may resemble the iron-less ones which the 

Corporation appear to have favoured. 

' This is a little obscure. 

' The two last were M. Ps. for the Borough. 



114 CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 

more than a year after his restoration, during which there are no entries. The new 

Scovile. Town Town Clerk, after this, was Mr. Ric. Scovile. P. 196.) C. p. 175. 

Clerk. 

IV. 73. Order. Every Wednesday and Saturday R Hawkins and W. Winter, with "their 

Jan 29 1644(5) 

Eng. W.&M.r! horses and pots" (carts) are to remove refuse from the streets to appointed places. 

Scavengera. Wages, £S a year for the two. Lighters also were used for carriage of refuse. 

C. p. 17a 

IV. 74. Memo- Mr. J. Bond was elected Recorder in place of Mr. King, deceased. Oct 18, 

Oct ^d'Nov., 1^^^- (^r- J- ^"^ ^^^^ *^® ^^^^ ^^ Recorder and of Supremacy (p. 191). Sept 

, . ^^- ,. i 21, 1646.) 
Latin & English ^ 

W. andM. R. A Warrant from J. Fitzjames, Esq., Sheriff of Dorset (" Johes ffitz James de 

Bond. Recorder |^ Weston, Arm., iVicecomes Coifi pdi ") setting forth that by decision (" judicio") 

Napper, King, of the House of Commons, Grerard Napper and Ric. King, Esqs., are rendered 

dkmiMed *^oin i^c^^P*^^^® ^^ sitting in Parliament (" sedendi . . . incapaces ") and that two other 

Parliament. members must be elected. And the same about Sir J. Strangways. Nov. 1, 1645. 

Their incapacity doubtless arose from their being Royalists ; for one of those now 

Sydenham, elected was Col. Sydenham, '* Governor of the Garrison " for the Parliament The 

e^ted MPi ^^^^^s were Mr. Recorder Bond, and Mr. Alderman Matt. Allin. All to serve gratia. 

Nov. 3, 1645. C. pp. 183, 4. 

IV. 7S Order, On Saturday afternoons, at the '' Toleing of the Hall Bell," everyone is to 

etc 

Mar. 26 and ^^^^'^ the street and gutter before his door " by raking them with Colerakes and 

June 19, 16^. washing them with water," and carrying refuse away to appointed places. 
£ug. W.&M.R. 
General street " Lieuten^ Peter Peeke, Clothworker," was admitted Freeman to that trade 

Feeke^ for 5s. Alex. Clatworthy, a native of the town and descended from "auncient 

CJatworthy, Townsmen," was therefore admitted Freeman for £1, instead of £5, 

C. pp. 187, & 



Freemen. 



IV. 76. Con- Copy Indenture between J. Graunt, of Ower Moyne, Tailor, and Mary his 

TSe^ete ^^^®' ^^ *^® ^^^ ^8^9 and Adam Jones, of Holworth, within the Parish of Milton 

English. Abbas, Yeoman, of the other part This is a ^'feoffment" to the latter of a messuage, 
Ower Alovne 
Holworth. ' etc., in Ower Moyne. April 20, 1646. 

^^/]^r ^e^ ^°Py Release from J. and M. G. to A. J. in relation to the above. Feb. 20, 

''^®' 1649. 
• Ower Moyne Copy Indenture between A. J., of the one part, and Rodolph Gough, of Ower 

surnames. Moyne, Clerk, E. James, Philip Parmiter, J. Battwick and Rob. Meech the younger, 
all of Ower Moyne, Yeomen, of the other part, conveying to them the above 

^ Viscoant = Sheriff.— CowelL s.v. 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. II5. 

property ^ for the poor of that Pariah. July 20, 1652. (It may be noted that in 
this document, of Puritan times, a certain rent is made payable at " the ffeast of 
St. Michael Tharkaugell and the Annunciation of the Blessed Lady St. Mary the 
Virgin.") 

Mem>° The above deeds were inscribed in this book at the request of the 
Parishioners of Ower Moyne. Signed Ben. Gaith, tnaior. R. Scovil, Towneclerk. Gaith. Scovil, 
Rob. Mondy, Jos. Dornford, S^'iants at Mace. B. pp. 12 — 17. Dumford. 

Mr. J. Knight, of Yetminster, was authorized as the only teacher of Latin in IV. 77. Memo- 
the town. (Four pounds a year were allowed to him for rent. Jan. 27, 1646 (7).) Dec.'29 *i646 

S. 245, pp. 105, 107. Eng. W.&M.r! 

Kuight, Latin 
Master. 

Do. This was a compromise. He had asked leave to set up a Grammar IV. 78. Memo- 
School, which was refused. C. p. 193. De/*29^646 

Eng. W.&M.r! 

Rob. Coker, Esq., late Sheriff, and late Governor of this town, and Col. IV. 79. Memo- 

Jas. Heane, Governor, were admitted Freemen " ex gratis." Jan. 20. Ig4g 

Order for a return of all "martiall officers and souldiers" and other Ene. W.&M.R. 

Coker, Heane, 
non freemen, using any trade in the town. Aug. 25. C. pp. 204, 215. Freemen. 



** A Protestacon by div's Townsmen against Malignants in Office ; " against IV. 8a Pro- 
Mr. G. Churchey, Mr. Jas. Giear, Mr. Ph. Bugden and Mr. J. Hodder as "exempted" 1^8 ' 1649 

by Parliament from voting in any " Corporall townes." The names are not given English. 

W. and M . R. 
here, but they are in S. 245, a rough minute book, 1644 — 9, from which part of 

Vol. C. was copied. " Mathewes Day." Sept. 21. 

"Another Protestacon . . ." Parliament had forbidden all who had Churchey, 

Criear .^{odder 

been in arms for the King from holding, or voting about, any office. Alderman ro^ etc. ' 

Rose had been Serit, and Gabr. Cornish, Master of Ordnance, when this town was coinplw^aed of 

** ' as Royalists, 

garrisoned against the ParP. G. Churchey had aided the Royalists and was " daily 

sequestrable." The last two had voted for the first. Sept 21. (G. Cornish resigned 

his seat in the Town Council. Nov. 3. ) 

" An auncient booke of Records " was brought to the Corporation by Mr. Book of 

G. Churchey. It had been in the hands of his brother [in law], Mr. Fr. Gape, late 

Town Clerk. Sept. 29, 1648. 

^ This seems to be the only benefaction in Ower Moyne. In 1830 it consisted of a cottage 
made into two tenements, a garden, nine rxsres arable, three acres meadow, six acres in 
the common, and nine acres in the heath. Three acres were sold to pay for enclosing. — 
Hntchins (1861), i. 461. The house a!; E. Holworth is old, and so is the back wing of 
that at W. Holworth, visible from the Esplanade. It is still part of the Paribh of Milton 
Abbas. 



Records. 



IIQ CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 

Resignation. Resignation, in writing, of the Royalist Aldermen, etc., G. Churchej, 

Jas. Giear, H. Rose, Ricv Harrison, J. Hodder and Alex. Clatworthy. Jan. 19, 
1648 (9). (These, with Fabian Hodder, were restored and their successors remoyed. 
Oct. 13, 1662.) C. pp. 216, 217, 221. 

IV. 8z. Depo- Benj. Hanham, Gent., deposes voluntarily that his late mother, the Lady Maiy 

1648* etc. Hastings, life tenant of the Farm of Radipole, declared to him that the disputed 

EngUsh. M. R. jj^^^ « f^jj^ about ^Timswell unto the gate Northward, comonly called the 

Hastings. Bulwarkes, which lands are knowne by the name of the Comon belonging to the 

TemTwelL ^^ Towne," belonged to the Town as she verily believed, and that the deponent 

M.R. Common. ^)^QY heir) should not contend further about it, or "the poore of the said Towne 

Curse feared, would curse the detayners." Dec. 7, 1648. 

The " Com*^ of Dors* " said that they would not oppose the Town making 
entry on the Common. Oct. 19, 1649. The Serjeants at Mace, Scholars, etc., made 
Corn sown on entry and sowed one bushel and half a peck of wheat on the Common. Nov. 2, 1649. 

One peck of barley was to be sown on the " barly ground " of the Commoo. 
April 19, 1650. C. pp. 218, 229, 230. 



M. R. Common. 



IV. 82. Memo- Dr. J. Bond resigns the Recordership, and is succeeded by his half-brother, 

i*iin(in 

1649. Samuel Bond, of Dorchester, Esq., Barrister-at-law. April 23. 

Eng. W.&M.R. j^ Browne, Esq., Mayor elect, was fined j£IOO for not coming to be sworn 

Samuel Bond, ^ y ^ 

Recorder. in. Oct. 8. C. pp. 224, 229. 

Mayor fined. 

IV. 8^. Depo- In a parchment-bound small folio vol., chiefly of Law Minutes (See iiL 109) 

Oct. 7 and 12, ^^^ two curious entries at p. 9, reverse way from the end ; about M. R. bounds. 

T^u^^M R ^* ^^Jf eighty-two years old, and H. Cox, eighty-three, say that seventy-four 

Day, Cox. and fifty years ago, respectively, they joined in Ascension Day Procession round the 

Bonndaries of bounds of M. R. — from the town to the end of the Bulwarks, to an ** old elderne 

Bulwark8^"J». stubb" at ^Washford — thence to " Rodipoll Way," where was another bound " called 

^Blackrocke " — thence towards Sutton to another bound, a great white stone yet 

standing between Sutton and M. R. — thence back to " Blacklands Yeate," and so to 

lAurence. the town again. Further, Elizabeth says, that Mr. ^Laurence, Minister of Radipole, 

Perambulation- with his parishioners, used to go round their bounds on the same day; and at a 

otiiaaipoie. pound on the bounds (" in the place of which pound a dairy house was sithence 

builded "), he read a chapter and " alsoe a psalme there to be sung." After this the 
perambulation was continued, the villagers on the West side of some rails theo 

^ Tems Well at the GreenhilL See iii. 57. 

' A spot on the Backwater still bo called. 

^ The high bank near Hanover Terrace, to the north. 

* See vii. 8. 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. II7 

standing, and the townsmen on the East side. The land called the Common then 

belonged to the Town, and the townsmen sent their cattle there, about sixty bead, Cattle* on the 

under a ^hayward. (Here and in iv. 81, the Bulwarks seem to be spoken of as works Hay ward', 
of some extent.) S. 245. p. 9^. 

Rent of Town land, at the North end, was remitted, because a fort for the IV. 84. Memo- 
use of the State was erected there. C. p. 235. Sept 28, 1650. 

Eng. W.&M.r! 
Fort. 

A Scavenger is to be hired and a horse and " pott " provided to carry M. R. IV. 85. Order. 

refuse to " the ^void place by the Jutty," whither also refuse from W. is to be English, 

brought by boat. (He was also to cart sand thither. Dec. 12, 1651.) C. p. 236. ^c^en^eV^" 

J. Smith is to have a ninety-nine years' lease of Mawd Welman's house, if he IV. 86. Order. 

resigns his rooms in the Friary for a School-house. C. p. 240. Eng. W.&M.R. 

Scnool-hoose. 

The *' Trustees for sale of Fee Farme Rents " give notice that as that of IV. 87. Memo- 

M. R., 20s. per annum, has been sold to J. Dewye, all payments are to be made to ^651 1652. 

him. Dec. 16, 1651. S"«v,^*^-^ 

Fee r arm xCent 

Ric. Brownwell may use his trade of Barber Surgeon for a fine of 208., and he sold, 

is to take every second apprentice from the town. Feb. 20, 1651 (2). C. p. 243. Apprentice*. 

Declaration by Mr. Mayor Pley that J. Han well and T. Vey have deposed IV. 88. Dedar- 

that, from 1588 and about 1610 respectively, they kept sheep by day and night and ^.ug. 31, 1652. 

all the year on West Lulworth Down, now claimed by Winfrith Newburgh Parish, tf^^^'rth 

except inasmuch as the Lulworth people have a " ^slight " within this down, for their Pley, Hanwell, 

cattle to feed up to eleven a.m. T. Vey also deposes that often " after Jie was of ^ Ltdworth, 

remembrance hee went on procession as the custome then was with the minister and Winfrith. 

parishioners ... to take view of the boundaries of the said parish," going to Parish boundB. 
^Blacklande Yeate, a white thorn at Hemerhill Foot, Mildowris Barrow, thence along 
a ridge (mentioned by both H. and V. as the boundary between W. Lulworth Down 
and Winfrith Down) to Furzeymire Pitt, " where they had usuall Beere and 
Cake-bread." C. p. 232. 

Mr. Sam. Osborne, "the Town Agent," is to have £10, besides chatges, for IV. 89. Orders 

" solliciting the Comon busines." Dennis Bond, J. Browne, J. Trenchard, Esqs., and English. M. £• 

Col. W. Sydenham, M.Ps., are to be Trustees of the Common for the Town, as ^ r^co"^ 

ordered by Parliament April 22, 1653. Bond, Browne, 

TrenchardJ^d- 

enham, MPs., 

^ This office exiate, or up to late years existed, at Fordington, nnder the Dachy of Cornwall, to be Trustees. 

* The site of Alexandra Gardens, probably. 

' It may be noted that the farm at or near the place in question is called Slight now. 
^ It ia odd that there should have been a " Blac kland Gate " in the boundaries of both M. B. 
and W. Lulworth. 



118 CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 

Fee. T. Holland is to have 40b. for measuring Melcombe Common and making ''a 

Acreage of plott of the same." There were one hundred and seventy-two acres, twenty-three 
Common. 

^goades East of "Darchester way/* and fifty-four acres, fifty-five goades West 

thereof. Aug. 5, 1653. The Common was let at 50s. per annum. Sept. 30, 1653, 

Boimdaries. at 24s. three years later, when the boundaries are, Eastward to " the Sluce leading 

to Sutton," Westward as far *' as is the Townes right," and Northward to the ditch 

by the highway side. The farmer of Radipole continued to interfere with the 

Common. May 16, 1656. C. pp. 247, 259. 

IV. 90. Memo- Paid to Mr. Mayor £1 2 '* of Mr. G. Phippen's Clerke his quist money," £^ 

randum. 
Jan. 20,1653 (4) for M. R poor, £4 for those of W., to be " lett out at Interest" C. p. 249. 

Eng. W.&M.R. 
Benefaction. 

IV. 91. Lease. " Indenture " between the Mayor, etc., of the one part, and Ric. Devenish, 

Feb. 7 J 1663 (4). 

Eng. VV'.&M.R Shoemaker, of the other part, being a Lease of a shop at W. side bridge foot, at 30s. 

^Le^^e^' * y®*^- ^^^ signed, and the Seal gone. S. 247. 

IV. 92. Memo- It may be noted that the trade of Parchment-maker existed in the Borough 

Nov*°16, l'655. ^^ t^is date. C. p. 258. 

Eng. W.&M.R. 
Parchment- 
maker. 

IV. 93. Order. A Lease of certain land for one thousand years is to be granted to Nic. Miuol. 

Eug. W.&M.R. The Town Wall towards the sea is mentioned. C. p. 258. 

Town Wall. 

IV. 94. Order. From a long Order about the old difficulty of cleaning the streets it seems 

English. that there was more than one Market Place, that " the void ground by the Jutty 

Mlrk^t^PkcI^n ^^^ " ^^ ®^^^^ ^^^°S ^^^®^ up— and that " the [chief 1] Market Place " extended from 
St. Mary Street the " higher part of the Church " to the posts on the Town Quay in the chief street 
Edmund Street. ^7 t^® Custom House ; as far Westward as the Town Pump and Eastward to the 

passage and entry into the Town-hall. C. p. 260. 

IV. 95. Memo- The Beadle was to have 12d. "each time that hee doth execucon by whipping 

randa, etc. 

1658. of any person." Feb. 25, 1657 (8). 

^ldh3'i*Ffef * '^^^ present White Hart is quite as old as 1658, but the sign would seem to 

White Hart, have been moved. Mr. Mayor Waltham lived **over against the White Hart in St. 

Thomas St." And he had a " sistenie " (presumably adjoining his premises) ^'in 
the Backstreete called St. Nicholas St." Hence his house seems to have been on 
the West side of St. Thomas Street, and the White Hart on the East side thereof. 
July 23. Sept. 17, 1658. The Globe, St. Mary Street, is mentioned. Sept 17, 1658. 

C. pp. 262, 63. 

^ Goades = Perches doubtless. 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. ng 

Copy of a Precept from J. Strode, Esq., Sheriff, by authority of " his Highnes IV. 96. Prc- 

Kichard Lord Protecto'," for the election of four Burgesses. The House was to i^'i^^'. 

"treate with the great men and nobles." Jan. 3, 1658 (9). J. Trenchard, Esq., ?°«- W.&M.R. 

J. Strode, Esq., 
Col. Lago, Col. Clarke and Mr. Middleton were elected. Jan. 6, 1658 (9). Copy of Sheriff. 

do., do., but by authority of "the Keepers of the Libtie of England." April 2, Wo^^ciaAe, 

1660. General Mountatrue and Sir W. Pen were chosen for W., and Mr. P. Middleton Middleton, 

M.Ps. 
and Mr. Alderman Waltham for M. R April 9, 1660. Mr. S. Mico, Merchant, was Mountague, 

a candidate. General Mountague was soon made a Peer and was succeeded by ^Col. ^ ^'wldtif^* 
Bullen Reynes. June 22, 1660. (The latter and Sir W. Pen were again elected, M.Ps. 

NIico 
with Sir J. Strange wayes and Winston Churchill, Esq. March 27, 1661.) Reynes, Penn, 

C. pp. 264, 66. Stiung^wayes.' 
'^^ ' Churchill, 

M.Ps. 

As Mr. Knight, School-master, has declined to teach seven poor children IV. 97. Order, 
gratis, as desired, his allowance of £4t per annum is to cease from Lady Day. ^^Engiuh^^^^^ 

C. p. 272. W. and M.* R. 

School - master. 

^Humfry Weld, Esq., Deputy Lieut, of Dorset, was made a Freeman. IV. 98. Memo- 
Sept. 19, 1661. C p. 274. seii^'it^'eeL 

Eng. W.&M.R. 
Weld, Freeman 

Copy of Order by the Commissioners for governing Corporations, to restore IV. 99. Orders, 

certain Royalist Aldermen, etc. (See iv. 80.) Signed by R. Banks, Rob. aCulliford, :^* w'&m r. 

J. Churchill, J. Turberville, with other Dorset names. Restoration of 

Do., do. removing four Capital Burgesses and substituting others, including Banks, CuUi- 

Daniell Ardin, Goldsmith. C. pp. 281, 83. ^^5?' Churchill, 

^*^ ' Turberville, 

Ardin. 
The first Copy, in this volume, of the form of Abjuration of the '^ Solemn IV. 100. Abja- 

League and Covenant," with copy signatures of the Mayor, etc. (As far as has been Sept!T?)^°i663. 

observed the u.ime Sturt first appears on April 8, 1664.) C. p. 287.. ^8- W.&M.R. 

Abjuration of 

Covenant. Storfc 
H. Jacob, son of C. J., of Dorchester, saying that he has served eight years IV. zoz. Order. 

with a Wine Cooper, but having no Indentures, may not live in the Borough,' but Enclish^^ 

may come thither " as bee hath occasion for the Curing of Wines." C. p. 292. W. andM. R. 

Jacob, Wine 



^ He seems to have worked well for the Borough. See vi. 117. 

' H. Weld, Esq., bought Lulworth Castle and Estates of James, third Earl of Su£folk, in 
1641. He was second son, and heir, of Sir J. Weld of Arnolds, Edmonton, and grandson 
of Sir Humphrey Weld of Holdwell, Herts., Sheriff of London, 1599, and Lord Mayor, 
1609. The Welds were originally of Cheshire. — Hutchins. 

' The meaning of '' CuUiford " Tree near W. has been a puzzle. If an original place-name the 
termination " ford " is an odd one for a barrow on the top of a chalk hill. It has been 
suggested that Culliford means "Culver,'' a wood-pigeon. Here, above, seems another 
explanation, possibly. It may have been named after an ancient owner, or tenant, a Culli- 
ford. Hutchins says that the Cullifords, of Encombe, were owners of S. Holworth, White 
Nothe. But, again, the Liber Nonamm, temp. £dw. III., speUs the word "Culfardestr." 



Cooper. 



120 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 



IV. 102. Order. 

1665. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Quarantine 

against the 

Plague. 



Dumford. 

Hingston. 

Threat by a 
woman. 



" In regard it hath pleased Almighty God lately to visit severall places of 
this Kingdom with the Pestilence, To the end that this Towue through a gracious 
evidence may be ^served," two ** able persons " are to watch for twenty-four hours 
at the N. end of M. R., and two at the W. end of W. June 23, 1665. (Presumably 
they were to exclude all coming from infected plsu^es, but this is not expressed, nor 
is it clear how the rotation of watchers was to be maintained.) 

Josias Durnford, Serjeant at Mace, deposes that on his telling the W. watcher, 
from the Mayor, not to admit Thomazine Hingston '^ in this Tyme of Contagion/' 
she, hearing this, said " that shee would come into Towne though the Major should 
hang himselfe, and threatened that shee would have [Dumford's] eares." July 2o, 
1665. ' R pp. 585, 87. 



IV. 103. List. This seems to be a List of Officers of a Company of Foot to be one huudred 

English. strong, from the whole Borough ; and a list of guns, viz., six Demiculverins, five 

W. and M. R. Sakers, two Mynnyon ; also four Drums " w*-** y® drum maior " of CoL Fownes' 

Regiment. C. p. 295. 

Extract from Sir S. Mico's Will, giving the George; the profits to be used for 
apprenticing three children yearly ; and £500 to be laid out on land, from the 
profits of which ^208. are to be given yearly to a good divine for preaching a sermon 
in M. R. Church, on the Friday before Palm Sunday ; and the rest to be given to 
ten poor old seamen. Then follows a list of the first " penconers." C. p. 284 



IV. X04. Will. 

Dec. 21. 1666. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

SirS. Mice's 

Benefaction. 



IV. 105. Pre- 
cept, etc 
1666 (7). 
Latin & English 
W. and M. R. 
Browne, 
Coventry, 
Harvey. 
Riotous 
Election. 



Youthful 
Voters. 



Latin Precept from J. Browne, Esq., Sheriff, for the election of a M.P. 
^Mem°^ that the Election began between eight and eleven a.m., on Friday, Jan. 25. 
Before two p.m. seventy-five votes had been given for Sir J. Coventry, and fifty-nine 
for Michael Harvey, Esq. Votes were disputed on both sides, to be considered 
afterwards. There being " a great noise and heate in y^ hall," the Mayor adjourned 
further proceedings to ten a.m., on Monday ; Mr. Harvey protesting. On Monday 
Sir J.*s votes rose to one hundred and forty-three in all, Mr. H. " producing noe 
Freeholders that day.'* So Sir J. was proclaimed Burgess in the hall, at the 
" Firsh Stone " (Fish Stone ?), and at the Weymouth end of the Bridge. (After the 
above) at a halL Jan. 33, 1666 (7), in reference to the above Precept, '^a new and 
uuknowne way of making freeholders " was considered. Hi was resolved that none 
might vote but those who at Mich' Law-day last were known to be seized of a 
freehold within the Borough, being above fourteen years old. Then follows a copy 
of the Indenture certifying the Sheriff of the above Election, dated Jan. 25, 1666 (7), 
although the Election was continued on Jan. 28. C. pp. 302, 3. 

* See vii. 46. 

' See a long and curious account of this Election in Ellis' History of Weymouth. 

> It seems extraordinary that the franchise could be regulated by a Town Council Order. 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 121 

The Pest-house is mentioned, but not its locality. June 12, 1668. The IV.xo6.0rder«, 

etc. 
C 2uard House at Clark's Hill, and the Women's Prison are mentioned. June 29, 1668. le^g. 

The firing of " Gunnes and ^Birding peeces ^' in the Town is forbidden, ^ p^;g^*j^'^' 

and so is the carrying of fire uncovered. Guard-house, 

Clark's Hill 
An Order from the Privy Council to cause all Mayors, etc., to take the Bridewell * 

preaoribed oaths. Sept 28, 1668. Birding pieces 

*^ ^ Order aiK>ut 

Copy of a Letter from the Duke of Richmond about this, Nov. 6, 1668, and Municipal 
answer, Nov. 11, 1668. C. pp. 308—316. 



Oaths. 



At this period, and somewhat earlier and later, there were several orders IV. 107. Orders 

allowing '^ turned pillars " to be set up before houses. Ric. Strong and Dan. Arding ^^' w.&M.r! 

are, tf.gr., now permitted to do so, paying 4d. a year rent. The former is also to pave Pill*ra before 

*" itt " (the walk within the line of posts) with '^ broad stone," the first mention of Paving. 
such paving observed in these Records. C. p. 323. 

J. Kimber, Porter, " to be bound to the good behaviour for abusing the IV. zo8. Orders 

. 1671 (2). 

major (Mayor Woder) to his face, saying he could have no justice, but dismissed.*' g^g W.&M.R. 

Jan. 5. Order that £7 78. 3d. be paid to the delinquent for repair of his house (!) . , Woder. 

Jan. 12, 1671 (2). C. p. 337. ""^'' ' *^'" 

Nath^ Bond, Esq., was chosen Recorder, in place of his brother Samuel, IV. 109. Mem- 
deceased. July 21, 1673. Mr. T. De la Court was chosen Town Clerk. Aug. 19, 1^73, 

1G73. C. pp. 343, 45. ^°«^y*^-^ 

'^'^ ' Nathl. Bond, 

Recorder. 

De la Court, 

' Town Clerk. 

The Bailiffs, Mr. Godfrey Righton and Mr. W. Mainard, had been refused IV. zzo. Mem- 

tlieir Certificates chiefly because, whereas the Act required them to have received jan^?6?i(6) 

the Communion on a Sunday, they had done so on Christmas Day. They were £^g- W.AM.R. 

* Communion 

re-elected this ilay, and took the Oaths and Abjuration of the Covenant. C. p. 352. Teat. 

Righton, 
^Mainard. 

Mr. J. Glover, of Dorchester, was elected Town Clerk in place of W. Claver, IV. m. Mem- 

whose election does not appear, there being a blank in this Vol. from Sept. 1675, to ^^680*^ 

G.'s election, Jan. 20, 1679 (80). (P. 384. Mr. Glover having left his duties for Eng.W.&M.R. 

1 J L ^r 1 . .Ill . Glover, Town 

weeks, and the Mayor, etc., bemg " uoe way certen when he may return, he is Clerk. 

removed, and Mr. H. Backway, Attorney, appointed. March 20, 1682 (3).) Twn^'cifrk 

Mr. G. Pley is removed from the Town Council, not having received the Tests. 

Communion as by Law required. May 12, 1680. ^'' 

Mr. W. Maynard, Alderman, is removed from Office for not taking the Oaths. Maynar.I. 

Oct 4, 1680. 

* A Sh&kesperian word. — See Merry Wives. Act iv., Scene 2. 
R 



122 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 



Henning, M.P. H. ^Kenning, Esq., was elected M.P. in place of T. Browne, Esq., deceased. 

Nov. 11, 1680. C. pp. 352—372. 



IV. ZZ2. Mem- 
oranda. 
1687. 
Eng. W.&M.R. 
Ledoze, 
Yardley. 
Maces, Seals, 
Books. 



A Constable a 
Councillor. 

Taylor. 

Mayor removed 

TomsoD, 
Evered. 



Market. 

IV. 1x3. Mem- 
orandum. 
Dec. 14, 1688. 
Eng. W.&M.R. 
Cooper, Town 
Clerk. 

IV. 114. Mem- 
oranda. 

1689. 1690. 
Enc. W.&M.R. 

Non-juring 

Aldermen, etc. 

Abjuration of 

the Covenant. 

Charter, etc. 

Mansel. 



Freedom. 



Mr. T, Ledoze, late Mayor, delivered to Capt Ric. Yardley, new Mayor, 
'*the two Serjeants* ^Maces, ffbwer Towne Seales, the great Statute booke, the lesser 
Statute booke, the two great Towne books of Record and the Reyes of the Towne 
Chest and Presse ;" and ex-Bailiffs Biles and Collier delivered to Bailiffs Evered and 
Maynard "their two keyes of the Towne presse and chest" (This interesting 
memorandum is the first of the kind that has been observed in these Records.) It 
may be noted that Mr. Rob. Wall, Weymouth, appointed Constable, was afterwards 
chosen "Capitall Burgess," another Constable being then elected. Jan. 14, 1686 (7). 

Whereas Alderman Taylor was elected Mayor, now for " divers causes us» 
moving, and according to the power " by Charter, " we amove him . . . from the 
said Office." Signed by Mr. Tomson, former Mayor, Bailiff Evered, and niue others. 
And in the Leet the same day he was re-elected. Oct. 3, 1687. 

Tubs for selling com, " tresses " and boards are to be bought and let out in 
the Market. Oct. 28, 1687. C. pp. 389—95. 

Mr. T. Cooper, Attorney, was elected Town Clerk, in place of Mr. Buck way, 
deceased, non-residence to be excused. C. p. 401. 



No less than seventeen Aldermen and ''Capitall Burgesses " were disqualified 
through not taking the new Oaths appointed under William and Mary. The ^K>aths 
are not given, but the Abjuration of the Covenant continues. Aug. 23, 1G89. 

. The Charter of King James 1. and Exemplifications of Quo Warranto, etc, 
were replaced in the Town Chest, having been taken out for defence of the Borough 
against a Quo Warranto in King James 11. *s time. Oct 13, 1689. 

Mr. J. Mansell was chosen a "Capitall Burgess." May 16, 1690. 

All who bear the Offices of Mayor, Alderman, Bailiff, or Capital Burgess shall 
during tenure thereof, be ex-officio Freemen, without Fee or Oaths. June 6, 1690. 
(This was reversed for all except the Mayor. Oct 12, 1694.) C. pp. 402 — 8. 



IV. Z15. Mem- 
orandum. 
May, 1691. 
Eng. W.&M.R. 
Freke, M.P. 



T. Freke, Esq., Jr., was chosen M.P. in place of Nia Gould, Esq., deceased. 

C. p. 414. 

Still a County name. 

The Maces, eight Seals, and the two Books of Record remain. It may be that vi .'s 
seventeen by eleven inches, bnt containing only f. 39 — 106, and giving many ''Cooatita- 
tions," Forms, etc, is a fragment of the great Statate Book, and possibly iv. 118 is 
the "lesser" one. The Seals are eight in number, and at least four W. Seals are missing, 
and one of M. B. 

Seeiv. 118. 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 1 23 

Jonathan Sanders may " sett in a post to beare up a signe post to be laid IV. zi6. Order, 

etc 
over from the New King's Armes Inne near the Fish Stone by the Towne Pumpe, 1691—1694. 

for a yearly payment of 6d. Aug. 3, 1691. S^eKgn^P^t 

Mr. ^Nathl. Osborne is to be summoned to deliver up '* divers Bookes and King's Arms, 

evidences*' belonging to the Corporation. Oct 3, 1692. Pump. ' 

A " Cabinett maker " is mentioned for the first time. March 9, 1693 (4). Osborue. 

Borough 
The name Ridout appears. Sept 21, 1694. C. pp. 414 — 24. documents. 

Cttbinet -maker. 
Ridout. 

J. Bearnes, of the one part, surrenders to the Mayor, etc., of the other part, IV. 117. Sur- 
render, 
a piece of ground, having B.'8 shop on the W., the Quay on the S., the George Inn Oct 15, 1694. 

oil the K, and the Sun Inn on the N. With Seal and 6d. Stamp. S. 257. ^°%^^'^ 

George, Sun. 

A Folio Book, unbound, of almost five hundred pages, filled with somewhat IV. zz8. Mem- 
miscellaneous records, mostly of law, but some relating to Class iv., e,g,f 1699—17*24. 

F. iii. The Oaths, temp. William and Mary. 1.— Of Allegiance. 2.— Of ^^ * ^JK^ 

' *^ -^ ® W. and M. R. 

Abjuration of Papal or other foreign Authority. F. 1. Oct 2, 1699. "Mem. it Oaths, 

see hapned '' that no Election of Mayor, etc., took place on St Matthew's Day, Election of 

Sept. 21, 1699, so under their hands and seals the Mayor (Bury) and Bailiffs resign " y^romi 

and others are elected. Here, as throughout this Book, these Magistrates abjure Covenant 

the Covenant F. 3. Rope walks were in operation. F. 21**. April 18, 1701. The Ropewalks. 

-£500 left for poor seamen by Sir S. Mico, hitherto lent on interest, contrary to his Mico 

directions, is now to be laid out in land. (F. 236 and 204. The Aynes' Estate, A^^''*fiiSbe, 

Oamington, was bought, the Conveyance (six papers) being put into the Town Chest Osmington. 

Nov. 1, 1718. It was let to Mr. Clapcott) Clapcott 

From Rules for the Scavenger (f. 50^ June 22, 1703), as also for the 

Porters (f. 33. Nov. 6, 1701), it would nlmost seem that the minor Streets were Minor streets 

about this time mostly without definite names. For instance St. Edmund Street "^""^ ^'* 
Hud St. Alban's Street are called the first and second cross street 

Some place-names may be here noted. F. 57^ The Bay Tree in W. Place-names. 
F. 59^ The Fox in W. F. 72^ The Crown and Sceptre in M. R. F. 185^ 
The Compass in W. F. 206^ The Goldun Lion. F. 226^ The Boot F. 237»». 
The Greyhound at Blandford. F. 235^ " Sandwitch," Dorset (Swanage). 

F. 102^ Dennis Bond, Esq., was chosen Recorder in place of Nathl. Bond, Dennis Bond, 

Esq., deceased. Sept. 12, 1707. Reconler. 

F. 195. J. ^Lock, do Dorchester, Butcher, is mentioned. Nov. 12, 1717. Lock, 

F. 207. Mr. T. Cooper, the younger, of Dorchester, is appointed Town (^I^r^r^I^ 

Clerk, in place of Mr. T. Cooper, resigned. Clerk. 

> Perhaps the same who is called Samuel O. See iv. 89. 
^ See iv. 104. 

^ A name well-known there now. 
R* 



124 CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 

Benefaction by F. 215^. Acceptance of an offer by General Harvey, to present £500 to the 

nera arvey Qqi^q^j^j-Jqh^ Sept. 6, 1720 ; and again this was under consideration (f. 222^), 

May 22, I72I. 

Sir Jaa. Tkom- F. 229^ Sir ^.Tas. ThonihiU was admitted a Freeman of the Incorporatioa, 

hill, Freeman. _ ^ ,^«, /«v 

nem, con. Jan. 9, 1721 (2). 

Thomhill F. 230. Grant to the same of ground, one hundred and eighty by sixty-five 

feet, between St. Thomas Street and St. Mary Street, for one thousand years, at 

Pound. Is. a year, for the erection by him of an almshouse. The Pound stood there, and 

he was to erect another elsewhere, as should be appointed. March 30, 1722. 

School - master. F. 236^ Mr. W. Hobbs, School-master, was to have his School-rate paid on 

condition that he should teach gratis two W. boys and two M. R boys. March (^^ 

1772 (3). & 259. 

IV. zip. Mem- A Folio Vol., see iii. 144. Several well-known names appear in this book. 

1724— i 800. ^'^'9 I^evenish, Fry, Steward, Swaffield, Templeman, Tizard, Tucker and Westou. 

Eng. W.&M.R. xhe Abjuration of the Covenant is not mentioned. 
W. Surnames. 
Paalien, Town P. 133. Mr. G. Paslien was elected Town Clerk, in place of Mr. Cooper, 

^^^^^- deceased. Nov. 6, 1729. 

Mico P. 135. The [Mice] land at Osmington was let to T. Wilshire, at the rent 

ne ac ion. ^^j^ ^^^ ^^^ j^^^ jj ^^ which would seem to have been reduced at some former time, 

as the allowance of 408. to each pensioner had to be diminished. Jan. 2, 1729 (30). 
G. Poddington, P. 139. G. Doddington, of Hossington, Esq., was elected a Freeman. 

Freeman. (Afterwards Baron Melcombe Regis.) May 19, 1730. 
Way, Town P. 146. Mr. A. Way, of Bridport, was elected Town Clerk. Jan. 26, 1730 (1 1 

R Tucker ^P* ^^^' ^' ^^' ^ Tucker, Mayor, and Mr. E. Tizard, Alderman, attended at 

Tizard. the Town-hall, on St. Matthew's Day, the day for electing a new Mayor. For some 

Election of reason no one else would attend, and no election took place. Next day, Mr 

Mayor onutted. j fucj^er, senior Alderman, and others, the Mayor being absent, elected a new 

Jeanes. Mayor, Mr. Ric. Jeanes, according to the Act for such an emergency. Sept. 22, 1741. 
Election again P. 207. A similar occurrence on St. Matthew's Day. 1 743. 

Swaffitw P. 212. Jos. Swaffield, Gent., was elected Town Clerk, in place of And. Way, 

Town Clerk, (jent, deceased. July 7, 1744. 

Election of P* 218. On St. Matthew's Day, being Sunday, Mr. J. Basham was electetl 

Mayor on Sun- j^j g t. 21, 1746. 

day. Basham. •' '^ 

Thanks to G. P- 222. The Corporation thanked the Right Hon. G. Doddington, of 

the " ^ExpiajiatoiT 

from their difficulties. 

Sept. 21. 1747. 



B^thuf^^^E °^ Etistbury, Esq., for his "indefatigable endeavours" in getting 
^ Ciiarter or Letters Patent," of Aug. 19, 1747, relieving them fro 



1 The well-known Artist, a native of the Borough. 
« See i. 22. 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 



125 



P. 230. R. Prowse and Jos. Bennet had twenty-one year leases granted to 
them, so that they might erect two wooden bathing houses on the N. side of the 
Harbour. Sept. 30, 1748. 

P. 238. The gutters, and also three feet on each side of them are to be 
paved by the Corporation. March 22, 1749 (50). 

P. 251. W. Grossman is to be allowed to keep School in W. GuildhaH. 
June 28, 1754. 

P. 255. Order that, besides H.M. bounty, a guinea shall be given to every 
able-bodied Volunteer for Army or Navy. March 31, 1756. 

Pp. 264 — 9. Copy of Rule of King's Bench- about the Election of Mayor, 
etc. Feb. 12, 1759. In accordance with this Rule, Mr. T. Gollop was elected 
Mayor. Feb. 26, 1759. 

P. 555. The Order for this Writ or Rule is inserted, and the Notice of 
Election in p. 560. 

P. 308. Rob. Smith, of Dorchester, Gent, was elected Town Clerk in place 
of Jos. SwaflBeld, Gent., deceased. June 29, 1770. 

P. 381. T. Whicker having lost £150, and more, and Jas. Pitt having found 
in the Harbour a purse containing JB129, and upwards, supposed to be part of the 
above, the Corporation adjudge £10 to be spent in clothes for Pitt and the rest to 
be given to Whicker. July 15, 1784. 

P. 386. The Corporation decide to attend the Mico Sermon at M. R. 
(Jhurch, on Friday before next Palm Sunday, and after Church, to distribute the 
Charity money at the Guildhall. Nov. 22, 1784. This seems to be the first 
Minute of the kind. The Mico Estate, at Osmington, was let at this time for 
£26 a year. 

P. 396. The Esplanade is now first mentioned, viz., in a Lease to Miss 
R Thorne, for ninety-nine years, of a plot of ground near to the same ; and in leave 
to Mr. Purling and Mr. Jackson, to make their garden walls in East Street parallel 
with " the ^Wall called the Esplanade." March 7, 1785. 

P. 398. J. Symea, Gent., is elected Town Clerk, in place of Mr. Smith, 
resigned through age. Nov. 16, 1785. 

Pp. 405, 6. Giles Templeman, Esq., Barrister, is elected Recorder, in place 
of W. Chafin Grove, Esq., resigned. Oct. 6, Nov. 3, 1786. 

P. 408. The road to the sands, lately made from the East end of Coniger 
Ditch, is to be filled up, and the Esplanade levelled where cut for that road. 
Nov. 16, 1786. 

P. 413. Mr. H. Thomhill may occupy ground called the Cove, overflowed at 
high tides, and lying on the S.W. part of St Edmund Street. July 2, 1787. 



Prowse, 

Bennett. 

Bathing houses. 



Paving. 

Grossman, 

School -master 

in W. 

Town-hall. 
Extra Bounty. 



Rule. 
Gollop, Mayor. 



Smith, Town 
Clerk. 

Whicker, Pitt. 
Money lost. 



Mico Sermon 

and 
Benefaction. 



Aynes' £state. 

Esplanade. 

Thorne, 
Purling, 
Jackson. 



Symes, Town 
Clerk. 

Templeman, 
Recorder. 



Esplanade. 



Thomhill. 
Cove. 



^ Thia must have been a (probably) rough and insufficient predecessor of the present wall, and 
seemingly situated more to the West. At one time the Esplanade was faced with turf. 



126 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 



Bowles, Town 
Clerk. 

The King 
expected. 



Address to 
K. George III. 



Arbuthnot. 

Duke of St. 

Alban's. 

Esplanade. 



Seccnd Address 

to 
K. George III. 
Encroachments 



Fire engines. 

Backwater 
reclamation. 

Taylor 
Benefaction. 



Third Address 

to 
K. George III. 
Dispute about a 
Press - warrant. 

Randall 
Benefaction. 



Mr. Bryer's 
offer to bring 
water to W. 

Forestalling. 

SirW.Pulteney 

Mayor. 

Crescent. 

Isaac. 



P. 419. Mr. Symes, Town Clerk, resigns. Nov. 5, 1787. P. 421. C. Bowles, 
Gent., is appointed in his place. Nov. 9, 1787. 

P. 441. *^ There being reason to expect that the King . . . will shortly 
take up his residence here . . ."a Committee was appointed to consider necessary 
regulations. June 15, 1789. 

Pp. 442, 3. Copy of the Address to their Majesties presented at the house 
of H.K.H. the Duke of Gloucester, the day after they arrived. It is a good Address, 
dwelling on the domestic virtues of the King and Queen, and on the constitutional 
administration of Goveniment J. Arbuthnot, Esq., was Mayor. July 1, 1789. 

P. 451. The Duke of ^St. Alban's was permitted to erect a seat on the 
Esplanade, opposite his house, and also to make steps to the sands thera July 2, 
1790. 

P. 456. A second Address to the King. Sept 8, 1791. 

P. 463. The encroachments on the Boundaries of the Borough by the Lord 
of the Manor of Radipole are to be resisted. April 2, 1792. 

P. 466. The Serjeants at Mace are to employ men to practise with the two 
Fire Engines. May 28, 1792. 

P. 467. It is to be considered what land may be reclaimed from the 
" Backwater," Northward from the N. wall of the ^Poor-house. 

P. 469. In 1753, J. Taylor, Esq., left £70 to the Mayor, etc., towards 
instructing two boys in navigation. Having now increased to £208 it was resolved 
to begin to use the interest as above. July 5, 1792. 

P. 474. Third Address to the King. Aug. 23, 1792. 

P. 480. Order that a Letter shall be sent to the Admiralty about tlie 
insolence of Capt Grindall, of H.M. Ship Thalia, when asking the Mayor to 
endorse a Press-warrant March 11, 1793. 

Pp. 486, 488. Orders relating to a Field, at W., given by J. C. Randall, Esq., 
to the Mayor and the Rector of Wyke, in trust, for the benefit of. four widows. It 
was let for £9 a year. Dec. 2, 1793, Jan. 6, 1794. P. 541. This was a brick-field. 
Rent to the amount of £52 had now accumulated and was invested. Aug. 7, 1799. 

P. 489. ^Copy of a Petition to the Commons for an Act to enable the Mayor, 
etc., to accept an oflFer by Mr. Bryer to bring water to the Town. Feb. 24, 1794. 

P. 500. An Order against "forestalling the markets." April 20, 1795. 

P. 513. Sir W. Pulteney, " Inhabitant," was elected Mayor. Sept 21, 1796. 

P. 516. Mr. W. Isaac was about to build on Melcombe Narrows, N. of 
Gloucester Row. (See v. 66, p. 479.) July 24, 1797. 



^ Is St. Alban's Street named after the Duke ? 

' This house is still standing in West Street. 

> Two letters of Mr. Bryer's about the Water supply have lately been found, one of them 
suggesting the above Petition. M. v. 1. 21, 22. 



CLASS IV. GENERAL AFFAIRS OF THE BOROUGH. 



127 



P. 530. The Rev. Jos. Lamb was appointed to teach Navigation, under the 
Taylor benefaction (p. 469), in place of Mr. Grossman, resigned. Nov. 19, 1798. 

P. 532. The Town Clerk was to notify to the Coroner that he had exceeded 
his powers in holding inquests on two corpses found within the Borough, the Mayor 
being Coroner there. Feb. 4, 1799. 

Pp. 543, 4, 8. The Esplanade Wall was now planned. 1800. (See v. 66, 
p. 543, etc.) 

P. 554. (Inserted) Copy of an Address to the King on his escape from an 
attempt on his life. Nov. 6, 1795. 

Respecting localities, it may be noted that (p. 313) the "White Hard Inn in 
Waymouth" is mentioned. June 28, 1776. This must mean "White Hart," — 
if so, a second lun of the name in the Borough, being in W., and opposite a quay. 
The other White Hart was in St Thomas Street. 

P. 349. High West Street in W. is mentioned. Oct. 12, 1779. 

P. 508. There was still a Timber Yard in St. Thomas Street. May 9, 1796. 

P. 543. St. Thomas Street and St. Mary Street had no houses at their 
Northern extremities. (See v. 66, p. 543, 4.) Feb. 3, 1800. 



Lamb. 

Taylor 

Benefaction. 

Coroner warned 
off. 



Esplanade 
Wall. 

Address to 
K. George III. 

White Hart in. 
W. 



High West St, 
Timber Yard. 

St. Mary St. 
and St. lliomas 
St. incomplete. 



To this Class may be appended a notice of a Parchment Deed, whereby IV. Z20. Deed 
W. Peverel, of " Estringstede," of the one part, conveys to W. Gervays, of M. R, ' 



and Criatina his wife, of the other part, a Messuage, etc. ; thirty-two pieces of silver 
having been previously paid. Witnessed by T. Slyde, Nic. Faber (or Smith), 
H. Langgyn, H. Bend is, H. de Ringstede, and others. It is undated, and there is 
nothing to fix the date with certainty. But it is supposed to be of the time of 
King Edward III. or Richard IL Seal lost. S. 3. 



Undated. 

Latin. 

Ringstead. 

Peverel. 

Slyde, Faber, 

Langeyn, 

Bendis. 



A List of apparently the end of the eighteenth century may be given, 
is connected with billeting soldiers and a few horses. 



Golden Lion 
Crown 

King's Head 
Cooper's Arms 
Bear 
White Hart 



White Horse 
Three Tuns 
Antelope 
Cutter 
George 
Duke Cumb*^ 



Royal Oke (sic) 
Globe 

Turk's Head 
Black Dog 
Nag's Head 
Boot 



Old Rooms 
Portland Arms 
King's Arms 
Hotel 
Lyon's Head 

M. V. 1. 17. 



It IV. 121, List 

of Inns. 

Undated. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 



CLASS V. BOROUGH FINANCE. 



"N 



V. I. Receipt Acquittance to T. Satnwayes for ISs. 4d. S. 9. 

July 20, 154«. 
English. VY. (?) 

V. 2. Receipt Discharge, beautifully writteu. It is signed by T. Hyde, and acknowledge 

English. M.' R. paym^^nt by Sir George ^Delalynde, Sheriflf of Dorset, of two *'dett8 of the fjvetene 

Fifteenth. granted to King Henry VIII., amounting to £53, charged on the Town a^^ 
De la Lynde. 

Burgesses of King's Melcombe. S. 11 



aud 



V. 3. , Receipt Receipt from Sir G. De la Lynde (?) for arrears of rent due from Melcorel* 

English. B^gis. S. 12. 

M. U. (?) 

V. 4. Receipt Receipt under the hand of Ric. Durant, of the Exchequer, to Master Puliutoft, 

1552. ' Under-sheriflf of Dorset, for 26s. 8d., charged for " a peticon and other things," made 

English. M. R. by ^im jq ^he Exchequer, relating to money granted to King Henry VIII., probably 

that mentioned in v. 2. S. U 

V. 5. Receipt. An Indenture under the hand and Seal of Owen Raynolds, Mayor of King's 

English. M. R. Melcombe, acknowledging receipt from T. Sam ways and others, inhabitants and "fre6 
Pay to a M.P. comburgeses," of 47s. 4d. towards his " wayges . . .for being a burges of the 

plymt" S. 16. 

V.6. Discharge **A Bill" under the Hand and Seal of J. Wadhm., the younger, "Cupytape 

Enguth!^M.^R! of . . . the . . . Castell of Sandysfoote," discharging Melcombe of all pajmeuts 
Pay to a M.P. due to him during the Session of Parliament, as Burgess for the Borough. S. 15. 

V. 7. Release. Letter written, or at least signed, by Francis, Earl of Bedford, releasing 

English. M K. Melcombe from any charge for attendance as M.P. of his nominee, J. Moynes, of 

E. of Bklfonl. t( Bruteporte." There is a good Seal of Arms. JS. IS. 

^ This was an old Dorset family. It was a Delalynde who, centuries before, killed tbefaQOO' 
White Hart, admired and spared by the King. See Hutchins. 



J 



CLASS V. BOROUGH FINANCE. 12f^ 

Receipt for 268. 8d. and SOs., " two sevll detta of fy vetenes," granted to King V. 8. Receipt. 
Henry VIII. , in the thirty-second year of his reign (1540, 1), and now paid by the English.' M. R, 
Mayor of Melcombe. S. 19. 

Acquittance for 20s. " fee farme of the Borough, due at the feast of V. 9. Receipts. 

Oct 29 and 
St. Mychaell tharchangle," now paid by 0. Raynolds, Mayor. Oct, 29. A similar j^^^' 3 jg^j 

document. Nov. 3. S. 22. Kngliah.' M. R. 

Acquittance under the hand and Seal of J. Leweston, of Leweston, Dorset, V. 10. Acquit- 
tance. 
Captain and " Lewetenante " of Portland, for money due for attendance at Oct. 1, 1563. 

Parliament, apparently as Burgess for the Borough. S. 23. English. M. R. 

Receipt under the Hand and Seal of Christopher Hole for 20s., one annual V. 11. Receipt. 
. ^ ^ C2 op; * Jan. 3. 1566 (7). 

fee. S. 25. English. M. R. 

Receipt by E. Hardie through his deputy, Roger Russell, for 1 48. 2d., being V. 12. Receipt, 
part of the grant to the Queen by Parliament, in the fifth year of her reign, 1562, 3. Engii'gh.' M. R. 
Signed and sealed by J. Chubbe. S. 31. 

This is a very curious account of the expenses of R. Keate, Town ("lerk, V. i3.Accounts 

•^ Feb. 6 to circ. 

during an absence of forty days or more, on Borough business, in London. Many Mar. 20,1575(6) 

of the items are quaint and interesting. On Feb. 10 he spent 5s. on a supper at the w ^^d M R 

"Sarrazen's Hed," Westminster, "in the companie of certen courtiers." His own Saracen's Head, 

expenses for twenty-one days of his stay in London were 38s. 2d. He had to 

spend 6d. on a new pocket, his old one being torn " w*^ the cariag of the monney." Wear of pocket 

hv carriairo of 
" Soalling ray boates " cost 16d. The fee for writing a " Certificate to the Counsell," money. 

and for a copy thereof was 10s. " Horse-bread " from Feb. 10 to March 17 cost 15s. ^®®* 

His "charge fro Loudon " was 10s., four days' journey. The total was £10 38. Id. 

S. 53. 

A beautifully written parchment, headed " Pcella ten* . . . assignat pro V. 14. Receipt. 

Junctura dne ^Jane nup Regine Anglie," and stating thfit from the customs of the '' ^^ 

water of " Weymouthe " there are 40s. due per annum. Two Memoranda below Latin. W. 

Queen Jane, 
seem to show that 18s. were paid in Feb., 1577 (8), and 20s. at some other time. n^e Seymour. 

S. 63. 

* Queen Jane, n^ Seymour. A Dorset Jointure, but not the same, was settled on Queen 
Catherine, n^ Parr, to whom in 1544 King Henry VIII. grants the Manors, etc., of 
Pimpeme, Wyke, Portland, etc., the Boroughs of Cranbome and Wareham with certain 
Chases and Parks ; but there is no mention of W. or M. R. These Manors, etc., were 
long in the hands of the de Clares, Earls of Gloucester. For instance in 8 £dw. I., the 
Earl of Gloucester claimed View of Frank-pledge, Gallows, Pillory, Cucking Stool, 
Infangenethef, etc., in Cranbome, Wyke, Portland, Weymouth, and Elwell in Upwey. — 
Cranbome Chase, pp. 189 & 309. Hutchins says that about that time Earl Gilbert 
exchanged the Manor of W. for other property belonging to the Priory of St. Swythnn. 

8 



130 



CLASS V. BOROUGH FINANCE. 



V. 15. Accounts 

1578. 

English. 

\V. and M. R. 

Journeys to 

London. 

Poole. 

Sonthamptou. 

Hartley Row. 

Marmalade. 

Tower. 

Greenwich. 

Price of shoes 

and horse meat. 

Staines, 

Andover, 

Blandford, 

Sarum. 



Westminster. 
Fee. 

Fee. 
Price of 
Grazing. 



Two accounts of the expenses of R Keate, Town Clerk, who spent some 
time during Easter Term, 1578, in London, on Borough business ; and agaio in 
Trinity Term. The first account is from April 14 to May 19. His halts for the 
night on his up journey were Poole, Hampton (Southampton), and ^Hartlerewe. 
An item or two may be extracted. " To the caryer for bringing my cap-case to 
London, 6d." A box of seven pounds of marmalade " geven to Mr. Neale," 8s. 4d. 
A breakfast " to iii. of my L. Chief baron's men, 2s, 8d." " For serch in the Towre, 
lOs." Boat hire to Greenwich and back, 6d. Two pair of shoes for himself, 2s. od. 
*• Horsemeate for 29 days, Us. 6d." "For washing my shirts, 16d." "To tb« 
oitlers, 4d." "To the maydens, 6d." On his return he halted at " StaneC 
Andover (via Hartlerewe), Blandford (via Sarum). The Total is ^6 1 la. 3d. 

S. 67. 1. 

The second account is from May 31 to June 28. His route each waj was 
like the last. In this account " bote hire " to Greenwich occurs nine timea He 
also took a boat "divers times '' to and from Westminster. " Ingrossing a 
Sapplicacon directed to S' X^ofer Hatton," cost 3s. 4d. A supper " bestowed uppoo 
Talbot the Clarke of the Towre " cost 38. 6d. " For seinge iii or iiii bundells of 
Records at the Tower," 3s. 3d. His horse " 24 dayes at gras " cost 8s. The total 
was £7 9s. lid. S 67. 2l 



V. 16. Accounts 

1578 and 9. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

•Journey to 

Ijoudon. 

Fee. 



Journey. 
Fordington, 
Blandford, Sa- 
rum, Andover, 

Basingstoke, 
Bagshot, Hamp- 
ton, Richmond, 
London, 
Aveley. 

Horse hire. 



Fees. 



R. Keate's account during Hilary Term, 20 £liz. (1578), when he was twenty- 
si. "c days in London, on Borough business. The items resemble those in his accounts 
above. One looks signiGcant : — " To S'' Walter Mildmaye's man to pcure a warrut 
f*" the pety customes, lOs." S. 72. i. 

Five accounts pinned together, and similar to the above. A few particulazB 
may be given. 

1. R. Keate "departed from '^Fordington/' Oct. 31, 1578, and his stigea 
were, vi4 Blandford to Sarum ; via Andover to Basingstoke ; via Bagshot to 
Homstone (Hampton 1) The Court was at Shene, as it appears from his chargiog 
for three dinners at Richmond. From Homstone he went vi4 London to Avelej. He 
returned (by the same route as on his up journey), Dec. 6, 1578. Total not givea 

2. This absence lasted from Jan. 21, 1578 (9) to April 18, 1579, "beinge 
Easter Even." The only item that seems to need recording is " For hire of mj 
horse upwards, 5s." The total was £12 8s. 6d. 

3. A shorter absence, from May 14 to June 5, 1579. " For drawing and 
engrossing of the English bill against the Bayliffs of Waymouth " he paid 10s. 
The fee to an Attorney of the Exchequer was 38. 4d. Total £3 Ss. 6d. 



^ Hartley Row. 

> It may be noticed, in connection with B. Keate's two starts from Fordington, that the ntfie 
(only with S at the end) exists there to this day. He was of Fording Jon. See v. 20. 



CLASS V. BOROUGH 'FINANCE. 



131 



4. On June 17, 1759, he again started from Fordington and remained awny 
until July 14. Total £3 8s. Od. 

5. He left Weymouth on Oct. 16, 1579, and remained away until Dec. 5. 
He went via " Wynborne " to " Ringwoodde " the first day. Then via Romsey to 
^Alford. The third day via " ffarum " to " Cobhm." His business was connected 
with the disputes between the Boroughs, fomented by J. Broke and others. He 
** paid to a typstaff to bring J. Broice before the iudge of the King's Bench to retorne 
the heas corpus fr Henry Michell, 2s." "Counsellors' fees to Mr. Recorder of Londoii, 
Mr. Blanchard, Mr. Napper, and others," were in all £5 12s. 6d. *' A buckram bag 
to caiTj the books " cost 12d. Total £16 8s. lOd. S. 72. 

This is a very curious and carefully written Document. It is " thaccompte 
of Rychard Pytt fo'^ the year of his maioralltye," and it fills a roll of paper five feet 
long. First come receipts, among which may be noticed : — 

On " 7 weye of lyme lacke ii bushells " 

" Petty customes " of canvas, " and a pocket of hoppes " - 

" Received of Lewes the shoemaker of fframpton for his fyne of 

one case of glasse being forfeited " 

" Petty customes " of the Michael bound " for Sherbrocke " 

— — from Jourdame of Sarrence for 2 puncheons 

of ** pruyns " 

For " passingers " in the John 

More than one French vessel comes in laden with iron. Among disbursements 
mav be mentioned — 
. . "for Wyne . . sent to the Castle of Sandsfoote for Sir W. Paulet" 
. . "for iii pounde of sugar . . sent with the same wyne " - 
. . "horse hyer to go to Dorchester with Roger Keate, which was 
to sett the proclamation for eatinge of flesh " - . . 

. . **to the shrive for our Indentures for iiii Burgesses " - - 
. . " for makinge cleane of the towne hamesse " - 

The total receipts were £12 78. 7d., the outlay £12 Is. 2d. 



Wimborne, 

Ringwoody 

Alresford ? 

Fareham, 

Cobham. 

Brooke. 

Fees. 



138. 


4d. 


Is. 


4d. 


10s. 




3s. 


8d. 



V. 17. Account 

«1578, 9. 

English. 
W. and M. R. 

Mayor's 

account. 



Cherbourg. 



Is. 



14d. 



»ursement£ 


I Iron from 
France. 


68. lOd. 
4s. 


Wine for Sir 
W. Paulet. 


6d. 


Lent? 


8s. 




6d. 


Town armour. 


S. 74. 





A very rudely written Slip, seeming to be a receipt for 4d. for the " youse of V. 18. Receipt. 
r bayllys." No date. S. 99. 14. gng. W.&M.R. 

For 12d., pettv customs, paid by J. Denche, of Dorchester, Merchant Seal V. 19. Receipt. 

G ivio « Nov. 7, 1583. 

gone. 0. 14d. 6. Eng. W.&M.R.. 

Denche. 

« Roger Kets Bond." R, K. *' de ffordington " enters into a bond in £100 V. 2a Bond. 

to W. and Ric. Pytt, J. Allen and J. Moket. Seal, a Death's Head, with motto Latin & English 

W. and M. R. 
» Alresford ? 
« Or more likely 1579, 80. See ii. 28. 



132 



CLASS V. BOROUGH FINANCE. 



Keate, Town 

Clerk r. 
Corporation. 



" Fides coeli clavis." ** The coudition of this obligacon is " that he binds himself to 
accept the award of G. Trenchard, T. Hanaro, J. Fitzjames and Ric. Swayne, Esqa, 
ill a ^controversy about '^ a certeu recompence ^^ the said Roger challengethe to 
liave in consideracon of his travell about the said towne busynes/* failing which the 
£100 must be paid by June 25, 1588. S. 164. 

Draft of " Coudition," as above. S. 1 65. 6. 



V. 21. Letter. From J. Dewye to the Mayor, certifying (which had been doubted) that the 

English. bearer is authorized to receive tenths and fifteenths, viz., £4 10s. Od. for W., and 

W. and M. R. £9 iqs. Od. for M. R S. 165, a 

V. 22. Account Expenses " in rydinge to Darkmothe," by " ^gy^port *' to " CoUyvord " the 

^Tl59oV^ first day ; next day to Exmouth, where the "passage" cost 2d. ; the third day by 

Eng. W.&M.R. Tor and " Tyngmoth " (passage Id.) to Dartmouth. Total charge 208, 7d. No date 
Journey to 

Dartmouth. 01* signature. S. 167, 1. 



V. 23. Account 

1590—1596. 

Eng. W.&M.R. 

Mayor's 

Account. 

( ^hafin. 



Payment to 

Town Clerk 

Keate. 

Bridport. 

Entertainments 



Town armour, 
etc. 



Two folios containing the amounts of Mr. J. Bond, Mayor, 1590, 1. A few 
items may be given : — 

To " the Shreve Mr. Chafin in an^ 1591," M. R. rent - 

— "1 pece of temb' f^ chapell dore " 

— " Payd Mr. Rog Keytte by agrement " 

— . . " for y® pore of Borpot . . " (Bridport) . . - . 

— "a supper given to Capten Sprynge " 

— " the Juges Dyet and Sargent Hanam at tymes " - - - 

— "2 Sords and dagers ^' y* corsletes " 

— " gerdells and hangeres for sords at Dorchest' " - - - 

On Aug. 18, 1593, he brings out a balance, showing that *'the Towne is 
Debytor " to him £31 14s. 2d. But on Feb. 25, 1595 (6), the Auditors "f»ase this 
accompt," and severely "disducte" the Judge's " Dyet." S. 177. 



£ 


s. 


d. 


1 











2 





20 








1 











16 


9 


10 











Id 








2 


4 



V. 24. Accounts " 1593. Rent collected in my yeare" (Mr. Mayor Barfoote's). The number 

1593 
Enff. W.&M.R. ^^^^ P*^^^ ^^ about sixty-eight, the yearly amounts vary from £1 58. Id. by 

Town Rents. T. Barfoot to Id. by " the hey res of H. Carder." The total received was £16 Os. 2d. 

It appears to have been rent of Town Land. S. 178, 



' Money was paid to him a few years after, so probably the award was in his favour. See 
V. 23. Ue travelled and travailed much in the ** towne busynes." See v. 15, etc It 
may be that his account of January 19, 1607 (8), was still connected with this basiness. 
See M. V. 1 (Appendix). 

" Bridport? Bridport is spelt " Burport " in one or more of the old County Maps. 



CLASS V. BOROUGH FINANCE. 

Five pages connected with the Audit of Mr. W. DottrelFs accounts for the 
year of his Mayoralty, 1589, 90. The Auditors were three Pitts, J. Denche, 
J. Brooke and W. Mounsell ; and instead of allowing £10 iTs. 4d., Mr. D.'s claim as 
balance due to him, they make out a balance of £3 due to the Town. The following 
are a few of the items in the accounts : — 

£ s. d. 
^* Lynarde Vandargosen p^ for himself and iii sones for thayar 

ffredom" 200 

Also " towarde the Chapell " 10 

Kdmond Chowne, *' chorchewarden at Rodypoll " paid for his 

freedom of the Borough -200 

In outlay, a breakfast was given to Sir H. Palmer and eighteen 

men for - - - 2 

To a " dynar " to Sir G. Trenchard " then newe knyghted," with 

'* dy vs jentellmen . . . and many ?vynge men " (partly paid 

for with cash in hand) 17 

— carrying " a (Trencheman deaseased " to Radipole Churchyard - 1 

— " iii Spanyards w**» a gyde " sent to " ^Darkemothe ... to take 
shepynge*' 010 

— " ii men EsP mondaye to dorchesP to were ii corsletts " - - 2 

— a horse and man, in charge of a prisoner, to Dorchester gaol, 

and " y« kep for his flfee " - 2 

— " a potell wyne " to Sir G. Trenchard - - - - - 1 4 

— ** Tymbar for Repracyons off charrelFs ^hy ve in W. syde " - 3 4 

— Sending a letter to Mr. Recorder Uanam (to Wimborne 1) " a 

howght Leave for the chorchyarde " 024 

— Sending to Sir G. Trenchard (at Wolveton, Dorchester Vj " ii 
preutises ofT London . . . taken . . . vagaraunte " - - 2 

From this document, as well as other sources, we learn that Mr. D. was a 
keen W. man. He heads p. 5 thus, ** Wemothe and my home R and in the haule 
on my homes syde . . " S. 166. 



133 



V.25. Accounts 
Feb. 25 and 27, 

1595 (6). 
Eng. W.&M.R. 

Mayor's 

account. 



Vandergozen. 

Freedom of 

Borough. 



KntertainmentB 



Expenses to 
Dartmouth. 



Wine for Sir G. 
Trenchutl. 



Vagrants. 



Four-and-a-half folio pages of Mr. W. Waltham's account during the year of V.a6.Accoimtt 

his Mayoralty, beginning Michaelmas, 1596. Faisi^VAM R. 

The Revenue was £42 14b. 4d., consisting of Petty Customs (£20), Town 

Rents, Carts, and Drawing the Bridge. A wreck " '^behind the Town " was sold for '' Behind the 

Town." 

* This can only be part of the cost. Probably v. 22 is connected with the same affair. 

' Hythe, a word still used along the Fleet or Little Sea to mean an inlet and landing place. 

' That is, on the Esplanade shore. The " Front " was then, and long after, the '* Back." 



134 



The Great 
Katharine. 



Gnillaume. 



Expulsion of a 
baa character. 

Fee. 
M.R. Common. 



ChapeL 
Slates. 



Mother Ryves. 



Stocks. 



Terns Well. 



The Great 
Katharine. 



CLASS V. BOROUGH FINANCE. 

lOs. Next comes "a note of . . . moDeyes . . . from the Cuntry . . . towarde 

. . . setting forth the great ^Katheren in Gales . . ." 

£ 8. d. 
From the Mayor of Poole 26 13 4 

— — Lyme - 33 6 8 

— Sir R. Rogers' Division (of the County) - - - - 24 

— Sir Matt. Arundell*s Division 12 10 

— Sir G. Trenchard*8 Division 23 

Constables of Whitechurch Hundred 18 19 8 

138 9 8 

Among items of outlay may be noted : — £ s. d. 

"To the Shreve's man for arest . . . upon French Gillam " - - 16 

— " convayeing of a madd man out of the Towne " - - - 3 

— "a shrowde for a poore man that died in Jhonsons porch and to 

the woeman that shrowded him" 034 

— Four ropes for the [draw] bridge 4 

— " carying of a badfellowe to Langton to be convayed from whence 
became" 006 

— "Mr. Singge for his Counsell about the triall of our ^Comon" - 10 

— " releaving of poore sicke sould" w^'^ were sent a shore from the 

Earle of Essex " 15 8 

— outlay " to amend the Chapell," including eight hundred slates, 
4s. 4d., one thousand lath nails, Is. 8d. ; Hellyers, five days 5s., 

etc., etc. 19 10 

— " Towarde the buriall of Mother ^Ry ves " - - - - 5 

Mr. J. Small received, apparently for Law business, £56 out of a total outlay 
of £88. There are many small items, also, connected with the Stocks, the 
" Drumbe," " making cleaue the Bridge and Markett " (at 48. per annum), the Clock, 
the Way at Terns Well (at the Greenhill), etc., etc. 

Further there are a number of details of laying out the contributions 
towards equipping the " *Great Katheren " in " Cales voyage." Mr. Mayor claims 



^ A MS. in the King's Library mentions the Catherine as one of the six vessels forming the 
Weymouth quota for the Fleet against the Armada. She was of only sixty tons !— Ellii' 
History of Weymouth, p. 15. But from the mention here of '* Cales " (Cadiz), and m 
another item of the " Cales voyage," it may seem that she also helped Sir F. Drake in 
his "singeing the King of Spain's beard" there in 1583. If so the county was a long 
time in refunding the cost to the Borough. 

^ The Melcombe Common lay on both sides of the Dorchester Road, principally on the Etft 
side. See iv. 89. 

» See iv. 28. 

* See note v. 26. 



CLASS V. BOROUGH FINANCE. 



135 



as due to himself a balance of <£3l 78. 4d. But " uppon the vew '' of the account 

seTcral " thinges dialyked are stroken out," and " uppon revew " of it as late as Severe Audit 

Sept. 23, 1602, all balance due to him is disallowed. S. 184. 



*' Accompt of Mr. J. Mockett's Mearaltie," contained in one sheet. A few 
items may be quoted : — 



4 10 
28 5 

8 
• 10 

1 





d. 
6 





6 

6 

8 



*' For the establishing of the burgesses in the plament house " - 

— "113 days at 58. 8d. per day, allowance to the Burgesses" 

— "the Juries diner uppo the laweday in W. side" 

— " the ^Becon men, more than I R** " 

— " mending the Coking stole " 

— "a lambe skyne for sponges " (for guns) 

— " wyne bestowed uppon the lieftenants and the captaines at 
tymes in their logings " 

The total outlay is £174 12s. 8d. On the other side the ^Custom House 
brought in £19 10s., the Petty Customs, £24 Is. 6d, etc., etc. This Mayor, like his 
predecessors, claims a balance due to him ; but again the Auditors differ from him, 
bringing out, on March 31, 1601, a balance of £6 4s. 4d. the other way. But finally 
on Sept. 22, 1602, this balance is "allowed " and the " accompt shall stand clearly 
discharged." S. 185. 



1 5 



V. 27.Accountt 
1597. 98. 
EngliBh. 

W. and M. R. 
Mayor's 
Account. 

Jury's dinner. 



Cucking StooL 



Wine for Cap- 
tains, etc. 



Audit. 



Accounts of Mr. J. Bond's second Mayoralty, from Michaelmas " Ao Jesus," 
1599, to Michaelmas, 1600. The Petty Customs were about the same as above, 
and were paid in by J. Pit, of " ^Lanehous," and R. Rowles. Instead of only 48. a 
year, paid formerly to "Father Bryue " for cleaning the Bridge, etc., 188. is now 
given to Morten. Among other items may be mentioned : — 



V.a8. Accounts 

1599, 1600. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 
Mayor's 
Account. 



£ 












s. 




2 
2 
2 
1 



d. 
7 

6 

6 



4 



To " sendynge 2 boys wber they wer bom " - 

— " J. Small to Retome in a bone vevers of the flesh in Lent " - 

— " mendynge the stox in Waymoth syde " - - . . 

— outlay concerning " soders for erland " 

— — — " the frenchman that had the false pistoles " 

The Account is not finally "cleared " until Sept. 30, 1605, and then with the 
usual deduction from the Mayor's claim. S. 186. 

^ The Beacon was on a spot now occupied by a clump of trees on the South of the road 
between JSelfield and Wyke Church. 

* It seems puzzling that the Custom House is named as a source of income to the Town, the 
greit Customs belonging to the Crown, and the petty Customs being mentioned apart. 

» In Wyke Parish. 



Lent. 
Stocks. 

Hase money. 



136 



CLASS V. BOROUGH FINANCE. 



V. 29. Accounts 
1602,3. 

Eng. W.&M.R. 

Mayor's 

Accoant. 

Wine for my 
Lord Viscount. 



Price of Oran- 
ges, Lemons, 
and Potatoes. 

Fees. 



Mar. 29, 1603. 

July 24. 

Coronation of 

King James I. 

Fee to a 

Preacher. 

Fee. 



£ 


8. 


d. 





1 








4 








6 






10 6 



Trade in Sugar. 



Accounts of Mr. W. Holman for the year of his Mayoralty, Oct. 2, 1602, to 
Oct. 3, 1603. Some items are curious : — 

To " putting in 4 pillowes in y« daw (draw X) bredge " - 

— outlay " at my L. Vicomte being in the towne for y* pesse, for 3 
pottells of clarrett wyne at 3 meales ------ 

— — " ^Secke at 3 meales in y« townes name" . . . 

— *' a C of orenges and ^ C of Lemones and pottatoe routs . . . 
with carridge" 

— " Mr. Dr. Jessop . . . dew fro the towne to ^he for the defenc 
of o' mesaredg and bushelledgl . . .'* 

— ** the Messenger ... fro the Court w*^ the ^pclamation " 

— " Uppo the Crounnation daye " to a gunner, etc. . - . 

— " one hd of beare in W. Sid and one hd in M. R. Sid " - 

■ 

— " Geven to yonge Jesp Jounes the precher " - - - - 

— P<i Doctor B. Jessup for his fee the pter for ending o' controversie 
conseming the bushelledge " 

A crane was erected on the Town Quay at a total cost of £14 2s. 4d. It 
immediately earned £4 14s. Od. on five hundred and sixty-five chests of sugar, at 
2d. Still the " Cranedg " was let for £4 a year, only. The letting of various town 
dues seems now to begin systematically. Contrary to precedent Mr. H. charges 
himself £4 lis. 3d., 'Mew by me to the evening of this accompt." The Auditors 
seem to have struck off this debt. S. 188. 



I 











10 











10 


1 


10 








13 


4 



1 13 4 



V. 30. Accounts 

1603, 4. 
Eng. W.&M.R. 

Mayor's 

Account. 

Phippen. 



Players. 

Charter. 

Market stone. 



Serjeants' 
Cloaks. 



" T. Barffoot his acc° for his yeare of Mayrolty ending at Mychellmas 1604," 
containing a few points worth extracting : — 

To Goodman Phippen for " byudiiige the bridge pillers w**» railes | £ s. d. 
... for > 2 9 1 

— " mendinge the Ramer and the Whele for the bridge " - / 

— " My Lo Sandones players " 050 

— Mr. Hyde for "counsell " in drawing a new '^Charter - - 1 

— " settinge up a markett stone before Mr. ^Pit's dore " - - 3 3 

— ** Chrystyan Wynter for vyttell whc yt was doubted thatt her 

house was infected " -0311 

— " ^2 y^s. frenche rosett for sargnts clokes " - - - - 3 14 

— " H. Leonard for " domedge ... by imprisonment " - - 1 3 4 

^ This spelling is worth notice, from its nearness to ** Sec," one of the renderings of Sack. 

— He = him, true Dorset. 

-* Doubtless for the Proclamation of the Accession of King James I., March 24, 1603. 
^ The only one extant to which this can apply is that of 1616. If so, it was long in hand. 
^ Probably the house quite lately demolished, close to St. Mary's Church. 



CLASS V. BOROUGH FINANCE. 

The total outlay, ^871 Gs. 3Jd., left the Town £4 158. Od. in the Mayor's 
debt ; and this was " allowed of" (minus 14s. of the cost of " rosett") on Sept 22, 
1606, but the Mayor never received it Only on July 23, 1611, it was received 
by « J. Barfoot ex' to my father T. Barfoot*s wQl." S. 190. 

"Acc<* by me W. Waltham in the tyme of ray Mayoraltie," Michaelmas, 1605, 

to Michaelmas, 1606. Among the items are : — 

£ s. d. 
To " 26 of helling (heling) stones " 14 

— " sending of the proclamation of the flaege (or fladge) to Lyme "020 

— " newe setting y« [market ?] stone by Mr. Rodder's dore " - 2 4 

— " geven unto the Queues players " 010 

— "abeamerope" - -0 19 4 

— " mending the towne beame " 010 

The Mayor claims a balance of £43 15s. 6d. ; but the Auditors demand 
£6 4s. 6d. for the Town. S. 191. 



137 



Audit. 

Payment 
delayed. 



V.3Z.Accountt 
1605, 6. 

Eng. W.&M.IL 

Mayor's 

Account. 



Players. 

Town Beam. 
Audit 



(( 



Ace® in the tyme of the Mayoraltye of Mr. J. Pitt," Oct. 6, 1606, to Oct 5, 



1607 :— 



£ 
20 





2 









s. 




To repairs of W. Chapel, in all 

— contribution for " the Repayringe ^of Wooll Bridge " 

— " wachinge of Jn. Brock " (probably Brooke) - - - - 

— " Charges of ^Sweet of the Keyes " (but £45 in all) - 

— *' Ironworke, stoachs and nayles for the Jetty Jew " - 

— " the scoUdinge stoole ingyne and Ironwork " - 

— " sending into Portland about the pyratts " - - - - 

— "a book of Roals cost " 

And among receipts : — 
" For hevinge of balast w***out a sayle whereof yt went into the 
harbour" 

— " Hhe ground in the conigar sold to Mr. T. Barffoot" - - 31 

Mention is made of the " Towne Scales " and " Tryangles." The Mayor 
debits himself with £18 and upwards. S. 192. 



5 
1 
2 
2 
3 

5 



3 




d 




6 



6 



3 










V. 33. Accounts 
1606,7. 

Eng. W.&M.&. 
Mayor's 
Account 

Wool Bridge. 



Cuddng StooL 
Pirates. 



Land sold. 
Town Seals. 



n 



The Accompte of J. Moket in the thirde tyme of his mayoraltye geven up V.33.Accoiiiits 
the 1st of Octob' 1608." Eng!^&M.R. 



^ This fine old Bridge still stands. 

^ That is, probably, a Law-suit about the Quays. If so, Suit must have been then pronounced 
like Suite. 

' The Parchment Feo£fment of this land remains. M. iii. 13*. 



138 



Entertainment. 



Bridge. 

Church. 

Audit. 



V.34. Accounts 

1610, 11. 

Bng. W.&M.R. 

Mayor's 

Account. 

Earl of Essex. 



A Bishop. 



Entertainment. 

Mocking the 
Jury. 
Audit. 

V.35. Accounts 
161], 12. 

Eng. W.&M.R. 

Mayor's 

Account. 

Whipping. 



James. 

Beer. 

Crane. 



Wine for 
liaater Sheriff. 

Soldering the 
Seals. 



CLASS V. BOROUGH FINANCE. 

£ & d. 
" For a pecke standard for salte " 030 

— <' ajpsente to the L. ohif Justice " 0106 

— ** the entertaynement of Captayne Burglye and his followers at 

tymes for the better havinge in the shipp of Rye '* - - - 3 5 
More than £26 were spent on the Bridge, and £29 on the Church. The 
Petty Customs brought in £4 10s. Od. The Auditors refuse the item for the 
Captain, etc. S. 197. 

"A juste accounte of all such moneyes as I have layd out in my meralty. 
1610." It seems that the year was from Michaelmas, 1610, but Mr. J. Bond's 
dating is careless : — £ s. d. 

" For a crest and mending the hall " 008 

— '' my L. of Essex and my L. Knowles expenses at their being in 

towne" 260 

— " my L. Bishop dyett to my sealfe " 10 

-— " 36 ivorse ffaggouts coulss (?) (for a bonfire ? July 16) " - 12 
''Given to the Knights of this Shire when they dyned at Mr. 

Raynalles " (given in wine ?) 030 

" Gave my Lord ^Waldou for a bankett of sweete mets " - - 1 

Received " of Spicer for mocking the Jurye " - - - -010 

The Auditors demand a balance of £16 9s. 8d. (See " Harbour ") & 201. 

" Robert Knight his Account as ffoloweth," from Got 13, 1611, to Sept 30, 
1612:— £ 8. d. 

" Received of a Glasier for forin hopes bought and sold " - - 3 

" Paid H. Tucky for whiping a sailer " 4 

"Geven J. Samwayes in Recom pence of his wifes hurt by the 

Sergeant" O50 

"Geven to the sicke men y* wher bound to Virginia y* wher 

licenced to depart home " 020 

" Pd Mr. Jaa. James for lent of his Kettell " (for pitch ?) - - 3 

— " for i a dosen of bear for the Labours " - - - -006 

— ** Valince and Stonerackes for caring downe the craine and 

setting it up " - --" 008 

— '^ a pottell of wine and suger y^ I sent Mr. Shrife at his beinge 

in Towne" ' - - - - 1 4 

— " Bolf for ^sodringe of the Sealles and for nayles for the lighter " 6 

The Petty Customs amounted to £67. S. 202. 

^ Furze faggots and coalB ? 

' T. Howarde, Esq., was sammoned to the House of Lords as Lord Walden. 

s This " sodringe," probably, remains good to this day. 



CLASS V, BOROUGH FINANCE. 



139 



« 



'Accompt of monys disbursed . . . by. G. Pley the younger daring his V. 36. Accounts 

Maiorality." An unusual outlay for sailors and others landed, appears in this ji^g^ W.'&M.R. 

Mayor's 

/» ^ J Account. 

Jb 8. d. 



account, e.g. : — 
" To a poore man . . . from Bred [a f] taken for an East India 



n 



man' 010 

— " six other poore miserable creatures y* came from y* Islands"- 6 

S. 203. 



Charity to 
foreigners. 



" The Booke of Accoumpte of Mr. J. Roy latte Mayor . . . from Mychellmas 
1615 to Mychellmas 1616.'' Much of his long and minute account relates to the 
Harbour, under which class it is noticed -, but a few other items may be given here. 
" Y« pettye customs " were let to Mr. Ric. Allen for £112. 

" Received of tow flemens for draweing of blood ..." - - 026 

To " 1 C. 1 q* of orloop nayles at 2s. p 0." - - - - - 2 6 

— " ringing the bell, to JouUer for a wholl yeare " - - - 1 

— '^ Tho. Bowles for mending of the brudg and a place for Cucking 

StoU" 050 

— paid " unto French guilliam for macking cleane of the towne 
corsletts and mending " 096 

— << given the queens players for not playing here, by order of the 
Aldermen" 1 10 

— " for Wynne at the landing of Sir Jn** Digbey "- - - -020 

— " for my owne allowance for the Leckture "- - - -1000 

— " Mr. T. Geare gave Mr. Recorder 5 Jacobus pece for the 
following of the Charters " 5 

(More than £75 were spent in London law business.) 

— "9 douzen of lopsters J°° Poop att Mr. Recorder and 2 dz of 

crabs w«*» cost " 8 16 

— " Sent Mrs. Pynne by Coningsby 6 lb 1 q* of painted marmalady 
in a fayre boxe at 18d. p lb and 3 lb of conservis of ^pottata at 

ISd. p lb." 18 4 

His four pages of closely written outlays come to £296 19s. 9d., leaving the 
Town in his debt £58 98. 2d., which the Auditors allowed. S. 206. 



V. 37. Accoimtt 
1615, 16. 

Eng. W.&M.&. 
Mayor's 
Acconnt. 



Drawing blood. 

Bell. 
Cucking StooL 

Gnillaame. 

Town Armour. 

Players. 

Wine for Sir. 
J. Digby. 
Lecture. 

Pine. 
Charters. 



Lobsters for 
Recorder. 

Marmalade and 
Potatoe Jam. 



Audit. 



Order for payment of £22 9s. 6d. for procuring a new Seal to the Town V. 38. Order. 

Tn 1 1F Q 1 fi I A 

•Charter, and for enrolling it in the King's Bench and Exchequer. C. p. 39. Eng. w!&M.R* 

' This surely puts the Potatoe in a new light, 
s This most be the Letter Patent. See i. 18. 



140 CLASS V. BOROUGH FINANCE. 

V. 39. Orders. Order for the Cellar, under M. R. Town-hall, to be "graunted by a candle" 

Enff. w!&M.R. ^^^ seven years to the highest bidder. 

Clock. Order for a new clock " to be sett up in M. R. Church ; " price to be £4 

with the old clock. C. pp. 50, 51. 

V. 4a Order, Order for 2d. a day to be allowed to Roger Growte, while in priflon. 

feS^. March 10, 1619(20). 

Bng. W.&M.R. Resolution to mortgage the Town Revenues as security if it should be 

necessary to borrow £225, half of £450 demanded by the King towards an 
Expedition expedition against the Turks, i.e., Moorish Pirates. (Mr. K Lechland paid £223 
•gainst Pirates. .^^ ^^^ Exchequer, Feb. 1, 1619 (20).) June 14, 1620. C. pp. 67, 68. 

V. 4z. Orders. The Auditors of Borough Accounts are to be the two Bailiffs, one Alderman 

Ene W &M R. ^°^ three Capital Burgesses, these last four to be chosen as Auditors for the year, on 

St Matthew's Day. Oct. 20, 1620. 
Powder, Pikes, Order to buy four barrels of Powder, twelve Land-pikes, and two dozen 

Buckets. Leather Buckets. Dec. 1, 1621. 

Greene. Order for £10 to be paid to Mr. Gyles Greene towards " a key and slipp 

w^^ he hath builte upon the Towne ground on the E. side of his ^ouse and in 

Hell Lane. Hell Lane,'' and also for his delivering letters to the Privy Council concerning the 

Papist Furman, and suits against W. Mounsell and the Serjeants at Mace. 

March 15, 1621 (2). C. pp. 70, 74, 80. 

V. 42. Orders. Order for £3 to the maker of the King's, Princes', and Town's Arms. 

Bng.w:&M.R. Feb. 28, 1622 (3). 
Work-hoase. Order to rent a house of Mr. J. Pitt, at £3 per annum, for a ^workhouse 

for M. R. Sept. 3, 1623. 
Captive in Order for 40s. for a " newe shute of appell " for H. Browne, late captive in 

"mowc^!" Turkey. Oct 15, 1634. C. pp. 86, 88, 9a 



V. 43. Orders, Orders, for 40s. towards "the Repacon of ^Moones Bridge, neere Dorchester." 

163?% 3 ^^^^ ^' ^^^^ > *^^ ^ ^^y * "Rundlett" of eight or ten gallons of the best wine 

Ene. W.&M.R. that can be had, for a present to ^Sir Fr. Ashley, " as a gratuity for his Love and 

Wine for Sir readinesse to pleasure this Corporation." Dec. 23, 1631. A bequest of £20 
P. Ashley. 

^ This is the house strangely called " Hell." It stood at the comer of Hell (Helen) Lane and 

East Street. The above extract shows that its owner was a man of good repnte, indeed 

for a time he was M. P. 
' Probably the good hoose, still called the Workhoose, in West Street. 
' That is Mohun's. There are two Mohun's Bridges close to Dorchester on the old Bath 

Road, one of which may be the one here spoken of. The Mohnns were of Bothenbamptoo 

near Bridport. A burying place of theirs was Fleet, in the old Chancel of which are 

monuments to some of the family. 

* Vice- Admiral of Dorset ? 



CLASS V. BOROUGH FINANCE. 141 

from Widow Gold, of Dorchester, for the poor of the Borough, was received, Benefaction 

March 30, 1632. Order for £3 for Rob. Hibbard, thrown out of work through a ^^"^ Mrs.CJold^ 
" fall he took " when helping to quench a fire, at Mr. H. Waltham's house. July 5, 
1633. C. pp. 116, 21, 30. 

Account of Mr. Fr. Gape, Town Clerk, for law and other expenses in London, V. 44. Account 

n jy I>®C- 13. 1633. 

''S^- * — X s. d. Eng. W.&M.R. 

To Mr. Littleton 200 G»P«- 

— " allowing the Chre in the Crown Office " - - - - 4 17 6 Charter. 

— " Sir Sydney Mountague for gett an answer to our Petition " - 5 Sir S. 

At the foot is an order for payment of the total, £49 18s. 4d., with Borough " nxague. 

Seal (the ship), and signed " Tho. Wallis, Maior," in a hand which looks like print. Seal. 

S. 233. 

The Town Clerk is to ride to London to petition for an abatement of the sum V. 45. Orders. 

1634 6*. 

of X220, the amount called for from the Borough towards " setting forth a shipp of English. 

warre for his Matyes service." Dec. 19, 1634. ^' "*^ ^- ^• 

The Mayor and others are to ride to Blandford to meet Mr. Sheriff and 

divers Mayors about the money demanded for "setting forth a shipp of warr." Ship money. 

" The first ship money " is noted in an old hand, but see above. V. 40. Oct. 29, 

1636. C. pp. 145, 56. 

A Beadle is to be appointed, and to have a coat, staff, and 20s. per annum. V. 46. Orders. 

1638 9 40 

March 9, 1637 (8). Alehouse keepers are to pay for the use of the poor 4d. on English. 

every hogshead of beer sold. Oct 11, 1639. Steph. Pollard is to have lOs. yf^^^^v^- 

xax on Doer. 

towards ''getting a ^pell" to serve in his stead against the Scots. Sept. 25, 1640. 

C. pp. 160, 6, 9. 

" A noate for the Towne " by Goodman Minar :— £ s. d. V. 47. Account 

•^ _ Jan. 30— 

To " Fower paire of wheeles " (for guns ]) 14 Mar. 22, 1640(1) 

-"myselfefor3daies» 6 ^^^^\^^ 

— "J.Boult— 1 — " 14 Boult. 

— " carrieinge tymber to make the skrew to Dorchester " - - 3 

— " bringinge the skrew from Dorch." 004 

— " labour to bringe the guns out of the blockhouse and ^carringe Guns on the 
them unto the hille " 6 2 ^""^^^^ 

S. 243. 1. 

In a parchment-bound small folio volume, mostly of Law Minutes, are one or V.48. Orders & 

two items connected with Finance, e.g. — On p. 1 a Mem™ that the rent of " Caseway i6^°'5. 

mill" was Jei6 12s. 6d. ; and on p. 8* is a copy letter asking Mr. B. Pitt to pay the ^g- ^•'*^,?^ 

^ A Bubstitate. 
' QoodDonet. 



142 CLASS V. BOROUGH FINANCK 

Middleton same. On p. 7 (at end, reverse way) is an Order that £50 of Mr. Middleton's gift 

shall be kept in " the Towne's hands/' and the interest spent in a weekly dole of 

Thornton. bread. J. Thornton, Mayor. Dec. 22, 1643. On p. 39 is a copy of- Petition from 

Exaction for the Mayor, etc., to the Committee for Dorset, against the threatened exaction of £A 

rmy. ^ ^feek for the Parliamentary army, whereas, through damage during the si^, 

quartering of soldiers, and " extreame poverty for want of trade as in former times," 

they can hardly maintain themselves. Nov. 7, 1645. On p. 40 it is noted that 

they were told to make a fortnight's payment, and appear at Dorchester to receive 

au answer. Nov. 21, 1645. S. 245. 

V. 49. Orders. The Town Clerk, in answer to the "Com'*«" who rate the Town at 12s. a 

1646 8 
Eng. W.'&M.R. week for the " County troop," is to point out the cost to the Town in quartering 

^the"" Ara/'''^ the garrison. Dec. 11, 1646. 

Beer. Any one selling beer brewed out of the Borough is to pay a fine of 4s. per 

tun, informera to have one third. March 24, 1647 (8). C. pp. 193, 205. 

V. so. Account This is an Account, partly, of Arrears of " Towne Duties " owing to Mr. 

1648 9. ' r ./» o 

English. W. White, given to the Mayor by G. Pley, and extending from March 25, 1648(1) 

W. and M. R. ^^ Sept. 29, 1649. Among the goods named are several showing the then importance 

Dyee for Cloth, of the cloth manufacture in the County, e.^., Madder, Redwood, '^Copperis,'' ''Gallefl,' 

*'Allum," "Fustic," " Shumicke," and "^Earth." Some other merchandise may be 
Imports. mentioned, as. Resin, Tobacco, Currants. Soap, Ginger, ** Liquoris,'' '* Raisins soils,*' 
" Mullusses," Starch, and " 380 basketts of fruite," weight two hundred cwt A 
quantity, or receptacle, called " searn " is named. S. 246. & 

V.5o». Account This is a loose sheet, only recently found, and giving Mr. G. Pley's Petty 

DfiG 25 16149 to 

Mar. 25, 1650. Customs accounts for a quarter. From entries, e,g, : — j£ s. d. 

^f S^M^o'^' "^°'' ^^' Samuell Micoes entry for 37 Butts of Sacke, 240 c. raisins 

trade. solis and 91 qrs. of Malago" .223 

Also for ** Smima rasins," Sir S. M. seems to have traded to Spain 

and the Levant. 
There is one odd entry " For eight Coates and Breekes " - - 8 
Melledge. The name *' Melledge " occurs. M. v. 1. 8- 

V. 51. Order. The Governor of the Garrison is to receive £10 " to fill up the new worke 

Nov 2 1649 
Ene W.'&M.R. ^^® fsrre as the second post behither the worke westward directly over athwart the 

Jutty." Nov. 2, 1649. C. p. 229. 

V. 52. Mem- " For double transcribinge the Towne dutyes in parch* " the Town Clerk 

1651.* received 6d. June 13, 1651. 
Eng. W.&M.R. 

^ Fnller's earth ? 



CLASS V. BOROUGH FINANCE. 14;$ 

Whereas through decay of trade, and the wars, the Town Duties have much Decay of trade. 
diminished, and the outlay about soldiers, paving streets, and rebuilding the marsh 
wall destroyed in the siege, has been great, the Corporation are obliged to borrow 
£70 of the Poor's money at interest. Rate not specified. Aug. 15, 1651. (P. 255, 
do., do., for £25. Oct. 20, 1654.) Received 2ds. wheel money (arising from a fine Wheel money, 
or tax of 2d. for every iron-bound wheel each time a cart or waggon passes through 
the paved streets, imposed June 21st, 1650.) Sept. 29, 1651. C. pp. 239, 40, 42. 

Indented " note of the States Timber, 1651, in the flfriery Yard." This is V. 53. Memo- 

fl*^^ MB ^1 (■ CM 

probably timber which for some reason was sold for the good of the Town. It is in q^^ jq {q^i 

forty-two lots, total " 29 ^Koomes 3 hodgshedes and 03 foott." By us T. Hughes Eng. W.'&M.R. 

Timber 
and W. Gillet. S. 246. 9. measure. 

Grant for ever to Mr. Humfry Favell of a plot of ground, one hundred and V. 54. Grant, 
twenty by twenty-four feet, in the angle of the Wyke and Sandsfoot Roads, for £3, Eng. w!&M.R. 
at a rent of Id. per annum. The original Parchment Lease remains. C. p. 245. Grant of Land. 

A sheet containing two accounts between the Borough, of one part, and Mr. V. 55. Accounts 
Holmes and Capt. Arthur respectively, of the other part It is a very rough and English, 
slovenly document, the first being dated 1655, and the second 1653, which is W. and M. R. 
probably right. Capt. Arthur seems to have been lessee of the Market at £12 15s. Od. 
per annum, the Bridge at £5 15s. Od., and the Ballast, etc., at £10 5s. Od. Sales 
of some of the "Town's timber" are noted, perhaps that mentioned in v. 53; e,g., 
" 2 2Tun 2 hogs, and 3 foot, 33s. p tun," £4 5s. Od. The Jury's dinner cost 30s. Timber 
against 8s. in 1597. There was received " for forfiture of a mikson 208." S. 248. 

Mem™ of sale of the stones of ^Cold Harbour Fort, save the great ashlar stones V. 56. Memo- 

and those westward kept as a boundary against the sea ; also of most of the stones Oct. 28, 1653. 

of the New Fort, those of Mountjoy Fort, those at the "North Fort in W.," and ^®^^j^ ^ 

" the healeing stones " there, moreover the stones at Chapel Fort " except the now Sale of stones, 

building there and the 4 ^pillar stones." Total received £51 Is. Od. C. p. 248. ^Ch^^* 

** Josiah Domford's note for . . . jomes for . . . the Towne," undated, V. 57. Account, 
but signed by Roger Cuttance, Mayor. The " jornes " were to Dorchester, Bere, and g^„ ^ &M.R. 
Minteme, one being "to meet S*^ Winston Churchell" at Dorchester. Beer was 2d. Dorchester, 

Bere xAinteme 
per bottle. See v. 60. S. 249. Price of beer. ' 



ChorchUl. 



^ ' This use of Koom or Tun, and Hogshead in cabic (?) measure of timber is strange. A T<m 
of timber is forty cubic feet, but the word here is Tun; and then there is "hogshead." 

' Some Antiquarians take this term to be evidence of Roman occupation ; and this Fort 
seems to have been in M. R. This appears to be the only evidence (slight enough) 
against the opinion that the Romans did not occupy M. R. See Introduction. 

^ One of these now stands by the South door of Holy Trinity Schools, which are on the site 
of W. Chapel, which was made into Chapel Fort. An order for " playninge of " the 
ground was made March, 1658 (9), when probably that stone was buried. 



144 CLASS V. BOROUGH FINANCE. 

V. 58. Order. Copy of Order for the appearance of the Constables at the ^George, Dorchester, 

Eng. W.'&M.R. ^" connection with a grant of four subsidies. Signed by Giles and G. Strangwajs, 
Sti^ngways. R^bt Naper, and J. Curchill (Napper and Churchill.) C. p. 281. 

Churchill. 
V. 59. Memo- Speed's Chronicle, distrained for Capt J. Arthur's Town rent, was " sould bj 

Nov. 13 i663. ^ peece of wax candle" to Mr. J. Studley for 29s. He also took '^Thames Well " 
Eng. W.&M.R. frona the Borough at 2s. per annum. (Terns Well, Greenhill.) C. pp. 287, 8. 

Chronicle. 
Terns Well. 

V. 60. Account Account between the Borough (Sir Kog. Cuttance, Mayor), and an unnamed 

English. Collector of M. R Town Rents, amounting to £9 19s. O^d. Twenty-two items are for 

W. and M. R. land, e,g,, Cook's, Micho's, Gapes', Mr. Arden's, Elliot's land, etc., etc., varying from 
Various Estates ^ o 

Windmill. £1 lis. 6d. to 2d. Also "for y« windmill 5s." There are three half-crowns for 

three " ammercements att the sessions." S. 250. 

V. 6x. Memo- A Mem™ which seems to record that Mr. Mayor Gach and eight others 

^*" 1666 ^ ^ joined in lending £100 to Government, at six per cent per annum, on security of 

English. "ye additional Tax." March 13, 1665 (6). 

W.andM. R ,,,. ,r. ,,,,.,« , . ^ 

Gach. The Kmg seems to have been lately m the Borough, the Corporation 

borrowing £100 to meet the cost of his reception. An Order is now made to 

Marsh mortgage the ^Marsh to the lender, Capt. G. Strangways, for ninety-nine years ; but 

Strang^ys. redeemable at a year's warning. He is to pay " interest of the poor's monyes " doe 

therefrom. May 28, 1666. (See v. 52.) 

The George. The George was let to Sam. Roberts at £10 per annum. Nov. 28, 1666. 

C. pp. 295, 6, 300. 

V. 62. Orders. Major Bury, Muster Master, is to receive £6 up to Michaelmas, 1670, and 

E^^^'h ^^' P^^ annum after. Oct. 19, 1669. 
W. and M. R. Order to lay out £10 on minting ^farthings *' for the Towne's use and profit! 

Weymouth ^^^ ^^® poore ;" the " superscription " to be " a W. ffarthing " on one side," and on 

farthings. the other, " ffor the poore," with the Town's Arms. Nov. 5, 1669. C. pp. 326, a 
Bury. ^ MTMT » 

V. 63. Receipt Imperfect Receipt by Major Bury, Muster Master, for £6, money paid for 

^^E^Hsh.^ " the Militia of this Towne," by the Mayor, eta With Seal of Arms and another 
^^^dM^ with a cypher. Oct. 20, 1670. (Also £2 paid Sept. 25, 1671. See v. 62.) 

S. 253. 3. 

^ This old inn, after being re-fronted many yean ago, was demolished in 1881 for the erection, 
on the site, of the Dorset Museum. 

' The Marsh, mentioned here and elsewhere, is the low ground stretching S.W. from the 
6aa Works. 

' Specimens exist, in the Dorset Museum and elsewhere, also mites. 



CLASS V. BOROUGH FINANCE. 



145 



June 
July 
Oct. 



£ s. 

2 9 

9 

17 

4 

56 

15 

10 



d. 


6 
6 






A folio volume of about one hundred and sixty pages, containing the Borough 
Accounts. A few items may be extracted : — 

1668. 

May 7. Lobsters to Col. Reines and Mr. Recorder for service done 

— 15. The Bookes and ruling 

— 17. Bells for the Bellman 

8. Faggots for a '* bone fiere " on the King's birthday - 

9. Fees, etc., in " Redemption of the Marsh " - - - 
5. To the ten decayed seamen out of ^Sir S. Mice's gift 

The yearly Salary of Mr. Town Clerk Scovill - - - 

The Serjeant's Cloaks, which in the early part of the century cost £3, now 
cost £8 9s. 8d. Also the Recorder's salary which for years had been £3 6s. 8d. per 
annum, was now £10. Further : — 

1670. 
July 9. Mr. Hewes, Schoolmaster, q" salary and rent of School - 

Dec. 2. ^A brass bushel bought in London 

Oct. To poor Frenchmen (other gifts to French and Dutch) - 

In 1674. — Entertainments to the Recorder at the Bear 

1676. 
July 2. "P*^ Tucker's note . . .for sitting forth the dum boy 

to Newfoundland "- - -- 
1676 (7). 
Jan. 4. ''A Gorge ... for his freedom of being a bacar " 

Nov. 17. For the bull collar 

Fine from Overseer Strong " for abusing " the poor 

1679. 
Jan. 6. " Fowler's Bill for billding the townehall " - - - 

1682. 
Nov. 8. For firing the guns on Nov. 5 - - - - 

1683. 

March 1. Bill for the Pillory - 

" sPeeter " Green's bill for the Pump and Pillory - 

May 10. Faggots " for the boone fire " 

July 9. " Firing y« guns upon the happy news of his Ma'^'* safe 

deliverance from y« horrid plotts of presbiterians " - 



£ s. 
3 10 
10 17 
1 7 
6 10 



10 
6 
5 



6 1 
12 
11 



d. 

7 
4 




6 13 4 









12 



5 



8 





V. 64. Book. 

March, 1668, to 

Jaii.l7.1693(4). 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Lobsters for 
Col. Reynes. 



Bonfire on the 
King*8 birthday 

Mico 

Benefaction. 

Town Clerk's 

Salary. 

Sergeants' 

Cloaks. 

Recorder's 

Salary. 



School- master's 

Salary. 
Brass Bushel. 



Entertainment. 



Freedom to be 

a baker. 

Bull Collar. 

Fine for abusing 
the Poor. 

Town-hall. 



Salute on 
Nov. 6. 



6 8 



PiUoiy. 



Bonfire. 

Salute on the 

King's escape 

from a plot. 



^ This gift consisted of the George Inn and Premises, and £500, at this time lent to Farmer 
Vie at six per cent, per annum, but afterwards laid out in land atOsmington. There was 
also a Charity called " the Lady Browne's Gift." 

< Standard brass quart and pint measures were procured in 1700. M. v. 6. 1. 

* Probably great-grandfather of Peter Green, a well-known boatman at W. forty yearn ago. 
u 



Vie. 



146 



CLASS V. BOROUGH FINANCE. 



H4>ntire on 

Nov. 5. and 

May 29. 



King Ja8. II. 's 

Coronation. 

(lallows for 

Rebels. 



Salute for King 
WiUiam III. ? 



Freedom to be 
a barber. 



Seal for the 
Mayor. 



1683. 
Not. 9. 
Aug. 9. 

1685. 
April 24. 
Oct. 14. 

Nov. 20. 

1688. 
July 4. 
Aug. 18. 

1693. 
July 18. 

1693. 
Dec. 18. 



Faggots for Nov. 5 
Do. May 29 



e 



Bonfire on King James 11. 's Coronation Day - 

" Bill ... for the Gallows, Burning, and ^Boyling y 

Rebells executed p ordJ^ att this Towne " - 
" Paid Mr. Mayor at the Beare . . .for setting up a 

post w^ the quart" of the rebells at W. towne end " 



Firing the guns - 
Faggots for the bonfire 



£ 9. d. 

10 9 

11 

1 8 11 
15 14 3 

1 6 

10 8 

11 6 



Ric. May for license ^* to use the trade of a barber and 
perrywigg maker " 



2 10 



^^ • 

To Philip Taylor for a ^new Town Seal for Mr. Mayor - 9 

S. 254. 



V. 65. Memo- 
randum. 
Mar. 28, 1695. 
Eng. W.&M.R. 
Holworth. 

V. 66. Book. 

1724—1800. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Fines to Stamp 

Office. 



Jeanes. 

VVallis. Bagg. 

Fanvill. 

Drake. 

Cloberry. 



Gollop. 
Tucker. 



A Mortgage on Hollworth Farm is mentioned, but with what this was 
connected cannot be perceived. C. p. 426. 

A Folio Vol. See iii. 144. A few extracts relating to Finance may be made— 
e.g. — P. 195. The Corporation had to pay a fine of £30 to the Stamp Office for 
stamping the Minutes of Election of three Aldermen, at different recent date& 
March 5, 1740. The Minutes of Elections of Mayors did not require stamping, it 
seems. 

P. 245. Order to repay to Mr. Jeanes, late Mayor, £25 lOs. 4d., which he 
had to pay to T. Wallis and S. Bagg, being debts and costs due to them from 
Jas. Fanvill, imprisoned, but who escaped. June 26, 1752. 

Pp. 278 & 280. Order to arrange for payment to the Drake family of the 
fee farm rent, demised by the Crown (or Commonwealth 1) to Sir J. Cloberry, and 
now claimed by the Drakes, it seems. Sept 12, 1761 and June 3, 1762. 

Pp. 312, etc. Order for a Lease for one hundred and ten years, from the 
expiring of a lease already granted to the late G. Gollop, Esq., for the life of 
J. Tucker, Esq., of six hundred feet in length from'N. to S., and two hundred and 



^ See iii. 139. These were some of the large number of the Duke of Monmouth's adherents 
condemned at the Dorchester "Bloody Assize," by Judge Jefferies. Othere were sent 
elsewhere for execution, e.g. to Poole. 

' This is doubtless the small Seal with a dark mahogany handle. See i. 42. 



CLASS V. BOROUGH FINANCE. I47 

fifty feet in breadth from E. to W., of ^waate land on the Nan-ows, forty feet N. of Narrows. 

Townseud's ground, and reckoned in breadth from the middle of the road, in favour Belvedere, 

of Andrew Sproule, Esq., of Bath, rent £20 per annum. A note says that Mr. Tucker Sproule. 
died Oct. 5, 1779, so the lease expires Oct 5, 1889. Nov. 8, 1770. 

P. 360. Mr. Tucker having died (as above) it is ordered that two years' 

rent be demanded of Mr. Sproule "at the Hotel." Sept. 27, 1781. Hotel. 

P. 366. Order fur letting the Marsh Lands by auction, and also certain Marsh. 

Waste Lauds to be hereafter described are to be let, in lots, for ninety-nine years, 

determinable on three lives nominated by the lessee. 

P. 371. Leases were accordingly granted, of plots not ' described, to Building 

I^eases 

J. Purling, Esq., at lOs. per annum ; Morgan Wallis (two plots) at 6s. ; J. Webb, at Purline, 

2s. : and W. Andrews Tizard, at 2s. July 9, 1783. Wallis Webb, 

" Andrews- 

P. 375. Order that a Tax of 28. 6d. per annum shall be paid for every Tizard. 

Rithing Machine. Nov. 5, 1783. ^^c&. 

P. 377. Lease for ninety-nine years, at 68. per annum, of a Plot, twenty-nine Building Lease, 

by twelve feet, at the E. end of Silver Lane, in W. May 12, 1784. Silver Lane. 

P. 469. In 1753 J. Taylor bequeathed £70 to the Mayor, etc., towaids the Taylor 
instruction of two boys in navigation. It had now increased to £208, and it was 
resolved to bring the interest into use, as directed. July 5, 1792. 

P. 471. Order to let certain Land, near Hooker's Dock, also five Plots for Land to be 

embanking, at the ends of Petticoat and Conigar Lanes, for one hundred years, petticoat and 

(They fetched from £1 Is. Od. to £5 Os. Od. per annum.) Aug 23, 1792. Coneygar Lanes 

P. 479. Order that Leases for one hundred years be granted to Messrs. Building 

Gear, Isaac, and Hamilton, of Land, two hundred and forty feet long and one q^^ i^^ 

hundred and fifty feet deep, at 48. per running foot per annum. They are to build Hamilton, 
twelve houses thereon, in which no business or trade is to be carried on. (These 

form the Crescent.) Oct. 3, 1792. Crescent. 

P. 506. Sir W. Pulteney is to have a Lease of Ground, at the N. end of Pulteney. 

York Buildings. April 4, 1796. Building Lease. 

P. 519. This land is described as by the Esplanade, opposite Mr. Samuel Esplanade. 

Weston's Timber Yard. Rent, £2. Nov. 13, 1797. Weston. 

(Pp. 543, 4. Sir W. was to have a lease for five hundred years, at £5 per 

annum, of land between ** the roads leading to St. Mary and St. Thomas Streets," Roads to St. 

N. of Sir Jaa Thomhiirs Almshouses, and running to a point, ^j^o building was to Thomas Streets 

be erected on it. Feb. 3, 1800.) aT^T^"^ 

Axinstiouses 
P. 508. There was still a Timber Yard in St. Thomas Street May 9, 1796. 

P. 510. A Plot at the Cove, ninety -seven by twenty feet is to be let for Cove. 

ninety-nine years to J. Arbuthnot, Esq., at 2s. 6d. per annum. July 1, 1796. Arbuthnot 

* The site of Belvedere. 

' This stipolation must have been cancelled, it would seem. 
U* 



148 



0LAS8 V. BOROUGH FINAN'CE. 



Donation to 
WidowB. 

Defence of the 
Country. 

Corporation 
Income. 



Ksplanade. 



Shmbbeiy. 
Oloucester flow 



P. 519. A Donation of £21 is to be given for the widows andchildreuoftbe 
killed in the action with the Dutch Fleet on Oct 11. Nov. 13, 1797. 

P. 520. A Contribution of £200 is to be given towards the Fund for the 
defence of the country. Feb. 16, 1798. 

P. 534. At this time the gross income of the Corporation, apart from 
charities, was £664 Is. Id., on which the " duties upon income " seem to have 
amounted to no less than £292 158. 7d. April 18, 1799. 

P. 543. The Esplanade Wall was now thought of, and all building on the 
Esplanade or adjoining shore is forbidden. Dec. 2, 1 799. 

P. 544. Proprietors are to be asked to subscribe towards the Esplanade 
Wall 13s. per running foot of their frontages towards the Esplanade. Jan. 7, 1800. 

P. 548. A Contract is to be entered into with Messrs. Jas. Hapailton and 
Hob. Vining to build the Esplanade Wall, at 1 3s. per running foot, on an average 
six feet high, and two feet thick, from the Road to the Sands, opposite the 
^Shrubbery, to Mr. Ford's house in Gloucester Row. March 17, 1800. 



^ The Shrubbery was on the site of the Royal Terraoe. 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING. & COMMERCE. 



NOTE.— Most of the Charters, and also several Documents in other Classes, relate 

more or less to the Harbour Affairs. 

This is a very curious Extract from the Rolls of Parliament " In Rotulo VI. x. Extract 

1432 3 (?) 
j)liamenP de anno xi Regis H. sexti. Itin une autre peticon fust bailie au Roy en English, French 

mesme le ^lament en la tenure qensuit" (In the Roll of Parliament of 11 King ^'^i r "** 

Henry VI. Also another Petition was presented to the King in the same 

parliament in the following terms.) *' To our soverayne Lord the King plese it to 

your Royall ma**® . . . [that] your porte of ^Melcombe [suffering from] . . . 

scarste of healpe of p^pole to . . . resyst the . . . ennemies . . . [whereas] 

your toweue and havon of poole is well . . . manned and there ys a sewar . . . Poole Harbour 

haven . . . wheare yo*" mayor and burgesses ben fully purposed, yo*" gracyos lycens Harbour 

there to had, to walle ^incarnell and fortefey yo^ sayde towne . . . [wherefore the 

petitioners pray the King] to annull the sayde porte of Melcombe . . . The 

comons ben assented to this byll . . .'' which was to take effect "at the feast of 

siiint illerey next comming." ex p me Johen) Olever. (See i. 26.) S. 7. 

Copy, extracted by the County Clerk of the Peace, of an Indictment of the VI. 2. Indict- 

Bailiffs, etc., of Weymouth. It is dated ''^in prima septimana quadrigesime." 15^0 

2 Eliz. Forty people " riotose ot routose sese assemblaverunt," and seized in the ,f**ij- ^t' 

•' '^ _ Bailiffs of \V. 

port " quin^ mille piscm Anglice fyve thouson mylettes," worth £10, ''rete Anglice 

a Sayue nett," worth £5, and a boat, worth £5. S. 20. 

This is a Letter speaking of a cargo of Herrings which seem to have been VI. 3. Letter, 
exported to Southampton. See iii. 4 for other papers under the same number. ^ andM R (?) 

S. 34. 

A Petition in very good writing, praying the Privy Council for a grant for VI. 4. Petitua 
twenty-one years of 4d. on every one thousand pilchards exported ; which would not Ensiish. 
hurt the fishermen, as merchants effect the transport, chiefly to Spain. S. 35. ^' "^*^ ^^- ^ 

^ It seems strange that Weymouth is not mentioned. 
* '* Incamell " = crenellate, probably. 

' In the first week of Lent, with the fast of which season this seizure of fish may have been 
connected. 



150 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 



VI. S Book. 
1567 to 1594. 

English. 
W. and M. R. 



In this Book, relating chiefly to other matters, are some things connected 
with the Harbour. 

F. 57. The duties of the "Water Baylye." He is, t,g., to levy "the 



Ankeraige, lastaige, coin on keyaige, grounddayge, bussellaige and bomaige." 

F. 57K Seven " Constytucyons for the mayntenauce of the Haven." They 
Ballast. forbid throwing refuse or " scroope ballast that is to save sande gravell earth or the 

like " into the haven, and breaking " anie grounde . , . upon . . . the strone^ 

of either sied." 

F. 74^ Order by Mayor, etc., dated March 9, 1583 (4), for the payment of 

one half-penny a quarter of "wheate barleye malte ^wottes beanes and pease,"" 
Export duties, exported by a freeman of the town, and Id. do., do., by a stranger. This is to Ije 

for the maintenance of the Haven. 

F. 75. Taxation for the proposed bridge over the Haven. April 30, 1584. 

The number taxed was ninety-six, the amounts vary from 20s. to Is. S. 47. 



VI. 6. Letter. 
Nov. 9, 1574. 

English. 
W. and M. R. 

Pirate? 



Draft Letter to Sir F. Walsingham from the Mayor, etc. They say that^ as 
desired, they demanded one Slocomb from the Lieutenant of Portland Castle, but in 
vain. S. had gone out of Weymouth Harbour by night in a " barke in warlyke 
maner appoynted," and had gone to Portland Castle. By the connivance of the 
Lieutenant he had sailed away. S. 51. 



VI. 7. Account An Account of duties paid in Sept., Oct., Nov., and Dec, but the year is not 

''^^'"^Mlfsh^* ^'^ ^*^®°' ^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^- ^^-^ "^*^® ^P ^^ fifty-one items, of which "canvas" is 
W. andM. R. oftenest repeated. On Nov. 13, Jas. Churtche paid £1 12s. 7d. on seven thousand 

five hundred and thirty ells (?) of Canvas, and one hundred and eighty reams of 

Apples Paper. Three times " 300 basketes of Aples," at 5d. duty, appear, and Cider was 

imported. imported. More than one thousand lbs, (1) of " tobaco " were imported at 8d. duty 

per one hundred lbs. (1) The exports show only three items ; e.g. : — From the 

Dorchester Mercers, ninety ells (?) Dorset Cerses (Kersey X) 10s. duty. S. 58. 2. 

VI. 8. Articles Eighteen Articles " to be exhibited " by J. Peers the younger against Ph. 

T **^i!T ffiibyan. Pet. Ry ve and W. Spawling. J. Peers and B. Maiger " took to ffraight . . . 

Eng. W.&M.R. a ^ship . . . the George of ffifteene tons," to go to Falmouth or Plymouth for a 

*^* cargo. They took in three hundred thousand pilchards (twenty thousand to a ton) 

Kaba de Cela. and made " ^Kuba de cela " in Spain. There, it seems, they sold the fish ; and they 



* Wottes = Oats. 

' This may illustrate the use of the word '' ship " in the Bible. A.V. 

* Kuha de cela cannot be identified in any Map of Spain accessible to the writer. Bat for 

the mention of Walnuts one might suppose Cuba to be meant, and Spain to be used for 
Spanish Colony. 



CLASS VL HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 151 

took in one hundred and three thousand ** orrenges " and seveuty-four ^hannacks of Oranges. 

walnuts. Theiie were measured by a quarter hannack, " by wood and not by heape," 

each of these containing about six hundred nuts, a heaped bushel containing eighteen 

hundred. The defendants sailed without authority to Bristol, and sold some of the 

cargo to the owner's damage, oranges being 10s. per thousand at Weymouth, and 

only 3s. 4:d. at Bristol, and a similar difference as to walnuts. Great part of the 

cargo they either sold for their own good, or consumed, feeding on walnuts at sea. 

The merchants think themselves thereby '* dampnified " to the sum of £50. The 

defendants behaved equally ill with regard to a cargo of *M0 waighes of sea coales,*' 

each of forty-eight heaped bushels, and worth at Weymouth 30s. per waigh. Then 

follows a statement of other charges against them, £19 10s. 9d. in all; e.^., for a 

'' quarter carde," 5s. ; for a hogshead of beer drunk out on board, 18s. Then two 

more, about £23 together. S. 59. ii. 

Two Depositions, on one paper, of men examined as to possible hostility 
towards this realm abroad. J. Harte had been two years in "Gales in Andelozia" Enquiry 
(Cadiz.) He knew of nothing done there against Her M»jesty or this Realm, " and so hostihty. 
did depose to the Othe of the Supremacie." Ric. Phellippes had also been at Gales, 
having sold his ''shippe" there for £6 15s. Od., meaning to lay this money out 
^' about this next vintage f but was robbed. He deposes as above. S. 59. 12. 

Deposition by R. Evens, of London, who sailed from Portland Roads, in the 
barque Gallyon, of thirty tons. He left her at Plymouth, finding that the master, 
G. Easte, and the crew meant to carry the vessel away from her owners. S. 59, 14. 

" The Gonfession of Nic. du boyse against the acion of the baylyffs of VI. 9. Deposi- 
Waymouth," W. Ledoze and Hugh Randall (?) ; in boarding a " Barque of the Ryver jg^g* 

uf Gedrw" (?), aud with threats ^demanding duties, which had already been paid to ^?;.^ *f^t^ 
the Mayor's Officer. They seized a sprit-sail in security for, or in lieu of, the duties. 
iSigued by Duboyce, 0. Raynolds, Mayor, and five others. May 3, 1576. S. 61. 

Examination of W. James, alias Ledoze, who seems to have been very 
rebellious. " He had spoken to as good men as [the Mayor] was." " The opinions 
of the Town Judgs beinge offered to the . . . Gounsell was by them toste over 
the Barre." (In Endorsement) " The Mayor was no Mayor there." June 6, 1576. 

S. 62. 

This is noted because of a Harbour term used in it. Mr. Mayor W. Pyttc, VI. gr\ Feoflf- 
etc, say that they " feofasse . . . and barganizasse . . .J. Feaver . . . ^uk."^ 1578. 

augularem . . . peciam terre . . . in . . . S^ Eimond Streate . . . et ex Lat. W.&M.Ri. 

Pytte Feaver. 
parte occidental! cuiuss hathe ibin vo6^ a hi the or wharfe ... ex opposite finis Hythe or 



Wharf. 



^ This would seein = a third of a bushel. Spelt afterwards *' hannickes." 
' These contentions must have driven away trade in no small degree. 



152 CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 



. . . S^ Nichas Streate '' (have feu'd and bar^ined to J. F. an angular piece of 
ground in St. Edmund Street, and on the West of a certain " hatha " there, called 
' a hjthe or wharf opposite the end of St. Nicholas Street.) M. ii. 19. 

VI. 9b. Bond. Bond by J. Peers for the erection, within four years, of a Stone Jettj, from 

Latin & English the South of the land lately bought by him of the Corporation, and to extend 

^ T ti^ ^ towards the North and North East, "over againste the olde Juttie of the late 

Borough . . . of W." Penalty, £100. (He had just bought the site of the 
Friary, Maiden Street, with the land behind the same, to the E., between it and the 
sea. This is confirmed in an Indenture. Sept. 6, 1578. M. ii. 13.) M. i. 4. 

VL 10. Order. Copy Order, signed by H. Asheley, G. Trencharde, J. Horsey, and J. Peers. 

Eng. w!&M.R. Mayor. It sets forth that it is H.M. pleasure that no vessel should be rigged. 
R^trictiOTis on victualled, or made ready, except by well-known merchants or masters, or by others 

who can show a warrant from the Queen, or from six of the Privy Council, allowing 

Navigation them to sail on H.M. service or for " discovery of sume newe trade." And such 
Rules. 

persons must give security to the Admiralty for good behaviour. All going forth on 

trade should have ** letters testimonial! " under the Seal of the Admiralty ; or of 

the Vice-Admiral of ports not under the Admiralty ; sealed also by the Mayors and 

Custom Officers of the respective ports. SL 70. 

VI.zz. Account Iq the account of Rich. Pytt during the time of his Mayoralty occur two 

1579. , . 1 TT 1 

Eng. W.&M.R. items relatmg to the Harbour : — 

" To Hewghe Charles for 3 boat load of stones for the Towne Key" - 7a. 

To the same " for mendinge of the Keye on the other syde of the water " 38. 

S. 74. 

VL 12, Depo- " Coram maiore." J. Pierson and Ric. Watson, of the Godfreede, were put 

Dec. 7, 1682. on board " the Frenchman" by the Master (owner of the G. ?) W. Pitte, and told by 

Eng. W.&M.R, ^jjQ Captain. W. Goste, to keep her ; as he meant to take her to [South] Hampton. 

In weighing anchor they intended only to keep near the G. in the Roads. 

W. Goste, Capt. of the G., confesses that, having been on board a Frenchman 

Cookets. of "Deep" (Dieppe), in Portland Roads, he took away his bills of lading, "^cockettes" 

and safe conduct under the Admiralty Seal, and showed them to " the admyrall and 

Enquiry about generall of the fleet," who bade him return them. He disobeyed. Brought before 

^!wra etc* *^® Mayor, he promised to restore all, but did not ; being asked (he says) by the 

merchants of the French ship not to give her up, as they feared a " Flossyner '^ 
(Flushing vessel) then in the Roads. 

R. Todde, Frenchman and Master of the ship in question deposes, that ** he 
did aske Goste to keep the said ship," and would ask to sail under convoy of the 

^ CertificateB of payment of duty. See Note to iii. 110. 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. I53 

Fleet, if bound for Southampton or Plymouth, aB he fearad to enter Weymouth 
Haven, his ship not being ''good to be agrounde." (Signed with an elaborate 
flourish.) 

He again deposes that the General offered to take his ship into the Haven, 
not answering for her safety in the Roads, but this T. declined for the reason 
above. 

Goste and his company are bound over, in £200, to appear when called, and 
to keep the peace. S. 95. 2. 

** This hew and cry to goe northward toward London." From Bailiffs Randall VI. 13. Hue 

and Dotherell (of Weymouth) for arrest of J. Yonge. (See below.) S. 99. 8. Jan*5, 1582(3). 

EagliBh. "wV 
Randall, 
Dotherell. 

Deposition or Mem°* by Hugh Randall and W. Dotherell, Bailiffs of VI. i^ Depo- 

Weymouth. " Helerie Galle," of Exeter, Merchant, came to W., Jan. 9, and "did Jan. 10, 1582(3) 

requere serten Carzeys " in the hands of the above, and claimed also by J. Yonge, of English. W. 

I'lxeter, to whom the goods were delivered by A. Feale (?) Master of the Margaret 

of " Jarzey." On the coming of Galle the packs were opened and given to him out Theft of 

of the house where they had been stowed. The packs were elaborately marked, and Kersey. 

two marks are given in the document Galle put the goods (thirty-seven pieces) on 

board the Margaret again. S. 99. 6- 

Deposition before Mr. J. Mouusell, Mayor. 

And. Feall, of Gersne (Jersey ?) Master of the boat Maiigaret, says that in VI. 15. Dcpo- 
Nov., 1582, being at E.xmouth, he received from Hilary Gallue, of Exeter, Merchant, jan.f iii582 (3) 
one pack and six " ballots " of " Ker^," marked as in margin, to be taken to the Isle ^English, 
of Gersne for Gallue and J. Lovemore. The wind being fair he sailed without Kersey 
notice, whereby he had no " cognel " with him. He was driven to W. by stress of exported, 
weather. Further, that being with J. Young and other Gersne merchants, J. Y. 
said that he had friends here ; and, as the owners of the goods were also his friends, 
those goods should be safe. Thereupon Feall delivered them to Y., who broke his 
word, an<f in his own name put the Kersey on board the " Trust in God " for 
" Sherbrouk in Normandye " (Cherbourg.) 

Two sailors of the Margaret depose in accordance with the above ; one of 
them, Arthur Favell, signing his name very creditably. 

N. Williams says that the Kersey was laid in his kitchen and removed to 
^'arden Ledoze's bark. 

Ledoze says that he was to take the Kersey for Young to "Sherbroke," and 
bring back a ton of goods for 50s. ; but that the goods were taken ashore again 
to Hugh Randall's house, for the owner to claim. S. 95. 3. 



154 



CLASS VI. HAKBOUR. SHIPPING, AND COMMEKCE. 



VI. x6. Letter. 
Feb. 10, 1582(3) 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Pirate. 



" The trew copie of the conncellers Ire to the Shirive, etc." 
T. Purser, a notorious Pirate, has iufested the coast and assaulted EugiL4i 
and French ships near Weymouth. He took one of *' Kochell/' and tried to take 
another. The townsmen came to the rescue, slew seven men aud wounded others 
and forced Purser to retire. He threatened the town and ships there with *' spoile 
and fyer." The Council therefore fall in with the townsmen's application for help 
towards making a " small bullwarke " on the shore, and procuring guns nod shot 
Accordingly the neighbouring inhabitants are urged to contribute. See vL 24. 

S. 90. 1. 
Jan. 17, 1582 (3), Raffe Rylandes confesses that he and others took a caM 
left behind by Purser's prize. S. 95. i 



VI. 17. Letter. 

1582 (?) 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Borough 
impoverished. 



Poole r. 

W. and M. R. 

Dorchester. 



Moorish 
Pirates. 



VI. x8. Depo- 
sition or 

Memorandum. 
1582. 

Eng. W.&M.R. 

Pirates. 

Swanage. 



Draft Letter to the Privy Council from the Mayor. He says that in Ietter^ 
of Feb. 7, the Council had ordered the Merchants and Ship-owners of W. and M. K. 
to give £450 towards a Government Expedition against ** those Robbers of Argier 
and Tunis " — that the late Mayor pleaded the " poore estate " of the town — that :* 
was conceded that the town should recover the above sum by " levying of one upoi 
a hundred . . " " upon the goodes traded to and from this towue." Hereup);: 
the Dorchester Merchants have transferred their trade from Wevmouth, " ^not sis 
myles distant," to Poole, eighteen miles from them. Therefore it is a^iked that ooe 
per ceut. may be charged on them at Poole for Weymouth. The Dorchester 
Merchants seem to have thought this unfair, the Poole trade being to France, tb* 
of Weymouth to Spaine, a voyage taking four times as long as the other. Od thi^ 
the duty on goods for France was ordered to be half that to Spain and the Levaot. 
The Mayor then complains of the poverty of the Town, four ships having been takei 
by the Turks and one sunk, to the value of more than £2000, and the Spaniiil 
trade being rather a loss than gain ; and he ends by praying that '* the SpaoisL 
trade may pay but thoue halfe of one p C." Undated. S. 90. i 

Memorandum of information to Mr. Howarde and Mr. Mayor that J. Newntto. 
kinsman of Hugh Randall, has become a Pirate, and has had " to pece of ordenanw 
o-it of Waymouth," either from J. Brocke or H. Randall — that on Juue 23 HjntoD 
a Pirate Captain took J. Ward's bark at and brought Iier to " ^Sandewjcb 

in Purbecke," removing from her two packs of canvas worth about £100, belongin.^ 



^ It is remarkable that both distances should be understated. It would be natural, though 
wrong, to exaggerate tho nearness of Dorchester to W., calling the distance less thin s^ 
miles, instead of eight. But that the distance to Poole should be put down as eigfateci- 
miles, whereas as the crow flies it seems to be at least twenty -two ; and by rot(i, rpno<i 
the head of the harbour, twenty -eight, does seem odd. However it appears tiut 
Antiquarians have observed other under-estimates of distance in old writirgs, sod hif< 
half suspected that the mediaeval mile was longer than the modern one. 

- Swanage. It is spelt Sandwich in a Map of the present day. 






I 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING. AND COMMERCE. 155 

to J. Mounsell. The pirates cut down the gallows (1) where certain others of the 

same calling had been hung at Studknd. Altogether if no remedy is found " no stucllaml. 

man wilbe able to travell." Undated. S. 90. 3. 

Letter to the Privy Council, relating to the Borough Diaputes, under which VI. 19. Letto^. 
head it is noted (ii. 46.) But it may be referred to here also as allegmg unfair English. 
interference /With commerce on the part of the Mayor, for the sake of private gain ^^* ***" ^^' '^' 
in the sale of salt. This called down on him a sharp autograph letter from Sir 
i\ Hatton (ii. 47.) Sept. 3, 1583. S. 101, 102. 

Receipt under (defaced) Seal of Weymouth, by the Queen's Bailiffd, for VI. 20. Receipt 

Sept. 26, 1o83L 
148. 4d., harbour dues. S. 99. 11. English. W. 

This is noted under "Borough Disputes" (ii. 51); but it may be hero VI. 21. Mem- 
referred to as speaking of W. Chappell having gone on board a pirate vessel at E. o^^^ l^ I5g3^ 
Lulworth "to by suger." S. 99. 13. ^°«- W.&M.R. 

Relating to Disputes (ii. 55) as above ; but to be also noted here as alleging VI. 23. Depo* 
usurpation by the Weymouth Bailiffs of the levying of Petty Customs (See vi. 20), q^^ jg }5g^ 
and as incidentally mentioning a Custom House on Weymouth side. S. 105. l^°g- W.&M.R. 

J. Cowarde deposes that in Sept. he was on board the John Evangelist, of VI. 23. DepO" 
Hampton, of which Matt Beaumont of Shaston was Lieutenant. In company with jy^ -^ Igg^ 
the Providence, of London, they boarded a Frenchman of about sixty tons, near the ^"8- W.&M.R. 
" Southe Cape." Finding only pomegranates on board they let her go. S. 95. 6. Pomegraiuitea. 

(See vi. 16.) Examination before the Mayor, of J. Hawte, Kic. Bownell, VI. 24. Depo- 

H. Huigens, and W. Bonde. On June 8 they went on board the ship of T. Purser, jj^^^ 5^ 158;^ (4) 

Pirate, in Portland Roads, being sent by J. Wade with a French letter to Purser, _ ^ J?^ ,^-- 

° "^ Oct. 30, lo82. 

from whom they brought back an answer. They heard Purser say that if he could English, 
take any ships in Weymouth Harbour he would " sett them a fyer." Then comes ' pjrate. 
a copy of Purscr*8 letter. He says that no one on board could read French, but 
taking it to be Wade's wish to buy the ^hip, he will sell her and her cai^o, except 
sixteen barrels of hen-ings, fur £100, accepting "1000 byskey and 2 toonne of bear " 
in part payment. " Otherwayes he shall sea her to make a brave fyer." Pinned to 
this paper is a Memorandum, saying that on Oct. 30, 1582, one Pudseye and one 
Kyves showed to Mr. Mayor a French Commission from the Duke of Brabant, of 
March 26, for arresting the Duke's enemies. Hugh Randall asserted that on board 
their' ahip he had seen the Council's letter concerning the matter. Also P. and 11. 
asserted that it was " the L of Lecester's shippe or boate ;" wherefore the Mayor 
proceeded no farther iu examining them. S. 100. 

^ A prize, probably, 
v* 



156 CLA88 VI. HARBOUR. SHIPPING, AND COMMERCR 

VI. 25. Letter. Draft Letter to Sir F. Walsingham, from the Mayor, etc., apparently. Tliw 

Autt ^)0 1 ^84 

English. ^B ^^ answer to a letter in which Sir F. said that he had been told that a bark of 

W. and M. R. Chichester had taken the Pirate Sprage and his prize in Portland Roads. The 

Pirate Vessel Mayor denies this, saying that the Chichester Captain promised help, but kept aloof. 

Roads. ^ Weymouth bark took the pirate vessel, and a Weymouth pinnace the prize. 

Endorsed "The Copieof the Ires drawen by Arthur Cree and sent to the L. Treasurer 

and Mr. Secretary.*' ' S. 90. 4. 

VI. a6. Depo- Before Mr. Hugh Randall, Mayor, and Mr. W. Welbome, Commissioner. 

May 31, 1585. ^* Proullfe, of Land wilt in Wales, sailed in the Jesus of Bristol, H. MusgraTe. 

Eng. W.&M.R. Master, for" Leachborne " (Lisbon), having received the Communion five days 

before, and means "to doe the like." On April 1 all English, French and Flemish 

ships were " stayde at Leachbome . . . and mutch communicacon was there had 

Sir F. Drake, of S»" ffrancs Drake his goinge to sea w*** his navye of shipps." He protests that he 

is a true subject. S. 119. 2. 

VI. 27. Depo- By B. Delascale, Factor to Merchants of " Parise, Telowse, and Burdeaux,'* 

Jan. 1, 1585 (6). ^^ board the Salamander of St. Andrews. She was taken by a Flushing " fliebote/' 

Eng. W.&M.R. and rescued by the gallion Venner, W. Venner, Gent, Master. S. 119. 3. 

Rescue. 

VI. 28. Letter. Copy of Lett.er, with fac-simile signature of Lord C. Howard, Lord High 

Eng. VV.&M.R. Admiral, Commander of the Fleet against the Armada, and afterwards Earl of 

Nottingham. It is addressed to Fr. Hawlye, Esq., Vice-Admiral in Dor^t, 
Woad. requiring him to detain until further orders, such " oade " as may be brought into 

port, large quantities being said to be imported into Dorset It seems to have been 
t.iken by the Prince of " Condye " in his passage to Rochelle, " wiche cause the 
ffrenche ambassator heere dothe verie earnestlye foUowe." (See vL 31.) S. 108. 

VI. 2j).^ Depo- (Another of the many Documents relating to the Harbour and to Borough 

sition. 
Mar. 2, 1585(6) Disputes.) Mr. W. ^Colston, of " Bristoe," Merchant, deposes as follows, before Mr. 

^"^^Bt*^^ ^' ^^^^^^» Mayor. Going from M. R. side towards his ship in the roads, he asked 

0. Moone, in Hugh Randall's house, to go on board. He leaped into a boat near W. 

side quay. J. Cbapell and W. Frannces followed and wished to pull him back, as 

being under arrest. Moone asked the deponent and others to take him into one of 

their boats, which were going to the ship, to whose crew he belonged. This was 

done. Then W. Percy e and five or six other W. men stoned them, and hit 

" Mr. FarewelFs man of Poole " in the neck. However, Mr. Colston and his party 

went on and saw his ship make sail. Returning towards the ^passage boat they saw 

^ It is hardly necessary to note that Colston of Bristol was a name of power among Merehants 

in old times. 
* The ferry boat over the harbour, before a bridge was built. 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. |5^ 

teu or twelve persons, includiog " Ledosse immeing him selffe baj-lye of Waym***- Ledoase. 

one Rich. Jurdeu goinge in a skye color gowne " and W. Sammwysse. They bade Samwaya. *^ 

the deponent go to the Hall. He said that he had not offended and would not go 

except by force. W. Sammwysse, at Ledosse's summons then *'caryed him into the 

Halle." Ledosse sat as judge and wished the deponent to be bound over to appear. 

On his refusing they consulted, and got him to promise to return to the Hall 

l)etween six and seven a,nL next day. Signed, "p me W"*. Collstn." 

Rich. Colston, of Bristol, and W. Holman, Merchants, depose as above and 
add that W. Sammwysse said that the Mayor had nothing to do with Admiralty 
matters. (The Colstons are again mentioned, vi. 44.) S. 110. 1. 

Deposition before the Mayor in Weymouth Hall, by W. Samwayes. He says VI. ^o. Depo- 
tbat he laid hands on Rich. Colston by command of W. Ledosse, Bailiff, for rescuing ^^^ 3^ 1585(6) 
O. Moone, arrested under Admiralty Warrant of Bailiffs Ledosse and Oyer. E^g- W.&M.R. 

S. 110.2. 

Copy of Answer to vi. 28. The Mayor informs Lord C. Howard that " oade " VI. 31. Letter, 
brought froin Rochelle has been detained, but prays that such as came *' in lawfull jg ' \v.^m.R. 
trade" may be released. S. 109. 

W. Moore deposes that he joined a barque, name unknown, J. Coosins VI. 52. Dep<H 
supposed Master, crew of twelve or fourteen, men and boys, at W. Lulworth — sailed Mar. 11 ^585(6) 
to Selsey, thence to Rye. Here the Mayor's Deputy " had the sayles awaye," and Eng. W.&M.R. 
enquiry was made by '* the coission " for J. Coosins. M. left her and went to Suspected 
Portsmouth, where she afterwards touched, and M. again joined, finding on board Pirates, 
four French and eleven or twelve £nglish hands. No examination of ship or crew 
took place there. They sailed for " Stoodlon," where they bought bread, and from 
another vessel got a hogshead of white wine, and another of claret ; and sailed for 
Wevmouth to "victell." S. 81. 20. 

Draft Petition to Sir C. Hatton from the inhabitants of W. and M. R., VI.33.Petitioa 

supported by a letter from the Deputy Lieutenant and County Magistrates, and ^i^.^ W.ftM.R. 

representing that '* the towne beinge so slenderly puided for as it is, and being in so Boroosh in 

danngerous a place," is likely to be forsaken. (Undated, but from W. Pit, who was ^ * 
Mayor in 1586, 7. See iv. 31.) S. 119. l. 

(Part of this Paper is noted in Class ii.) Briant Hitchins, J. Michell, and VI. ^ DepcH 
others, depose that being in their bark, riding on W. side, J. Russhe, and K Wysse ^i^,, 26, 1586. 
demanded their boat that they might come on board. Twice they refused and were ^5P^^\f*^^ 
stoned, making an outcry for help. '^ And soe the Towne rose and rescued them." 
K W., of Great Yarmouth, claimed the bark. J. R. or K W. threatened to burn 
the Town. Then follows a Latin Recognizance, binding over J. R. and £. W. to 



158 CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 

keep the peace. J. R is designated " de pochia Ste Katherine in London vibrellator 

^nerviens Thome Foster cap^ vibrellator navis . . . Regie maiestaP voc the 

The Revenge. -Kevendge " (Of the parish of St Katharine, in London, apprentice gunner of 

T. Foster, master gunner of H.M. Ship called the Revenge.) S. 127. 

VI. 35. Depo- (See Class ii. 64.) B. Hitchins deposes to Bailiff L^dosse, of Weymouth, 

April 5, 1586. 6-^>^cting " busleges " on wheat imported, and that L. denied that the Mayor had 
English. W. anything " to doe uppon the water." S. 119. 8. 

VL 36. Memo- Mem™, signed by Mr. Mayor Mokett, etc., that five sailors ** here stayed 

Jdy°4'?586 "ppon suspicon of piracie " have been delivered over to Mr. Jas. Bruer, ''appointed 
Eng. W.&M.R. for her ma*>«« put service." S. 119. 13. 

VI. 37. Certifi- Copy (? ) of Custom House Certificate by Ria Clarke, and two other Customs 

cats. 
July 13 1586. ^^fficers at Lyme, that Bic. Bautinge has found security for the export to Newport, 

Lat. W.&M.R. Monmouthshire, of two hundred and ten quarters of malt, with some wheat and 

b;\rley, on board the " Goddisgrace " of Wells, Norfolk. S. 119. 15. 

VI. 38. Agree- Copy of Agreement as to the same cargo, between R. B., of South Creake, 

Depositions. Norfolk, of the one part, and W. Smithe, of " Bristoll," Merchant, of the other 

Jul>'20and part The prices were to be, Malt, 2s. 8d., Barley, 28. 4d., Wheat, 48., per 
Aug. 17t 1586. * 

Eng. W.&M.R. Norfolk bushel, of eight gallons. S. 119. la 

Depositions before Mr. Mayor Mokett. U. Dye, Mate of the God s Grace, says 

that Arthur Malby, the Master, ** cryed the corne to the cuntry," Malt at 2s. 6d., 

Price of Com. Wheat at 3s. 8d., and Barley at 28. 4d. per bushel ; that Smith, the owner, had given 

no consent to going to Weymouth ; and that Malby had " shott off a caste pece to 

tiie prinze of u flybote." J. Cullins and H. Dye depose that the vessel was brought 

into W. because the com '' had taken heate." (See also vi. 42.) S. 119. 20. 

VI. 30. Depo- Before the Mayor, etc. Nic. Abraham and J. Lambert, both of Liverpool, 

*p^2^ prisoners for twelve months in ** Bilboe," say that they heard there that there were 

July 29, *' 700 sailles of Shippes, Gallis, Galiasses, Pynnesses and Pattasses," and two hundred 

1586. ' ""^ eighty thousand men, said to be for England. And they heard "one Captayne 

JSng. W.&M.R. Tereticus offer one Rob. Stacye, of Saltash, to take him from " Lissborne " to 
Ihe Armada 
preparing. Waterford. S. 118. 1. 

Examination of Manndel Meudisse, " born at S^ Towrs in Portingalle," deposes, W. Mounsell 

uguese. interpreting. He went to "Cyvillc," and thence to " S* Lucas," where he shipped 

in the Unicorn, of •* Almayne" for Flushing or Holland. She was taken "athwarte 

' Serviena = apprenti (Ch. Angl).^Ducange. 

- Doubtless Sir Ric. Grenville's Revenge, in which he fought theNrhole Spauish Fleet a uigbt 
and part of two days. See Hakluyt. She was sent by Lyme against the Armada, and 
was of only sixty tons burden. 



< 

\ 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 



15» 



S^ Aid horns " by the Salamun, of London. He left Portugal because he favoured 
'' Don Antonje/' which was dangerous. Also ho had a brother imprisoned in 
" Morowcous in Barbarye," and by help of Don A, and one " D' Nownos" he had 
hoped to go and redeem him. Munndel's " necessaries " and forty-six *' peeces of 
rialls of eighte " were seized by Capt Hampton, of the Salamon. At St. Lucar he 
heard that there were twenty-eight ships and "gallions," with five galleys, bound to 
" Gales," and thence to " Nova Spania," mostly to join a fleet expected thence. 
C*ertain *' Carviles of Aviso " had brought news that '* S' ffrances Drake " had taken 
St. Domingo and Carthagena. (This sentence is scored out) He saw thirty-six or 
thirty-seven ships, mostly small, fitting for Carthagena. He heard that the King of 
Spain has in the ** ryver of Lyssborne " three or four score ships to carry forty 
thousand or fifty thousand men to England. The King is " yet lyvinge," but had 
been very ill it was said. S. 118. 2. 

(From the above alarm resulted several Petitions as follow) : — 

(Copy.) Letter or Petition to the Privy Council from the Mayor, etc. 
Whereas we have before asked for " fytte store of ordynance" etc., and help 
towards makhig " of two platte formes " for the Town and Country, open to invasion 
through ** the comodious rydinge of shippinge " in Portland Roads, ** we eftesoonnes 
... in tremblinge fearr what may befall us for want of preventinge foren eventes,^' 
ask for ten or twelve guns with ammunition, and for contribution towards the 
platforms, which wc will maintain. (Endorsed Aug., 1586.) S. 132. i. 

(Copy.) Petition to the Privy Council from the Mayor, etc. . . . "Whereas 
the Roade of Portland abbutting upon the porte of W. and M. R.'' is dangerous fur 
landing of an enemy, " being owte of shott of her ma^ ^castells there " . . . " the 
onelie remedie [is] to make two forts or platformes . . . with ordynauce in the 
moutbe of the same porte," which is approved by the Commissioners. A Royal 
Warrant is asked for. Sept 3 (]) 1586. S. 132. 2. 

(Copy.) Petition to " the L. Burghley," from J. Moket and W. Dothrell, 
in the same strain as above. They say that if precautions are not taken they and 
others must leave the Town. They annex a Copy of a Memorial from Sir H. Asheley, 
Sir J. Horsy e, and G. Trenchard, Esq., Commissioners, and eleven other Justices, to 
the same effect, grounded on the Commissioners' inspection of the Weymouth coast. 
(See vi. 48.) They speak of Portland Roads as ** cleane out of y* daunger of shotte 
of either of her sayd mat* castells there." The Town "beinge but poore," and 
maintaining haven and *' seabanks," cannot fortify without aid. (Two copies.) At 
Dorchester. Sept 16, 1586. S. 133. i, 2. 



The Armada 
preparing. 



Alarm about 

the coining 

Armada. 



Portland Roads 

Small range of 

guns. 



Before Mr. Mayor Mokett, etc. W. Doridge says that W. Turner put him in VL ff>. Depo- 
charge of a vessel and her cargo of salt, at Rochelle. A leak caused a loss of some An? 31586 

Eng. w'.ftM.R. 
^ Portland and Sandsfoot Castles. 



160 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 



five quarters of salt. He lauded it, but on again putting it ou board, it seemed to 
be ten or twelve tons short. He got an offer of eighteen crow us for seven cwt. of 
cork. Confirmed by others. S. 119. 17. 



VI. 42. Depo- 
sition. 
Aug. 14, 1586. 
Eng. W.&M.R. 
W. Lulworth 

Pier. 
Smuggling ? 



Before Mr. W. Doderell, deputy to Mr. Mayor Mokett. Jas. Codde says that 
three weeks before be and three others were at W. Lulworth with n boat of mackereL 
Ho went " to the ^piere there/^ and saw some iron bars landed out of a small English 
bark ; and he and two of his companions were employed to carry some of the bars 
to the mill (as he thinks), and he set them up ** against the oves." Roger Acourte, 
'J\ Pearce and Gilles Muttier also depose to there being six or seven score bars in the 
bnrk, also wheat, of which three bushels were landed '' as the men of warre sayed." 
It was thought that the iron was bought by the miller, '* in a white doblet, a lustie 
youthe and without a berde." S. 119. 19. 

Before Mr.* Mayor Mokett (See vi. 38.) H. Dye again deposes about the 
corn. Smyth " a seaborde by vertue of the CouucelFs Ires . . . required . . . 
Malbye beinge . . . master . . . (the wynde beinge franke) ... to peeede 
in there viadge, who denyed him flatly e." He sailed to W. instead of Newport, as 
in vi. 38. 

On Aug. 24 Ric. Carrington says that T. Guddance brought to him a *' virkin 
The Revenge, of tallowe from the Cooke of y® ^reyendge," receiving 7s. Od. for it, which money 

** W. Beare, captayne Kenricke his man" did not get S. 119. 21. 



VI. ^. Depo- 
sitions. 
Aug. 17 and 24, 
1586. 
English. 
W. and M. R. 



VI. 43. Depo- 
sitions, etc 
Oct. 7, etc., and 
Dec. 15. 16, 1586 
Eng. W.&M.R. 
Lord C. 
Howard. 



PrivatceriDg. 



Letter with Autograph Signature and Seal of Lord C. Howard to F. Uawley, 
Esq., and to the Mayor. His servant, Amias Preston, has brought into W. harbour 
a ship laden with fish, etc., but no crew, and it is doubted *' whether she be of 
S^ John de Luce or uoe." She and her cargo are to be " inventored, pryced and 
safely kept " until further orders. From the Court at Windsor. Oct 7, 1586. 

S. 135. 

Depositions before Fr. Hawley, Esq., Vice- Admiral of Dorset, and Mr. Deputy- 
Mayor, Ric. Pitt. Amyas Preston, Captain of the " Elenor " of Weymouth, on 
Sept. 14, ** betwixt Bayon and Viana, in Spaine," found a ship with no live creature 
on board but a mastiff and a cat They found a man's corpse which they threw 
overboard, aud brought the ship to Weymouth. On Sept 13, Capt. Challis' pinuace 
had hailed a ship to know if they were friends or foes, and to see *' their bills and 
briefs. '^ From the ship were sent " two of the simplest men they had." Being bid 
send their Captain and Master they said they would not, but would fight to the last 
man. The ship is described as " beinge strapped cloas together w^*^ her consort and 



^ A small Pier is shown in old Prints of Lulworth Cove. 

* The Revenge seems to have lain at W. for some months. See vi. .34. 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 261 

vifte-admirall." Aft«r two or threo broadsides the Vice-Adrairal *' unstrapped and 
pntlie yealded to Cap" C," wlio carried the vessel off. The crew of the ^ship taken 
hy Proston escaped in two pinnaces during the night of Sept. 13. She was said to be 
of Passage (?) in Biscay. Other depositions to the like effect. Oct 11, 1586. S. 137. 

Memorandum of Fish landed from Capt Preston*s prize, and divided, the Dividiae the 
Lord Admiral having a tenth, Captains Preston and Ryman each a third of tho Lo,^ ldmiral*» 
remainder, and the other third shared equally among " ^thowners, vittaylers and ^®® ^^ Share, 
company'* (crew.) See vi. 52. S. 145. 

"A note of the praism* of a prise . . . broughte in by Almes Preston, 
gent. . . . [made] by J. Wade, Ric. Brooke [and two others] . . . indiflPerently 
cllacted . . ." The ship and all belonging to her, apart from cargo, come to £6\ ; Valuation of 
the chief items being the hull (damaged) with foremast and "bowespreda " £20 ; Pnze. 

four anchors £16; two " mynions and four falcons" £16. She was laden with Guns. 

*' trayne " valued at 8s. per tun ; wet fish, at 168. p hundred if good, Ss. if " spoled 
w**" the trayne ; " and dry fish, at 9s. This paper is indented at head and foot. 

S. 141. 

Deposition before tho Mayor, about " ^Amys Preston." 

D. Louge says that the day before P., " amongst other opprobrious wordes Wrangle, 
by hime lette falle," charged the Mayor "w*^ the lye," and near the "passage boate " 
said to Mr. Jones, Deputy Lieut, of Portland Castle, that the Mayor was a knave. 
Mr. Jones said he was as honest as Preston " and honester also." Whereupon P. 
struck J., and after some entanglement with his pistol, drew his dagger. J. Frost 
Kays that P. pointed his pistol at J., who drew his dagger and then P. drew hisi, 
crying " lette him come if he will." However no blood seems to have been shed. 

S. 165. 1. 

Before Mr. Mayor W. Pytte. Jas. Whittinge, of the Gallion of W., says she VI. ^ Depo- 

was loaded at " Dantzicke " with corn, iron, etc., for Bristol. Hiding in Dover Roads, d^^ 20 1586. 

and being " putte backe . . . with contrarye wyndes to the Dowues," W. and ™.^^^*- „ 

W. and M. K. 

Ric. ^Colston and others came on board. Seeing the wind come to W. and N.W., Colaton. 

' This seems to have been the one " strapped " to the Vice- Admiral, and the same which he 
found deserted the next day. 

* Seemingly the owners of the Eleanor and Capt. Ryman's ship, those who had fitted them 

out, and their respective crews. 

* Amys = Almes = Ames = Amyas = Amias. This was the Sir Amyas Preston who, nine 

years after, did such deeds as showed him to be daring even above the Elizabethan 
average. But his feats cannot be compressed into a note. How he took Santiago de L^on 
and Porto Santo and Coros is written in Hakluyt. One of his vessels was called the Gift, 
probably the very pinnace of that name which sailed out of our port *' in warlike sorte " 
in 1587 ; possibly, too, the same that long lay there as a hulk years after. See vi. 64. 

* This appearance of the Colstons to look after a vessel in the Downs, and a few months 

before at W. (vi. 29), gives a great idea of their commercial activity. They sailed rather 
close to the wind in their point of law, one would think. 

W 



162 CLA8S VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 

they wished to go to " Calysse," but Whittiuge would not without License from the 
Lord Admiral. They said that with goods shipped abroad they might trade to 
Calais, towards which they sailed, but when " hard by " the ship was taken bj 
ihe Flushiugers. (Unflnished.) S. 119. 34. 

y* fJi^****'"' Autograph Letter to the Mayor, etc., from Lord C. Howard, witli Seal of Amis 

Eng. W.&M.B. nod Garter. He speaks of some question of sale of fish in which ''the towne is to 

Thaiiks^for*^ ^*® favoured." ** I thanke you for yo"^ newes out of Spaine, and pray you as occasion 

new8 from uf such matters may fale out to acquaint me therewith." (See vi. 39.) S. 12L 
Spain. 

VI. 46. Letter. Letter with the dashing signature of Sir Fr. Walsingham, to the Mayor, etc 

EnRlisb He hears that " ctaine sugers," etc., have come into W. port, the pre-emption of 

W. and M. R. which by Charter belongs to the Mayor, etc., whom Sir Fr. asks to make over this 

Walsingham. ]>rivilege to his servant, T. Myddletun, on reasonable terms of gain to the Mayor, 

etc. From Greenwich. S. 123. 

VI. 47. Letter. From J. Worlidge, London, to Mr. Mayor W. Pitt. Having consulted the 

^'^^En'hsh^^'^ Judge, Register, and "other civilians," and made search, he thinks that " in these 

W. and M. R. matters of reprysall " the Register's " consideracon owghte to be more than 

Fees. ordinarie " — that 2d. in the pound and other fees must be paid — also 438. 4d. to the 

J udge, Register, Marshal and Clerk, altogether. He hopes that the Mayor will " see 

unto [his] preferment," as he is the Mayor's Officer, not that of the Captain, Owners, 

or Victuallers. S. 124. 

VL 48. Letter. Letter from T. Howarde, J. Horsey, G. Trenchard, and J. Williams, Esqs., to 

Mar. 13, 1586(7) ^r ^, ,,r ^. .... 1 T 1 , , 

Eng. W.&M.R. ^l-'*' Mayor W. Pitt, requirmg him and others to meet them at twop.m. that day, at 

c t d f ^* Bolehaies, to advise as to the "daungerous places for landing of thenemy." They 
Howarde, Hor- were to inspect the coast to Lyme next day. With small Seal of Trenchard Crest (^) 
"Vmiams"''' From iWolvetou. S. 125. 

VL 49. Depo- Barnard Maior and No well Cuttance depose that they were the owners uf 

Mar. 18, 1586(7) certain red and black Cotton, black "Byes" and " reddinge Carsies " taken to 

Eng W.&M.R. a Garneseyo " by J. Long, Master of the Mary, last Michaelmas. S. 165. 3. 

Cuttance, Maior .^ ^ o» y» 

VL 50. Letters From B. Maior to G. Trcncharde, Esq., asking his sanction to supply *' a 

English. pennes " (pinnace) with victuals. Mr. T. writes from Wolveton, at the foot, to the 

W. and M. R. Mayor saying that he has consulted ** my Lord Marques " (see vi. 64) about such 

cases, and meanwhile cannot comply. Yet, as the quantity needed is small, he leaves 
it to the Mayor to arrange. With Seal as in vi. 48. ' . S. 126. 

^ This fine old house of the Trenchards remains, so does Herringstone then and now a seat of 
the Williams family, both near Dorchester. Walterston, where Master Howarde lived, 
is a charming old house, wonderfully well restored after a 6re, but perhaps only Jacobeaa 
in date. There are some remnants of Meloombe Horsey. 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 163 

From Lord C. Howard (with Autograph Signature nud good Seal) to Vice- VI. 51. Letter. 
Admiral Hawley aud Mr. Mayor Pitt, saying that T. Heton has bought goods taken ^Qg,' w.'&M.R. 
at sea, " by comission of reprisall," and brought into Weymouth, and that he is ^rdt;. Howard 
hereby allowed (" notwithstaudinge any restraint of shippinge") to take them to 
London or " Midelboroughe " for sale. From the Court at Greenwich. S. 128. 

From W. Dutson and Step. Rtsleeden to Mr. Mayor Pitt, also in favour of VI. 52. Letter. 
T. Heton, in whose difficulties about the above goods they trust to the Mayor's help "^Knclish.' 
*• w«*> we eftsoones crave." H. their " ffriend and fellow, . . . although he had W. and M. R. 
not his Ips Tenths by reason that they were promised to another by our Ladies 
nieanes,'' is high in Lord C.'s favour. From the Court at Greenwich. S. 129. 

From Sir Fr. Wulsingham (with his Signature and Seal) to Mr. Mayor Pitt, VI. 53. Letter, 
saying that his servant Middleton in buying sugar, etc., brought into W. by Enir. W.'&M.r! 

('apt. Prowse, has been charged higher than Hyton was. S. 148. ^^^- F.VValsing- 

ham, Pro¥r8e. 

From T. Howarde, Esq., to Mr. Mayor W. Pytt, saying that Mr. ^Etone has VI. 54. Letter, 
complained to him, and that he will come to Melcombe next day to see justice done. Enfflish. 
From Walterstone. S. 160. W.and M. R. 

To the Mayor, from J. Smyth, who has " comyshons " to have a certain ship VI. 55. Letter. 

A nri 1 19 1 'iAT 

and asks for one of the ''peces in the hands of the gonner" and sails, etc., in the English. 

house of "Preston the ferryman." He ends with " comendacyons ... to W.andM. R. 

•' •' Preston, 

yt/ selfe and M"- Mayoris." S. 165. 4. 

•* The trewe copie of the lira . . . from y« towne to y« L. Admirall." Vice- VI. 56. Letter. 

Admiral Hawley had bidden them arrest Capt. Prowse, of the " ^Elienor," and some ^^^l\i^^^' 

of his men for piracy, and send them to " Corlfe Castell." "This laste there W. andM. R. 

Hawlev. 
comendable service " is spoken of, whatever it was. (See, perhaps, vi. 44.) The 

order, as clashing with the Lord AdtiiiraFs, " wee did not altogether fulfill." And Admiralty 

they pray the Lord Admiral to c^iuse the Vice-Admiral to be more mindful of their re«wt«^- 

ancient exemption from Admiralty jurisdiction. (Two copies.) See'vi. 51 — 54. 

S. 143. 2 and 149. 

From Lord C. Howard, to Mr. Mayor W. P3 tt, etc., approving of their dealing VI. 57. Letter, 
with Capt Prowse (as above), and proposing a conference of counsel about Eog. W.ikM.R. 

exemption from Admiralty jurisdiction. S. 152. Lord C.Howard 

Prowse. 

^ Of coarse Etone, Hyton aad Heton are aUases of the same man. 
' Capt. Prowse seems to have sncoeeded Amias Preston in command of the Eleanor, 
w* 



164 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING. AND COMMERCE. 



VI. 58. Letter. Copy of a Letter from the Privy Council to G. Treuchard, Esq., apparently 

English. aJdressed as Mayor of W. His having " made stnye of c'ten halkes laden with 

^^Tv?°p^^* ^* ^'^^^^1^8," and brought by English ships out of their course to Spain, from (it seems) 

Council. " ^theaste pts" into Portland Roads, is spoken of with praise. The victuals are to be 

sold to merchants at reasonable cash prices, if the owners can be persuaded to this 

Law of Nations, on ''the lawes of nacons " being explained to them, viz., that in time of scarcity, 

if corn comes by chance or force into any port, the prince thereof may cause the 
ovvners to sell it to his subjects ** for rodie monny." But in the present case if the 
owners do not agree to the proposal they are to be let go, for fear of offending the 
merchants ''of theaste pts," whence so much com comes " in this yeare of scarcity." 

S. 154. 



VI. 59. Agree- 
ment. 
June 3, 1587. 

English. 
W. and M. R. 
Pitt, Hanam, 

Swayne. 

Long Cellar. 

Kaynolds. 



Copy of Agreement between Mr. Mayor W. Pitt, etc., of the one part, and 
Lancelot, Luke and J. Rayuolds, of the other part, to accept Mr. Recorder Hauam 
and Mr. Swayne as Arbiters, as to title to the " key and grouude '' south of the 
" longe Seller," partly lying between this cellar and " M"« Mounsell's pynyon.'* This 
quay is to lie open and the tenants of the Long Cellar to be free from ''Keyage'* 
there for ever. S. 155. 



VI. 60. Letter. 
June 9, 1587. 

English. 
W. and M. R. 
Sir G. Carey. 



VI. 6z. Letter. 

July 17, 1587. 

Eng. W.&M.R. 

VI. 62. Letter. 

July 18, 1587. 

Eng. W.&M.R. 

Sir F. 

Walsingham. 

VI. 63. Letter. 
July 18, 1587. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Hawley, 

Prowse. 

Admiralty. 



Copy of a Letter from Sir G. Carey to Mr. Redelstoun. He speaks of having 
imprisoned G. Hexxei (?) but of releasing him at the French Ambassador's request, 
and he hopes that the Mayor may not be " by so lewde affelow . . . molested." 
He thanks him for news, although not good news of his " pticuler ships,"' and asks 
for more particulars. From East " Caresbrok Castell." S. 165. 5. 

From T. Howarde, Esq., to Mr. Mayor Pytt, asking him to allow J. Whetstowc 
to sail, in spite of J. Wade's opposition. From Walterstone. S, 157. 

From Sir Fr. Walsingham (with signature) to Mr. Mayor W. Pitt, desiring 
him to examine Rob. Gregorie and Frampton, the former having complained against 
the latter, who was one of Sir Fr.'s " deputies for the customes." S. L'>8. 

From Fr. Hawley, Esq., Deputy Vice-Admiral of Dorset, '-^Purbeck excepted, 
to H. Rogers, Gent., and Laurence Prowse, late Captain of the " Elenor," ordering 
*' undclaied " payment to T. Inarde and J. Arnaute, Frenclimcn, for freight of the 
'^ S^ Victor Bonaventeur," of eighty tons, at 46s. 8d. per ton, and that the ship and 
cirgo be restored. At the foot is a note that certain men, Wall, Whytt, Well, and 
Beanfield, were to pay, but refused and said that the Captain and Crew should dosa 
On the other leaf is a Copy of an Order of the Privy Council, of July 11, 1587, to 
the above etifect From Theobalds. S. I-')9. 



^ That is Holland, Denmark, and the Hanse Towns. 

' The peculiar privileges and customs of the Isle of Purbeck wore very remarkable. 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 



165 



From the Marquis of Winchester, with his Signature and (defaced) Seal, to VI. 64. Letter, 
the Mayor, requiring the release of the pinnace Gifte "bounde to the seas in English. 

warlike sorte." She " was staied " by the Mayor, but one of her crew has shown to W. and M. R. 

•' •' Marquis of 

the Marquis a license from the Lord Admiral. S. 160. Winchester. 

From Vice- Admiral Hawley to the Mayor, expressing surprise that VI. 65. Letters 

Aug. 5. etc., 
1587. 



T. Heman (1) under warrant of arrest, still " walketh upp and downe." The Vice- 
Admiral hears of other abuses, which ** all drawen to a hedde " will bring down the 
(Council's anger, it is to be feared. In a P.S. he urges the Mayor to imprison as a 
Pirate one T. Davies, alias Putti*ell (1) who lately "stayed" (lay in waiti) for 
Mr. Udall. From the Castle of " Corff." S. 161. 

Letter from Mr. Mayor W. Pit to Mr. Doderell, in connection with the letter 
above. Undated. S. 167. 6. 



English. 
W. anil M. R. 



Pirate. 



Corfe. 



By Hugh Randall, J.P., and Bailiflf of W., at the instance of J. Humell, of VI. 66. Certi- 

ficate. 
" ^Hutwill within the Ryver of Rohan," to the effect that a French " shippe " of Aug. 29, 1587. 

twenty-four tons, lately " spoiled by certaine Englishmen . . . [and] having one ^"^ghsh. W. 
'^weanelace in her forebittes, one hatch before and one . . . abafte her mainemast, 
stopped one tyde in the Roade of Waymouth." To this paper is affixed the " ^seale Bailiff of W.'s 
of the Bailywik," a handsome fleur de lys. S. 162. 



Seal. 



Autograph Warrant from Lord C. Howard, with his Signature and Seal, to 
Admiralty Officers, Mayors, etc., for the arrest of a Carvel, owners T. Alworthe, of 
Bristol, and Lord C.'s servant, T. Ware. She was stolen by "som lowed maryners," 
and sold to persons who with her took an " Indian prise laden w^^ bides, etc.," a 
share of which, with the Carvel, is to be given to the owners, above. She had been 
named ** TabacvO Pipe" by her purchasers. From Bifleet S. 181. 



VI.67.Warrant 
Oct. 9, 1593. 

English. 
W. and M. R. 

Lord C. 

Howard. 

The Carvel 
Tobacco Pipe. 



''Coppie of artyclcs to be yealded unto touchinge admyrall Jurisdictiu. ] 594." 

1. That the Mayor, etc., may "kepe an Admirall Courte" for deciding 
" Admirall and maryue Causes" (matters of Piracy and Reprisal excepted), and may 
take fees. 

2. That the inhabitants shall l>e free from arrest by any Admiralty Officer, 
save only the High Court of Admiralty, and that for causes arising ''out of the 
Libties of the said towne," and even this to be by means of the Borough Officers. 

3. That no Vice-Admiral of Dorset, or his Deputy, shall exercise any 
jurisdiction within the Borough bounds. 

* Hanteville on the Seine ? 
' Wiiidlam. 

' This i« the only impression in these Doenments of this lost Seal of the Weymouth Bailiffs. 
For notice of others, see iv. 12a. 



VI. 68. Articles 

1594. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Articles aboat 

Admiralty 
Jurisdiction. 



Igg CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 

4. That, according to Charters, the Major, etc., may have all wrecks 
felons' goods, and other profits of the haven. 

5. That, except by way of appeal, no cause shall be '* avocated " from the 
Mayor's Admiralty Court to the High Court of Admiralty. 

6. That the Mayor, etc., shall obey all Warmnts, etc, frum the High Court 
of Admiralty in causes reserved to that Court 

7. That for arresting pirates the Mayor may have a Commission from the 
High Court of Admiralty. 

To prevent denial of consent by the Mayor, etc., and as the grants, etc.. 
above are to bear the Great Seal of the Admiralty, so "a true counterpawne 
thereof" under the Borough Seal is to be sent to the High Court of Admiralty. 

S. I8i 

VI. 69. Letter. Draft Letter from T. Myddelton, at the request of Mr. Barfoot, to LoH 

Nov 3 1599 

English. Buckhurst and Sir J. Fortescue, asking their support to a Petition for remission of 

W. and M. R. tenths and fifteenths on account of the cost of building a ^Bridge and " repayringof 
^"'^^®* their have." S. 187. i. 

Vl.dga. Leases Trade seems to have been bad at the first of these dates, when the Pett\ 

^^:Jglkh!^' ^' ^'^stoms were let for a year to J. White for one Peppercorn. For 1608, 9 they wenf 

W. andM. B. lot to J. Small and J. Pitt for £61. (Original Parchment Indented Leases.) 
Trade had. ... 

M. HI. 41, 42. 

VI. 70. Plea. W. Mower v S. Grosse, of Great Yarmouth. On July 31, 1610, it was agreed 

I^ibin. ty\^t^ while Grosse ^made use of the ship ^Mayflower, Mower should act as ber 

W. and M. R. Master at 30s. a month, without a Pilot, or 26s. if a Pilot should be needed : that 
The Mayflower. ' 

Grosse employed her for two months and twenty-one days in a voyage froDi 
Plymouth to Middleburg, where Mower had to lay out money for ^freight. 
Whereupon he sues Grosse for j£10 6s. 9d. S. 200. 

VI. 71. Law J. Jurden, by his Attorney Alexauder, pleads that in Dec, 1610, he vas 

Dec.r^K>(?) ** proprietarius Anglic^ Owner" of the fifth part of three barrels, of gooda not 

^tin&Engliah specified, on board the Prosperous, whence they were fraudulently taken by 
W. and M. R. 

W. Mynterne. S. 59. 1. 

^ The first Bridge was of timber, and was erected in 1597. It was injured in the siege in 
1641, and repaired in 1651, when thirty trees from the New Forest were granted b/ 
Parliament. In Queen Anne's reign it was rebuilt by Sir T. Hardy and the other thret 
Borough Members. It was again rebuilt in 1741, and also in 1770. At the latter date it 
was moved seventy yards to the West, namely to the end of St. Nicholas Street. The 
present Bridge was begun in 1821. — Hutchins. 

' " Implicaret quandam navem vocat the Mayflower." Implicare = employer. — Dncange. 

' It seems likely, to say the least of it, that this was the Mayflower of the PmitaD ooloiiisU 

* ** Naulum " = portorium pro trajectione. — Ducange. Perhaps it here means the charge for 
shipping cargo by mean s of shore boats. 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 



167 



W. M., by his Attoraej W. Lockier, pleads on the other hand, that they 
sailed in his bark '' to the Newfoundland," thence to '* Malliga," and thence to W. ; 
and that he there paid £7 17& Od., to R. Wilsheire, against whom (beseems to say) 
Jurden's claim now lies. S. 59. 2. 



The Accounts for the '* Merallty " of Mr. J. Bond contain items showing 
activity in care of the Harbour, especially in bringing large stones to build or 
repair the Jetty apparently : c^. — £ s. d. 

" Setting upp the bourn poule 3s. 9d. The bourne poule 8d." - 4 5 
'^Beare for the marriners to put the beame nppon the spindell" - 6 

" About the Crane iu y« bout " 18 

" For shiera fur the bout " 12 

" 7 mean for hailing upp of Rockes " 048 

" 7 men at 8d. p day and 2 att Is. w«^ weare about feching y« 

Rockes" (]) 060 

" ii men for wading " 008 

S. 201. 



VI. 72. 

Accounts. 

1610. 11. 

English. 

W. ami M. R. 

Work for the 

Harbour. 



£ s. d. 



Uarbgur work went on in Mr. R. Knight's Mayoralty : e.g, — 
'* Pd. my Cosen Holraan for the men diett y^ come to take a survey 

of the mold head " 4 



VI. 73. 

Accounts. 
1611,12. 
English. 

W. and M. R. 
Other items name a " ramer " for the Bridge, " 1 truse of fagots " for the Work for the 

lighter, " wading to lode lighter," " takinge downe the craine of the lighter," " for Harbour, 
keping the boyt above watter when we could not hise out the Rockes," etc. S. 202. 



In Mr. O. Pley, junior's, Mayoralty, the accounts refer to men employed 
" to carry clod* " to build " the worke at Lookout," and " for transporting the 
watchonse " thither. Work also was goin^ on on the " Peere." S. 203. 



VI. 74. 

Accounts. 

1612, 13. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 



A Parchment Assignation by Ilic. Allin alias Belpitt the younger, to VI. 75. Assig- 
Ralph Wrighte and Jeremy Babbtdge, of the Petty Customs, Cranage, etc., and the Oct. 20, i6l5. 
" moyetye and halfendeale " of the profits of the " comon beames and weights " of ^^8- W.&M.R. 
the Town. No rent is expressed. Seal gone. S. 205. 



Mr. Mayor J. Roy also furthered Harbour work, e,g» — 
'' 1 ower of 12 foot for the small boatt at Id. ob. p foott " 
" To Cornish to mend the ^pippes " - - - - 
" 2 Lerretts to save the towue boatt from castinge awaye " 



£ 


s. d. 





1 6 





1 9 





7 4 



VI. 76. 

Accounts. 

1615, 16. 

English. 

W. and M. R, 



' From other entries it seems that these were large pipes, or casks, for floating stones (the 
''rockes " of vi. 72, 3) to the Pier, as was done for Lyme Cobb. 



168 CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 

'* Moring the towne boatt behind the Towne " (ue. off the Esplanade X s. d 

shore) 3 

" 2 c. 3 q* of wood for 69 and to make treunayles at 16d. C." - 3 if 
" Lent of a pich pott " 6 

& 206. 

VI. f/, Depo- Examination of several persons, all apparently in connection with an attemir 

Nov. 5 1617. ^^ embarkation made by G. White, who seems to have been suspected of somecrimt 

English. First, R. Wareham, Gent, asked when he was at Church and when hi 

W. and M. R. 
Examination as received the Sacrament " saith that he will notaunswer thereunto." He denies thr 

embw^TiS^f *'® ^"®^ ®^ ^^^ departure of Mr. G. White. He takes the Oath of All^iwa 

1^ criminal? Then, ffrancis Powell, of Barrington, Somerset, Gent, examined, says that hewasnt 

Church within these ten days and received the Sacrament within these twelve weeki 

After some demur he takes the Oath. T. White, Gent, does the same. So do^? 

Wecke Oliver R. Kingston, of Weeke Oliver, Dorset, Husbandman. Raufe Lymbery and Henry 

BoUhaves Smarte, examined " touching their roweing this morning towards ^Bollhayes," deport 

that they were *' entreated " by Mr. Raufe Wright to take him and his friend tfaena 

Roaoo (Rnnen.) to "the Rose w<^ was goeiug for Roane'' from Portland Roads, but ''could do' 

^^^Ri^'^l^*^* recover the Barque," and so landed them at " Ringsteede." They are bound overt. 

appear. Then " Ralph Wright -deputie unto the Customer of Waymouth," beiii;: 
nsked by the Mayor the name of his friend, refused to tell. The watchmen depibe 
that they saw R. Wright, R. Wareham and the other strangers together during the 
previous night. On Nov. 8, R. Smarte and R. Lymbery, re-examined, say that oc 
Nov. 5, " in the time of divine prayer in the forenoone,'' they took into their boat 
at " Bolehaies " R Wright and a " straunger unknowen," who when first seea were 
Jordan Hill, coming down " the west side of i hill called ^Jorden ; '' that they took him to be a 

gentleman, and he had " his apparell of greene videP a greene dublett and hose, a 

Deroye colour. Jerkin of som other collo', a riding cloke of deroye coUo', and a white hatt. 

that they rowed to the Rose of Waymouth in " the Roade of Portland," but ffrancis 
Sanders, her master, would not take the stranger on board ; and they theu landei 
him and Wright at Ringstead. They were arrested in Court. B. pp. 109—112. 

VI. 78. Orders Orders for the maintenance of the Harbour, e,g., forbidding the throwing iQt» 

1617 * ' ^^ ^^ refuse, which should be laid in ** caves [or coves ?] above D. Guyer his corner in 

Eng. W.&M.R. M. R. side, and the *hive by J. Ellys house in W. side." The breaking up of the 

* Near Preston. 
' See vi. 75. 

' Jordan Hill, East of Lodmoor. 

* Hive = Hythe doubtless. The word Hythe is still in ase near Wey month in the wnseof 

an inlet and landing place. In some places it implies a Ferry, ctj,, on the Cim ; v\^ 
here, of old, it implied a Wharf, seemingly. See vi. 9*. 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 



16» 



Harbour Bed for graving ships is restricted. Gravel, etc., is "scroope ballast." A Harbour Rules 
vessel called a " ^crayer " is mentioned. C. p. 5 

The Water Railiff (if any) or " ffarmors of the forfeitures " connected with 
the Harbour are to regulate mooring, moving and ballasting of vessels. A drag, 
boat and men are to be procured for scouring the Harbour. C pp. 8, 9. 

Order for pitching the Quays, and that no carts with iron tires shall go on them, 
except for goods which cannot he loaded with the Crane. Nov. 28, 1617. C. p. 9. 

Freemen of the Borough, living elsewhere, and trading to the Harbour 
without paying Petty Customs are to be disfranchised. Dec. 1. 1617. 0. p. 10. 

A ship requiring " one or both leeves [of the Drawbridge to be] drawne " is 
t') pay 12d. going up, nothing coming down. Every cart or wain, with iron-bound 
wheels, crossing the Bridge, is to pay 4d., (the Bridge groats mentioned elsewhere?) 
Dec. 1, 1617. 0. p. 11. 

Six Pilots appointed. No vessel to enter the Harbour without one of them ; 
fee, 3s. 4d. for vessels under twenty tons, with 6d. more per five tons, for larger 
vessels. Dec. 12, 1617. C. p. 12. 



Ships passing 
through the 

Bridge. 
Iron-bound 

wheels. 



B. pp. 125, 126. Examination of W. Knott, Christmas Peeters and others 
about taking three men in a " Lirret " on board a barque in the Roads, said to be 
bound for "Bristowe." June 24, 1618. 

For 4s. they bought for the Master of the barque a quarter of mutton, a 
pound of butter, and four or five gallons of beer. For two trips to the vessel and 
their trouble in shopping they received in all 28. ** It appered unto Mr. Mayor by 
all coniecturall likelyhoode '' that the barque was a pirate vessel. The crew were 
reported to have stolen sheep on Portland. 

Pp. 127 — 129. The boat's crew were bound over to appear at the Sessions. 
June 27, 1618. 

Examination of J. Bush and others about the above-mentioned barque. 
July 11, 1618. He went with Christmas Peeters and the others in the boat from 
** Waymouth Key," and ** did rowe her forth unto the Moldehead at Waymouthe's 
north," and thence to the vessel in Portland Roads. They found on board Michael 
Taylor, J. Taylor, Anthony Knighte, T. Pitt, Samuell Vincent, J. Roane and William 
Cropp, " all w*** were of Sir Walter Rawleig his company in his late voyage," and three 
Frenchmen and a French boy " of Bryhocke in Brittaine." The vessel was laden 
with '^ Welshcoale," and was " taken away by them from the said ffrenchmen aboute 
the Lands End, where tliey did set on shoare other three ffrenchmen." Four of the 
crew, armed with two muskets and four swords, landed on Portland, killed three 
sheep and brought them on board. The barque then made sail and stood for 
'* S^ Adams " and chased a vessel, but lost sight of her at night Next day the 

' Crayer is a small sea vessel. —Bailey . 



VI. 79. Exam- 
ination. 
June 24, 27, 
and 
July 18, 1618. 

English. 
W. and M. R. 



Pirate vessel. 



W. Quay. 

Mole-head. 

Nothe. 

Taylor, 
Knighte, Pitt, 

Vincent, 

Roane, Cropp. 

Sir W. Raleiffh. 

Bryhocke = St. 

Brieuo T 

Coal-vesseL 



St« Adams = 
St. Aidhelm's. 



170 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 



Murlez = 

Morlaiz. 

Sandwich = 

Swanage. 



Piracy. 



Blackwall. 



Limehoiue. 



Knott, Peeten, 
Cutler, Ilkins. 



barque stood to the Westward, and chased another vessel of Lyme that came from 
'' Murlez," and would have taken her " yf their baroque's sayles had not splitt.** 
The wind chopping round to the West, they went up Channel to " Sandw*=*» Bay," 
where from a barque of Lyme they took a barrel of beer and four loaves. They 
then surprised a barque of Shoreham, and took from her only half a barrel 
of beer. After several unsuccessful chases they took with their boat a " Flemynge " 
of two hundred tons, laden with salt, and took out of her a hogshead of beer, a 
barrel of bread, a firkin of butter, and four cheeses, and ''lett her goe." Next 
they took another F*leming, of one hundred and sixty tons, also laden with salt, 
" and thereupon did quite the said ffrench barque aud three ffreuchmen and boye, 
giveing them victunlls to serve their turne, and kepte the fflemyng and the 01*^ and 
all the men on board with them." Meeting with a '* Hoye " of London, laden with 
timber, they took passage in her for London, quitting the Flemish vessel, apparently 
without damage. Five of their number landed at Blackwall, aud the other five at 
" Dickshoare," where they all supped " att the signe of the Ostridge." They then 
separated ; but on the next day, Sunday, July I, two of them, Wynton and Wilbore, 
came to Bush at Limehouse, and asked him *to tell Brian Gates to send them th^ 
clothes. And he says that the crew told him that they gave to the Weymouth 
boat's crew a barrel of flour, two *' kettelles," two *' coverledds," and two shillings 
" to thend they should pcure them soin good fellowes." The Weymouth boatmen, 
Matthew Knott, Christmas Peeters, Adam Guttler and T. Ilkins were (on the above 
deposition being heard) re-examined aud adhered to their first evidence, denying 
apparently all coucern in procuring pirate recruits. 

Jas. Bush was bound over to appear at the next Sessions of Oyer and 
Terminer. July 18, 1618. B. pp. 125—130. 



VI. 80. Table 

and Orders. 

1618, 23. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

*P6tty CustumB. 



A carefully written Table of " Petticustumes," e.g. 



Tregar. 
Gold. 



Anchorage per ship - - 4d. 
Booiuage - - - - 4d. 
Burrs for MiUtoncs the 100 - 4d. 
Cassia Fistula the sacke or chest 2d. 
Cuppes the Maundo - - 4d. 
Cabiges the hundred - - Id. 
Coles the Chaulder - - Id. 
Gotten wooll the hundred - 4d. 
^Duwlis the peece or Troager - 2d. 
Goulde the ounce - - - 2d. 
Horses the peece - - - 4d. 
Undated, but probably 1618. 



Leomons the thousand - - 2d. 

Middermer the peece - - Id. 

Muscadell «b Maulsy the Tunu 1 2d. 

Poldavis the peece - - Id. 

Browne paper the 100 bundells 4d. 

Playing Gardes the grosse - 2d. 

Perle the ounce - - - Id. 
Writing paper aud cap paper 

the reame - - - .id. 

ma 

^The Petty Customs equalled ouc 
twelfth of the Kind's Customs. 

C. pp. 34 — 37. 



' See iii. 23. 
« See vi. 82. 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. I7I 

An Order that Salt, and every other imported merchandise measured by the BoBhelage, etc. 
bushel shall be taxed one bushel from every vessel " with noe topp or but one top 
bitty" and two bushels from one with two or more tops (top-masts?) July 3, 1618. 

C. p. 39. 
Order for payment of about 4d. per ton " Cranage " on heavy goods laden or 
unloaded in port, even when the crane is not used. " Shumacke " occurs in the 
Table of Charges. Sept. 18, 1618. C. p. 42. 

At the Letting of the Petty Customs the bidding was " by increase of 20s. 
or more upon e&y sefiall offer duringe the burniuge of the Waxe candle." Mr. J. Pitt Auction by 
took them at £121 for a year. Sept. 1, 1618. C. p. 43. 

Order for a charge of Id. (or l^d. if needed) per ton of shipping going to 
Newfoundland this year towards costs incurred by Mr. Town Clerk NicoU, of 
Dartmouth, in £:etting a Privy Council Order *' for reformacon of thabuses of 
the new plantacon, at Newfoundland.'* Jan. 18, 1618 (9). C. p. 45. "Plantation" in 

Order to levy 6d. per ton of Weymouth Shipping towards £450, called for 
by the Privy Council. March 5, 1618 (9). C. p. 45. 

Order for outlay of £40 on repair of the " Towne boate " and Harbour. 
The " Mouldhead and Jettye " to be carried on by general contribution of labour. Mole-head. 
March 10, 1620 (1). C. p. 71. 

Order for £50 for the Mouldhead and Harbour and £30 for the Bridge, and 
contribution of labour. 1621 (2). Similar Orders, p. 87, etc. C. p. 79. 

Order for New Carriages for the Guns at the " North '^ (Nothe), and Guns on the 
"Bulworck," and for the two " Murtherers ; " and for a New Beacon. May 17, Nothe. 
1622. C. p. 81. 

Order for £5, fee for Mr. W. ^Niell for Privy Council business " conceminge Fee. 

the Lizard Lighte and the bringinge in of the Coinodities of the Baltick Seas." Lizard Light. 
July 4, 1623. C. p. 88. 

Order that Mr. Rio. Allin shall set out next day towards Exeter, to confer Captives at 
with Mr. W. Niell about the captives in "Argier." July 7, 1623. C. p. 88. Algiers. 

Order concerning the redeeming of thirteen such captives (named) at not 
more than £3 a head. Sept. 3, 1623. C. p. 89. 

The Petty Customs were let for £139 for a year. Sept 28, 1623. C. p. 90. 



Lease by the Mayor, etc., of the one part, to Mr. H. Waltham, of the other VL 8x. 

part, of the Petty Customs, etc., for one year, from Michaelmas, 1618, at £70 lOs. Od. g ' W.'iM.R! 
Seal gone. S. 207, 8. 

In the end of a Book of Law Minutes (See iii. 91) are a few letters copied, VL 82. Letters 

partly relating to Commerce. The Lord Treasurer writes about re-adjustment of ^^^ ^ * 

',.; Eng. W.&M.R. 
^ PosBibly the Dartmouth Town Clerk called Nicoll in p» 45, just above. 



172 CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 

Cuatomsof W., Customs. At the foot he gives the average, or "medium" for seven years, -f 
^^Lymr'^ Poole, £275 178. 3W. ; Weymouth, £2157 3s. Od. ; and Lyme, £2785 Us. O^.i. 
June 30, 1621. 

Also a correspondence with the Mayor of Puole respecting a Government 

proposal that the Customs of W., Poole, etc., should be farmed. S. 228. 

Pitt. A Letter to Mr. Pitt, dated ** ^Laus Deo, Midlefe" (Middleburg?) Signature 

Bill of torn off. Mr. P.'s bill of e.\(:hange for two hundred guilders has arrived, and five 

Priced o?"i^lax hundred and thirty-six cwt. of flax have been bought, at six to nine stivers per lb., 

and shipped in J. Ford's bark, of \V. Mr. P. would gain eighteen guilders in one 
hundred by remitting through some London friend. Then comes a curious passage : 
Inkell. *'. . . in these pts they doe make all there Inkell in Loomes m^^ ar turned with 

awheale, wherew^^ one man will make 12 or 15 peeces together : and yet make them 
stronger and faster then people doth make them in Eugland ... I dare assure 
you that one man w^^ such aloome will make more than 12 men will doe 
otherwayes." Feb. 28, 1623 (4). S. 208. 

VL 83. Depo- T. ^Ligh, Scotsman, more than a year ago shipped as mate ou board the 

Nov. 1623 and Welkin, of Dover, for Lisbon. OlF ** Burleance " she was taken by "Turks of 
^^^ ^r v!^^^ Argier," at which place he was sold as a slave. About eight weeks ago he was sent 
VV. and M. R. to sea in a Mau-of-War, a *' Pallacre " of about eighty tons, crew twenty-seven Turks, 
Moons ira ^^^^^ Englishmen, himself, two PVenchmen, one " Portinghall " and three "Almuigiiea ' 

About sixty leagues W. of Fromviana, ** the shipp lyeinge ahull," the Christians rose 
on the Algeriues, killed ten or twelve and put the rest in the hold : then sailed for 
Eugland. Three leagues from Portland a Dutch Mau-of-War, the White Bear, of 
Amsterdam, Capt Johnson, surprised them, brought them into Portland Roads, 
landed Ligh, the Englishmen, Frenchmen and Portuguese, aud kept the ship audall 
Bases. in her. She carried five iron guns, " 4 brasse "^bases with 8 chambers of brasse 

belonging " thereto, six cables, etc. Two other men depose; one, W. ffollctt, t>f 
Uilbei-t Raleigh Torbay, speaking of an inventory in the hands of Mr. Gilbert Ksileigh. Nov. 3 aiid 

U, 1623. B. p. 292. 

J. Daniell, of Sutton Poiutz, being on board the Prudence, of \S\ and M. K., 
in Sept., 1621, was taken with the rest of the crew by t'le " Turcks of "Argeer," at 

^ Possibly **Lau8 Deo" (Praise to God) was the name of his vessel. His note about the 
lioom is very remarkable. *' Inkell " is tape. 

' One of the other deponents calls him T. Mellin. "I^igh" should thei*efure be probaUlj 
*• of Ligh " ^^ Leith, possibly. 

' Base, the smallest piece of Ordaance. —Bailey. Chamber, that part of a . . . great gnn 
where her charge lies ; also a charge to be put in at the Breech of a Murdering Piece. - 
Bailey. "Murtherers" are mentioned in these Records, e g,^ vi. 8; C. p. Si. It is 
needless to recall Shakespeare's stage direction, ''Chambers Kred off." It is interesting 
to read of breech-loaders two hundred and fifty years ago, and to note that quick tiring 
was ensured by two uhambers belonging to each base. 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. I73 

vhich place they were made slaves. Eight or nine weeks ago he, eight other Moorish Pirates 

^ng^lishmen, oue Frenchmau and two ''^Easterlings " were sent to sea iu an Algeriuc 

Vlan-oP^War, commanded by ''three HoHounders/' with oue hundred Turks and 

Moors. At sea '* the company [of Europeans ?] did raise a mutany ; " with success 

it seems, for " thereupon they putt into Salley." Here nearly nil the Turks landctl 

&nd the ship again s:iiled. About twenty-five leagues from Scilly a '' flibotter of 

Holland " met them and the captain with his crew bearded the Algerine ship, 

bringing all the "flibotter's" ammunition, put the English, French and Easterliiigs 

ou board the latter vessel and left them. They sailed to England, landing at 

Miaehead. He reports ten Men-of-War ready, or making ready at Sallee, for the 

Knglish coasts. The ship in which he was was intended for the Severn, to catch 

ships coming from '^ Bristoll fayer," and she took one Bristol ship while he was on Bristol Fair. 

board. He says that the Moors show Dutch colours, and that 'Hhe Hollanders 

shall hayle such shippes as they meete wthall and they will kepe the Turcks close 

untill they have gotten the advantage of them." (Altogether this evidence seems 

to show that the Dutch were often leagued with the Moorish Pirates.) Aug. 16, 

1624. B. p. 299. 

The bark " whereof W. Langer is Master under God," having come from VI. 84. Orders 

r 1 R <i 

London, where the plague is, no goods shall be landed from her until thoroughly q^^ ^* jg25. 

aired. July 5, 1625. C. p. 102. Eng.W.iM.R. 

to Pestilence. 

The walls of the Blockhouse are to be built up with stone, and a -Purbeck 

stone platform to be made for the two gnus on the ''North." Oct. 6, 1625. C. p. 104. Nothe Guns. 

Copy of Letter from the Privy Council to Sir G. Trenchard and other VI. 85. Letter. 
Justices, and to the Mayors of W. and Poole, desiring them to aid W. Pease, Navy jj^g W.&M.R. 
Commissioner, ii providing two hundred and fifty men for the Navy from Dorset. 
From Whitehall. S. 214. 

Letter or Order from the Privy Council, with autograph signatures. Soul VI. 86. Letter, 
gone. The King of Spain (they set forth) is planning an invasion, but it is wished £Qg, W.'&M.r! 
that war may be carried into his own country — that W., Poole, and other Doinset War with Sjiain 
towns are to send two ships. Oddly enough the blanks for tonnage and number of Ships for the 
crews are not properl}' filled up. The ships are to have twelve guns each, nnd three ^ ^' 

months' provisions. The complement of men is to be two to every three tons. The 
Justices of the neighbourhood are to find a tliird of the men as musketeers, and tiicy 
are to share in the victualling. The rendezvous to be Portsmouth, and the Fleet to 
sail by July 31. S. 211. 

' Men of Easier North-east Germany. Sterling — Easterling, Germans having been employcil 
in the Mint in Plantagenet times. 

* It is strange that Purbeck stone shuuM be spejified, so close to Portland. 



174 CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 

VI. 87. Letters Letter or Order from the Privy Council, with autograph signatures of Lonis 

July 7t ftnd 
Aug. 3, 1626. Marlborough, Manchester, and Bridgwater, to the Major, etc. As the King of Spain 

W*^ ^th S^^ intends to invade us from both his "remote and neere dominions," and as Weymouth 

feared. is weak and exposed, H.M. has ordered the Justices around to help to fortify the 

Council. harbour and town. If the Mayor, etc., " discover . . . apparent Argument of nit 

Enimie " they are to fire the beacons, warn the neighbours, and also send word to 

Seal. Court. From Whitehall. With Seal of Rose and Crown, with supporters. 8.212. 

Hastings, Letter with autograph signatures of H. ^Hastings, T.' Freke, J. Brown, and 

Napper. ' Nathl. Napper, Esqs., to the Mayor, etc., asking for an interview at Dorchester, ou 

Aug. S, to carry oift instructions as above. It seems that the Dorset conting^it 

had been reduced from three ships to two. With small Seal of Dove and Olive 

Branch, oddly enough. S. 213. 

VI. 88. Esti- Two Copies of Estimate for eight guns, six cwt of powder, twenty cwt. of 

^^?^^ shot, etc. ; also one platform for W. side, and one for M. R. side ; in all <£200. This 

Eng. W^M.R. ia probably in connection with the Privy Ck)uncil Order of July 7, 1626. Tlie 

defences. Mayor, etc., on M. R side offer £20 towards the above. The blank for W. 

contribution is not filled up. S. 239. 1, 2. 

VI. 89. Letter. Apparently from the Constable of the Tower to the Mayor, asking him to 

Eng. W.&M.R. ^^^ ^^^ ^^J tvo ships that ought long ago to have sailed from Plymouth, victuallel 

At W., and proceeded to Portsmouth, have been delayed. With beautiful little Se«il 
of Arms. S. 216. 

VI. 90. Letter. From Mr. J. Watts, instructed by Vice- Admiral the Earl of Denbigh, to order 

Ene. W.&M.R search for deserters from the Fleet Small Seal of Arms. S. 215. 

VI. 9x. Lettera From " Jas. Cambell " and others about a suit brought against them aiid 

1626 (7). * their correspoudent, apparently at Roane (Rouen) for detention of a ship and cai^«) 
W^iSfa^M R ^^ London. Damages laid at 12000" (livres?) . London. Jan. 19, 1626 (7). 

From G. Pyle, " Governor," to the Mayor, apparently about the same case. 
He speaks of trade with France, except Calais, being stopped ; also he mentions a 

Freuch Company of French Merchants in London. From Exon. Jan. 26, 1626 (7). 

CooApany in 

^ 'All these were names of Dorset Families. 1.— H. Hastings, Esq., second son of the Earl of 
Huntingdon, died 1639, aged one hundred and ten years. King James I. made bint 
Forester of the New Forest, and built him a Lodge there, where he mostly lived 
quite alone, surrounded hy hawks and hounds. He had a fine House and Estate at 
Woodlands, Dorset, but seldom lived there. (M8. of A. Ashley Cooper in the British 
Museum.) Y^tiy appearance of his name as that of a leading Dorset Gentleman seems 
inconsistent with this. 2. — Freke of Ewem Ck>urtney. 3. — Brown of Frampton aod 
Melcombe Regis. 4. — Napper of More Crichel, founder of ** Napper's Mite** Almshoose, 
Dorchester, probably. 



CLASS VL HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 175 

Draft Answer on the same paper from Mr. Major Russell and others, agreeing Rusaell. 
to join in a remonstrance, but doubting the stoppage of French trade. Jan. 31, 
1626 (7). (Very black ink.) S. 221. i, 2. 

^A Parchment Royal Order for the removal and sale of the St. Lawrence, VI. 91a. Admi- 
captured by Capt Sallanova, and which has sunk in the harbour to the great Oct. 14. ^eS: 

obstruction of the same. Under the Great Seal of the Admiralty, which is still on , Englwh. 

, ,. '^' W.andM. R. 

Its parchnaent sup, but in an imperfect state. It bears a three-masted ship and Admiralty Seal 

must have been about five inches across. M. i. 11. 

Capt Peter " Desallenove's " Receipt for £35 10s. Od., the proceeds of the 

above sale, has been found, and is now pinned on to the Order. It is dated 

April 12, 1633. 

Fi-om the Privy Council. There being " infectious sicknes " in Amsterdam, VI. 92. Order. 

Hochelle, etc., already conveyed to Scilly in goods, no people or goods must be Yjub. W.'&M.r! 
admitted from Holland or France without careful enquiry, some days' quarantine, Pestilence, 
and thorough airing of goods. From Whitehall. S. 226. 

Whoever fires any ordnance within the Jetty head shall forfeit 20s. C. p. 1 13. VI. 95. Order. 

Mar 5 1629 (30) 
A Frenchman, of " ^gherbroke " was fined 40s. for two shots, but had 36s. Eng.'w.&M.R. 

returned "because he was an alien and knew not the Constitution." June 4, 1630. Firing Guna. 

C. p. 114. 

The Petty Customs were let to T. Walthara for £167, for a year; apparently VI. 94. Lease. 

the highest point ever reached. C. p. 115. Eng. W.&M.R. 

Petty Customs 
high. 

Two Prizes were encumbering the port. B. p. 357. (And remained for a VI. 9s Prc- 

year at least D. p. 366.) In Hell Lane was lying " mere£) navifi Ang^ old shipp oct. 4, 163i). 

Timber." B. p. 357. (Rendered "Shipp Planks," p. 365.) Ric. Martyn has used Lativ.&M.R. 
unlawful nets. B. p. 361. B. pp. 357, 361. 

The Bridge being in decay, sixty tous of choice timber shall be bought iu the VI. 96. Order. 
New Forest, or the Isle of Wight. D. Fippen to make the purchase. C. p. 118. Enf W *AM*.R* 

W. Martell and T. Chappell leave their ship, " The ^Blessinge," unmoored to VI. 97. Pre- 
the peril of the Bridge; and others for leaving "The Dragon" likewise. (But Oct°10^Sl 
presentments notwithstanding they encumbered the Harbour for one or more years, l^t. W.& M.R. 
The Blessing is named as a sea-going ship in vi. 99.) B. p. 370. 

Three men are presented " quia vinierunt carabos suos Aug<^ moared their 
lobsters in portu." B. p. 372. 

> See L 20. 
' Cherbourg. 

' Preeentments of this sort are not infrequent ; ^.^., " after many presentments" the '' Brasill 
Man" was lying neglected. Oct. 6, 1634. B. p. 387. 



1 To- 



class VL HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 



VI. 98. Orders Mr. J. Lockier and three others are to procure lighters and hire lahouren to 

Oct 26 1632. ^'ork in the water, while such inhabitants '' as are of ability " are to famish mes 

Eng. W.&M.R. ii^Q worke in the dry," for the cleansing of the Harbour. C. p. 121. 

Harbour ^^ o r 

impoveriahed. A house to keep the guns in is to be erected near the Blockhouse. C-. p 124. 



VI. 99. 

Accounts. 
Oct. 1, 1632— 
Sept. 24, 1633. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Harbour 

revenue. 



List of Vessels. 



Mr. J. Pitt's minutely and neatly kept Account of Petty Customs, Bridge- 
groatSy etc. One quarter is missing :~" £ s. d. 

Totals. Forlastquarter of 1632 58 7 4 

— first — 1633 29 19 11 

— third — — 33 16 7 



XI 22 3 10 



Most vessels seem to have been freighted by several Merchants. Customs 
were paid outwards and inwards, judging from the item ** entry into,'' as well as the 
odd looking one '^ entry out of" such a ship. A list of the vessels trading in W. 
just two hundred and fifty years ago may be interesting : — 



Nonesuche. 

Annboneadventer. 

Blessinge. 

Luke. 

St. Ann. 

Joane. 

Harry and John. 

Susan. 

Clandrian. 

James. 

Dilligent. 

Swallowe. 

^Notterdam. 

Evou, of Lantragat. 

Julian, of Conquet. 

Mighell, of Oessant. 

Speran^e, of Sher- 

brooke. 
Sirene, of Oessant. 
Boneadventer, of 

2Roane. 

^ N6tre Dame ? 

• Rouen. 

' Hftvre de Grace. 

* Cerf? 



Supply. 

Cherubin. 

Sarayh. 

Hoape. 

Virgin. 

Maregoold. 

Trinety. 

ffloerdeluse. 

Nitingale. 

Littell John, of Way- 
mouth. 

Tamsin. 

Isabell. 

John. 

(fortune. 

Robert. 

Peeter, of Conquet. 

John, of do. 

Peeter, de ^Hable de 
Grace. 



Flying Harte, of 

Waymouth. 
Alice. 
Desier. 

William and John. 
Prosperous. 
Mermayd. 
Chaldren. 
Flower. 
Cristian. 
ffraunces. 
Pellicau. 
Ring David. 
Annfidelle. 
Unity. 
St. Paule. 
Marye, of Oessant. 
Le ^Serve, of Oessant 
Robert, of Leithe. 
Ann, of Yarmouth. 
Jone, of Waymouth. 
S. 2.10. 



CLASS VL HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 177 

The Towu Clerk is to ride to Exeter to coDsult with the M:iyor, etc., respect- VI. loo. Orders 

ing fi letter from Ins Worship about Pirates. U. p. iJo. ^ar. 22, April 

Mr. Bernard Mjchell, now in London, is to act for the Corporation in '^^^^i^^^^* 

petitioning for a "speedy course . . . against the Turks *' (Moors), in accordance English, 

nith " a treaty att Exon . . . the last of February," (see above.) C. p. 127. Moorish Pirate* 

T. Lovelcsse and D. Fippenare appointed "^M"" Carpenters," for repairing the 

part of the Bridge on W. side (C. p. 127.) F. to go to Hants for Piles. C. p. 128. Bridge. 

(For want of rails many persons fell off the Bridge. Presentment, Oct. 17, 
1633. B. p. 384.) 

The Mayor, etc., agree to pay what D. Fippeu (see above) may think needful VI.xox. Ag^rcc- 

incnt* 

for timber for piles, etc., to be fetched by " Gallie," from Hants. He notes at the May 17, 1633. 

foot, that he gave 20^. for a " gallie " load of timber, and got billets at lOs. a Fji^ W.&M.B. 

thousand. S. 232. Galley. 



Dues to be paid for every vessel careened in the Harbour, from 12d. under VI. zo2. Orders 
thirty tons, to 3s. for those of one hundred tons and above. C. p. 133. 1633. 

SpeciGcations and order for a Town Lighter to be built by J. Damon. To be Jan* 17, Mar.21 , 

l0t>4. 

thirty -three feet by fifteen feet, bottom three inch elm, sides one and a half inch oak. Feb. 19, Apr. 1, 

To have a wink and davit, etc., for a crane and drag amidships ; fore aud stem ^ ' {^^g ' " * 

sheets, the first to be " cawk-thwight," to keep men dry ; broad stem to display the -„^8lijh. 

W. and M. K. 
Town Arms. Price (" great iron work excepted "), jc45. (But he lost by the Town Lighter. 

bargain, so June 13, 1634, the Town gave him £2 more.) C. pp. 135, 6. 

A BallaAt Wharf to be erected at the lower end of Hope. Dec. 4. C. p. 137. 

All vessels to ballast there, freemen of the Borough paying lOd. per ton, 
strangers 12d. March 31. C. p. 138. 

Mr. J. Pitt having taken the Petty Customs at £159 for a year, but being 
" now of soe meane estate " that he cannot find .security, is released from his 
bargain, and agrees to collect the dues for the Corporation gratis. Jan. 17, 1633 (4). 

C. p. 1 37. 

The Marsh '' shall be left open for the sea to cover the same as heretofore Marah^to be 
. . . that by meaues thereof the Harbour may be clensed, and that more water Tide, 

may be in the ssime." Feb. 19, 1635 (6). (The summer feed of the Marsh was let 
for £14, April 1, 1636. The plan of admitting the tide seems, however, to have 
been given up on Oct. 1, 1636, on granting a seven years' lease of the Marsh at 
£19 per annum.) C. p. 152. 

Trade was decreasing, the Petty Customs being let for only £100 10s. Od. for 
a year, on Sept. 21, 1636. C. p. 154. 

^ This and the expression elsewhere, the **Mr" of a vessel, prove, if proof is needed, that 
"Mr" in the seventeenth century, and earlier, = Master not Mister. It wab Master 
Greatheart who led Christiana to the River. 

Y 



178 CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 

yi. X03. Peti- Draft Petition to the Privy Council from the Mayor, etc., of Exeter. 

etc. Although the Deputy Lieutenants, etc., of Devon have addressed the Coancil 

'i"^y» ^If|v about the "Turkishe Pyrates," the Mayor, etc., are compelled also to petitiou 

English. because lately several ships have been taken near Dartmouth, three others from " S^ 

Feap^ Piratei. ^^^o^s ^^^ Moreles " hardly escaping. Hereby merchants are " utterly dishartened, 

Morlaix. and seamen will not serve, fearing slavery under those " Mahumitans.'' The 

Merchants of Exeter and the neighbouring ports have deputed Mr. J. Crewkerne t > 

wait on the Council with their Petition. July (f) 1636. S. 236. 1. 

** Instructions given to Mr. J. Crewkerne for sollicitation of y* Lords ot 

y« Couusell."' Fifteen "sayle of Turks" were off Plymouth coast, aud 6ve in the 

Loss by Pirate8 Severn. Five vessels of Dartmouth had been attacked, and three taken ; also the 

" Rose Garden," of Topsham, and several fishing boats with forty men. Tb« 
returning '^Newfoundlandmen" will be in great danger. It is asked that gnvd 
ships, with seamen in command, may ride at the '* Barr-foot of Sally" (Sallee), with 
'^ nimble ships " on the Devon and Irish coasts, and that privateers may be 
commissioned. S. 236. 2. 

Letter from Mr. Adam Bennett, Mayor of Exeter, to the Mayor of W. and 
M. R. Supposing that Weymouth Merchants have lost ships through the Turks, aD>i 
wish to have ^' the Chanuell cleared of those rogues," he nsks the Mayor of W. t.* 
join in sending, and paying, Mr. Crewkerne to go to the Council. (Good writing:. 
Seal damaged.) July 23, 1636. S. 236. 3. 

Petition about Dmft Petition to the King from the Merchants and Ship-owners of Exeter. 

Moonsh Pirates pi^m^jy^h, Barnstaple, Dartmouth, Weymouth, Melcombe, Lyme, etc. Besides tie 

" Tunnis and Argere " pirates, those of " Salleye " by the " nimbleuess of their 
shipps," and by the help of almost two thousand *' ^Ynglish and Yrish captiTes," 
have done thousands of pounds worth of damage to the petitioners, and have a1m(bt 
stopped commerce. The three hundred English ships due from Newfoundland in 
Sept. and Oct. will be in great peril. Some speedy help is asked fur, etc, etc. At 
Tutbury, Aug. 15, 1636, His Majesty answered that the Earl of North uroberlaud ba>i 
orders to remedy the evil. To this another Petition is sent in reply recalling atteution 
to the first one and offering to suggest a remedy. A hearing was promised. (Set 
below.) A Petition nearly like the first to the Right Hon. and Right Rev. the L^ni 
Chancellor, and a similar one to the Council. It may be noted that the proposed 
guard ships for Sallee were to be of three hundred tons, and that it is agaiu presse*! 
that " seamen oulye maye be imployed " to command. S. 236, 4. 

Mr Crewkerne's Letter from Mr. J. Crewkerne to the Mayor of W. aud M. R. He fouud the 

i5^<L*f^m ^^^g ^* " Rufford Abbie " with only four of the Council, and presented the Petitun 
Pirates. to him and his letters to " Secretary Cook." He waited a fortnight for an answer, 
on getting which he presented a second petition which was nut answered till tlrf 

^ As unwilling Galley Slaves doubtless. 






CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 



179 



King arrived at Woodstock. Here " uppon Sunday before the Sermon, the Lords 
sitting, I preferred your petition " to them. On Monday the King gave audience 
and an answer to the second petition to him. Copies of these and of one to the 
Archbishop he encloses. (As above.) After a short debate — " it could not be long 
seeing the Lords sat but an houre and a halfe and had other businesses " — he was 
told that the fleet should come down with the first fair wind. He told them plainly 
that this might mitigate but could " not cure the disease.'' He was told that no 
more could be done then, and one of the Lords '* told mee his Matie would not be 
directed by us. Mie Lord Archbishopp at that tyme gave excedeing good words 
and at the delivering of mie petition did protest (strikeing his hands uppon his 
brest) that whilst hee had breath in his bodie ho would doe his uttmost endeavor to 
advance soe uecessarie and consequential! a busines . . . that within theis twelve 
monethes not a Turkish shipp should be able to putt out." Mr. C. thinks the 
Council in earnest, and that " if y^ strike whilst the Iron is bote," applying again as 
soon as " they are settled att Hampton Court,'' something effectual will be done. 

The Patent of the Spanish Company is sealed. 

(This Letter has a Seal of Arms, the same as on that from the Mayor of 
Exeter.) Exeter. Sept. 8, 1636. S. 236, 5. 

Propositions agreed upon at a Court held at Exeter, Sept. 21, 1636 
(seemingly in compliance with the suggestions above), before the Governor, 
" Consulles," and Society. — 

1. — A Petition to the King, of like tenor with the former ones. 

2. — Mr. Powell, of Plymouth, or other fit person, to go with Mr. Crewkeme. 

3. — The Company and " out Ports" to share in costs, which seem to be £72. 

4. — This cost, and that arising from opposition to the London "Spanish 
Company," shall be thus assessed : 



He sees the 

Council and the 

King, 

and gives his 

own opinion. 



Port of Exon 
Plymouth 



R 
Hi 

5 

5T 



Si 
:i 



Lyme Regis, Wey- 
mouth and 



Wey.) , 
M. R ) "^ 



Dartmouth - 
Totnes 
Barnstaple - 

5. — A " Comission dorment," for fitting out privateers, and pi'essing seamen, 
to be obtained. 

6. — Search to be made for ammunition intended for Barbary. S. 236. 6. 



Archbishop 
Land. 



Proposals for 

defence against 

Pirates. 



In Mr. J. Pitt's accounts of Petty Customs are some items which may be VI. 104. 
noted, e.g., " Dorset Kersis, 23 barrells Samon, 5 C. Pruines, Morles Cloth, Spanish o^t., 1637, to 

Wool, Long Cottons, 32 piggs of greene porcke, val. at 201i." «^Pb l^b 

A loose leaf of Memorandum of money. S. 238. 1, 2. 



Pilots on bringing ships into harbour are to cause all strangers on board to YJi'^^^S* 

Oct. 11, 162»9. 

appear before the Mayor. Eug. W.&M.K 



180 CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 

No *' Bridport Boates " or other vessels may winter iu the " Hold," or otbcr 
pait of the Harbour, except above Bridge. C. p. 166. 

yi- ic6. In Mr. Wise's account of Petty Customs may be noted, 30 gross Tobaccn 

Accounts. 

Feb, 3 to pipes, 18 dozen ** plaine Clones, '* 5 tons Fustick Wood, 1 bag " Mador," "9 bolts 

^'^^•23^Jj^^(l) Poldamer." S. 243. i 

Nov.25, 1640 to " A note of Ireworke '' seemingly for the guns, £13 17s. 2d. S. 244. 

April 28, 1641. _, ,, c \ ^ r> .. 

May 7 to rour separate leaves of accounts of Petty Customs, from which may W 

E^°* w'&M*R "^^®^» Tanner's Rynes, Spanish Wine, Coals, Currants, Carpentine, Grocerie, Rise, 

Stronewaters. S. 246. 1—4. 

VI. 107. Orders A Petition is to be sent to the King and Privy Council for Powder for th^ 

and Ordnance, "w®** are 15 Demy Culverins and 7 Sakers, of w*^** 14 are his Ma*?** and ?^ 

Sept 24, 1641. the Towne's." C. p. 172. 

English. '^ 

W. and M. R. Mr. Hill of Dorchester had disputed Harbour Rules, and iron of his had beeo 

DisDute alK>at *®^^®^ ^^^ duties, which he refused to pay ; unless it could be shewn that Welsh or 
Duty on Iron. English iron paid duty at Bristol, Exeter, or Southampton. Mr. Haryson, Mr. 

Churchey, and Mr. Fabian Hodder are to ride to those places respectively, and find 

out the truth as to this. C. p. 173. 

(On Dec. 4, 1646, the matter was referred to the Recorders of W. and 

Dorchester, p. 193; and given against W. it seems, for on Jan. 27, 1646(7), 

£11 138. Od. was ordered to be paid to Mr. Hill, p. 194.) 

VI. Z08. Indict- Capt. Arthur, Collector of Customs, accused Mr. Alderman G. Churchey, 

Feb. 13 and 20 ^^y^^^o " ^^^^ ^®® • • • ^**^ coloured ^forraigner's goods," invoicing them to 

F*^r^ v)' himself when mostly for his brother who was not a freeman, thereby evading Pettj 

W. andM. R. Customs. Mr. C. confessed this, but urged the heavy price which he had paid for 

T)utie° ° ^"^ freedom, viz., £30 ; and that a " parcel of Reddings " had been seized for the 

*' garrison souldiers," and never paid for. (On Sept 2, 1646, he was fined £i)0, 

p. 191 ; but on Aug. 27, 1649, after a seizure of goods, he compounded f«»r 

£21 lOs. Od., p. 226.) C. pp. 176, 7. 

VI. lop.Orders, From a list of "foreign bought and sold goods" seized and sold may Iw 

etc. 
May 29, etc., noticed, Branched and Tufted Holland, Coloured Incle, Breech Hooks, White 

fii^Sh Manchester, Coloured Callicow. May 29, 1647. C. p. 196. 

W. and M. R. Copy of an Order of the Cofhmons for £1000 towards repair of the Piers 

and Harbour?"^ and Harbour. (Another Copy in S. 245, p. 117.) The Mayor, etc., therefore order 

the work to be proceeded with, with J. Lockier as Superintendent, at 6s. 8d. a 

' Foreigners were all men not Freemen of the Borough. It seems that in every sale ot 
sea-borne merchandise brought to port one party mast be a Freeman, otherwise tbe 
goods were '* foreign bought and sold," and forfeited to the Corporation. 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. I31 

week. July 22, 1647. C. p. 197. Capt. J. Lockier ''brake his leg'' and Ric. 
Bolt Bucceeded him. Feb. 4, 1647 (8), p. 204. 

Copy of an Order from the Central Committee for the Navy and Customs to 
<;apt. Arthur, Collector at W., to pay £500 of the £1000 granted above. Aug. 9, 
1647. C. p. 197. 

In S. 245, a volume chiefly filled with Law Minutes, are copies of several 
letters, etc., respecting the above. They are at the end, paged 1% etc Letter from 
the Mayor (?) to Dr. J. ^Bond and the other Members for the Borough, to 
** remonstrate" the impossibility of repairing the Harbour through the decay of Decay of Trade. 
trade, and asking him to beg for a grant. Undated. P. 5^ Similar letter to Giles 
Greene, Esq., M.P., adding that Capt. Lockier is " to soUicit" for them. Undated. 
P. 5^. Letters to both the above and to Mr. Randall, Secretary to the Committee 
of the Navy, thanking them for their exertions. Undated. P. 6^ Copy of Order 
(as above) to Capt. Arthur, but for the " further sum " of £500. Sept. 6, 1647. 
P. 7'. S. 245 pp. 5*— 7". 

A Fine of 10s. paid for a " foreign sale," by ** T. Bennet a mchant and Baron VLiicOrders, 

of Hasting,'' is to be returned. He showed a long and curious Certificate (copied in ^|^y5 04 ^^^^ 

the Minute Book), by Royal Decree exempting Barons of the ^Cinque Ports from ^Sept. 3, l«49. 

f* ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ Mar. 29. 16.50. 

Petty Customs and Imposts of all kinds in all the Kingdom. May 5, 1648. Mar. 28, July 23, 

r n 90fi -^P"^ 21, 1651. 

^. p. JUD. Feb. 4. 1652(3). 

R King, a "foreign" buyer of goods, thereupon seized and sold for £10, Eng.W.&M.R. 

Baran of 
being found to be " but a poor man and not able to bear " the loss, £6 is given to UastiDgs. 

him. May 24, 1648. C. p. 208. ^^"'«" ^^ 

Mention of a " ''void plott of ground lately taken in at the Jutty." May 24, 

1648. C. p. 208. 
The " Petty Customs " are to be called " Wharfage, Bomage," etc. Aug. 27, 

1649. C. p. 226. 

At a Meeting of Merchants and Mariners, at a Hall, reasons were given Opinion as to 

against stopping the course of the water towards Radipole : UjidTrom the 

1 . — " Yf the Indraught be stopped the Tide will have but little recourse in Backwater. 
the Harbo^ by reason that the Tide doth crosse the Bay . . from the Bill . . . 

to the White North, soe that the harbo*^ hath only the benefit of the last halfe ebb White Nothe. 

^ Dr. J. Bond waa Master of Trinity Hall, Cambridge. His son Dennis was Recorder of 
W. and M. R. 

' His Weymouth hoase was that euphonioasly called " Hell," near the East end of Hell (now 
softened to Helen) Lane. In London he lived in Threadneedle Street. 

3 The Cinque Ports were, oddly enough, seven : Hastings, Romney, Hythe, Dover, Sandwich, 
Rye, and Wiochclsea, the last two having been added to the original five. " Barons of 
the Cinque Ports . . . are two of every of the seven towns . . . that have places in 
the Lower House.*' — CoweL s.v. Baron. 

^ Probably the site of the Alexandra Gardens. 



182 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 



Tides. 



The Marsh 
embanked. 



Cocket. 



Bridge. 

Timber from 
tiie New Forest 



in the oswing (?) to fill it upp within the East and West Moones makeing full sea in 
the harbo' and it being not full sea at Portland before the Moone is South-east." 

2. — "The Tide comeinge out of the Bay from the Northward, crossing tLe 
harbo**, brings in soe much wash and sand . . into the barbo>^ mouth, that It vill 
not be cleared without the Tide hath a free recourse as now it hath." 

" But twas . . . conceived that if any of the ground bee taken in there 
must be the whole Channell left in the middle and bankt of both sides, so that ^.e 
Tide must have its full recourse as far up as Radipoll . . . otherwise it will bee 
the destrucon of the harbor ** Sept. 3, 1649. C. p. 227. 

The idea that the Marsh also should lie open to the tide for the good of \ht 
Harbour had been given up, for the Marsh had been walled across. The wall ba?iDg 
been destroyed in the siege (as appears, C. p. 240), it is to be rebuilt four feet hi^ 
backed with blue clay " thite soe as to keepe out the water/' for £60. The Marsl> 
was then let for seven years at £14 per annum ; with liberty to crop it for tbrte 
years with anything but oats. March 28 and July 23, 1651. C. pp. 238, 240. 

Goods arriving '* at this port by port ^Cockquet or Let passe " shall pay Tovr. 
duties. March 29, 1650. C. p. 230. 

Constable Coven is to ride into Hants with Col. ^ Joyce, by whom and Vc\ 
Heane a grant of thirty trees in " the late King's Forest," given to them bj 
Parliament, has been made for the Bridge. April 21, 1651. C. p. 23^ 

J. Yeatman, etc., of Fawley, near Cashmoore Castle, seamen, are to htv: 
some help in Shipping ninety tons of timber which they have agreed to bring from 
*' £ly " (Ealing ?) at 6s. per ton. They are not to shorten the timbers but to »v 
the short pieces [into planks ?] This was probably the timber given by the tvi 
Colonels, above. Feb. 4, 1652 (3). C. p. 246. 



VI. XIX. Pre- 
sentments. 
Oct. 13, 1651. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Boom. 



The Town is presented for not setting up a mooring poet on the sand, betweec 
the lands of Mr. Dennys and Mr. Cornish. R p. 503. 

Also " for not setting upp a Boome to be a niarke . . .for shipps, etc. 
comeing into the Harbo'.'' (Still not done two years later, p. 514. It was to \^ 
lit the " Jutty Head.") B. p. 504. 



J. Wetwang, of Newcastle, paid 40s. for firing his guns in the Harbour, "and 

C. p. 244. 



VI. XI2. Fine. 

June 18, 1«54. * xu * • j j» 

Eng. W.&M.R. g^v® reparacon to the party es greived. 



VI. XX3. Pre- 
sentments. 
Oct. 1, 1655. etc. 
Eng. W.&M.R. 
Fort on Jetty. 



Presentment of " many banks of sand " from the Bridge to the Geoige corner. 
(Also on the North side, p. 532.) B. p. 525. 

There was a " New Fort upon the Jutty." Oct., 1656. B. p. 532. 

^ Cocket = " a scrow of parohment sealed and delivered by the ofiSoers of the castome hoo^ 

to Merchants as a Warrant that their merehandixe be customed." — CowelL a v. 
' Was this the Joyce to whom, when Comet, the King surrendered ? 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR^ SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. jgg 

After having been kept in hand for some years, the ''Anchorage, Keyage,' VI. 1x4. Let- 
etc. (formerly Petty Customs), were now again let for j£41 lOs. for a year. (They Ocf °26 "?6^' 

had let for £167 in 1630. See vi. 94.) C. p. 257. W W.'&M.R. 

Trade low. 

• 

Strangers are to pay 2d. per ton duty on *' all Portland Stones loaden here." VI. Z15. Order. 

l>. p. JbU. Kng W.&M.R. 

Portland Stone. 

The fishermeu have been " destroying the fry or increase of fish by reason VI. zx6. Pre- 

that the meashes of their nets are not so wide '' as the Statute requires. (An order Qct. 3 1659 

against "hunting netts ani other unlawful netts." Oct. 24, 1662. C. p. 282.) „r^"«i**^^- 

^^ W. and M. R. 

B. p. OOO. Illegal Nets. 

Trade was again improving. The Petty Customs (again so called), were let VI. 117. Let- 

/ noT 1 r /^ ofiQ tingofCuMtoms 

for <£87 Is. for a year. C. p. 268. .SeS 28, 1600. 

Col. Bullen Reynes, " one of the late " Members for the Borough, brought , oi"n-fin?i 

the King's Patent for £100 per annum for ten years, for the repair of the Harbour ; Agreement. 

also a copy of the Lord Treasurer's Order for this to be paid out of the Customs. ' ^English. ' 

<Jol. R also presented "a Booke of all the Acts " of the late Parliament. All these W. and M. R. 

Reynes. 

documents seem now to be missing, but the Patent and Order are copied in the Harbour 
Iwok. CoL R. was to have all expenses repaid, and he also had the freedom of the n^^Ients. 
Borough presented to him for his ** extraordinary care and paines.'' C. p. 270. 

This grant was soon acted upon. On May 17, 1661, J. Thorne, Mason, 
agreed to build a Jetty, fourteen feet broad, " beyond the New Fort at the end of 
the old Jutty ... to the new Boome " for 28. per " Pearoh," t.e., one foot high, 
fifteen feet long, and two feet broad. T. Hide was to bring stones at Is. per ton. 
Among the tools ^' Kevills " are mentioned. C. p. 273. 

One hundred pounds were borrowed from W. Sydenham, of ^Winford Eagle, Sydenham. 
Esq., for carrying on the Harbour work until the grant from the Customs shall come 
in. Sept 27, 1661. C. p. 275. 

Copy of a Royal Commission to a number of Dorset gentlemen and one or vi. zz8. Con- 
two others to enquire how best to further the reclamation of sea marshes. (Most of »ult*tion as to 

^ ^ Backwater. 

the names have appeared before ; but J. " Tregunuell of Anderson," is new as a Feb. 6, 1662 (3) 
Dorset County family name, in these Records.) This project as affecting W. and ^y. a°^ M. R. 

>L R. was considered at a Hall, and all,* except Fabian Hodder, agreed that to Tregunnell. 

"^ Reclamation of 

embank any of the flats between the Bridge and Radipole would hinder the the Backwater 

" indraught . . . which scowreth the harbor . . . and see destroy itt." C. p. 286. *^^°"* *^^* * 

The Lighter-men fetching stones from about Bincleaves, etc., as heretofore, VI. 119. Order. 

for building the " workc in the Harbo'^ " as far as the Boom, shall be saved harmless Asreenient. 

Jnne 23, 16(^1. 
* This delightful old house remaina aod gives his title to Lord Wynford, the present owner. 



184 CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SniPPlNO, AND COMMERCR 

Harbour from suits if they take uo stones withiu fifteen feet of "the full sea mark 
exteiiBion. ., ^ ,««^ _ 

May 5, 1665. C. p. 293. 

Two Masons agree to build a Quay " against the lauds of Mr. Jns. Pitt 

The Corporation are to " allow the said workemen 2s. 8d. a peece [per day 1] to h^ 

4 ft in breadth and to be faced on each side. To be . . . such a bight as mnj 

be thouglit fitt." June 23, 1665. B. p. 585. 

yi. Z20. Orders "About 100 awnes of Shirbrooke convace . . . seized as forai^e bougiit 

June 23, 1665, , ^ . , , , ^ ^ 6 -o 

and and foraigne sold by St Samwayes unto T. Randall/' were released, S. being " j 

Foreim Safe '^^^"©snian borne " and young and ignorant of the customs of the Town. June 23. 

1665. B. p. 586. 

Exemption Mr. PapilHon, of London, Merchant, claiming exemption from all Town duei 

from Dues. 

as a Freeman of London, the Corporation will save harmless J. Heysome, Farmer of 

those dues, in levying them. May 25, 1666. 0. p. 296. 

VL X2X. Order. Towards the repair of the Bridge, Piers, and Quays, a half-penny shall l«t 

English. P^id ^^^ every horse bearing a pack or packs across the Bridge, and a farthing ft-r 

B "d^^T^l^ each horse carrying fuel, etc. (without packs) ; also 2d.^ per ton for every vessel 

belonging to a Freeman and entering the Port, and 4d. do., do., if belonging to a 
stranger. C. p. 298. 

VL ^^' From two weekly accounts it appears that work was going on at " the jjcerf 

Dec. 9 and 22, at north " (the Nothe.) S. 253. 1. 

Feb 10 1^67 (8) Amount for repair of Custom House Measures, " Charkell Hogsheds, Col! 

Eng. W.&M.R. bushells," etc. Signed Rog. Cuttance, Mayor. S. 253. « 

^kothe Pier. 

VL 123. Order. Copy of Order from Sir J. Denham to the " Overseeres of his Ma*** Quwi?* 

•Iiilv 7 )8fift 

Eng. W.&M.R. ^^ Portland" to give three hundred tons of stone to Col. Rimes (Bullen Reynes) for 
for'^th^'Brid'T ^^^ Bridge, July 6, 1668 ; and Copy of Col. R^s order for the same to the Mayor. 
Reynes. etc. C. p. 308. 

VL 124. Order. In an Order mention is made of " the Harbo*' or Roade comonly called the 

Eng.W.'*M.R. North Rhoade." C. p. 315. 

VL 125. Two weekly accounts for Quay repairs "before J. Backeller's shopp," bj 

W^°9~^, 'A\ Day. Total £9 5s. lOd. Mason's wages were Is. 6d. a day, Labourer's U 
V w^\j r> Payment ordered by Mr. Mayor Desallenove. S. 251. 1,2. 

ff^ng. W . & M . R. 

VL 126. Book A Folio Book of about one hundred and sixty pages, chiefly filled with Town 

1668—1694. Accounts, among which are many items relating to the Harbour, of which may be 

Orand^^lJewand "^*®^ ' 1685.— Many items in this and other years about the " Grand Piere," also 

Little Piers, the New Pier and the Little Pier in the Outer Hole. 



CLASS VL HARBOUR, SHIPPING. AND COMMERCE. 185 

1688. Aug. 8. Bill for the Bridge Pier £500. Bridge Pier. 

1693. April 3. Paid to the Lieut, of the Frigate " Child's Play " 

with G. Bagg his apprentice <£3 00 

S. 254. 

Mr. Alderman Wall to be Treasurer for the New Bridge. C. p. 323. VI. 127. Orders 

The Bridge was to be of stone and wood. Aug. 30, 1669. C. pp. 324, 5. Sept 28, 1*669. 

There is a list of sixty-four Trees, twenty-two to eight feet long, and twenty- ?°8- W.&M.R. 

, /» A new Bndge 

four to eighteen inches square, one hundred deals not under sixteen feet long, nve proposed. 

handred tons of ashlar, one hundred and fifty tons of " fillers," and fifty bushels of 

" Tarras Sand." Sept. 28, 1669. Do. 

The sum of <£700 to be applied for from Government for Harbour repairs; VI. 128. Orders, 

etc 

and Sir Winston Churchill to be asked for £50, promised by him for the Bridge. j^^^ 7 and 

June 7, 1672. C. p. 338. Sept. 27. 1672. 

^ May 21 and 

The Accounts of outlay of the former grant of £1000 for the Harbour, to be July 31, 1673. 

presented. Sept. 27, 1672. C. p. 340. ^'^^giist^^*' 

At this time negotiations were in hand with the " Islanders of Portland " W. and M. R. 
about the Bridge and stone for it. Bridge. 

The Endeavour, a very old vessel, to be broken up that " shee may not 
further infest the Harbor with wormes and vermin." June 7, 1672. C. p. 339. 

Notwithstanding all talk of a New Bridge, repair is again ordered, owing to 
the structure having been " dampuified " by ships. May 21, 1673. C. p. 342. 

Order that, as the middle of the Bridge is " cleane broken downe," and as Bridge 

through the wars and decay of trade, it cannot otherwise be kept up, tolls shall be d*ni»ge< • 
paid as follows : 

For every " horse-beast, brother beast, bull, oxe, steere, asse or mule," with Rother-beaat. 
Bome exceptions, ^d. 

For every cart or " slide " (horses drawing them passing free), 12d. 

For each passage of a vessel requiring one or both leaves of the Drawbridge 
to be raised, 12d. 

With autograph signatures of Mr. Mayor Arnold de Salleuove, etc., etc. No 
autograph signatures have appeared in this book since 1628; and a good deal of 
change of writing is visible since that date. July 21, 1673. C. p. 382. 

Complaints as to Trade were not well founded, for the Petty Customs let for Petty Costoms. 
as much as £109 for a year. Michaelmas, 1674. C. p. 350. 

A hundred tons of Portland Stone to be got for repairing the Grand Pier, VI. 129. Orders 

" which is much decayed." May 21, 1687. C. p. 392. ^^ ^* l^^!"' 

E^. W.&M.B. 
' Cow or heifer. Bother = German, Roth = Red. Compare the Northern term, Black-cattle. 
The word Rother-beast is not obsolete. 



186 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 



PrecaatioDB 
against fire. 



Marah WaU. 



Prohibition of mooring ships, etc., to the Bridge, whereby it has been 
** gaged." Nov. 18, 1687. C. p. 396. 

Ships may not be careened between the Bridge and the Geoi^e Stairs on 
Melcombe side, and the Stairs opposite Raymond's house on Weymouth side, the 
buildings near being " slight and of timber and soe subject to bee fired." Nov. 24, 
1687. C. p. 397, 

A like precaution about heating pitch, which is not to be done on board ship, od 
any harbour stairs, or against any wall within the Borough. Dec. 9.. 1687. C. p. 398. 

Certain posts put up by Mr. Matt. Pitt to the hindrance of traffic on tiie 
Quay, are to be pulled down. April 30, 1688. C. p. 399. 

Goods were imported by or for Sir Benj. Newland, a name not obscrfed 
before. Ai»ril 30, 1688. C. p. 400. 

The Mai-sh sea-wall had been destroyed through a great tempest, a thio^ 
unknown before. The repairs had cost Mr. Theo. Townson £57, so a year and & 
half's rent was forgiven him. It is strange that no damage lower down is mentioned 
March 13, 1690 (1). C. p. 413. 



VI. 130. 

Minutes. 

1699—1724. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Fordington. 

Broadweaver. 

Coal Trade. 



New 
Drawbridge. 

Bartlett. 

Boat captured 

in Portland 

Roads. 



Ransom. 



An unbound Folio Book of about five hundred pages, cont;iiniug Miscellaueuus 
Records, some relating to the Harbour, e.g., W. Tripp, of Fordington, ^Broadweaver, 
deposes respecting a riot to prevent the export of two waggon loads of wheat to 
Guernsey. May 6, 1700. & 259. f. 7^ 

Meters were appointed to measure the large quantities of *^ coles, culm or 
stone coles " arriving from Newcastle, eta Fee 2d. per quarter. Sept. 19, 1701, 

F. 29^ 

Fnquiry about the theft of vanes from the " Draggu " and other vessels. A 
seaman ^* wanted some vanes to make a sash.'' Sept 19, 1701. F. 31. 

Goods must not be carried from ships into the town, except by the " Bearers 
or Day Attenders on the Quay," chaise 2d. to 4d. per quarter according to distance. 
1701. F. 33. 

As a new Drawbridge has been made, all ships are to *' hall through bridge " 
after unlading. Dec. 1, 1701. F. 35. 

J. Bartlett and others, making for Weymouth iu his boat after macko^ 
fishing, were chased into Portland Roads by a large ship flying Dutch colours. The 
Commander said that he was French, from le Havre de Grace, that they were 
prisoners, and that the boat must be ransomed or destroyed. Bartlett pleaded io 
vain that England and France had agreed not to molest fishing boats. A ransom of 
£10 "in Drapery and Hatts" was agreed on, and a man kept as hostage until the 
goods were brought. The Commander Cushart had lately escaped out of Uamptoo 
(Southampton) gaol. June 21, 1708. F. 110^ 



^ The manufacture of cloth iu Fordington died out only thirty or forty years ago. 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 



187 



Mr. Ph. Taylor, Jr., Mayor, deposes that the Officer of the "Queeu's 
Warehouse " refused the Mayor's "fee bushel" of salt out of a cargo. Nov. 20, 1711. 

S. 259. f. 142*'. 

Mr. Bury and Mr. C. Langrish are authorized to rebuild the Bridge. May 8, 
1713. F. 165. 

Do., do., "to take up the end of the Bridge from the Key to the Peer of 
Weyroouth side," if they make a " secure passage for leading over horses " and for 
foot passengers. July 1, 1711 (entry misplaced.) F. 167^ 

J as. Fry deposes to violent resistance to Mr. P. Taylor, Collector of Customs, 
and Jonathan Cook when on board the John and Thomas, on duty. Fry wished to 
help them, but was pulled away by the wife of Brook, one of the assailantp. 
June 11, 1717. F. 191. 

Mr. W. Gleade is authorized to launch two ships now building on the " new 
Key," be being bound to repair all damages. (Similar entries occur henceforward 
occasionally.) March 20, 1720 (1). F. 211. 

Mr. Templeman, Tide-surveyor, deposes that Greene, Master of the Dove, 
was ordered to the " Mother Bank," or other quarantine station, but nevertheless 
sailed into Portland Roads and went ashore. Feb. 6, 1720 (1). F. 221»». 

The " luner Bar " is to be reported on with a view to its removal. Jan. 9, 

1721 (2). This and the preceding entry are misplaced. F. 229^ 

W. ^Betts, Elsq., M.P., is authorized to set piles on the ** Grass Bank," to help 
the warping of ships. Sept. 24, 1722. F. 234^ 

Piles are to be driven, along from the new Jetty towards the harbour 
mouth, to check the " outsett of the Tide on the north side," to keep the channel 
"in a more direct course;" and the lower part of the Jetty, now covered by 
high tides, is to be raised "so as to answer 10 ft. on . . . the Bar." March 8, 

1722 (3). F. 236. 

W. Painter, after helping Warren Lisle, " patent searcher of the Customs " 
to seize a boat load of wine and brandy that " was going to be runned ashore by 
Stnallmouth passage," was assaulted in the Queen's Head. Feb. 20, 1723 (4). 

F. 245. 

J. Loader, sent by W. T. Cooper, Collector of Customs, to act for A. Smith, 
Officer at Lulworth, lately wounded by H. Hoare, saw the latter with a cask of 
" runned brandy," as he believes it was. On trying to seize it he had his arm 
broken. May 20, 1724. S. 259. f. 246»>. 

(A similar Minute occurs in Volume D. T. Parker, of the Customs, was 
assaulted in the ^Boot Alehouse for going there to see for " runned goods." July 3, 
1728. D. p. 103.) 



P. Taylor. 
Fee Bashel. 



Bury. 
Langmh. 

Bridse to be 
rebailt. 



Pry. 

Collector of 

Customs 

resisted. 

Brook. 

Gleade. 



Templeman. 
Quarantine. 



Beits. 

Harbour 
improvements. 



Smuggling. 



dum^i 
Lule. 



Smuggling. 



The Boot. 



* The first occurrence of this name in these Records, as far as has been observed. 

* Still standing. 



188 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPIKU, AK1> COMMKRCE. 



"VI. 131. 

Minutes. 

1724-1800. 

EngliBh. 

W. and M. R. 

Warehouse. 



Orocery Ships. 
(yoUiers. 



Right to Petty 
Customs lost. 



Mr. £. Tucker 
repaired the 

Bridge. 
Iron-bound 

wheels. 
Horse-loads. 



Powder. 



Petty Customs. 



List of 
Charters, etc. 



lu a small Folio Volume of ** Minutes of Meetiugs of the Towu Council/' iu 
this Catalogue designated D, are some things relating to the Harbour ; e.g. : 

A Warehouse for goods imported or for export was ordered to be built oq & 
shop lately occupied by Sam. Langrish, Blockmaker. Most likely this was adjoining 
the George, as (p. 1 35) it seems to have been connected with Sir S. Mico's bequest, 
of which the George was a chief part. 

Order to take measures to remedy the inconvenience to "Grocery Sltips" 
caused by colliera lying at the quay for two or three months sometimes. Jan. 24, 
1728 (9). • D. p. 115. 

Mr. Templeman, on behalf of H.M. Customs, was to have a twenty-one years' 
Lease of Land *^ on the Walk " (1) of the Corporation, at a fine of £5 and 5s. yeurlj 
rent, to build a Customs' boat-house. Jan. 8, 1729 (30). D. p. 137. 

The Borough seems at this time to have lost the right to Wharfage and Pettj 
Customs. An action to recover the same was thought of, but was delayed iu order to 
see what success Poole might have in a like action. Nov. 18, 1732. D. p. 158. 

The Corporation thanked Mr. £. Tucker, Mayor, who at his own cost had 
repaired the Bridge, which had been damaged by unmoored vessels. No "iron- 
bound " carts, nor horses loaded with furze, etc, " with which they are compelled 
to go sideways," are to cross the Bridge. Jan. 5, 1735 (6). D. p. 173. 

Dispute with Christian Bergesen, Master of the St. Peter of FrederickshaU. 
He refused to pay 2s. per ton for ballast An anchor was seized and he then 
cotopronused the matter. May 17, 1736. D. p. 177. 

After a long interval of silence on the subject, two barrels of powder and 
five cwt. of shot are ordered for the guns. Feb. 14, 1745 (6). D. p. 217. 

Copy of a Petition to the Commons for a re-adjustment of the Petty Customs 
and confirmation of the Corporation's right to levy them. Feb. 12, 1747 (8). 

Pp. 225, 6. 

List of Documents given to G. Swaffield to be produced to the Commons, 
apparently as evidence respecting Petty Customs; viz., Charters of 2 EIi'e., 
5 Henry VIL, and 4 Henry VIIL, Exemplification of the "Act of Union" of 13 Eliz., 
three Decrees of the Exchequer, Charter of 40 Eliz., Exemplification of Verdict in 
re Corporation v. Yeats, Charter of 14 James [I.], a Paper of Oct 2, 1608, a 
Parchment of Feb. 14, 1608 (9), the large Book of Constitutions, Town-hall and 
Justice Book, W. and M. R. Town-hall Book, beginning 1699, do., 1724, a Book of 
Borough Accounts, and Journal 1693. (Nearly or quite all these remain, except 
the first) Jan. 31, 1748 (9). P. 233. 

A Memorandum of the return of these Documents. May 11, 1749. P. 234. 

J. Basham is to be Collector of Harbour and Ballast dues, with an allowance 
of 2s. in the pound, iu accordance with the late Act about this matter. June 23, 
1 7 i9. P. 235. 



CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 189 

A seven yeare' Lease of " the Royalty of Fishing in the water belonging to Lease of 

Fisherv. 
the Corporation " to be granted to R Jeanes, Mayor (?) June 28, 1751. P. 243. 

Order to seoure and sell the Blubber, etc., of a large Fish then on the sands ; Spermaceti 
with precautions against fire in boiling. The Spermaceti and Oil to be put up at 
£25 per tun, Blubber at £15 lOs. Od. Feb. 26, 1753. D. p. 247. 

** The great increase of ^shipping in this port of late years " obliges goods to Trade increaaed 
be sometimes hoisted ** over severall other vessells " at the Custom House Quay. 
To give more room a Bridge further Westward shall replace the old one ; which 
improvement J. Tucker, Esq., Alderman and M. P., offers to carry out at his own J.Tucker, Esq. 
cost, the new Bridge to abut on the Wharf at the end of St. Nicholas Street. This ^B^W^'^from'^ 



is accepted. May 23, 1769. (This offer had already been favourably considered. St. Nicholas St. 
April 2, 1741. D. p. 200.) D. p. 299. 

A Quay is to be erected from the site of the old Bridge at the end of 
St. Thomas Street to the uew Bridge. Nov. 8, 1770. D. p. 313. 

Copy of Petition to the Admiralty for help against French Privateers, which Loss by French 
within two mouths have tukeu twenty vessels aud more, between the Isle of Wight "^* ®"' 
and the Start, mostly withiu two leagues of Portland. Dec. 9, 1780. D. p. 353. 

An Affidavit by Matt. Laugrish, who, when commanding a sloop, was taken 
off Portland by the Civility, privateer, apparently English built, Captaiu au 
Englishman, with a French Commission. L. was on board four days and saw 
four more vessels taken. Dec. 9, 1780. D. p. 353. 

Permission to the inhabitants near the Cove to wall it across and 611 it up Cove to be filled 
at their own cost. Sept. 27, 1781. D. p. 361. "P* 

Mr. Saunders is permitted to build a vessel " on the Wast ground near the 
Meeting House." Aug. 4, 1783. D. p. 372. Meeting House. 

The slip there was to be let by the Corporation at from 7s. for vessels under 
forty tons to £2 12s. 6d. for those of one hundred and fifty tons or more. May 19, 
1784. D. p. 379. 

Mr. J. Brett is allowed to lay Oysters above Bridge, from the S.W. comer of Brett. 

Mr. Elliott's house to the N. end of Towiisend Ground, and across to the opposite ^EiHott. * 
shore, for three years, at 29. 6d. reut the first year, and £1 Is. Od. after. Jan. 3 
and Feb. 7, 1785. D. pp. 387, 388. 

J. Dodge and Ric. Sam ways do., do., for as much ** of the lake above the Dodge. 

Bridge as extends North from the end of the lower Rails to the mouth of Chaffey's chafeyT*Iike. 
Bridge Lake." J. Whicker, do., do., for ten yards wide from the Bridge to the 
Mouth of the Marsh Lake. March 7, 1785. D. p. 389. Marsh Lake. 

The inner and outer Piers are to be repaired at a cost of XI 11 15s. lOd. by Piera. 

Messrs. Summervall and Hamilton. Sept. 10, 1787. D. p. 415. Summervall. 

Hamilton. 
The Drawbridge to be floored with four-and-a-half iuch oak plank. Feb. G, Drawbridge. 

1792. D. p. 460. 



190 CLASS VI. HARBOUR, SHIPPING, AND COMMERCE. 

Pnckett. Scott. Messrs. Puckett, Scott and W. Isaac may extend the Quay thirty feet into 

Weston. ^^^ Backwater, in a line with land embanked by Mr. S. Weston, and the S.W. end 
Coneygar Lane, of Coneygar Lane. April 30, 1798. D. pi 522. 

Guard Ship. The Admiralty to be petitioned for a Guard Ship for Portland Roads and W. 

Harbour. April 30, 1798. D. p. 522. 

Bridge to be A Case to be laid before the Recorder for his opinion, whether the Bridge 

'^^'^t^??*^^ should be repaired by the County. May 9, 1798. D. p. 523. 

Puckett. Mr. £. Puckett was extending the Quay wall on W. side at the Ballast 

Wharf. Aug. 5. 1799. D. p. 539. 



CLASS VII. CHURCH AFFAIRS. 



N.B. — This Class comprises the principal Notices of the Churchi whether as an 
Institution or as a Fabric, such Notices being either in separate Documents 
or in extracts from Minute Books. 

Parchment Indenture. The Seals are gone; two parchment Seal-slips VII. z. Inden- 

remain. This is a Conveyance by the Mayor, etc., of M. R. of a plot of ground to oct. 20 1543. 

W. Peres, who had paid to them lis. 4d. ; this land to be his stipend as their La*in- M. B. 

'^ Priest celebrating in the Chapel of St Mary." The plot is siity-eight by twenty St. Mary's 

feet, lies Soath of the Chapel, between the " perambulatoria '' of the Chapel on the ^^ ' 
North, and vacant land belonging to the Town (but formerly to J. Clackabey) on the 

South. It stretches towards " le gret elme " near Maiden Street on the East, and Elms, 

another " gret elme " near St Mary Street on the West Oct. 20. 35 Henry VIII. k. Henry VIII. 

. . . 'Mn terra sub Xro supm capitis anglicanse ecclie et hibernice ..." (of church. 
Henry YIII. on earth under Christ the supreme head of the Anglican and Irish 
Church.) S. 10. 

In a letter from T. Howarde, Esq., to Mr. Deputy Mayor W. Pyt he makes VII. 2. Letter. 

reference to an existing unwillingness to "pay the prestes wages.'^ (See iL 29.) S. 88. Eni^h. 'm.R.? 

Pnest'B Wages. 

''This Indenture " is a Lease by " Emma Raynoldes and Luke her son," of VII. 3. Lease. 

Sent 30 1583. 
the one part, and ** Robart Openshall," Minister, of the other part, of a new house festimonisl. 

in St. Thomas Street, for six years, at £i per annum, payable quarterly at the ,.^?^\, « 

Enghsh. M. xL 

Feasts of the Nativity, the Annunciation, the Nativity of St John Baptist, and 
St. Michael. Attached to the Lease is a Schedule of furniture let with the house. 
Among the items are one *' folded table boorde,'' two settles, and one pair of iron 
dogs. The rooms mentioned are. Hall, Parlour, two Chambers, two Closets and a 
Buttery. The Seal is gone. Only Luke R.'s signature appears. The document is 
much decayed. S. 104. 

With this may be taken a Parchment Testimonial from the Mayor, etc., 
highly praising ** Robt. Openshuwe, M*" of Artes, minister rightlye instituted of the Rev. R» 
woorde and Sacraments of God." This is of course the same Clergyman. The ^° 
Testimonial is in the Borough Chest with the Charters. 



192 



CLASS VII. CHURCH AFFAIRS. 



VI K 4. 

Accounts. 

Feb. 25, 27. 

1595 (6). 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Melcombe 
Chapel. 



VII. 5. Memo- 
randum. 
1604. 
English. M. R. 

VII. 5a. Mem- 
oranda. 
Undated. 1604 ? 
English. M. R. 
Papers lately 

found. 

" Translating " 

the Parish 

Church. 



In Mr. Mayor DottrelVs Mayoralty Accounts are one or two Church items, 
e.g.y Lynarde Vandargosen paid for Borough Freedom, for himself and three sons, 
408., and also 20s. " towarde the Chapell ; " £dmond Chowne '' chorchewarden at 
Rodypoll" paid for his own Freedom 408., of which 30s. were struck off for outlar 
by him at Radipole, and lOs. were bestowed on the " bordynge," etc., at Melcombe 
Chapel. S. 166. 

"A Note of twelve (13) paps touohiuge the Paryshe Churche kc, . . . 
ka^ 1604." Of these only numbers 3, 4, 5, 8 and 9 remain, as follow. S. 189. 6. 

(After the supposed completion of this Section of this Catalogue other papei-s 
of the set above mentioned have come to light, and are here noticed. The papers 
are now placed with the others of the set in the Sberren Collection.) 

" Motives . . .for the translatinge of the pishe Churche of RadipoU unto 
Melcombe Reglf." 

1. R. Church is one mile and a half off. 

2. It cannot contain one sixth of the Parishioners. Further in time of 
pestilence danger may arise " by carrying of the contagious dead bodyes soe farr.'' 

3. While the people of M. R. are absent at R. Church great, danger and 
harm may arise by houses or ships taking fire, or ships leaving moorings and 
damaging themselves or the " newe bridge . . . w<^ cost . . . neere upon 
lOOOt." Also there is great risk to houses and ships, at such times, from ''the 
forrein Ennemy or by Rovers . . ." (This their forefathers had experienced.) 

4. The people of M. R. are willing to build a Church there large enough to 
receive the whole population, '* soe as itt may bee made the pishe Church," the 
^patronage remaining unchanged. 

To the possible objection or question that if the Parson lives in M. R. who is 
to " reade ^vyce " at Radipole, and who is to pay for a house in M. Rl it is answered 
that the present Parson has been there twenty years, has grown rich thereby, so that 
lie "doth dayly purchas livinge" (property) \ and thus he may easily serve both cures; 
or he may keep School in M. K and so make Hoviy marks a year, which would pay 
house-rent and maintain a " suffycyent Reder ; " or he may keep £40 out of the 
tithes and pay a Reader with the remainder. 

(No. 1.) (Placed with S. 189, numbered 6*.) 

VII. 5»>. Act of A Copy of an Act for transferring the Parish Church from Albernant to 

Parliament. ^ 

Undated. Kenoyll Eluett, Carmarthenshire, quoted doubtless as a parallel case. 

A^bfraant. (^^' 2*) (Placed with S. 189, numbered 6\) 

^ Endorsed as approved by Sir Fr. Hastings if not tending to disinherit his son. See vii. 6. 

' About twenty years before, the Rev. R. Openshall paid £4 a year for a partly famished 
house. This rent would leave about £22 a year for the Reader's salary, a inark being = 
13s. 4d. 



Cost of Bridge. 
Fear of Pirates. 



CLASS VII. CHURCH AFFAIRS. 



19a 



"The bill for ap8he church in melcombe allowed by ^Sr ffranoes hastingea . . ." 
Whereas RodipoU Church in the Diocese of ^Bristol is one mile and a half 
from Melcombe and cannot contain one sixth of the parishioners, and whereas in 
M. R there is '* one little Chapell of Ease " not able to contain more than one half 
of them ; and as they are on the " mayne sea," and so exposed to damage to houses 
aud ships from pirates and in other ways while they are at Radipole Church, there- 
fore it is enacted that they may at their own cost build a Church " where the saide 
nowe chappell standeth " and on ground near, fit to receive all parishioners of 
Radipole ; and of the waste N. and S. of the Chapel to make a Churchyard, buying 
more land if needed. This to be " the pochiall Church of RodipoU," and the old 
R. Church to be a Chapel of Ease, but with " efly . . . pchiall Righte to be done " 
in it by the Parson or a Curate. And the Patrons of the old Church shall have the 
same rights in the new one. And a " ^mansion house," etc., now belonging to 
^Ir. T. Barefoote, Mayor, in East Street, between it aud the " mayne sea," shall be 
the Parsonage. (No. 3.) S. 189. 2. 



VII. 6. Bill. 

1604 (?) 
English. M. R 
M.R. Chapel to 

become the 

Parish Church, 

and Radipole 

Church a 
Chapel of Ease. 



M.R. 
Parsonage. 



"The townes testy monye and answeres to y® *psones by 11." 

1. The Chapel on the site of the *• ^nowe newe built " Parish Church was 
used above sixty years, aud before the " dissolucon of Abbeys," and there was a 
"ffont stone" there, which is there still, aud Baptism and other rites were 
administered in that Chapel. B. Maior, now living, was married there forty-three 
years ago. 

2. The Parsons of Radipole officiated in this Chapel, at their own charge 
until the inhabitants, on account of the " insufficiencie " of the Parsons, began to 
"reteine a preacher . . . vf^^ charge they are not able to continue." 

3. The premises in M. R are ninety-four feet long, the house fit for a 
"greater howshould then the nowe pson hath," and is " more dryer" than Radipole 
Parsonage ; and " the backside and garden are of a reasonable bignes consideringe 
it is in a Towne." 

4. There is no need to keep two households, as the Churches are not very 
far apart As to income, the inhabitants of M. R. will allow £30 per annum, 
besides his " ^tem^all livinge " worth X20 per annum, bought by him during his 
incumbency. 



VII. 7. 
Answers. 

1605 (?) 

English. M.R. 

Answers to 

Objections. 

Font. 



M. R. Chapel 

served by the 

Parsons of 

Radipole. 



^ Sir F. Hastings was probably Lord of the Manor and Patron of Radipole. See iv. 81. 
* Dorset was in the Diocese of Bristol up to 1837. 

' The house and premises now occupied by Messrs. Robens and Mace are on the same site. 
^ His name was James Marwell, vii. 8. 

' Of this Chareh probably the only relies are two turned oak pillars, now serving as gate-posts 
at a yard in Wyke, and a weather cock on the Star Inn. 

' This, of course, means land bought by him as his private property, and there is land at 
Radipole called " Marwell's ** now. 



194 



CLASS VII. CHURCH AFFAIRS. 

5. He was told of the " Towne's purpose." 

6. The inhabitants have been at " great charge " in building the Chnrch ; 
and, except as to burials and *' the convenient Roome and place ... to sitt in," 
will be no better off [unless their wishes are carried out] (Na 4.) 

. Signed by W. ^Waltham, Mayor, and fourteen others. S. 189. 3- 

VII. 8. Evi- *' Testymonyall of the use of the Chappell in M. R. by severall peons . . . 

tm% of RodypoU." 
English. M. R. ]. Mr. Simon Bell, sometime Prior of the Fryarie of M. R., above sixty 

years ago was Parson and so continued until his death, and without eitra salary did 
Maior. Allin. duty in the Chapel. Testi6ed by B. Maior and B. Allin. 
j^^ed^. ^* After him came Mr. Bushe and did likewise. Testified by the same. 

3. Next came Mr. Kenham do. da 

4. — — — ^Laurence, Chaplain to the Lord Mountjoy, and did 
likewise. Testified by the same and others. 

5. Next came Mr. Jas. Marwell, now Parson. He being "insufficient to 
preach," they engaged a Preacher, but cannot continue this. So they procured the 
Act transferring the Parish Church, and at " almost not undei^oeable ^charges " 

New Church, built a new Church '* able to receive the whole pishe." Testified by all fifteen 

signatories. (No. 5.) S. 189. 4- 

VII. 9. Objec- " *T1^© psons objections and answeres to the same." 

^^\S\' f^' ^' '^^^ Chapel in M. R. was built within the last thirty-two years. 

English. M. R. Answer, Service has been performed in the Chapel of M. R. for more than 

ObjectionB and , . . 
Answers about ''^^^^J jears. 

transfer of 2. The inhabitants have always provided " a stypendarye myuyster and 

Rectory. 

preacher." 

Anstoer. The Parsons of " Rodypoll " have from time to time officiated, ^.^., 

'^ this man's ^dycessor," without auy payment beyond the usual tithes. 

3. The parson *' hath an anutyentt house . . . and glebelands." 
Answer, He might retain these. 

4. The house in M. R. is insufficient, the whole premises being only aixtj 
by thirty feet ; and also ** unholsome and beaten with every storme when the wynd 
is att sea." 

> He was Mayor 1605, 6. See v. 31. 
« See iv. 83. 

' Denis Bond, Esq. (MS. Chronology) says that his father gave £40 towards the Church.— 
History of Dorset (1863), ii. 442. 

* The substance of this paper is much the same as that of vii. 7 & 8. 

* See vii. 1. 



\ 



\ 

CLASS VII. CHURCH AFFAIRS. 195 

Answer. The house, etc., coDtain ninety-four feet in length, being more than 
mauj of the best houses in the Town. It is of stone, ^' covered with slatte," and 
able to receive a larger family than the Minister's; and is as near to the new Church 
as Radipole Parsonage is to the old Church. 

5. The living cannot keep two households, which was not pointed out at the 
makino: of the last Act of Parliament. 

Answer, There is no need for two households. The Parson may still live at 
Radipole and serve M. R. Church, as his predecessors did with " less profittes." The 
CoDQmitt^e did consider this point, and a house worth <£4 per annum was assigned 
to the Minister. 

6. The Parson was not called to the making of the Act. 

Answer. He was told long before, and " fell into greatt Rage." He was in 
London before the "bill for the church " passed the Lords. 

7. The Parson asked for £20 a year towards keepiug a Curate. 

Answer. " The tythes and profittes of the Towne is a suffycyent stypend to 
mayntayue as able a curatt as himselfe." The Parson has bought, out of the living, 
property worth about £30 per annum. He should be ashamed — " yf he were nott 
past yt." (No. 8.) ^ S. 58. i. 

" The Comyttyes names for the pson of Rodypoll his byll." This Committee VII. lo. Mem^ 
of the House of Commons consisted of twenty-three members. Of these Sir 1605 ??? 

J. Williams and Sir Jerome Horsey were of Dorset doubtless, and Sir Fr. Hastings Enrfish. M. R. 

•^ ' ^ Wentworth. 

also. Of the others, Mr. Wentworth was probably the future Earl of Strafiford. Committee of 

Thej were to meet in the Middle Temple Hall. (No. 9.) S. 189. 5. ^mmo''M''r^^- 

pecting transfer 
of Rectory. 

"Notes touchinge the byll for a churche in M. R." These are much the VII. io». Notca 

^ \ Undated, 

same as the " Motives " in vii. 5 . A rather severe remark closes this paper. The 1605 (?) 

writer observes that whereas during the twenty years of his incumbency the Rector ^^^^u h 

had grown rich and bought property, the inhabitants (" through the unsuffycyencye Chaplain or 

of the pson") had been obliged to pay another Clergyman to preach. (No. 12.) 

(Placed with S. 189, numbered 10^) 

In the Accounts of Mr. J. Mokett, third time Mayor, we find £29 spent on VII. ii. 

the Church. S. 197. ^imTt 

Cng. W.&M.R. 

In the Accounts of Mr. R. Knight, Mayor, we find : — VII. Z2. 

" For my allowance for keping of the lectur ..." - - £10 ^6n,"l?' 

Eng. W.'&M.R. 

In the Folio Vol. of Constitutions (See iv. 41), p. 10, appears a Constitution VII. 13. Coo- 

stitutio&i etc 
that there shall be " pcured and reteined . . . a . . . preacher of Gods woord 

AA* 



1&6 



/ 



CLASS VII. CHURCH AFFAIRS. 



1617. 18. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 



Lecturer 

elected. 

Ball. 

Williams. 



to be lectorer . . . w^^in this Borough . . . and Preacher of this Corporacoo 
. . . and that [he] shall bee allowed . . . xxl. p Ann." Dec. 1, 1617. 

In p. 23 is the heading for a List of Subscribers towards the *' meintaynancs 
of a Lectorer to bee poured from Oxford for this Corporacon." The Lecturer was to 
have £20 per annum, and the rest of the money to be given to such Preachers as 
should be approved by the Mayor, etc. Feb. 6, 1617 (8). 

In p. 25 are Minutes of a Meeting to choose a Lecturer. Mr. J. Ball and 
Mr. Williams were candidates. When '' itt was put to voyces " seven or eight left 
the Hall. Of the remaining seventeen or eighteen, thirteen voted for Mr. Ball, 
Mr. Williams getting only one vote, and several not voting at all. May 8, 1618. 

C. pp. 10, 23, 2.5. 



VII. 14. Order. Order for better observance of " the Lord's holy Saboath," and better 

Eng. W.'&M.r! performance of worship; to which euds Shoemakers, Butchers, etc., are forbidden to 
Sunday g^jj ^^^ ^y^^^ ^^^^ under penalty of 12d., except in cases of necessity, to be decided 
about by the Mayor and one or both Bailiffs. C. p. 53. 



VII. 15. Order. Order to pay £20 towards building " Waymouthe Chaple" and the same 

Kncf W.'&M.R. towards Melcombe Church. C. p. 72. 



"^. 



Chapel. 
M. R. Church. 

VII. x6. Depo- 
sition. 
Dec. 22, 1621. 

English. 

W. and M. R. 

Bad conduct of 

the Rev. R. 

Marwell. 



In Folio Vol. B. (See iii. 35) appears the following : — 

Constable Eeeche deposes that he found in the unlicensed house of Widow 
^Foweracres Mr. Ric. ^Marwell and others between eight and nine p.m., and bid them 
go home quickly. Then after nine p.m. Mr. Bailiff Pitt called him and the Watchmen 
to go to the same house, as there were people still there. Mr. Marwell opposed the 
Bailiff, who had him and Ria Champion arrested, the latter having refused to leave 
the house. Mr. Russell became surety for Mr. Marwell, who was dischai^ed, af^r 
calling Keech " Loggerhed, Boytlehedd and . . . other opprobrious names." He 
also swore at the Bailiff. Others depose to the same effect, adding that Mr. M. 
called the Bailiff " Puritane ; " and that ho " thrust [him] in the Bosom once." 
Dec. 22, 1621. B. p. 231. 

' She was presented for keeping an unlicensed public house. Sept. 30, 1622. 

' This was the Rector of Radipole, or rather Melcombe, successor to the Rev. James ^J., 
mentioned in vii. 8. It is but just that againat the unfavourable notices of the two 
Rectors Marwell should be set (for what it is worth) the fact that they were not withoat 
care and method in at least some of their duties. In Radipole Parish Register are minate 
directions for the Perambulation of the Bounds ; with a note, ** Psal. fit to bee sung in 
the perambulation ; viii. Lxv. civ." These directions were written by the Rev. James, 
and copied into the Register by the Rev. Richard Mmrwell. See iv. 83. — Hutchins 
(1863), ii. 483. 






CLASS VII. CHURCH AFFAIRS. 197 

Oder to pay £30 towards building W. Chapel, and £30 for finishing M. R. VII. 17, Order. 

Church. (Also £20 more towards making W. Chapel a free Chapel of ease. Jon. 24, ^Qg' w 'a^M.R. 

1«25 (6).) C. I. 104. M^^^^^Pf^ 

In Presentments one or two slight notices of the way to W. Chapel occur, VII. 18. Pre- 

e.g.^ p. 351 " Le Chapplestayers " are mentioned. Oct 3, 1628 ; in p. 356 complaint ^^28. 

ia made " vie ad Ecclesiam " (of the way to the Church.) Oct 12, 1628. (In p. 377, Latin. W. 

a year or two later, Nic. Maior is complained of for having put " ffenestras suas Charchway. 
ultra parietes in EcclesiiB via que est valde perangusta " (his windows beyond tho 
lA'alls in the Church way which is extremely narrow.) These were bay windows 
doubtless.) B. pp. 351, 6, 377. 

As long as Mr. Ric. Marwell, Parson of Radipole, lives in his present house VII. 19. Order. 

in M. R he is to receive for the rent of it £i per annum out of the rent of the shop j^^g' w.'&M.r'. 

under the Town-hall, and that of the Custom House. C. p. 110. J^^T^^/'^ ^« 

^ Rev. R. Marwell 

The Stable " Ric. Marwell Cllci " (of R. M. Clerk), is mentioned as in the VII. 20. Mem- 

Borough. B. p. 380. Sept 30, 1633. 

Lat\V.&M.B. 

J. Fryer, Glazier, *' being a ^foreigner," is to have leave to keep shop and VII. 21. Order. 

exercise his trade, if he will forthwith ''amend the Church wyndowes in M. R.," and ^^g w!&M.a. 

keep them in repair as long as he trades here. C. p. 140. Repair of M. R. 

windows. 

VII. 22. Re- 
monstrance, 

of the Chappell. The Maior, etc., doe humbly conceive itt fitt that tho timber juiy 3^ 1545. 

should remaine and that it should be cofed ;" and, as damaged in the siege, that the vy ^^^j* o 

State should pay two thirds, and the people of W. one third, of the cost of covering W. ChapeL 

it. S. 245. p. 12. 



"Concerning the *Govemo" pposall about takeing downe the timber of part 



Copy Petition from the Mayor, etc., to Parliament, setting forth that W. and VII. 23. Peti- 

M. IL are without a settled Minister or maintenance for one. Before the wars the j^^ g ^^^^ /^i 

Parson of Radiwjle officiated both there au-l in M. R., having the R. tithes (£80 per Eug. W.&M R. 

W. and M. R. 
annum), "and ^y® Easter booke there." W. is in Wyke Parish, and the tithes of tho without a 

former small. The Borough suffered much in the late siege by the Royalists, and ^*"®** Minbiter 
cannot maintain a Minister. They much wish to engage Mr. Peter Ince. (A Ince. 

similar one to the Committee of Dorset). S. 245. p. 48. 

Copy of Petition like tho above, but adding that W. Chapel, heretofore served VII. 24. Peti- 
tion, etc. 
1646. 
Eng. W.&M.R, 



by the Parson of Wykc, has been and is turned into a fort, and Wiis in great part ^le^ ^ 



* That is, not a Freeman of the Borough. 

* Thia lay dictator of the Charch Militant was named Sydenham. 

* The Roll of Easter Offerings probably. 



198 CLASS VII. CHURCH AFFAIRS. 

W. Chapel for- demolished in the late siege by the Royalists, so that repairs would cost £10<X). 

the Paraon of '^^^ Petitioners ask that it may be restored. They praise Mr. P. Inoe and Mr. 

Wyke, x^w Buckler as Ministers, and pray that the two towns may be separate pastoral charges. 

Fort. April 3(1) 1646. Draft Letter to J. Bond, D.C.L, and the other Borough M.Ps. 

with the same object. March 27, 1646. 

Opinion as to Depositions about Robert Saundera, Mariner ; who, speakiug of the preaching 

Preachers and ^^ ^ strange Minister, said that Mr. luce was a knave for preaching against him, and 

religious ^^^it both Mr. Ince and Mr. Way were knaves in their preaching, and that Mr. Way 

animosity. *' r o» 

preached plain Popery. Further, that " he fought not against y^ Papists for their 
Religion, for twas lawfuU for e&y man to use his conscience, but he fought against 
them as blouddy men. And said that hee would fight as valiantly against y 
Presbiterians as ever hee did against y* Cavaleers." April 10, 1646. 

S. 245, pp. 54—58. 

VII. 2S Letter Copy Letter in favour of Mr. Ince to Sir Walter Erie and the other Boroueh 

Jane (?) 1646. ^'' ^ 

Eng.'W.&M.R. M.Ps. S. 245, p. 71. 

VIL 26 Letter Copy Letter to the Committee of Dorset, urging that Mr. P. Ince may " enjoy 

Eng. W.&M.R. the fruites of " Radipole, which they understand to have been given to Mr. Burges, 

^uf Parish ^^®*^^ ^y *^° -^®*' ^ ^*°^®^ ^* *^® " ^^^^^ " ^^ Radipole belong to the Minister of 

Ministers. Melcombe. S. 245, p. 77. 

Bnrges. 

VII. 27. Copy Col. Sydenham, Commander of the Garrison of W. and M. R., and M.R, 

Letters. 
1646. writing, it seems, to the Mayor, etc., from "Matins lane, July 2, 46," says that the 

W^^^M R. "Comittee for plundered ministers," have voted £150 for a minister for the ^Garrison 
Sydenham. Mr, H. Roper (?) to the same effect, but speaking of the " Ministers of the 

towne." London, July 3, 1646. 

The Mayor (1) by desire of the Aldermen, etc., thanks Col. S. for furthering 

their desires. W. and M. R., July 10, 1646.. 

Negotiations The Mayor (?) etc., write to Dennis Bond, Esq., M.P., proposing that of the 

'^"^^"*^" above grant, £50 should be given to W. Chapel, £50 to M. R., and £50 to Radi- 

Buckler. pole ; that Mr. Buckler, Minister of Wyke, should come to W. " assoone as their 

chappell shall be built," placing an assistant at Wyke, and that a grave yard shouli 

Ince. be made near W. Further, that Mr. P. Ince, Minister of the Garrison of M. R- 

should be made Incumbent there, placing an Assistant at Radipole, which by 1 Jas. 

i. 30, is a Chapel of Ease to M. R. These two Ministers to be approved by '* the 

Com*~ of Dors*" on the testimony of five or more godly Ministers of the County. 

M. R, July 17, 1646. 

^ The Colonel and the Mayor seem to have been slightly at cross purpoees. The foimer 
speaks of a Garrison Minister, the latter of a Parish Minister. 



CLASS VII. CHURCH AFFAIRS. 



199 



The Major (?) asks Col. Sydenham to procure a grant by the House (over the 
head of the Committee above mentioned it seems), of a '' competency of mainten- 
ance" to Mr. Ince. M. R., Aug. 28, 1646. 

The Mayor (9) asks D. Bond, Esq., for his and the Borough ^Recorder's help 
in the above matter, particularly in getting the House to bring about Mr. Ince's 
*' disengagero^ " from a promise to become Minister of Dunhead, Wilts. M. R., 
Aug. 28, 1646. 

The Mayor (1) informs Col. S. (]) that the above question is to be decided by 
" some ministers of the Assembly," and that Mr. Roze is going up " for y^ soUiciting 
of the busines." No date. S. 245. p. 3^ 



Sydenham. 



Bond. 

Ince. 

Danhead. 



Roze. 



Reasons for settling Mr. Ince at M. R. He distinctly accepted the charge if VII. 28. Mem- 

" * "^ orandum. 

a maintenance should be secured. Parliament has granted £100 a year for M. R. Nov. 2, 1646. 

cum Radipole. So the townsmen are surprised at his now engaging to go to so small ^*^J^ 

a place as Donhead, Wilts. The soldiers, whom he greatly encouraged in the siege, Dunhead. 

dislike his removal. S. 245. p. 98. 

'' In regard M'- E. Buckler hath taken great paines in his Ministry in M. R.," VII. 29. Order. 

without reward, a house is to be provided for him ** fitt for his quality and English. M. B. 

condicSE." C. p. 193. Buckler. 

Order that the Committee of Dorset be petitioned in favour of Mr. Buckler, VII. 30. Order, 

etc 

as Minister of M. R., and that a house be provided for him. Jan. 29, 1646 (7). 1646(7). 

Copy of Mr. B.'s acceptance of the house and chaise, if six divines approve Bn^ish. M. R. 

of his moving, and if he and the Committee " doe agree upon termes of settlem^ and Conditions. 

maintenance," the Town to make up Government deficiency, if any. This was 

promised, so that the value of the house be reckoned as part of the Town contribution, 

which must not exceed £50 a year. Feb. 1, 1646 (7). S. 245. pp. 107, 8. 



Whether the " House" did not choose to give Clergymen plenary absolution VII. 31. Pcti- 

for breaking their promises, or for whatever reasons of some other kind, so it is that jaD. 7/l647(8). 

English. 



Mr. Ince failed to come to the Town, it seems. For Mr. Thorne, M.A., late Fellow 
of Sid. Sus. College, Cambridge, was treated with less than a year after. He was 
offered a house and twenty marks (£13 6s. 8d.) a year, besides free gifts and what 
he will get by order of Parliament from Radipole tithes or otherwise. Jan. 7, 1647 (8). 
A Petition in his favour was drafted, addressed to the Committee of 
Plundered Ministera. Sec vii. 39. (An entry to the same effect in C. p. 203.) 

S. 245. pp. 142 & S'\ 

* Dr. J. Bond, elected Recorder, Oct. 18, 1645 (see iv. 74), was son of D. Bond, Esq. This 
appears in the former letter to him. 



W. and M. R, 

Thorne. 

Offer to him. 



/ 



200 CLASS VU. CHURCH AFFAIRS. 

VII. 32. Mem- The sum of £i 4s. 6d., collected in M. R. Church, to redeem J. Yallance aud 

Jan. 15,1647(8) ^^' Bussell, captives in Algiers, was paid to Mr. G. Churchey, Overseer of Poor. 

English. M, R. Q p^ 193 

Church "^ 

Cul lection. 

VII. 33. Mem- It may be noted that Mr. Ph. Bugden was appointed Churchwarden and Mr. 

May 21, 1647. J- Dudley, Sidesman, both by the Mayor, etc., it seems. C. p. 195. 

English.' M. li. 
Bugden. Dudley 

VII. 34. Mem- W. Reape was appointed Clerk in place of J. Dudley at the same wages (40i 

Jan. 7, 1647 (8) P®>^ annum) " for ringing iiii and viii, 6d for efly knell ;" and, according to his owu 

^glish. M. R. offer, to teach writing and cyphering gratis to children whose parents cannot pay. 

Wages. (From the appointment of J. Dudley, p. 193, Dec. 19, 1645, it seems that the wages 

were as above, that the ringing was at four a.m. and eight p.m. from Michaelmas to 

Lady Day, and that the Clerk also kept the clock.) C. p. 203. 

VII. 35. Mem- " Collecto" for the Ministers nominated," two for W. side, two for M. R. side. 

"li"o.*- J"°« 28. 
Eng. W.&M.R. The rate that would suffice for repair of the Church, etc., is to be estimated. 

cnfifrch^^ Oct 11, 1650. C. pp. 234, 6. 

VII. 36. Order. Out of the Church Rate (!) is to be paid £3 13s. Od., " arreares of the mony 

Eng. W.&M.R. ^^^ ^^^ Goale and maimed souldiers at our Lady Day, 1652." C. p. 245. 

Use of Church 
Rate. 

VII. 37. Order. There are to be provided at a public place of entertainment, chosen by the 

Eng. W.&M.R. ^^ayor, four ordinaries weekly for Mr. Thorne aud, apparently, three other Lecturers, 

Ministers to the latter to be invited by order of the Mayor. The cost to be borne by the Town, 
dine at an Inn. 

in place of the £10 formerly allowed to the Mayor for dining the Ministers, bee 

vii. 12. C. p. 248. 

VII. 38. Order. Widow Reape is to receive 45s., nine months' wages due to her late husband 

English. M. R. (^ ^^^® ^^ ^^ ^^ seems) but she is to see that the Births, etc., are lawfully recorded. 

Pariah Register Reape's successor received £3 per annum. June 9, 1654. 

Graveyard. As the burial ground is small, " and burialls may prove noisome . . . the 

Bedmau " is not to dig any grave without the sanction of a Churchwarden or 

Sidesman. Graves are to be four feet deep. Various orders are laid down for the 

Bedinan's " Bedman," «.^., "thathee . . . walke upp and downe every Saboth day in the 

tfl VI M 1 Aft 

Church and Churchyard for Keepeing of the boyes in order ..." Aug. 4, 1654. 

S. 250, 1. 



CLASS VII. CHURCH AFFAIRS. 201 

Mr. G. Thome, Minister of the Town, is to have £8 per annum, and the rent VII. 39. Orders 

1666 
of the Parsonage house, occupied by T. Growt, Felt-maker. April 30, 1656. The English. 

£8 was to " yssue out of the ^Marsh," and Mr. T. was to have " an annuity under ^'rS?** ^* ^' 

the Towne Seale for 60 yeares," if he should live and preach so long. 'May 16, 1656. 

C. p. 259. 

The Town being called on to pay tithes on the Marsh to the Clergyman of VII. 40. Depo- 

SltlOllS. 

Wyke, two witnesses depose to this having been done by Mr. Jas. Giear when tenant, i663 (?) 
but he denied it. C. p. 288. ^fL^*^u*^* 

^ Tithes on the 

Marsh. 

Mr. H. Rose delivered to Mr. Churchwarden Arding a silver Chalice and VII. 41. Mem- 
Cover, two Flagons with letters engraved on them, the Communion Table Cloth, two m«^7 ?664 
Napkins, and the green Carept for the Table. C. p. 288. Eng. W.&M.R. 

As formerly £10 per annum was allowed to the Mayors for privately VII. 42. Order, 
entertaining the weekly Lecturers, and afterwards for doing so in public houses, ^^ V- 1^ 
and as a further sum of £10 has been paid to the Minister and Preacher of this W. and M. K. 
Town for his benefit, and to furnish him with a house (the Corporation selling the 
old Parsonage), and as it costs Mr. Coulbome, now Minister, £20 per annum " for Coalborae. 
the discbarge of the Cure of Rodipole and for a Reader at M. R.," the above "two 
ten pounds per ann." shall be paid to him. C. p. 289. 



Allowance. 



"Bee it remembered " that on July 9, 1665, Matt Pitt and ten others were VII. 43. Mem- 

at a " Conventicle or meeting . . . under, colo' . . . of some exercise of Religion i^^^ 

in other manner than is allowed by the Liturgy or Practice of the Church of -„^fi^?^- ,, 

•^ ^'^ W. and M. R. 

England, in the dwelling house of H. Saunders . . /' A similar Memorandum on Conventicle. 
July 16, 1665. B. p. 686. ^^ Sannders. 

Another Memorandum of the presence of thirty-two persons at a Conventicle. VII. 44. Mem- 

They were variously fined, from H. Dumberfield 15s. to Katharine Barber 6d. ; and jj^3 jfggg 

Matt. Pitt, H. D., and two others, having been before convicted, were imprisoned Bng. W.&M.R. 

for three months and one day ; two others for six weeks and one day. The rest, on Barber. Pitt, 

paying their fines, were discharged. B. p. 593. Conventicle. 

Rich. Strong will take from the Mayor, etc., all risk connected with receiving VII. 4c. Obli- 

jE14 worth of household goods forfeited by T. Clendon, Clerk, for non-appearance ^1^8^668 

in an action against him by R. S. for £26. Among the goods may be noticed three I^in & English 

joined stools and six bedstaves. S. 252. Clendon. 

Goods seized^ 

' W. Manh, which was let by the Corporation. 
BB 



202 



CLASS VII. CHURCH AFFAIRS. 



VII. 46. In a Book of Town Aooonnts (aee y. 64) are a few Church items, e.g. :— 

Accoimts. £ « A 

1668—1694. A 8. a. 

English. 1668. June 8. To half-jear's salary to Mr. Arnold, Minister 5 

^^Araold.'^' 1670(1). Mar. 25, Ac. D. Edward, for looking to the boys in Church 5 

Salary. 1682. Apr. 7, &c Mr. Val. JeflFry for ^Sermon in Commemora- 

BoysinCharch. . -«.,,,,.,,, -i /v a 

Mico Semion. tion of Sir S. Mico s death - - - 1 

& 254. 

VII. 47. Order. Mr. J. Arnold, Minister, is to receive £10 per annum from the Town Stewtord, 

June 17. 1668. « •• ic r« ana 

Eng. W.&M.R. See vn. 46. G. p. 309. 

Arnold. 

VII. 48. Order. Mr. Arnold Desallenove, Mayor, orders Mr. G. Pley, Jr., Treasurer, to pay to 

Eng. VV.&M.R. Mr. J. Arnold, "our Minister," £5 for one half-year ending Dec. 25, 1668. Receipt 

Desallenove. ^y Mr. A. S. 251. 3- 

VII. 49. Order. Mr. T. Hewes, School-master, is tx) receive £4 per annum "to jpvide a 

Ene. W.&M.R. s^^^oo^i^g place . . . and to remove his schollars out of the church.*' C. p. 327. 
Uewes. 

VII. ^. Depo- J. Limbe deposes that " upon his vindication of the Minister Mr. Jefferyes,'' 

1671 (?) Eleanor Munday, her father and brother " did beate and wound" him; and that 

^°^ W-^M.R. giiQ i^ad before said that she would not acknowledire the Church of England to be a 
Religious 

discussion. Church. C. p. 336. 
Jeflfery. 

VII. 51. Mr. V. Jeffery, Minister, convened before the Mayor, etc., for " speaking 

Oct ^ 1674 opprobrious words against the said Arnold Desallenove, Major, . . . and Mr. J. 

English. being . . . required to find securities to appeare ... he answered he would 

W.andM.R. .^ ^^ „ ^^ 

Jeflfery. givo none . . . Doe your worst. iX p. 349. 

VII. 52. Order. Mr. Jeffery, Minister, is to receive £10 for the ensuing year, he serving the 

eS* W^&M R^ ^^^^ ^^ *^® Town as his predecessors have done. C. p. 351. 
Jeflfery. 

VII. 53. Depo- Matt. Swetnian deposes that, being at the Bear with ** Valentine Jefler}', 

June**3(?°1681 ^^^^^^^i" ^^^ Churchwarden Evered, at about ten p.m. on Tuesday last, V. J. said 

Eng. W.&M.R. that T. Hide, Mayor, was a rogue. B. p. 627. 
Hweetman. 
Jeflfery. 
Evered. Hide. 

Vil. 54. Certi- Copy Certificate by Cuth. Bownd, Minister, J. Vie, Church wardeu, aud 

16^ r?) ^' ^^^Bf ^^'9 spying ^^^^ i^ ^' Hay ward, his wife, or children become chargeable on 

English. the Town, they shall be received back to Warmwell. C. p. 400. 

Warmwell. -^ ^ 

Bownd. King. 

Vie. 1 See iv. 104. 



CLASS VII. CHURCH AFFAIRS. 203 

In a Minute Book (see iii. 142) are some Church items, e.g, : — VII. 5s 

F. 42. Mr. J. Parr, Minister, was to have £10 a year "out of the Town 1699—1724. 

Stock," he serving the Cure here as other Ministers have done. Feb. 14, 1 699 (1700). vy^^^|*!JJ' p 

F. 203. "On the application of Mr. Parr, setting forth that he is at Parr, 

extraordinary charge in preaching Sunday afternoons," the Treasurer was to pay ^^lq Minister. 
him £10 per annum. (In addition to the other £10?) Aug. 13, 1718. 

F. 225. J. Pollard, " In-holder," deposes that on Sunday, June 25, as he Pollard. 

was Mn " Mr. Channiug's walke," " the Reverend Mr. Bragg," of M. R asked him to Chanoinff's 

Walk 
look at a litter of puppies, which he did. Mr. B. told his maidservant to drown two Braire. 

of them, and she threw them into the sea. P. went down the steps and took up -^?**"^ hy the 

Minister. 
one of them. Angry at this, " the Reverend Mr. Bragg " called him " villiau 

rascall," etc., shook him and pushed him partly into the water. J. Howell deposes Howell. 

that on the same day Mr. B. swore two oaths. He had to pay 2s. to the Overseers. 

Mr. B. deposes that J. Pollard swore two oaths. He paid only Is. June 27, 1721. 

F. 226. Whereas Mr. W. Smirke has, at the request of the Mayor, etc., Smirke. Parr. 
become Churchwarden of M. R., and J. Parr, Clerk, and others are prosecuting him defended 
in the Spiritual Court, the Town Clerk is to defend him. Aug. 25, 1721. 

F. 228. The Treasurer is to give £10 to Mrs. Parr " in consideration of her parr. 

[sic] and her late husband's serveing the Cure of M. R. here every Sunday." 
Aug. 5, 1723. 

(See iiu 144.) Depositions about opposition by W., Joan and J. Toby to the vil. 56. Depo- 
diggiug of a grave in the Parish Churchyard. Joan filled up the grave in spite of ^ "*fi^2A/»;\ 

W. Windsor the Sexton, and John challenged him to fight D. pp. 24, 25. Eng. W.&M.R. 

Toby. Windsor. 

Mr. J. Preston, Minister of Melcombe Church, is to receive £10 for preaching VII. 57. Order, 
twice every Sunday during the last year. D. p. 53. Eim[ W itM R 

Preston. 



^ This was a covered foot pavement on the North side of St. Edmund Street. 



BB* 



APPENDIX. 



This is a condensed Summary of the Ck)ntents of the Collection of Parchments 
and Papers noticed at the beginning of Class iv. They are referred to as " M." 
They have been put up into Five Bundles as follow : — 

Eleven Parchments of special interest, whether as coming from the Sovereign M. Bundle I. 
or for other reasons. They are all noticed under the Classes and dates to which 
they belong. See references at beginning of Class iv. (numbered i. 1 — 11.) 

Eighty-six Feofifments or Leases by the Mayor, etc., from 26 Henry YIII. to M. Bundle II. 
40 Eliz. A few are noticed, e.g., see Class iv. 12', 17», 22'; vi. 9*, ^^ (numbered 
ii. 1—85.) 

Forty-two do., do., 1 James 1. to 1656. See Class iii. 28« ; iy. 38> ; M. Bnndlelll. 
vi. 69* (numbered iii. 1 — 42.) 

Eighteen Deeds of Sale, etc., by Private Persons. 36 Henry VIII. to M. BnndlelV. 
7 William III. See Class iv. 33» (numbered iv. 1—18.) 

All these one hundred and forty-six Deeds have been examined, arranged in 
years, and docketed in pencil. From them have been gathered a good many 
Humames, including a few of Mayors. These are iiiserted in the Index of Dorset 
People, and in the List of Mayors in the General Index, respectively; also in 
Class, iv. 1. 

Divided into seven smaller Bundles, viz. : — M. Bundle V. 

. Smiill Bundle 1, a very multifarious collection — 

1. Letter. R. Phelypps, of Charborough, Esq., to the Mayor, on the 

Election of his son to be M. P. 1654 

2. Copy of Royal Decree (?) giving Harbour rights to M. R. (imper- 

fect) - - Temp. Eliz. 



206" APPENDIX. 

See i. 16^ 3. Copy of Finding at an " Inquisitio " about the possessions at W. 

and M. R, of Gilbert Earl of Clare, 24 Edward I. Extracted - 1592 

4. Letter. J. Corbyn to Mr. Mayor Barefoote, about a house • - 1599 

5. Items of Business and Outlay. R. Keate, Town Clerk - - - 1607 

6. Copy of Charter. James I. (Original, Class i. 18) • - - 1616 

7. Sheet of Petty Customs Accouuts 1648 

See V. 50». 8. — — — — G. Pley, Collector - - - 1 649 

9. Indenture respecting T. Vie's family 165.i 

10. Bond respecting A. Pitt's family 1665 

11. Obligation.' Lease of the Marsh to R. Strong - - - - 1670 
Seevu. 64. 12. Certificate from Minister of Warm well 1688 

13. Bond to save the Corporation harmless 1690 

14. Indenture of Apprenticeship - 1697 

15. Do. 1697 

16. Bond to save J. Hussy harmless 1702 

See iv. 121. 17. List of Inns in W. and M. R. with number of soldiers billeted 

19th or 18th century I 

18. Counterpart Bill of Lading. Not dated. 

19. Memorandum of requisites for Repair of Bridge. Not dated. 

20. Governor of Aldemey's Order, with Soldiers' Wives - - - 1793 

21. Draft Petition and Letter. Mr. Bryer, about Water Supply - 1794 
See iv. 119, 22. Letter. Mr. Bryer to the Mayor, and Notice about do. - - 1794 

^' ^^' 23. Letter. Mr. Benson, about a Harbour Bill 1820 

24. Two Printed Reports on Brighton Pier and London Bridge - - 1820 

Small Bundle 2— 
Twelve Precepts for Borough Sessions 1768 — 1801 

Small Bundle 3— 

Grand Jury Bills, Indictments, etc., in the time of Messrs. Swaffield, 
Bowles, and Tizard, Town Clerks 1750—1834 

Small Bundle 4 — 



Oaths of Allegiance, etc., with Records of their being taken by 
Mayors and Bailiffs 1742—1808 

Small Bundle 5 — 
Do. Do. (Aldermen 1) - - - -1745—1834 



APPENDIX. 207 



Small Bundle 6— 



1. Indenture respecting Standard Brass Quart and Pint Measures - 1700 

•2. Probate of Howman's Will 1720 

3-7. Admissions of Five Mayors 1788—1801 

8. Nominees for Mayoralty 1790 

Small Bundle 7— 
Minutes of Borough Sessions 1762 — 1834 See, iii. 145. 

Here may be noticed the following Documents, for which a place has not Omitted, 
been found in the Catalogue itself. ^ 

Letter to Lord Chief Baron Man wood, about u Law-suit March 13, 1580. 

S. 76. 

Letter from Mr. Recorder Hanam, do. June 14, 1581. S. 79. 

Copy Letter from the Privy Council respecting a Muster. Sept. 12, 1625. 

S. 210. 

Bond to save the Mayor, etc., harmless. 1668. S. 252. 

Do. the Parish do. 1699. S. 258. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Abbot, Roger, of Abbotsbury i. 1, 40 

H Roger, of St. Waleric, Hide i. 40 

Abbott, Archbishop of Canterbury ... iv. 36 

Accounts V. throughout 

n Mayors' v. 17, 23-37 

„ Town Clerks' v. 13, 15, 16, 44 

Admiralty Orders and Officials, and resistance to the 

same, iv. 1*, 3, 11, 24, 119 P. 480; vi. 56. 68. 91^ 

Affeerore, Affeering, iii. 41 note, 107, 116, 118, 120, 

121 ; iv. 40 

Aldermen to wear Gowns iii. 118 

Ale-tasters iii. 3, 42, 46 

AUones ... ... ... ... ... iii. 110 

Amerciament iii. 41, 49; iv. 40 ; v. 60 

Andover .. ... ... ... ... v. 15, 16 

Angelet ... ... ... ... ... ... iii. 22 

Apprentices iv. 22*, 42, 61, 87 

Armada. — See Spanish Invasion. 
Arrest — one Street to be free from Arrests by the 

Serjeants there, ii. 9 

Arundel, Earl of iii. 39 

Assaults and threats of Assaults, iii. 1, 2, 44, 49, 51, 

55, 58, 59, 65, 69, 71, 73, 74, 97, 109, 133, 138, 

142, 144; iv. 62, 102; v. 37; vi. 43, 130; vii. 55, 56 

Asserios ... ... ... ... ... ... iii. 103 

Astragalizavit iii. 104 

Attorney Power of to R. Keate ... .. ii. 24* 

Auction by Candle v. 39, 59 ; vi. 80 

Audley End iv. 57 

Backwater, Rbclamation of, eto., iv. 119, etc. ; vi. 118 
Bailiffs of W., i. 12, 40 ; ii. 3, 14, 28, 38, 39, 44, 46, 

63, 65, 66; iv. 12*, 30 ; vi. 2, 9, 13, 14, 29, 35, 66 

Baron of Hastings vi. 110 

Baselard iii. 1 

Base Money iii. 142 

Bathing Houses iv. 119 P. 230 

II Machines v. 66 

Bazill, a woman's name iii 69 

Beacon v. 27 

Beadle iii. 124 ; iv. 44, 95 ; v. 46 

CC 



Beds. — See Standing, Trundle. 

Bedford, Letter of Earl of iv. 15 

Bedman ... ... ... .. vii. 38 

Bedstaves... ... ... ... ... vii. 45 

Beer, price of... iii. 37, 40, 42, 68, 87 ; v. 35, 67 

Bell to be rung morning and evening, iii. 36 ; iv. 44 ; 

V. 37 ; vii. 34 
Benefactions, iii. 102 ; iv. 37*, 45, 90, 104, 118 F. 21*>, 
p. 215i>, F. 230, 119 p. 135, P. 386, P. 469, p. 486 ; 
V. 43, 48, 64 ; vii. 46 

Benefaction at Ower Moyne iv. 76 

Bill of Exchange vi 82 

Billingsgate. — See Customs. 

Birding Piece.. iii 109 

Blasphemy ... ... ... iii. 64 

Bloody Assize iii. 139 

Boar's Head Tavern ii. 79 

Boat captured in Portland Roads vi. 130 

Bond of R. Keate v. 20 

Bonfire ▼. 64, eto. 

Borough Armour and other Munitions of War, v. 17, 

2.^, 37, 41 

II Constitutions iv. 11 

Defences iv. 30 ; vi. 33, etc. 

Disputes. — See Controversies. 
Documents mentioned, iv. 80, 112, 114, 116, 
119 P. 222, p. 264 ; v. 30, 37, 38, 44 ; vi 117, 131 
Topography, i 40; iii. 103 ; iv. 41, 119 p. 

508, P. 543 

Boundaries of W. i 40 

II M. R. ... ... ... IV. 83 

Bounty (Extra) iv. 119 p. 265 

Bow ... ... ... ..• ••• ••• ill* bZ 

Boys in Church ... ... vii 38, 46 

Brewers and Brewing, i. 40 ; ii. 42 ; iu. 3, 38, 42, 47, 

64, 60, 72, 102 ; V. 49 
Buckets to bo used at Fires, iii. 96, 126 ; iv. 67 ; ▼. 41 
Bttckhurst, Lord ... ... ... ... iv. 36 

Bulls to be baited or beaten before being killed, iii. 52. 

106, 113, 121 
Bull Collar ... ... v. 64 



II 



II 



II 



II 



210 



GENERAL INDEX. 



II 
M 



Burgages and Rents i v. 41, 54 ; v. 24, 60 

Burghley, Lord i. 14 ; ii. 66, 69 ; iv. 36 

Bushelage and other Harbour Duties ... vi. 80» 130 
Butts. — See Index of Places. 

Calks IN Spain v. 26 ; vi. 8 

Calliver iv. 31 

Cannon called by various names, iii. 66 ; iv. 103 ; vi. 

43, 83, 107 

Cannon, small range of vi. 39 

Caunoner ... ... iii. 65 

Car.ls forbidden iii. 37, 47, 86, 104 

Carey, Sir G. ... ... ... vi. 60 

Carisbrook Castle vi. 60 

Cavaliers and Roundheads, iii. 109, 111, 131, 133 ; 
Charities. — See Benefactions. [iv. 80, 99 ; vii. 24 

Charters, and kindred documents : — 

Of Wm. of Taunton i. 1, 40 

M K. Edward II i. 2 

M K. Edward III i. 3, 4, 5 

K. Henry VII i. 6 

K. Henry VIII i. 7 

n Q. Elizabeth i. 8-17 

II K. James I. ... ... ... ...i. 18 

II K. Charles I i. 19 

.( K. Charles II. i. 20 

K. and Q. William and Mary i. 21 

K. George II. i. 22 

Charters, References to : — 

OfK. Ethelred i. 25 

It K. Henry I. ... i. 25 ; ii. 9 

II K. Edward I i. 25, 26 

.1 K. Henry VI. i. 5* 

.1 K. George III i. 22 

Che8il= Shingle iii. 57 

CholIer= Pillory iii. 80 

Chris tide = Christmas iii. 75 ; iv. 52 

Christmas, a Christian name iii. 73 

Church iv. 104 ; vii. throughout 

ti Pay of Priests vii. 1 

II II Preachers v. 29; vii. 13, 57 

II I. Parish Clerk vii. 34, 38 

II Head of the ... ... ... ... vii. 1 

II Rate ... ... ... ... vii. 36 

M See Bell. 

\ylOdk ... ... ... ... ... ... v. Ov 

Cloth Manufacture or Trade, Notices of, iii. 133 ; v. 

50 ; vi. 7, 28, 49, 104, 130 
M II See Spinning and Power Loom. 
Coal Trade vi. 130, 131 

\y01I ••• ••• ... ••• ... ... 11] . / O. 9 / 

Colston ii. 60 ; vi 29, 44 



II 



Commerce by sea, vi. throughout, e.^., 80, 82, 94, 114 

Commission, Royal i. 1^ 

Committee of Dorset vii. 26, 27 

II for Plundered Ministers ... vii. 27, 31 

Communion Plate, etc ... vii 41 

Coney gar. — See Index of Dorset Places. 

Constable a Town Councillor i v. 11*2 

Constables not to attend at Assizes iii. 63 

Controversies between W. and M. R., ii. througboot, 

c.j7., 15, 66 ; v. 16 

Conventicle vii. 43, 44 

Conveyances of Lands, etc.... iv. 27, 76, 117, 118 

Cocket ... ... ... ... - ... vi. 110 

Com, price of vi. 38 

Coroner's Jurisdiction denied iv. 119p532 

Corslets i v. 31, 32 

Gotten (Cotton) iii. 4 

Council, Orders, etc. from and Letters to ii. 12, 22, 

23, 47. 69 ; iv. 9, 36, 57 ; vi. 17, 85, 103 

Courts. — (See Curia, Placita, Frank - pledge), iii. 

throughout 

M Pie-powder ... iii. 1,2,94 

,1 Three-weekly (of W.) ... ii. 63, 70 ; iii. 15, 96 
II of M. R. ... ... ... ... ... iii. 1-4 

Coventry, Sir J iv. 105 

Crewkeme, Mr vi. 103 

Crooks for use at Fires ... iii. 96, 12jJ 

Cucking Stool and use thereof, iii. 64, 98 ; iv. 67 ; v. 

27.37 

Curia Legalis iii. 15 

Customs of Billingsgate iv. II 

Customs. — See Petty Customs. 



Dartmouth 

Dearth. — See Scarcity. 

Deciners 

De Clare. — See Gloucester. 

Defoe, Daniel 

Deodaud 

Deroy colour 

Dice 



V ♦» 



• • • « » 

Ul. Ii) 



• • • * • • 



••• ... Ill* 14m 

iv. 46 

... iii. 52 ; vi. 77 

...iii. 47, etc. 



Disturbance, an offence ... iii. 42, 61, 64, 66, 123 

Dog-irons vii. 3 

Domesday Book quoted i, 15; iii. 5 

Donhead vii. 27, 3d 

Dowlas ... .. iii. 23 

Drake, Sir Francis vi. 26 

Drake Family ... v. 66 

Drowned man, attempt to revive iii. 134 

Drunkenness, efforts against, iii. 35, 37, 46, 51, o4, 

56, 64, 142 
Duel ii'. 142 



GENERAL INDEX. 



211 



Education. — See Schools and Schoolmasters. 
Election of M.Ps. ...iv. 15, 17, 56. 74, 96, 105, 111 
Mayor omitted, iv. 118, 119 p. 203, p. 207 

Elm in St. Mary Street, etc. vii. 1 

Ensigns ... ... ... ... ... iv. 69 

Entertainments and Presents, v. 17, 23, 25, 27, 29, 

33,34,-37,43, 64 
Exchequer. — Orders, Letters, and other business, ii. 

44, 66, 67 
Execution of Rebels v. 64 

1^ AKGriAnI ... ... ••• ... •.• ••• *.10 

Fees and Salaries, iii. 22, 140 ; iv. 12, 42, 87, 89 ; v. 

13, 15, 16, 29. 37, 44, 52, 64 ; vi. 43, 47, 80, 130 

(See also Pay) 

Fee-farm Rent sold iv. 87 

Ferry over the Harbour .. iv. 43 ; vi. 29, 43 

Fire Engines. .. ... ... iv. 119 

Fishery and Fishing Nets, etc., iii. 39 ; iv. 9 ; vi. 2, 

3, 4, 116, 131 
Flax, prioe of ... ... ... ... vi. 82 

Flushingers, Piratical vi. 12, 27, 44 

Font stone ... ... ... ... ... vii. 7 

Foreign buying and selling iii. 101; vi. 120 

Foreign tour ... ... ... ... ... iii. 43 

Forestalling ... ... ii. 46 ; iii. 38 ; iv. 119 p. 500 

Forrega ... . • • • • • • • . • • • • ■ iii» »^4 

Foi-ts and Fortifications. — See Index of Dorset Places. 

Frank-pledge ... ... iii. 15 

Freemen of the Borough, iv. 44, 71, 75, 79, 98, 114, 

118 F. 229, 119 P. 139 
French Company of Merchants in London ... vi. 91 
French Documents ... iii. 85, 107 ; iv. 65 ; vi. 1, etc. 

Galley ... vi. 101 

Gambling Games forbidden... iii. 37, 47, 104, etc. 

George III., King, at Weymouth iv. 119 

Gerrerde, Attorney General 

Gloucester, Earl of 

Goulde^-Gold ... 

Great Katharine (a Ship) 

Grinteme 

Grocery Ships ... 



. ii. 23, 24 

V. 14, note 

vi. 80 

... V. 26 

iii. 126, 129 

... vi. J31 



Harbour and Rkoulations therrof, vi. throughout. 
See Port, Ferry, and Inquisition. 

Hartley Row ... v. 15 

Harvey ... ... ... ... ... iv. 105 

Hatton, Sir Christopher ... ii. 33, 47 ; v. 15 

Hanlstering = Huckstering ... .. iii. 118 

Hayward ... ... ... ••• ••• ••• i^* ®3 

Heath Croppers ... ..- •• ••• iv. 11 

CO* 



Hellyer iii. 57, 96 

Horse-loads, large vi. 131 

Howard, Lord C, ii. 69 ; iv. 36 ; vi. 28, 31, 43, 61, 57 

Hue and Cry iii. 1 ; vi. 13 

Hunsdon, Lord iv. 36 

Hythe vi. 9*, 78 

Infakoenjithef i. 2^ 

Ingrossing iii. 38 note, 42, 98, 103 

Inkell ... ... vi. 82, etc. 

Inns, List of (See Public House Regulations), iv. 121 

Inquest iii. 57, 59, 134, 142 

Inquisition about M. R. Port ii. 1 

Inspectors of Hides ... ... iii. 143 

Insula Ctesariensis iii. 130 

Iron-bound or studded wheels objected to, iii. 120; 

iv. 49, 68 ; V. 52 ; vi. 78 



Jane, Queen 


V 14 


Jeflfery, Lord (Judge Jeffreys) 


iii. 139 


Jefferye, Judge 


... ii. 12, 17, 22 


Jocosus= Joyce 


iii. 65 


Jolliff 


... I. od, ijif 


Journeys 


V. 15, 16, 22 


Juries, liability to serve on 


iii. 25 



Lands forfeited by disuse ... iii. 78 ; iv. 64 

Landcheff... ... ... ... ... ... iii. 15 

Latin Documents, i. throughout ; iv. 3, 17, 17"*, 25, 

74; vi. 70, et?. 

Latin disused... iii. 114 

Latin resumed iii. 129 

Laud, Archbishop vi. 103 

Law of Nations vi. 58 

Leases, iv. 2*, 33, 86, 91, 93, 119 P. 230 ; v. 54, 66 ; 

vi. 81, 94, 131 ; vii. 3 

Lecturer, Town vii. 12, 13 

Leicester, Earl of iv. 11 ; vi. 24 

Lent, no meat kiUed or dressed in, iii. 24, 49, 67, 131 

Lighter, Town vi. 102 

Lizard Light ... vi. 80 

Loggets iii. 47 

Loitering or Idleness, an offence ... iii. 75, 104, 127 

London Privileges, Oaths, etc iv. 11 

Loom ... .. ... ... vi. 82 

Loqnela ... ... ... ... iii, 15 



Maces of W. and M. R. 

Mace of W. 

Mautell 

Man wood. Judge 
Markets 



i. 43 ; iv. 112 

ii. 25, 70; iii 15 

iiL 53 

... ii. 12, 17, 22 

iv. 112, etc. 



212 



GENERAL INDEX. 



M. ii. 1 
... M. ii. 2 

... V, %f 

... M. li. 4 
M. i. 9 



Mayflower, The vi. 70 

Maypole. — See Suirnier Pole. 
Mayors : — 

1534-5 Hugh Massy 

1554-5 T. Sam way 8 

1561-2 O. fiaynolds 

1562-3 Francis Lawse 

1563-4 J. Burley 

,«p- „ \ T. Newton (died in office?) ... m. ii. 5 
I 0. Raynolda iv. 6 

1569-70 Richard Pitt ... ... iL6;iv. 12 

1 570-1 (?)Robert Gregory ii. 10 

1575-6 0. Raynolda ... ii. 18, 20 ; iv. 17 

1576-7 Moiisell iii. 10 

15^8-9 i ^^ • ^y** ^^^^^ ^^ office?) ... iv. 18 
I J. Peers m. ii. 24 

1579-80 Richard Pitt ii. 28 ; v. 17 

1580-1 T. Howarde iii. 13 

W. Pitt, Deputy ... iu. 13; ii. 33 

1581-2 J. Allyn ii. 39, 43 

1582-3 J. Mounsell ii. 49; ui. 18 

1583-4 B. Allyn ii.'56 

1584-5 Hugh Randall iii. 21 

1585-6 J. Mockett i. 15 ; ii. 69. 66 

1586-7 W. Pytt ii. 73;iv. 31 

1590-1 J. Bond v. 23 

1592-3 V. Barefoot iv. 37 

1594-5 W. Dottrell v. 26 

1696-7 W. Waltham v. 26 

1597-8 J. Mockett v. 27 

1599-1600 J. Bond v. 28 

1602-3 W. Holman v. 29 

1603-4 T. Barfoot v. 30 

1605-6 W. Waltham v. 31 

1606-7 J. Pitt V. 32 

1607-8 J. Mockett v. 33 

1610-11 J. Bond v. 34 

1611-12 Robert Knight v. 36 

1612-13 G. Pley, Junr v. 36 

1615-16 J. Roy v. 37 

1616-17 W. Waltham iii. 36 

1617-18 J. Pitt iii. 43 

1618-19 T. Giear i. 33 

1626-6 or 1626-7 H. RuiaeU i. 34 ; vi. 91 

1633-4 T. Wallifl v. 44 

1634 6 J. Lockier i. 36 

1637-8 H. Mitchell (elect) ...iii. 106; iv. 70 

1643-4 J. Thornton v. 48 

1645-6 T. Waltham iii. 109 

1648-9 W. Holmes iii. 118 

1649-50 J. Browne ... iii, 114; iv. 82 

1651-2 G. Pley iii. 120; iv. 88 



Mayors — Continued. 

1 658-9 Roger Cuttance (?) v. 57 

1665-6 — Gach v. 61 

1666-7 Sir R. Cottance (meaning Sir H.) v. 60 
1668-9 A. Desallenove (De Sallanova) vii. 48 

1680-1 T. Hide vii. 53 

1684-5 T. Ledoze iv. 112 

1686-7 Ric. Yardley iv. 112 

1687-8 Ph. Taylor iv. 112 

1698-9 Ric. Bury iv. 118 

1711-12 PhUip Taylor vi. 130 

1735-6 E. Tucker vi. 131 

1740-1 R. Tucker iv. 119 p. 203 

1741-2 R. Jeanes iv. 119 p. 202 

1746-7 J. Basham iv. 119 p. 218 

1747-8 Richard Tucker i. 22 

1750-1 (?) — Jeanes v. 66 

1759 (Feb.) T. Gollop iv. 119 

1796-7 Sir W. Pulteney ... iv. 119 p. 513 

The task of compiling this Catalogue did not include 
the making a complete liat of Mayors of M. B. or W. and 
M. R. This list contains only those incidentally naimed 
in the extracts. See Accounts, Election. 



... vi. 80 

iii. 15 

ii. 66 ; V. 16 



Merchandise and Duties thereon 
Mersor... 

MUdmay, Sir W. 

Mills. See Tidal, Windmill. 

Ministers of ReUgion, viii. 1, 3, 8, 13, 16, 23-31, 39, 

42, 45, 46 
Minute Books (Law), iii. 9, 15, 21, 29-35, 109, 142, 144 

ff Book (Constitutions) iv. 41 

Mountague ... ... v. 44 

Mounted Infantry iv. 57 

Murderer (a Gun) iii. 66 

Musters, etc., of Trained Bands, iv. 23, 31, 32, 57,58, 

59, 66, 103 ; v. 62, 63 

Navigation to bb taught, iv. 119 p. 469, p. 530 

Nets. — See Fisheries. 

Newfoundland vi. SO 

Oaths iii. 107 ; iv. 40, 114, 118, etc. 

Oranges vl 8 

Ontfangenethef i. 25 

Oyster Beds vi. 131 

Pair of Knives iii. 59 

Papers damaged iii 96 

Parliament, Members of. — See Election, Pay. 
Parliamentary and Military Ascendency, iii. HI, 115; 

iv. 74 ; V. 48, 49 ; vii. 22 
Passport iii. 77; iv. 33 



GENERAL INDEX. 



213 



Paapcra dreaded iii. 41 ; iv. 60 

Paving, etc iU. 128 ; iv. 69, 107, 119 

Pawlet, Sir Amias ii. 34 

Pay of M.Ps iv. 56 ; v. 5, 6, 7, 10, 27 

11 Parish Clerks vii. 34, 38 

.1 Players v. 30, 31, 37 

.• Preachers v. 29 ; vii. 13, 57 

n Priests ... ... ... ... ... vii. 1 

.1 Recorder iv. 12 

M II See Fees and Salaries. 

Pembroke, Earl of (Manor Steward), ii. 4, 72, 73; iii. 15 

Penn, Sir W iv. 96 

Perambulation (See also Procession) i. 40 

Permercati ... ... ... ... .. iii. 113 

Pestilence, precautions against, iv. 33, 69, 102, 106; 

vi. 84, 92, 130 
Petty Customs vi. 80, 94, 99, 114, 128, 131, etc. 

Pie-powder Courts. — See Courts. 

Pigs not to stray iii. 15, 53, 118 

Pillory ... iii. 125, 126. 129, 144; iv. 67 ; v. 64 

Pirates and their Captives, ii. 52; v. 40, 42 ; vi. 16, 

17, 21, 24, 25, 79, 80, 83, 100, 103 ; vii. 32 

Placita ... ... ... ... ... ... iii. 35 

Plngue.— See Pestilence. 

Pomegranates ... ... ... ... ... vi. 23 

Poor, provision for ... ... . . . iv. 55 

Port, Disputes about ii. throughout 

M of M. R. reduced to a *' Creek," i. 26 ; vi. 1 
M M Right denied ii. 1 

tt *T» •«• ••« •>• ••■ •«• Am £t%9 

ft iU.« X%* *•• ••• ••• •t* •«• M m^S 

Post-horses, Order for iv. 48 

Potatoe V. 29, 37 

Pound, Town iii. 125 

Power Loom vi. 82 

Presents.— See Ei^tertainments. 

Press-gang iii. 142 

Preston, Sir A. — See Index of Dorset People. 

Privateers vL 131 

Procession round Bounds iv. 83, 88 

Proclamation from the Mayor, etc ii. 39^ 

Protestant Refugee iv. 53 

Public House Regulations iii. 37* 38, 47 

Public Houses. — See. Inns. 

Pynion iii. 78, etc. 



Quack Doctor ... 

Quakers 

Quoits forbidden ... 

Ralxioh, Sir W. 

II Gilbert . . . 





■ • • 

...111. 


142 


• * • 

111. 


132, 


142 




a « ■ 

... HI. 


.47 


■ • 


vi. 


79 




... vi 


.70 



Recognizances for Flesh .. ... ... ... iii. 23 

Rebels. — See Execution. 
Recorders of W. and M. R. : — 
T. Hanam, apptd. 1572, iv. 12, 34, rsigned 1591, iv. 
W.Weston, „ 1592, iv. 11 [11, 34 

Ric.Swayue, n 1594, iv. 11 
Hugh Pyne, died 1629, iv. 61 

Ric. King, ,. 1629, iv. 61, .. 1645, iv. 74 
J. Bond, .. 1645, iv. 74, rsgd. 1649, iv. 82 

S. Bond, ,. 1649, iv. 82, died 1673, iv. 109 
N. Bond, „ 1673, iv. 109, .. 1707, iv. 118 
D. Bond, M 1707, iv. 118, 
W. Chafin Grove, rsgd. 1786, iv. 119 

Giles Templeman, apptd. 1786, iv. 119 
Refuse-heaps and other obstructions in and about the 
Town, ii. 29, 36 ; iii. 37, 63, 78, 93 ; iv. 56, 68. 
69, 73, 75, 85 
Replevin ... ... ... iii. 74 

Rescue by women... ... ... ... ... iii. 97 

Revenge, H.M.S vi. 34, 42 

Richmond ... ... ... ... ... ... v. 16 

Ringwood .. v. 16 

Romanists (suspected) examined iii. 71, 132, 142 

Romsey ... ... ... ... ... ... v. 16 

Rope-making iii. 120; iv. 118 

Rother beast ... iv. 2» ; vi. 128 

Roundheads.— See Cavaliers. 

Ruggin ... ... ... ... ••• ••• lu. 23 

Ryall ... iii. 4, 72 

xvy 6 ... ... .•• •«. •• ••• ...Ti. o^ 

Sack DRixKixa ... iii. 133 

Salaries. — See Fees and Pay. 

Salutes iv. 70; v. 29, 64, etc. 

Sarum ... ... ... ... ... v. 16 

Scarcity iii. 73 ; vi. 58 

Schools and Schoolmasters, iv. 77, 86, 97, 118 f. 236, 

119; V. 64; vii 40 
Seals, principal impressions of, i. 2, 3, 5^, 10, 11, 16*, 
18 ; ii. 11% 42 ; iv. 3», 6, 12», 15, 36, 37 ; v. 7, 
44 ; vi. 45, 51, 66, 87, 89, 91* 

Seal, W. ii. 25; iii. 15 ; vi. 66 

Seals, M. R. ... ... ••> ••> •■• i. 41 

„ W. and M. R. ... i. 42 ; iv. 112 ; v. 35, 64 

Searchers of corrupt Flesh iii. 50, 91 

II Leather ... ... ... ... iii. 43 

Selsey ... ... ••• ••• ••• ••• vi. Sl 

Serfs manumitted i. 40 

Seymour, Queen Jane v. 14 

Sheriff resisted iv. 53 

Ship=small vessel ... ..'. ... ... vi. 8 

Ships. —See Great Katharine, Grocery Ships. 



214 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Ship money v, 40, 46 

Shipwright's tools iii. 31 

Shops, unlicensed (complained of) iii. 26 

Short measure iii. 46, 47, 119 

Short weight iii. 45 

Shrove Monday iii. 60 

Shute, Baron of the Exchequer ii. 27^ 

Signature by mark ii. 64; iv. 42, etc. 

Slates iii. 33 ; iv. 46 ; v. 26 

Solemn League and Covenant ...iv. 100, 110, 118 

Solicitor i. 35 note 

Southampton ... i. 40 ; v. 15 

Spanish Invasion expected, vi. 8, 26, 46, 48, 86, 87 

Speed's Chronicle v. 59 

Spelman ... ... ... ... ... ...i. 9 

Spinning iii. 123 

Stafford's Law iii. 74 

Staines ... ... ... ... ... ... v. 15 

St. Albans, Duke of iv. 119 

St. Swythun. — See Swythun. 

Stamp Office Fines v. 66 

Standard Measures v. 64 

Standing Bed iii. 72 

Standing Counsel iii. 140 

Star Chamber iii. 81 

Statute of Winchester iv. 11 

Stocks ... iii. 42, 50, 75, 80. 142, 143 ; v. 28 

Streets.— See Paving and Refuse heaps. 

Steward of W. and other Manors. — See Pembroke. 

Sudden death iii. 70 

Suffolk, Earl of iv. 57, 70 

Summer pole iii. 51 

Sunday observance, iii. 37, 46, 58, 68, 77, 108, 115, 

117, 122, 129 ; vii. 14, 38 

Swearing, Punishments for iii. 115, 121, 142 

Swythun's, St., Prior of i. 1, 5*, 40 



Tables, Game of 
Taddy voe colour . . . 
Tastatores 

Tawyer 

Temple Hall ... 
Templum for Ecclesia 



••• ••• ••« 



• ■ • • • • 



• • • • I 



•■ ••• ••■ •>• 



iii. 37, 47, 104, 142 
... iv. 26 
iii. 3 
... iv. 11 
vii. 10 
... iii. 110, 117 



Temptation by the devil, as an excuse ... iii. 73 

Tests iv. 110, 111 

Throng iii. 80, etc. 

Tidal Mills i. 18» ; iv. 33^ 

Timber measured by tuns, etc v. 53, 55 

Tithes vii. 40 

Tobacco forbidden iii. 47, 65, 113 

Tolze ... ... ... ... ... ... iv. 26 

Tonnell= Chimney iii. 78, 96 

Topography of W. and M. R.— See Borough. 



Town Clerks :— [1584, iii 12, 22 

R. Keate, apptd. 1676, or earlier, v. 13, removed 
Martin, apptd. 1584 (?) iii. 22, in office 1586, ii. 77 
J. Small, died 1630, iv. 63 

F. Gape, ,. 1630, iv. 63, rmvd. 1642, iv. 72 
R.Mayer, ,. 1642, iv. 72, died (?) 1643,iv. 72 
F.Gape, re-apptd. 1643, iv. 72, again remvd., 1644. 
R.Scovile, apptd. 1644, iv. 72 \iv. 72 
T. de hk Court, h 1673, iv. 109 

W.Claver, (?) iv. Ill 

J. Glover, apptd. 1680, iv. Ill, rmvd. 1683, iv. Ill 
H. Backway, .. 1683, iv. HI, died 1688, iv. 113 
T. Cooper, „ 1688, iv. 113, rsgd. 1720, iv. US 
T. Cooi>er, jr. ,. 1720, iv. 118 F. 207, died 1729, iv. 

G. Paslien, ,. 1729, iv. 119 p. 133 [119 p. 133 
A. Way, ,. 1731, iv. 1 19 P. 146, died 1744, iv. 

119 p. 212 
J. Swaffield, ,. 1744, iv. 1 19 P. 212, died 1770, iv. 

119 p. 308 
Rob. Smith, ,. 1770, iv. 119 p. 308, rsgnd. 17S.\ 

iv. 119 P. m 
J. Symes, .. 1785, iv. 119 P. 398, rsgnd. 17S7. 

iv. 119 P. 419 
C. Bowles, ,. 1787, iv. 119 p. 421 
Town Clerks. — See Accounts. 

Town Chest •...iii. 36 

II Treasurers iii. 36 

Trade v. 60; vi. throughoot 

Trades, Rules of iv. 11 

Trained Bands. — See Musters. 

Tregar iii. 23 

Tronagium i. 5* 

Trundle Bed iii 72 

Tuniopolii; ., ... iii. 113 



Vagrants whipped iii. 17 

Vessels trading to and from W. and M. R. vi. 99 
Villeins. — See Serfs. 

Wages (See also Pay) iii 75, 142 

Walsingham, Sir F. ... ii. 12, 69, 76 ; vi. 46 

Warwick, Earl of, Letter to ii. 72 

Watch and Watchmen iii. 50, 58 

Water supply iv. 37, 1 19 P. 489 

Waywardens iii. 71 

Wentworth vii. 10 

W. Farthings v. 62 

Wheat, price of iv. 29 

Whipping (See also Vagrants) ... iii. 71, 77 ; v. 35 

Will iv *^S 

Winchester. — See Statute. 

Windmill iv. 5O;v.()0 

Witchcraft iii. 112, 142 



INDEX OF DORSET PEOPLE 

(BY BIRTH OR ABODE), 

Whether of W. and M. R., or of the rest of the Shire, named in this Catalogue. 



Abbot 
Adams ... 
Aden... 
Alexander 



iii. 51, 70 

iii. 68 

... iv. 1 

i. 34 ; iv. 39 



Allyn, Allen, or Allin, ii. 11^, 55, 
59 ; iii. 41, 46, 48, 93, 102 

Andrews ... iv. 1 

Augell ... ... ... iii. 80 

Aukctyll ii. 48, 49 

Arbuthnot v. 66 

Arding, Ardin or Arden, iii. 128 ; 

iv. 99, 107 ; v. 60 

Arnold vii. 46, 47, 48 

A.<hc iii. 64 

Ashley ... v. 43 

Audney iii. 40 

Ayshley iv. 1* 



Babbidob 

Backway 

Bagge ii. 6 

Ball 

Banks i. 

Barber 

Barnes ... 

Basham 

Br tt wick 

Bearnes 

Bedford, Earl 

Belbin 

Bell 

Bellpit 

Bendis ... 

Bennet 

BcnvQe ... 

Beste 



iii. 131 

ui. 141; iv. Ill 
; iii. 39, 43, 97, 130 

... •• • Vila I«5 

36, 39 ; iv. 99, etc. 
iii. 1 ; vii. 44 

iii. 106 

iv. 119 

iv. 76 

iv. 117 

of V. 7. 

iii. 105 

vii. 8 

... ii. 11*; iv. 2 

iv. 120 

iv. 119 P. 230 

iii. 46 

ii. 7, 11» 



Betts 
Biggs... 
Biles ' .. 
Blowndell 
Bond ... 



• • • • • . w la .lOl/ 

>•• ••• ••• U« • V X 

iv. 112 

• •■ ■•> ••• xv«x 

iv. 82, 89, 109 ; v. 28 



BondBeld, Bonville 

Boucher 

Boult 

Bound .. 
Bower 
Bowles ... 
Bownd 

Boyte 

Bragg 

Bread 

Brimstone ... 



... iii. 54 

iii. 64 

... V. 47 

iii. 142 

...iii. 142 

iv. 119 

... vii. 54 

iv. 1 

. . . vii. 56 

iii. 60 

...iii 122 



Brooke, Bronke, or Broke, ii. 7, 
US 12,26,27, 28, 39, 39*, 40, 
42, 55, 58, 60, 61, 67, 77, 79 ; 
iii. 17, 19, 23, 64, 60, 67, 74, 
103 ; iv. 31 ; v. 16 ; vi. 130 
Browne, iii. 43, 71 ; iv. 58, 82, 89 ; 

105, 111 ; vi. 87 

Bryer iv. 119 p. 489 

Buck ... ... ... ... iv. 2 

Buckler vii. 24, etc. 

Budwyns iv. 28 

Bugden iv. 80; vii. 33 

BuU iii. 112, 120 

Burgess vii. 26 

Burley iv. 1 

Burred iv. 1 

Bury, iii. 59; iv. 12»; v. 62, 63; vi. 130 

Bushe vii. 8 

Byndon Lord. — Sec Howard. 
Bynham (Bingham?) ... ii. 1 



Byshop ... 
Bythewood ... 



Cade 
Carter 
Case 
Chafin 



• • • • I * 



■•* ••• ■•• 



... ... 111. 79 

iii. 49 

iii 64; iv. 66 

... lu. 1 

iii 69 

.. i 16* ; iv. 38 

Chafin Orove iv. 119 

Chamberlayne iv. 1 

Chambers iii 134 

Champion iv. 1 

Chamyn iv. 1 

Channinge iv. 1, 33* 

Chapman iii 3 

Chiles iii. 109, 123 

Chipp iii. 41, 80 

Churchey ... iii. Ill ; iv. 80 

Churchill, iv. 96, 99; v. 57, 58 

Chume iv. 1 

Chu-ke ... iii 61, 123; iv. 18 

Clatworthy iv. 75, 80 

Clavell ii 42; iii 1 

Cleaves iv. 1 

Claver iv. Ill 

Clemente, Clements, ii. 27, 31 

Clendon vii. 45 

Coker ... iii. 110 ; iv. 79 

Cole iii. 1, 2 

Collier iv. 112 

Cooper iv. 113, 118 

Corbin ... iv. 1 

Cornish iv. 80 

Cotten iii 112 

Coulbonme vii 42 

Cox iii. 49, 72; iv. 83 

Crokker iii. 2 



216 



INDEX OF DORSET PEOPLE. 



Cropp 


... vi. 79 


Grossman 


iv. 119 


Crowte 


... iii. 62 


Culliford 


iv. 99 


Cumfrie 


... iv. 1 


Cutler 


vi. 79 


Cuttance (See Mayors), 


iii. 49; 




V. 60 


Damon 


iii. 103 


Darbye 


iv. 1 


Day 


... iv. 83 


Deanes 


iii. 64 


Deeke 


... iv. 31 


De la Court 


iv. 109 


De la Lynde 


...V. 2,3 


Denche 


V. 19 


Dennis 


... iv. 1 



De Sallanova, vi. 91^^ ; vii. 48, 61 
Devenisb, iii. 144; iv. 33, 91, 119 
Doddington, iv. 119 P. 139, P. 222 

Dodge vi. 131 

Dodridge iii. 69, 76 

Dore iv. 21 

Pornford iv. 76 

Dotherell, ii. 28, 45, 55 ; iv. 12*, 
21 ; V. 25 ; vi. 13, 14 

Dudley vii. 33, 34 

Dumberfield vii. 44 

Eburne iv. 1 

Edwards iii. Ill, 112; vii. 46 

Elert (EUard ?) iii. 2 

Ely8(EUis) iii. 2 

Erie iv. 71 ; vii. 25 

Evered iv. 112; vii. 53 



F.VVELL 

Fenner . . . 
Fey ... 
Finch 



... V. 54 
... iii. 142 

... 111. id 

... iii. 109 



Fippen or Phippen, iii. 49 ; iv. 90; 
V. 30 ; vi. 101, etc. 

Fitzjames iv. 74 

Flandergowsin, Flandergosen, iii. 

24 ; iv. 1 

Forse iii. 26 

Fowler ... iii 60, 80 ; i v. 31 

Frampton iii. 2, 27 

Freke, i. 16» ; iii. 142 ; iv. 44, 58, 

115 ; vi. 87 
Fry, Frye, iii. 144; iv. 119; vi. 130 



Gach, or Gaitch, iv. 76; v. 61 
Gape ...i. 38 ; iv. 63 ; v. 44,60 

Gates iii. 46, 48 

Gervays iv. 120 

Gibson iii. 51 

Giear ... i. 33, 35 ; iv. 66, 80 

Gilbertes iii. 2 

Gleade vi. 130 

Glover iv. Ill 

Godfrye iii. 64 

Golldo iv. 1 

GoUop iv. 119 

Gondrye ... i. 31 ; ii. 73, 74 

Gorges iv. 37, 53 

Gosley iii. 138 

Gough iv. 76 

Gould or Gold, iv. 116 ; v. 43 
Green, iii. 69, 142; iv. 53, 56 ; v. 

41 
Gregory ii. 6 

Hamilton ... v. 66; vi. 131 
Hanam, Hannam, or Hanham, i. 
16», 29 ; ii. 28, 36 ; iii. 13, 22, 
81 ; iv. 11, 12, 34, 81 ; vi. 59 

Hanwell iv. 88 

Harding iii. Ill, 142 

Harrison iv. 80 

Harveste iv. 12* 

Harvey or Harvy ... iii. 52, 112 
Hastings ... iv. 81 ; vi. 87 ; vii. 6 

Hatt and Feather iii. 86 

Hawley vi. 61, 56, 63 

Hayne ... ... ... iii. 58 

Hay ward ... iii. 42 ; vii. 54 

Hean iii. 131 ; vi. 110 

Hellard iii. 114 

Heuning iv. Ill 

H cringe (Harang ?) ... ii. 1 

Howes ... ... ... V. 64 

Hibbard v. 43 

Hill vi. 107 

Hillerie iii. 86 

Hingston, iii. 60, 57, 106 ; iv. 102 
Hodder, iii. 38, 109; iv. 80; vi. 118 
Holman or Howman, iii. 16; iv. 66 
Holmes ... ... ... iii. 118 

Hopkins iii. 37 

Horsey, iv. 44; vi. 48; vii. 10 
Houpcre (Hooper) ... iii. 3 

Howell y^, 55 

Howard iii. 43 



Howarde, T., i. 16»; ii. 28, 29, ,30, 
33-37. 69, 71, 75 ; iii. 22 ; iv. 19. 
29, 31 ; V. 34 ; vi 48 ; vii 2 
Howapd, Lord Byndon, iv. 3, I^ily 

B3Tidon, iv. 37 

Hunt iii26;iv. 31 

Hutchins iii. 41 

Hyde iii 135; >ii. 53 

Hyet iv. 13 

Ilkins %T.:9 

Ince vii 23, 24, 25, etc. 

Ingelram i. 4(1 

Isaac V. 66 ; vi IS. 



Jacob 


* • • 


iv. lUl 


James 


• « • • 


iv. 76; v. .35 


Jeanes 


■ • ■ 


iv. 119 


Je£Fry 


• > « ■ 


vii 46, 50-53 


Jewe ... 


• ■ > 


iv 1 


Jones 


• • • • 


.. iv. 76;vi4.'i 


Jurdan 


• • • 


. • . . • ■ 1 « . » 1 



Kbate or Keates iii. 1, 12, 22: 
V. 13, 15, 16, 20, 23 ; M. v. 1 
(Appendix) 

Keeche iii6:^ 

Kenham ... ... ... vii. ^ 

Keyes iv. 1 

Keynes iii 4S 

King... ... ... ...vii. 54 

Kingman iv. 1 

Kneller ... iii 7b 

Knight ... iii. 48 ; iv, 77, i»7 

Knott ... iii. 51 ; vi 71< 

Lamb iv. 119 p. 530 

Langgyn iv. 120 

Langrish vi 1.% 

Lattem&r iii 137 

Lawrence, iii 51 ; iv. 83 ; vii b 

Lawes or Lawse iv. *> 

Ledoze or Ledosse, ii. 18, 20, 21. 

69,60, 61, 62, 74,77; iv. 112: 

vi 9, 29, 35 

Lewes iv. I 

Leweston v. 10 

Jisle iii. 142; vi 130 

Lock iii 68; iv. 118 

Loder or Loader ... iii. 26, 50 
Loddis ... ... ... iv. 1 

Long ... ... ... ... iii. 64 



IKDEX OP DORSET PEOPLE. 



217 



Love 
Lycle 



iii. 145 
. iii. 79 



Maior, ii. 52 ; vi. 49, 50 ; vii. 7, 8 

Man iv. 1 

Mansel iv. 114 

Martin, fi. 77 ; iii. 70, 74, 134 ; 

iv. 27 
Marwell... ."..vii. 8, 16, 19, 20 

Massy iv. 1 

Maunders iii. 77, 97 

Maynard ...iii. 59; iv. 110, 111 

Mecuh iv. 76 

Mellcdge v. 50» 

Michell ... iii 66, 105; iv. 56 
Mico, iv. 96, 104, 113, 119 p. 135. 

p. 3S0 ; V. 5>, 60 

Midilleton v. 48 

Miles ... iii. 112 

Millis ... ... ... iv. 1 

Mockett or Mokett, i. 15 ; ii. 45, 

77 ; V. 27. etc. 
Momford ... ... ... iii. 1 

Mondy ... iv. 76 

Moreton ... iv. 44 

Morgan iv. 1 

Morrall iv. I 

Morrys ... ... ... iv. 35 

Morsell ... ... ... iiL 69 

Mounsell or Monnsell. ii. 26. 39. 

43, 55 ; iii. 69 ; iv. 53, etc. 

Mowsell ... ... .-. iiL 53 

Moynes ... ... ... v. 7 

Napprb, iv. 71, 74 ; V. 58 ; vi. 87 

Neale ... ... ... iv. 1 

Newton ... ... iv, 1 

Northover ... ... ... iii. 1 



Odum .. 



iv. 1 



Openshall or Opcushaae . . . vii. 3 

Parmytrk ... iii. 59; iv. 76 

Parr vii. 55 

Paslien iv. 119 

Payge ... ... ... iv. 1 

Payne iv. 31, 38 

Peeke iii. Ill 

c 6er8 ... . . • • . • IV. A i 

Peten vi. 79 

Pettin iii. 44 

Peverel Iv. 120 



Phelype iv. 2 

Phippen.— See Fippen. 

Pidgeon ... iii. 131 

Pippoon ... ... ... iii. HI 

Pitt or Pytt, il 6, 29, 36, 43, 45, 

46, 77; iiL 23, 48; iv. 119; vL 

82 ; vii. 2, 43, 44 

Pley iii. 120, 138, etc. 

Pollard vii. 55 

Pomfrett iii. 49 

Pope ... ... ... iiL 69 

Portland iii. 12 

Pount or Ponnt... L 25 ; iii. 109 
Preston, ii. 26, 75 ; iv. 31 ; vi. 43, 

55 ; vii. 57 
Prowse, iv. 1 19 p. 230 ; vL 63, 56, 

57,63 

Packet iiL 142; vL 131 

Puinz, Sir N. . of L 40 

Pulintoft V. 4 

Pulteney, Sir W., iv. 119 p. 513 ; 

V. 66 

Purling V. 66 

Parser ... ii. 38 

Pushman ... ... ... iii. 71 

Pyne L 33 ; iv. 66 

RANDA.LL, iL 2, n\ 18, 27, 33, 39, 
45, 52-55 ; iv. 21, 30, 119 P. 486, 
vL 13, 14, 66 
Raynolds, ii. 6 ; iv. 2», 17 ; v. 5 ; 

vi. 59 ; vii. 3 

Reade iii. 39; iv. 1 

Reape viL 34, 38 

Reynes vi. 117, 123 

Richards iiL 2 

Ridoat ... ... ...iv. 116 

Righton iv. 110 

Riland iv. 1 

Roger, Abbotof Abbotsbnry, i.l, 40 
Rogers ... ... ... iv. 71 

Rose iv. 80 

Roye L 18; iiL 36 

Russell iL 1 ; iii. 1 ; iv. 41, 60, 63 
Ryves iv. 28 



Salter iv. 1 

Samways, ii. 18, 39, 41, 75, 77 ; 

iiL 12, 77 ; iv. 2 ; v. 1, 5 ; vi. 

29, 30, 131 
Sanger ... ... ... iiL 60, 77 

Saunders, iii. 72 ; iv. 116 ; viL 43 



Scott, Scotte ... iv. 1 ; vi. 131 
Scovill ... iiL 115; iv. 76 

Seager iiL 119; iv. 1 

Sherwin iii. 69 

Slyde iv. 120 

Smirke vii. 6«'>^ 

Smith iii. 67 

Sprage iiL 44 

Sproule V. 66 

Steward ... iiL 144; iv. 119 

Stickland iiL 64 

Stoo<lleigh iv. 1 

Stott iiL 68 

Strangways, iii. 68, 132; iv. 44, 
66, 74, 96 ; v. 58, 61 

Strode ... iv. 96 

Strong iv. 107; vii. 45 

Sturt iv. 100 

Suffolk.— See General Index. 

Summervall vi. 131 

Swaffield ... iv. 119 P. 212 

Swayne L 16* ; iv. 11 

Sweete iii. 80 

Sweetlove iii. 117 

Swetman vii. 53 

Sydenham, iv. 74, 89 ; vi. 117 ; 

vii. 27 
Symes ... ... ...iv. 119 



Xannkr ... ... ... XV. 1 

Taylor, iv. 1 19 P. 469 ; v. 66 ; vi. 

130 
Templeman, iii. 144; iv. 119; vi. 

130 
Thome, iiL 142; iv. 119 ; vii. 37, 39 
Thombill, Sir James, iiL 143 ; iv. 

118 F. 229»»; V. 66 

ThomhiU, H iv. 119 

Thornton v. 48 

Tizard, iii. 58, 118, 144; iv. 119 

Toby viL 66 

Tomson ii. 34, 58, 72 

Totues ... ... >•. ui« 38 

Tregonwell vL 118 

Trenchard, i. 16» ; u. 26, 46, 69 ; 

iiL 17 ; iv. 23, 30, 31, 32, 89, 96; 

y. 26 ; vL 48, 60 

Trewen iii. 60 

Tucker, L 22 ; iii. 132. 144 ; iv. 

119 P. 202 ; vL 131 
TurberviUe ...iL 26 ; UL 44 ; iv. 99 
Turner * iii* ^ 



DD 



-218 



INDEX OF DORSET PEOPLE. 



Vandsboosvn V. 25 

V'ervill iii 86 

Vic5»iy ill. 1 

Vie or Vey, iv. 88 ; v. 64 ; vii. 54 

Wadb ii. 11», 7,55; iv. 12» 

Wall vL 127 

VVallis, Wallys v. 66 

AValtham, iii ^, 109, 133; iv. 66; 

vu. 7 



Wftlysh 

Warren 

Wawker 
Webbe or Webb 
Weld 



Weston .. 
Whicker 
White .. 
Willcocks 



... 111. 2 

iii. 57 

... iv. 28 

iu. 1 ; V. 66 

... iv. 98 



iii. 144 ; iv. 11, 119 
iii. 138; iv. 119 

iii. 36, 54 

iv 1 



Williams, ii. 51, 69 ; iii. 142; iv. 
23 ; vi. 48 ; vii. 10 

WilUden iv. 31 

Windsor vii M 

Winter iii. 74 

Woder iv. lUS 



Yasdlby 
Younge .. 



iv. 112 

ii. 25 ; iii. \3S 



INDEX OF DORSET PLACES, 

Including Borough Place-names, which are distinguished thus *. 



Abbotsbury, l 1, 40;iii. 53; iv.44 

AMhelm'8 Head, St. ... vi, 79 

•Ammunition House ...iii. 123 

•Anchor Hi. 128 

Aynes' Estate iv. 118 

•Hack Street iii. 123 

• liackwater vi. 1 10, 1 18 

•r,ayTree ... iii. 142; iv. 118 

Heaminster iii. 69 

•Hear iii. 142 

*HelvcJere . . ... v. 66 

Here v. 57 

Hincombe iii. 139 

•HlackRodd ... iii. Ill, 116 

Blandford, iii. 15 ; iv. 118 ; v. 16 

• lUockhouse Laue ... iii. 110 

Hockhamptoa iii. 72 

Holehayes ...vi. 48, 77 

• Doom at Jetty Head, vi. Ill, etc. 

•Boot iii. 144; vi. 130 

•Hridewell iii. 125, 127 

*15ridge projected, ii. 9, 56,57,59; 

iv. 36, 37 

• .. vi. 69, 96, 110, 123, 127, 

128, 130, 131 ; vii. 5» 

• I. to be rebuilt ... vi. 130 
Bridport, iii. 69 ; iv. 1 19 ; v. 7 
Broad may ne ... iii. 139 
Broadway ... ... iii. 62 

Hryanstone ... ... iv. 71 

Buckland ... ... iii. 43 

•Backler Lane ... iii. 143 

•Hutts ... iii. 15, 51, 93, 103 

♦Butt's Lane ... iii. 67, 123 



'(."a SEW AY 



»• 



Mill 



...iii. 62, 80 
... V. 48 



♦Chafe/s Lake vi. 131 

*Chanaing*8 Walk (see Chaynes), 

vii. 55 
•Chapel of W., iii. 93, v. 56 ; vii. 

15, 22 
* II II M. R., iii. 1 ; vii. 1, 4, 

6,7 



Fort 



iii. 120 ; V. 56 



• ,. Hay ... iii. 122 

• ,. Stairs ... iii. 128; vii. 18 

Chalborough' iv. 2 

Chaynea or Channing's Work, iii. 

118; iv. 33* 
•Checker House ... iii. 110 

Chickerel iii. 62 

•Church of M. R. ... vii. 8, 11 
•Churchway, iii. 110, 143; vii. 18 
•Clark's Hill ... iv. 43, 106 

•Common of W. ... iii. 15 

• II II M. R., iv. 16, 43, 81, 

89, 119 P. 463; v. 26 

•Coneygar, or Coneygar Bitch, or 

Coneygir Lane, i. 1S» ; iv. 2», 

50, 119, etc. 

Corfe Castle ... vi. 56, 65 

•Corn Market iii. 127 

•Cove (W. or M. R.), iv. 119; v. 

66 ; vi. 131 

Cranboume iii. 50 

•Crescent v. 66 

•Cross i. 40; iii. 96 

•Crown & Sceptre, iii. 142; iv. 118 

•Custom House iv. 54, 94 

• »i« ' It (of W. ?) ... ii. 55 

DtcvKNiSH (Dewlish) . . . iii. 49 
♦Doderell's Throng Bridge, iii. 127 



Dorchester, ii. 1 ; iii. 52, 74, 101 ; 

VI. It 
•Drawbridges ... iii. 122, 123 

• M ofW. Bridge, vi. 130 
•Drove.— See Town. 

Durweston ... iii. In 

Eastbury ... iv. 119 p. 222 

•East Street or Lane, iii. 66, etc. ; 

iv. 41 

EUwell or Hellwell, iii. 15, etc. 

•Esplanade, iv. 1 19 P. 396, P. 543 : 

V. m 
Ewerne Courtney iv. 44 

•Fish Stone ...ui. 125 ; iv. 116 

Fordington, iii. 44 ; v. 16 ; vi. 130 

•Fortifications of W. (see also 

WaU), ii. 66 
•Forts, iv. 68, 83, 84; v. 56; vi. 113 

♦Fox iv. 118 

•Franches Close ... iii. 60, 67 

* fi Street ...iii. 41 ; iv. 41 
•Friary, iii. 39 ; iv. 27, 86 ; vii. 8 

•George iv. 117, etc. 

« Dorchester ... v. 58 

•Globe ... iv. 95 

•Gloucester Row ... v. 66 

•Golden Lion iii. 144 ; iv. 118 
•Green in M. R., iii. UO ; iv. 17-* 

•Harbour, i. 40 ; vi. throughout, 

e.g., 102, 100 

Hazelbniy iii. 48 

•Hell (a house so called), iii. 39, 

66, 120 ; iv. 41 



DD' 



220 



INDEX OF DORSET PLACES. 



•Hell Lane... iii. 110; v. 41 

•High Street ... iv. 41, etc. 

*Hole iii. 48 

Holworth iv. 76 

*Hope ... iii. 54 ; iv. 41 

•Hythe vi. 9» 

Ho8Bington ...iv. 119 P. 139 



*Inn8, List of ... 



iv. 121 



*j£TTY ... iii 39, 48, etc. 
Jordan Hill vi. 77 



•Kino's Abmb 
Knyghton 



...iv. 116 
iii. 15 



Lewbston V. 10 

Lighwith iii. 50 

•Little Street = Blockhouse Lane, 

iii. 110 

•Long Cellar vi. 59 

• u Well ... iii. 00, 103, 118 
•Love Lane, iii. 41, 110, 118, 120, 

124 

Lulworth, East ...ii. 52 ; iv. 37 

West iv. 88 ; vi. 41 

Lytchet Minster ... ii. 49 ; iii. 50 

•Maiden Strut, iii.l, 36, 66,116; 

iv. 41 ; vii. 1 
•Market Place . . .iiL 39 ; i v. 94 
•Marsh of W., v. 61, 64, 66 ; vi. 

110, 129, 131 

Martinstown iii. 58 

•May Pole iii. 82 

Meere iii. 50 

•Meeting Hoase, iii. 144 ; vi. 131 
•Melcombe reduced to a low state, 
i. 6, 7, 26; v. 52;vi. 1,17,38 
•Melcombe Chapel. — See Chapel. 

• II Common. — See Com- 

mon. 

• II Port. — See General In- 

dex, Port. 
« 11 Pound, iv. 52, 118 F. 

230 

• II Townhall and Prison. 

iv. 18, 42, 46, 55, 59, 

71 

MilU ...i. 18»;iv. 50 



II 



II 



II 



Green. — See Green. 
WaU.— See Wall. 



Melcombe Horsey ... iv. 44 

•Mills. — See Melcombe, Wey- 
mouth. 

Minteme t. 57 

Mohun's Bridge v. 43 

More Critchell ... iv. 71 

•Mountjoy iii. 116; ▼. 56 

•Newbury ... iii. 87; iv. 41 
•New Key (Quay) St ...iii. 114 
♦North=Nothe, iii. 28»; iv. 69; vi 

79, 80, 84 

•Nothe Pier vL 122 

North White vL 110 

OsMiNQTON, iii. 50, 189; iv. 118 
Owre Moyne iv. 76 

•Parsonage or M. ... viL 6 

* Pest-house iv. 106 

•Petticoat Lane ... iii. 137 

Pimpeme iii. 15 

Pokeswell iii. 72 

Poole, i. 26 ; iv. 30; v. 15; vi 1 
Portland, i 5, 8, etc. ; ii 79 
Castle ... vi. 6, 39, 43 
Place-names, iii. 15 
Quarries, iv. 51 ; vi 
115, 123 
Roads, vi 12, 39, 77, 

130 

Poundbury iv. 32 

•Presbyterian Meeting House, iii 

144 
Preston ... iii 139; iv. 37 

Puddletown iii 139 

•Pump. — See Town Pnmpu 
Putton iii 62 

Radipole, i 31 ; iii 139 ; iv. 83, 

89 ; vii. 4, 6-10» 
•Red Lion iii 116 

Ringstead ... iv. 120 ; vi. 77 
♦RodweU iu. 80 

•St. Edmund Street ... iv. 41 
•St. Mary Street, iii 36, 39 ; iv. 

41 ; vii 1 
•St. Nichoks Street (two), iii 53, 

54, 78 ; iv. 41 
•St. Thomas Street, iii. 3 ; iv. 41 ; 

vii 3 



•I 



II 



It 



•Sally Port iii 122 

Sandsfoot Castle, iii 77; v. 6; 

vi. 30 
Sand witch = Swanage, iv. US: 

vi IS 
•Shambles ... iii 96 ; iv. 42 

Sherborne i 35 ; iii. b'2 

•Ship iii 116 

The Ship wu on the Site of Mr. 
Sherrai's hooM, No. 79 St Mary 
Street, aa appears from a dead of tale, 
hj J. Waltham and wife^ to Ben. 
Gaith, dated 1663. This deed bai 
been kindly ahown to tbe writer by 
Mr. Sherren. Anumg other aj^mr- 
tenanoea apecifled are "adlara and 
aoliaza." 



•Shrubbery 


.. V. 66 


•Silver Lane ... 


v. 6H 


•Stephen Street . 


iii % 


Stndland 


... vi. 18, 3i 


•Sun 


...iv. 117 



Sutton, iii 57. 139; iv. 37, 89 

•Xrms Well, iii 57 ; iv. 81 ; v. 59 
•Town Drove, iii. 28», 41, 54, GO, 

67, 103 

* .1 Park ... iii 103 
II Mixen ... ... iii b7 

* 11 Pump ... iv. 94, 116 

* I. Well (See Long WeU), iii. 

80, 118 

•Town-hall Walk iii 144 

•Tunne Well i 40 



Upwey 



iii. 139 



•Wall of W iii l.> 

• I. M. R., iii 118; iv. 93 
Walterston, ii. 71, etc. ; iv. 29 
Wareham ... i 5^; iii. 15 

Warm well vii. 54 

Watcombc Drove ... iii. 124 

*West Gate iii 124 

•West Street (W.), iv. 41; (M.R.), 

iii 123 ; iv. 41 
•Weymouth, called Waymue, i 40 

• 11 said to be larger than 

M. K., ii 12 

• M and M.R. impoverish- 

ed. — See Melcombe. 

• II Chapel.— SeeChapeL 



INDEX OF DORSET PLACES. 



221 



♦Weymouth Mills, iii. Il0;iv.33a; 

V. 48 

Town-hall, ii. 25, 61 ; 

ui. 139 ; iv. 1 19 ; vi. 

29, 30 

* t» Wall and Fortitica- 

tionB, ii. 66 ; iii. 15 

♦White Hart, iii. 114, 131; iv. 95; 

(in W.) iv. 119 p. 313 



•White Lion ... iii. 127 

White Nothe ... ... vi. 110 

•Windmill iii. 110 

Wimbome, iii. 13, 50; iv. 34; v. 

16 

Winford Eagle vi. 117 

Winfrith iii. 139 

Winterbourne Bellett ... iv. 20 



Winterbourne St. Martin, iii. 58, 

139 
Wolveton, iv. 5, 23, 30 ; vi. 48 

Wool Bridge v. 32 

Wyke ... i. 1, 5, etc. ; iii. 139 
•I Place-names, iii. 15, 74 
.. Oliver vi, 77 



Yetminster 



... iv. 77 



TABLE SHOWING WHERE NOTICES OF THE "SHERREN 

PAPERS" ARE TO BE FOUND. 

N.B.— The Papers retain the numbers which appear in the Sale Catalog^ue, 1879, and are distinguished 

in this Book by the letter S prefixed to the numbers. 



s 

1 


i. 41 


s 
35 


iv. 


9 ; vi. 4 


s 
67 V. 15 


8 
98 iii. 


2 


11. 1 


36 


• • ■ 


... ii. 14 


68 ii. 25 


99, ii. 45, 48-52, 54: i 


3 


iv. 120 


37 


> ■ • • • « 


iv. 14 


69 iv. 18 


17 ; iv. 21 ; V. 1 


4 


... - 
... 111. 1 


38 


• • • 


...iv. 10 


70 vi. 10 


vi. 13, 14 


5 


• • ■ £•% 

111. 2 


39 


■ • * • • ■ 


A 

11. 4 


71 ii. 27 


100 vi. 


G 


111. 3 


40 


> a ■ 


... ii. 5 


72 V. 16 


101 ... ii. 46;vi. 




vi. 1 


41 


• • • • • • 


ii. 6 


73 ii. 28 


102 ...ii. 47;vi 


8 


i. 23 


42 


• • . 


ii. 7, 8 


74 vi. 11 


103 ... ii. 53;iii. 


9 


V. 1 


43 


• « • a • • 


ii. 9 


75 i. 30 


104 vii. 


10 
11 


Vll. 1 

V. 2 


44 
45 


• • • 

• a • « ■ 


... iv. 12 
ii. 10 


76 ... Appendix 

77 iv. 19 


105 ... ii. 55 ; vi. : 

106 iii.l 


12 


V. 3 


46 


• • 


... ii. 11 


78 iii. 11 


107 iii. 


13 
14 


iv. la 

V. 4 


47. 


i. 26 ; ii. 
iv. 


12; iii. 6; 
11 ; vi. 5 


79 ... Appendix 
oU ... ... 11. 1«> 


108 . vi. : 

109 ... ... vi. Ti 


15 


V. 6 


48 


• • • 


• • • ry 

... 111. 8 


81, ii. 26 ; iii. 10, 13 ; 


110 ... vi. 29, 3 


16 


V. 5 


49 


• a « • ■ • 


11. Id 


vi. 32 


111 ... ... ii. .*( 


17 


iv. 2 


50 


• • ■ 


... ii. 16 


82 ii. 30 


112 iv. ■> 


18 


V. 7 


51 


• » a « • • 


vi. 6 


o«5 ... ... 11. do 


113 ... ... ii. 5 


19 


V. 8 


52 


... 


... iv. 15 


84 ii. 34 


114 iv. :> 


20 


vi. 2 


53 


• • ■ • » • 


V. 13 


85 ii. 06 


115 iv.2 


21 


i. 24 


54 


t • ■ 


.. ii. 17 


86 ii. 35 


116 ... ... ii. Im 


22 


v. 9 


55 


■ ■ • • • • 


ii. 18 


87 ii. 37 


117 iii. 22 


23 


V. 10 


56 


... 


... iii. 9 


88 ...ii.29; vii. 2 


118 vi. :«) 


24 
25 


iv. 3 

V. 11 


57 

58 


• • - • ■ • 

... iv. 


ii. 19 
16 ; vi. 7 


89 (given as 87 in text) 

iii. 14 


119, ii. 60, 61, 64, Go, 0: 
68, 72 ; iu. 23 ; iv 


26 


iv. 4 


59, 


iii. 12 ; i\ 


'. 13 ; vi. 


90 vi. 16, 17, 18, 25 


25, 26. 28 ; vi. % 


27 


iv. 5 






8, 71 


91 ii. 49 


27, 33, etc. 


28 


iv. 6 


60 


■ • • 


... iv. 17 


92 ii. 44 


120 ... ... ii, (!'i 


29 


iv. 7 


61 


• « 

11. 


20 ; vi. 9 


93 ii. 39 


121 vi. 41 


30 


iv. 8 


62 


... 11. 


21 ; vi. 9 


94 ii. 42 


122 iv.:>!i 


31 


v. 12 


63 


• • • • t • 


v. 14 


95, ii. 31, 38; iii. 16, 20, 


123 vi. 4<l 


32 


ii. 2 


64 


• ■ • 


... ii. 22 


22; vi. 12, 15,23 


124 vi. 4; 


33 
34 


ii. 3 

... 111. 4 ; VI. 3 


65 
66 


• « ■ • a • 
• • • 


ii. 23 
... ii. 24 


96 iv. 20 

97 ii. 41, 43 


125 >i.|s 

126 ri.5i» 



TABLE OP THE "SHERREN PAPERS." 



223 



V27 ...ii. 62; vi.34 

128 vi 51 

129 vi. 52 

130 iii. 24 

i;u u. 77 

132 vi. 39 

133 vi. 39 

l:i4 ii. 69 

i:^ vL 43 

136 ii. 71 

137 vi. 43 

K>8 ... ... ii. 73 

1.39 ii. 75 

140 ii. 76 

141 vi. 43 

142 ii. 70 

143,i. 29;ii.56,78;iv.22 

144 ... i. 29; iii. 5 

145 .. i. 29;vi. 43 

146 ii. 79 

147 iii 25 

148 ... ... vi. 53 

149 vi. 66 

150 ... ... vi. 54 

151 iii. 26 

I.V2 vi. 57 

153 iv. 30 

154 ... ... vi. 58 

I OO ... ... VI. Ov 

15H iv. 31 

157 vi. 61 

158 vi. 62 

1 59 vi. 63 

160 vi. 64 

Hil vi. 66 



s 

162 ... 
163 

164 ... 

165, ii. 

166 
167, iv 



168 

169 

170 

171 

172 

173 

174 

175 

176 

177 

178 

179 

180 

181 

182 

183 

184 

185 

186 

187 

188 

189, iu 

190 

191 

192 

193 

194 



vi. 66 

iii. 21 

V. 20 

74 ; iii. 27 ; v. 

21 ; vi. 43, 49 

V. 26 ; vii. 4 

33, 35 ; V. 22 ; 

vi. 65 

•iv. 82 

... ... 1. ol 

iv. 84 

iv. 36 

iv. 36 

iv. 87 
... ... iv. o/ 

iv. 37 
V. 23 
V. 24 
iv. 37 
ii. 67 
vL67 
vi. 68 
iv. 38 



• • • 



• • • 



• • ■ 



■ ■ • 



V. 26 

... ... V. ^f 

V. 28 
...iii. 28; vi. 69 

V. 29 
28 ; vii. 58, 10 

•V. 80 

• • • • ■ ■ V • vJL 

V. 32 

... ... 111. vv 

iii. 29 



195 

196 . 

197 

1-98 

199 

200 

201 

202 

203 

204 . 

205 

206 

207, i. 33; 

208 ... 

209 

210 .. 

211 

212 

213 

214 

215 

216 

217 

218 

219 

220 

221 

222 

223 

224 

226 

226 

227 

228 



• » • 



ill. 31 

i. 25 

V. 33 

iii. 32 

...iii. 33 

... vi. 70 

v. 34; vi. 72 

V. 35 ; vi. 73 

.V. 36 ; vi. 74 

iii. 34 

... vi. 75 

V. 37 ; vi. 76 

iii. ^3; iv. 39; 

vi. 81 

vi. 82 



■ • • 



• • • 



• • • 



• • • 



■ • « 



• • ■ 



• • • 



... iii. 83 
Appendix 
vi. 86 
vi. 87 
vi. 87 
vi. 86 
vi. 90 
vi. 89 
iv. 57 
iv. 57 
iv. 58 
i. 34 
vi. 91 
iv.58 
iii 86 
iu. 89 
iii 90 
vi92 

... 1. oo 

iii. 91 ; vi. 82 



• • • 



• • • 



• « • 



• • • 



• • • 



8 
229 




...iii 94 


230 




vi 99 


231 




... iv. 65 


232. 




... vi 101 


233 




... \ . '1*1 


234 




... iii 102 


235 




iii. 101 


236 




... vi 103 


237 
238 




... i .37 
... vi 104 


239 




...viS8 


240 




... iii 102 



241 (number omitted), i. 

38 

242 i 39 

243 V. 47 ; vi. 106 

244 vi. 106 

245, iii. 109, 111; iv. 77, 
83 ; v. 48 ; vi. 109 

246, iu. 108 ; v. 50, 63. 

vi 103 

247 iv. 91 

248 V. 55 

249 V. 67 

260 V. 60 

251 vi. 125 

252 ... Appendix 
263 ... V.63; vi 122 
254,iu.l39;v.64;vi.l26 

266 iii. 136 

256 ... iii 137 

267 iv. 117 

258 ... Appendix 
259,iu.l42;iv.ll8;vil30 
260 ... iii. 143 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 



J. £. Adfihead, Esq., Weymouth. 

James Andrews, Esq., Dorsetshire Bank, Swanage. 

G. Andrews, Esq., Weymouth. 

C. F. Arden, Esq., Weymouth. 

Mr. R. A. Ayles, Weymouth. 

A. Bankes, Esq., Wolfeton, Dorchester. 

W. B. Barrett, Esq., Weymouth (two copies.) 

Mr. J. Francis Brown, Weymouth. 

Mr. T. R. Charles, Weymouth. 

Capt. W. Chimmo, R.N., F.R.S., Weymouth. 

Mr. J. B. Cole, Weymouth. 

Mr. A. R. Curtis, Weymouth (two copies.) 

Mr. Damon, Weymouth. 

H. Devenish, Esq., Whitchurch. 

Mr. T. Dodson, Weymouth. 

Joseph Drew, Esq., LL.D., J. P., Weymouth. 

Henry Edwards, Esq., M.P., London (two copies.) 

G. E. Eliot, Esq., J. P., Weymouth (two copies.) 

Mr. T. Fooks, Weymouth. 

Mr. A. Graham, Weymouth. 

J. Groves, Esq., Weymouth (three copies^) 

T. B. Groves, Esq., Weymouth (two copies.) 

R. N. Howard, Esq., J. P., Weymouth (five copies.) 

Pelly Hooper, Esq., Weymouth (four copies.) 

B. Hopkins, Esq., J. P., Weymouth. 
Mr. W. C. T. Hounsell, Weymouth. 
Sir F. Johnstone, Bart., M.P., London. 
Mr. C. W. Lovell, Weymouth. 

John Lundie, Esq., J. P., Weymouth (two copies.) 

J. Lundie, Esq., Jnnr., Weymouth. 

J. C. Mansel-Pleydell, Esq., Watoombe, Blandford. 

Rev. C. H. Mayo, Long Burton Vicarage, Sherborne. 

Sir William Medlycott, Weymouth (two copies). 

H. N. Middleton, Esq., Bradford Peverell. 

Rev. J. Miller, W^eymonth. 

James Milledge, Esq., J. P., Weymouth. 



Mr. Sidny S. Milledge, Weymouth. 
Rev. F. Mondey, Weymouth. 

Rev. H. C. G. Moule, Ridley Hall, Cambridge (two 

copies.) 
C. W. Moule, Esq., Corpus Christi Coll., Cambridge 

(two copies.) 
Mr. G. Mudge, Weymouth. 
Dowager Mrs. Mundy, Weymouth. 
Mr. H. Nangle, Weymouth. 
Miss S. M. Payne, Weymouth. 
Edward Pearce, Esq., Dorchester. 
Alfred Pope, Esq., Dorchester. 
J. E. Robens, Esq., J. P., Weymouth. 
J. Robertson, Esq., J. P., Weymouth (two copies.) 
Mr. G. F. Rolls, Weymouth. 
Mr. J. G. Rowe, Weymouth. 
Royal Dorset Yacht Club. 
J. Russell, Esq., Milton Villa, Radipole. 
Rev. J. H, Scott, M.A., Weymouth. 
Mr. G. Seaman, Weymouth. 
Mr. F. G. Sherren, Dover. 
Mr. H. J. Ham Smith, South Norwood. 
Mr. T. Snook, Weymouth (two copies. ) 
CoL Steward, Nottington. 
Miss J. Symonds, Weymouth. 
J. A. Talbot, Esq., Weymouth. 
Rowland Thomas, Esq., Weymouth. 
T. Thring, Esq., Weymouth. 

Town Council of Weymouth and Meloombe Regii 

(twelve copies.) 
J. S. Udal, Esq., Temple, London, E.C. 
Mr. T. S. Wallis, Weymouth. 
Mr. T. Watkins, Weymouth. 
G. B. Welsford, Esq., Weymouth (two copies.) 
Mr. Thos. H. Williams, 18 St Maiy St., Weymouth. 



1 ' 



^•\ 



/. 5 VJY^: 





^ 



4l i